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the transcript, with citations of the authorities relied upon. Briefs shall be filed in the Office of the Hearing Clerk with a copy to all parties.
so state at the time he files his exceptions or brief. The Secretary may grant such request in his discretion. If granted, he will serve notice of oral argument on all parties and will set forth the order of presentation and the amount of time allotted, and the time and place of argument.
8 15.136 Decisions and notices.
When the time for submission of posthearing briefs has expired the hearing officer shall either make an initial decision or final decision, if so authorized, or certify the entire record including his recommended findings and proposed decision to the Secretary for a final decision and a copy of such initial, or final decision or certification shall be mailed to the applicant or recipient and other parties by the hear. ing clerk.
15.140 Service of decisions.
All final decisions shall be promptly served on all parties and the complainant.
8 15.141 Contents of decision.
Each decision of a hearing officer shall set forth his ruling on each finding, conclusion, or exception presented, and shall identify the requirement or requirements imposed by or pursuant to the regulations in this part with which it is found that the applicant or recipient has failed to comply.
$ 15.137 Exceptions to initial or proposed
decision. Within 30 days of the mailing of such notice of initial or recommended findings and proposed decision, the applicant or recipient and other parties may file with the hearing clerk for consideration by the Secretary exceptions to the initial or recommended findings and proposed decision, with reasons therefor. Each party will be given reasonable opportunity to file briefs or other written statements of contentions in which the party may request that the decision be modified, reversed, affirmed or adopted.
8 15.138 Review of initial decision.
In the absence of exceptions to an initial decision, the Secretary may on his own motion within 45 days after an initial decision serve upon the parties a notice that he will review the decision and will give the parties reasonable opportunity to file briefs or other written statements of contentions. At the expiration of said time for filing briefs, the Secretary will review the initial decision and issue a final deci. sion thereon. In the absence of either exceptions to an initial decision or a notice or review, the initial decision shall constitute the final decision of the Secretary. 8 15.139 Oral argument.
If any party desires to argue orally before the Secretary on the review of recommended findings and proposed decision, or an initial decision, he shall
15.142 Content of orders.
The final decision may provide for suspension or termination of, or refusal to grant or continue Federal financial assistance, in whole or in part, under the program involved, and may contain such terms, conditions, and other provisions as are consistent with and will effectuate the purposes of the Act and the regulations in this part, including provisions designed to assure that no Federal financial assistance will thereafter be extended under such program to the applicant or recipient determined by such decision to be in default in its performance of an assurance given by it pursuant to the regu. lations in this part, or to have otherwise failed to comply with the regulations in this part, unless and until it corrects its noncompliance and satisfies the Agency that it will fully comply with the regulations in this part.
8 15.143 Decision where financial assist.
ance affected. The Secretary shall make any final decision which provides for the suspension or termination of, or the refusal to grant or continue Federal fi. nancial assistance, or the imposition of any other sanction available under the regulations in this part or the Act.
Subpart C-Discrimination on the Basis of Sex
in Admission and Recruitment Prohibited
15a.21 Admission. 15a.22 Preference in admission. 15a.23 Recruitment.
Subpart D-Discrimination on the Basis of Sex
in Education Programs and Activities Prohibited
8 15a.1 Purpose and effective date.
The purpose of this part is to effectuate Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, as amended by Pub. L. 93-568, 88 Stat. 1855 and Pub. L. 94-482, 90 Stat. 2234 (except sections 904 and 906 of those Amendments) which is designed to eliminate (with certain exceptions) discrimination on the basis of sex in any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance, whether or not such program or activity is offered or sponsored by an educational institution as defined in this part.
15a.31 Education programs and activities. 15a.32 Housing. 15a.33 Comparable facilities. 15a.34 Access to course offerings. 15a.35 Access to schools operated by
L.E.A.S. 15a.36 Counseling and use of appraisal and
counseling materials. 15a.37 Financial assistance. 15a.38 Employment assistance to students. 15a.39 Health and insurance benefits and
services. 15a. 40 Marital or parental status. 15a.41 Athletics. 15a.42 Textbooks and curricular material.
8 15a.2 Definitions.
As used in this part, the term:
(a) “Title IX” means Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, Pub. L. 92-318, as amended by section 3 of Pub. L. 93-568, 88 Stat. 1855 and section 412 of Pub. L. 94-482, 90 Stat. 2234 (except sections 904 and 906 thereof); 20 U.S.C. 1681, 1682, 1683, 1685, 1686.
(b) “Department" means the Department of Agriculture, and includes each of its operating agencies and other organizational units.
(c) “Secretary” means the Secretary of Agriculture or any officer or employees of the Department to whom the Secretary has heretofore delegated, or to whom the Secretary may hereafter delegate, the authority to act for the Secretary under the regulations in this part.
(d) “Federal financial assistance" means any of the following, when authorized or extended under a law administered by the Department:
(1) A grant or loan of Federal financial assistance, including
(i) The acquisition, construction, renovation, restoration, or repair of a building or facility or any portion thereof; and
(ii) Scholarships, loans, grants, wages or other funds extended to any entity for payment to or on behalf of students admitted to that entity, or extended directly to such students for payment to that entity.
(2) A grant of Federal real or personal property or any interest therein, including surplus property, and the proceeds of the sale or transfer of such property, if the Federal share of the fair market value of the property is not, upon such sale or transfer, properly accounted for to the Federal Government.
(3) Provision of the services of Federal personnel.
(4) Sale or lease of Federal property of any interest therein at nominal consideration, or at consideration reduced for the purpose of assisting the recipi. ent, or in recognition of public interest to served thereby, or permission to use Federal property or any interest therein without consideration.
(5) Any other contract, agreement, or arrangement which has as one of its purposes the provision of assistance to any education program or activity, except a contract of insurance or guaranty.
(e) "Recipient” means the State or political subdivision thereof, of any instrumentality of a State or political subdivision thereof, any public or private agency, institution, or organization, or other entity, or any person, to
whom Federal financial assistance is extended directly or through another recipient and which operates an education program or activity which receives or benefits from such assistance, including any subunit, successor, assignee, or transferee thereof.
(f) “Applicant” means one who submits an application, request, or plan required to be approved by a Department official, or by a recipient, as a condition to becoming a recipient.
(g) “Educational institution" means a local educational agency (L.E.A.) as defined by section 801(f) of the Ele. mentary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 881), a preschool, a private elementary or secondary school, or an applicant or recipient of the type defined by paragraph (h), (i), (j), or (k) of this section.
(h) “Institution of graduate higher education"
an institution which:
(1) Offers academic study beyond the bachelor of arts or bachelor of science degree, whether or not leading to a certificate of any higher degree in the liberal arts and sciences; or
(2) Awards any degree in a professional field beyond the first professional degree (regardless of whether the first professional degree in such field is awarded by an institution of undergraduate higher education or professional education); or
(3) Awards no degree and offers no further academic study, but operates ordinarily for the purpose of facilitating research by persons who have received the highest graduate degree in any field of study.
(i) “Institution of undergraduate higher education" means:
(1) An institution offering at least two but less than four years of college level study beyond the high school level, leading to a diploma or an associate degree, or wholly or principally creditable toward baccalaureate degree; or
(2) An institution offering academic study leading to baccalaureate degree; or
(3) An agency or body which certi. fies credentials or offers degrees, but which may or may not offer academic study.
(2) Every program or activity operated by other recipients where a significant purpose of the finanical assistance is education,
(r) “United States" means the States of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, American Samoa, Guam, Wake Island, the Canal Zone, and the territories and possessions of the United States, and the term “State" means any one of the foregoing.
(j) “Institution of professional education" means an institution (except any institution of undergraduate higher education) which offers a program of academic study that leads to a first professional degree in a field for which there is a national specialized accrediting agency recognized by the United States Commissioner of Education.
(k) “Institution of vocational education means a school or institution (except an institution of professional or graduate or undergraduate higher education) which has as its primary purpose preparation of students to pursue a technical, skilled, or semiskilled occupation or trade, or to pursue study in a technical field, whether or not the school or institu. tion offers certificates, diplomas, or degrees and whether or not it offers fulltime study.
(1) “Administratively separate unit” means a school, department or college of an educational institution (other than a local educational agency) admission to which is independent of admission to any other component of such institution.
(m) “Admission" means selection for part-time, full-time, special, associate, transfer, exchange, or any other enrollment, membership, participation, or matriculation in or at an education program or activity operated by a recipient.
(n) “Student” means a person who has gained admission.
(0) “Transition plan" means a plan subject to the approval of the United States Commissioner of Education pursuant to section 901(a) of the Education Amendments of 1972, under which an educational institution operates in making the transition from being an educational institution which admits only students of one sex to being one which admits students of both sexes without discrimination.
(p) “Educational recipient" means an educational institution as defined in 15a.2(g) and every other recipient which has education as a significant purpose.
(q) “Education program or activity”
§ 15a.3 Remedial and affirmative action
and self-evaluation. (a) Remedial action. If the Secretary finds that a recipient has discriminated against persons on the basis of sex in an education program or activity, such recipient shall take such remedial action as the Secretary deems necessary to overcome the effects of such discrimination.
(b) Affirmative action. In the absence of a finding of discrimination on the basis of sex in an education program or activity, a recipient may take affirmative action to overcome the effects of conditions which resulted in limited participation therein by persons of a particular sex. Nothing herein shall be interpreted to alter any affirmative action obligations which a recipient may have under Executive Order 11246.
(c) Self-evaluation. Each recipient shall, within one year of the effective date of this part:
(1) Evaluate in terms of the requirements of this part, its current policies and practices and the effects thereof concerning admission of students, treatment of students, and employ. ment of both academic and non-academic personnel working in connection with the recipient's education program or activity;
(2) Modify any of these policies and practices which do not or may not meet the requirements of this part; and
(3) Take appropriate remedial steps to eliminate the effects of any discrimination which resulted or may have resulted from adherence to these policies and practices.
(d) Availability of self-evaluation and related materials. Recipients shall
(1) Every program or activity operated by an educational recipient; and
maintain on file for at least three years following the effective date of this part or completion of the evaluation required under paragraph (c) of this section, whichever is longer, and shall provide to the Secretary upon request, a description of any modifications made pursuant to paragraph (c)(1) of this section and of any remedial steps taken pursuant to paragraph (c)(3) of this section.
(2) In the case of Federal financial assistance extended to provide personal property, such assurances shall obli. gate the recipient for the period during which it retains ownership or possession of the property.
(3) In all other cases such assurance shall obligate the recipient for the period during which Federal financial assistance is extended.
(d) Form. The Secretary will specify the form of the assurances required by paragraph (a) of this section and the extent to which such assurances will be required of the applicant's or recipient's subgrantees, contractors, subcontractors, transferees, or successors in interest.
§ 15a.4 Assurance required.
(a) General. Every application for Federal financial assistance for any education program or activity shall as condition of its approval contain or be accompanied by an assurance from the applicant or recipient, satisfactory to the Secretary, that each education program or activity operated by the applicant or recipient and to which this part applies will be operated in compliance with this part. An assurance of compliance with this part shall not be satisfactory to the Secretary if the applicant or recipient to whom such assurance applies fails to commit itself to take whatever remedial action is necessary
in accordance with § 15a.3(a) to eliminate existing discrimination on the basis of sex or to eliminate the effects of past discrimination whether occurring prior or subsequent to the submission to the Secretary of such assurance.
(b) Transfers of property. If a recipient sells or otherwise transfers property financed in whole or in part with Federal financial assistance to a transferee which operates any education program or activity, and the Federal share of the fair market value of the property is not upon such sale or transfer properly accounted for to the Federal Government both the transferor and the transferee shall be deemed to be recipients, subject to the provisions of Subpart B.
(c) Duration of obligation. (1) In the case of Federal financial assistance extended to provide real property or structures thereon, such assurance shall obligate the recipient or, in the case of a subsequent transfer, the transferee, for the period during which the real property or structures are used to provide an education program or activity.
$ 15a.5 Effect of other requirements.
(a) Effect of other Federal provisions. The obligations imposed by this part are independent of, and do not alter, obligations not to discriminate on the basis of sex imposed by Executive Order 11246, as amended; Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (42 U.S.C. 2000e et seq.); the Equal Pay Act (29 U.S.C. 206 and 206(d); and any other act of Congress or Federal regulation.
(b) Effect of State or local law or other requirements. The obligation to comply with this part is not obviated or alleviated by any State or local law or other requirement which would render any applicant or student ineligible, or limit the eligibility of any applicant or student, on the basis of sex to practice any occupation or profession.
(c) Effect of rules or regulations of private organizations. The obligation to comply with this part is not obviated or alleviated by any rule or regulation of any organization, club, athletic or other league, or association which would render any applicant or student ineligible to participate or limit the eligibility or participation of any applicant or student, on the basis of sex, in any education program or activity operated by a recipient and which receives or benefits from Federal financial assistance.
(d) Effect of compliance with HEW regulations. If a recipient is covered by the Title IX regulations issued by