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to overcome the effects of such past or benefits available to spouses, families, present discrimination.

or dependents of employees different(b) Recruitment patterns. A recipi- ly upon the basis of the employee's ent shall not recruit primarily or ex- sex; clusively at entities which furnish as (2) Administer, operate, offer, or applicants only or predominantly

participate in a fringe benefit plan members of one sex if such actions

which does not provide either for have the effect of discriminating on equal periodic benefits for members of the basis of sex in violation of this

each sex or for equal contributions to subpart.

the plan by such recipient for mem

bers of each sex; or § 15a.54 Compensation.

(3) Administer, operate, offer, or A recipient shall not make or en

participate in a pension or retirement force any policy or practice which, on

plan which establishes different opthe basis of sex:

tional or compulsory retirement ages (a) Makes distinctions in rates of pay based on sex or which otherwise disor other compensation;

criminates in benefits on the basis of (b) Results in the payment of wages

sex. to employees of one sex at a rate less than that paid to employees of the op- § 15a.57 Marital or parental status. posite sex for equal work on jobs the performance of which requires equal

(a) General. A recipient shall not skill, effort, and responsibility, and

apply any policy or take any employ

ment action: which are performed under similar working conditions.

(1) Concerning the potential marital,

parental, or family status of an em8 15a.55 Job classification and structure. ployee or applicant for employment A recipient shall not:

which treats persons differently on

the basis of sex; or (a) Classify a job as being for males or for females;

(2) Which is based upon whether an (b) Maintain or establish separate

employee or applicant for employment lines of progression, seniority lists,

is the head of household or principal career ladders, or tenure systems

wage earner in such employee's or apbased on sex; or

plicant's family unit. (c) Maintain or establish separate (b) Pregnancy. A recipient shall not lines of progression, seniority systems,

discriminate against or exclude from career ladders, or tenure systems for employment any employee or applisimilar jobs, position descriptions, or cant for employment on the basis of job requirements which classify per- pregnancy, childbirth, false pregnansons on the basis of sex, unless sex is a cy, termination of pregnancy, or recovbona-fide occupational qualification ery therefrom. for the positions in question as set (c) Pregnancy as a temporary disforth in § 15a.61.

ability. A recipient shall treat preg

nancy, childbirth, false pregnancy, ter8 15a.56 Fringe benefits.

mination of pregnancy, and recovery (a) Fringe benefits" defined. For therefrom and any temporary disabilpurposes of this part, “fringe benefits" ity resulting therefrom as any other means: Any medical, hospital, acci- temporary disability for all job-related dent, life insurance or retirement ben- purposes, including commencement, efit, service, policy or plan, any profit

duration and extensions of leave, paysharing or bonus plan, leave and any ment of disability income, accrual of other benefit or service of employ- seniority and any other benefit or ment not subject to the provision of service, and reinstatement, and under $ 15a.54.

any fringe benefit offered to employ(b) Prohibitions. A recipient shall ees by virtue of employment. not:

(d) Pregnancy leave. In the case of a (1) Discriminate on the basis of sex recipient which does not maintain a with regard to making fringe benefits leave policy for its employees, or in available to employees or make fringe the case of an employee with insuffi.

50-007 0-91--12

cient leave or accrued employment time to qualify for leave under such a policy, a recipient shall treat pregnancy, childbirth, false pregnancy, termination of pregnancy and recovery therefrom as a justification for a leave of absence without pay for a reasonable period of time, at the conclusion of which the employee shall be reinstated to the status which she held when the leave began or to a comparable position, without decrease in rate of compensation or loss of promotional opportunities, or any other right or privilege of employment.

8 15a.61 Sex as a bona-fide occupational

qualification. A recipient may take action otherwise prohibited by this subpart provided it is shown that sex is a bona fide occupational qualification for that action, such that consideration of sex with regard to such action is essential to successful operation of the employment function concerned. A recipient shall not take action pursuant to this section which is based upon alleged comparative employment characteristics or stereotyped characterizations of one or the other sex, or upon preference based on sex of the recipient, employees, students, or other persons, but nothing contained in this section shall prevent a recipient from considering an employee's sex in relation to employment in a locker room or toilet facility used only by members of one

sex.

8 15a.58 Effect of State or local law or

other requirements. (a) Prohibitory requirements. The obligation to comply with this subpart is not obviated or alleviated by the existence of any State or local law or other requirement which imposes prohibitions or limits upon employment of members of one sex which are not imposed upon members of the other sex.

(b) Benefits. A recipient which provides any compensation service, or benefit to members of one sex pursuant to a State or local law or other requirement shall provide the same compensation, service, or benefit to members of the other sex.

Subpart F-Procedures (Interim)

§ 15a.71 Interim procedures.

For the purposes of implementing this part during the period between its effective date and the final issuance by the Department of a consolidated procedural regulation applicable to Title IX and other civil rights authorities administered by the Department, the procedural provisions applicable to Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 are hereby adopted and incorporated herein by reference. These procedures may be found at 7 CFR 15.5-15.11 and 7 CFR 15.60 et seq.

8 15a.59 Advertising.

A recipient shall not in any advertising related to employment indicate preference, limitation, specification, or discrimination based on sex unless sex is a bona-fide occupational qualification for the particular job in question.

APPENDIX

8 15a.60 Pre-employment inquiries.

(a) Marital status. A recipient shall not make pre-employment inquiry as to the marital status of an applicant for employment, including whether such applicant is “Miss or Mrs."

(b) Sex. A recipient may make preemployment inquiry as to the sex of an applicant for employment, but only if such inquiry is made equally of such applicants of both sexes and if the results of such inquiry are not used in connection with discrimination prohibited by this part.

Programs covered by Title IX include, but are not limited to, the following:

1. Community Facilities Program. 7 U.S.C. 1926(a)(1).

2. Permits for use of National Forests. 16 U.S.C. 497; 16 U.S.C. 432; 7 U.S.C. 1011(c), (d).

3. Permits for use of Government-owned improvements and land used therewith by other than individuals at a nominal charge. 16 U.S.C. 580d.

4. Revenue sharing payment to States: (a) Payment of 25 percent of National Forest receipts to States for schools and roads. 16 U.S.C. 500. (b) Payment to New Mexico and Arizona of proportion of National Forest receipts for common-school fund. Sections 6 and 24, Act of June 20, 1910. 36 Stat. 557, 562, 573. (c) Payment of 25 percent of net revenues from Title III, Bankhead-Jones Farm Tenant Act, lands to counties for school and road purposes. 7 U.S.C. 1012.

PART 15b-NONDISCRIMINATION

ON THE BASIS OF HANDICAP IN PROGRAMS AND ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE

Subpart A-General Provisions

Sec. 156.1 Purpose. 156.2 Applicability. 15.3 Definitions. 15b.4 Discrimination prohibited. 156.5 Assurances required. 15b.6 Designation of responsible employees

and adoption of grievance procedures. 15b.7 Notice of nondiscrimination and ac

cessible services. 150.8 Remedial action, voluntary action,

and self-evaluation. 15b.9 Effect of State or local law or other

requirements, and effect of employment

opportunities. 156.10 Effect of compliance with regula

tions of other Federal agencies.

Subpart B-Employment Practices 150.11 Applicability. 15b.12 Discrimination prohibited. 156.13 Reasonable accommodation. 15b.14 Employment criteria. 156.15 Preemployment inquiries.

Subpart C-Program Accessibility 15b.16 Applicability. 15b.17 Discrimination prohibited. 15b.18 Existing facilities. 15b.19 New construction.

Subpart D-Preschool, Elementary, Secondary,

Adult, and Extension Education

15b.20 Applicability 156.21 Location and notification. 15b.22 Free appropriate public education. 150.23 Educational setting. 15b.24 Evaluation and placement. 15b.25 Procedural safeguards. 15b.26 Nonacademic services. 15b.27 Extension education. 15b.28 Private education programs.

Subpart E–Postsecondary Education 15b.29 Applicability. 15b.30 Admissions and recruitment. 15b.31 Treatment of students. 156.32 Academic adjustments. 15b.33 Housing. 15b.34 Financial and employment assistSec.

5. Technical assistance in forest management. 16 U.S.C. 568c, 568d.

6. General forestry assistance. Annual Appropriation Acts commencing with the Department Appropriation Act of 1905; Organic Act of 1862, 7 U.S.C. 2201.

7. Financial assistance to private timber organizations to carry out timber development programs. 40 U.S.C. 204.

8. Advance of funds for cooperative research. 16 U.S.C. 5811-).

9. Research cooperation. 16 U.S.C. 581 et seq.

10. Grants for research. 7 U.S.C. 450i.

11. Food Distribution Program. 7 U.S.C. 612c, 1431; 42 U.S.C. 1755, 1758, 1761; 42 U.S.C. 1777.

12. National School Lunch Program. 42 U.S.C. 1751 et seq.

13. Special Milk Program. 42 U.S.C. 1772. 14. School Breakfast Program. 42 U.S.C.

1773. 15. Special Food Service Program for Children. 42 U.S.C. 1761.

16. Special Supplemental Food Program for Women, Infants, and Children. 42 U.S.C. 1786.

17. Cash grants to States for nutrition education. 42 U.S.C. 1787, 1788.

18. Advisory services studies for farmers cooperatives. 7 U.S.C. 451-457.

19. Cooperative Agricultural Extension Service. 7 U.S.C. 341-349; D.C. Code 31-1609.

20. Resource Conservation and Development Program. 16 U.S.C. 590a.

21. Educational Aspects of Agricultural Marketing Act, 7 U.S.C. 1623-1624.

22. Hatch Act research programs. 7 U.S.C. 361a-i.

23. Experiment Station Research Facilities. 7 U.S.C. 390a-k.

24. McIntire-Stennis Cooperative Forestry Research Program. 16 U.S.C. 582a-582a-7.

25. Rural Development and Small Farm Research and Education Program, 7 U.S.C. 2661 et seq.

26. Youth Conservation Corps. 16 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.

27. Young Adult Conservation Corps. 29 U.S.C. 993 et seq.

28. Agricultural Research and Education Grants Program. 7 U.S.C. 3151 et seq.

29. National Food and Human Nutrition Research and Extension Program. 7 U.S.C. 3171 et seq.

30. Animal Health and Disease Research Program. 7 U.S.C. 3191 et seq.

31. The 1890 Land-Grant College Funding Program. 7 U.S.C. 3221 et seq.

32. Solar Energy Research and Development Program. 7 U.S.C. 3241, 3261-62, 3271.

ance to students. 15b.35 Nonacademic services.

Subpart F-Other Programs and Activities 15b.36 Applicability. 15b.37 Auxiliary aids. 15b.38 Health care facilities. 15b.39 Education of institutionalized per

sons. 156.40 Food services. 156.41 Multi-family rental housing.

Subpart G-Procedures

15b.42 Procedures. APPENDIX A TO PART 15b-LIST OF USDA-As

SISTED PROGRAMS. AUTHORITY: 29 U.S.C. 794.

SOURCE: 47 FR 25470, June 11, 1982, unless otherwise noted.

Subpart A-General Provisions

& 156.1 Purpose.

The purpose of this part is to implement section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended, to the end that no otherwise qualified handicapped individual in the United States shall solely by reason of his or her ha cap be excluded from the participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance.

Pub. L. 93-651, 89 Stat. 2 (1974) and Pub. L. 93-516, 88 Stat. 1617 (1974) and the Rehabilitation, Comprehensive Services and Developmental Disabilities Amendments of 1978, Pub. L. 95-602, 92 Stat. 2955 (1978). The Act appears at 29 U.S.C. 701-794.

(b) Section 504 means section 504 of the Act, 29 U.S.C. 794.

(c) Education of the Handicapped Act means the Education of the Handicapped Act, Pub. L. 92-230, Title VI, 84 Stat. 175 (1970), as amended by the Education of the Handicapped Amendments of 1974, Pub. L. 93-380, Title VI, 88 Stat. 576 (1974), the Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975, Pub. L. 94-142, 89 Stat. 773 (1975), and the Education of the Handicapped Amendments of 1977, Pub. L. 95-49, 91 Stat. 230 (1977). The Education of the Handicapped Act appears at 20 U.S.C. 1401-1461.

(d) Department means the Department of Agriculture and includes each of its operating agencies and other organizational units.

(e) Secretary means the Secretary of Agriculture or any officer or employee of the Department to whom the Secretary has delegated or may delegate the authority to act under the regulations of this part.

(f) Recipient means any State or its political subdivision, any instrumentality of a State or its political subdivision, any public or private agency, institution, organization, or other entity, or any person to which Federal financial assistance is extended directly or through another recipient, including any successor, assignee, or transferee of a recipient, but excluding the ultimate beneficiary of the assistance.

(g) Federal financial assistance or assistance means any grant, contract (other than a procurement contract or a contract of insurance or guaranty), cooperative agreement, formula allocation, loan, or any other arrangement by which the Department provides or otherwise makes available assistance in the form of:

(1) Funds;
(2) Services of Federal personnel;

(3) Real and personal Federal property or any interest in Federal property, including:

§ 15b.2 Applicability.

This part applies to all programs and activities that receive Federal financial assistance extended by the Department of Agriculture after the effective date of this part whether or not the assistance was approved after the effective date. Subparts A, B, and Care of general applicability. Subparts D, E, and Fare tailored to specific programs. Subpart G is procedural. (47 FR 25470, June 11, 1982, as amended at 55 FR 52139, Dec. 19, 1990)

EFFECTIVE DATE NOTE: At 55 FR 52139, Dec. 19, 1990, § 156.2 was amended by removing the words “or benefit from” from the text, effective January 18, 1991.

8 155.3 Definitions.

As used in this part, the term or phrase:

(a) The Act means the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, Pub. L. 93-112, 87 Stat. 390 (1973), as amended by the Rehabilitation Act Amendments of 1974,

(i) A sale, transfer, lease or use (on other than a casual or transient basis) of Federal property for less than fair market value, for reduced consideration or in recognition of the public nature of the recipient's program or activity; and

(ii) Proceeds from a subsequent sale, transfer or lease of Federal property if the Federal share of its fair market value is not returned to the Federal Government.

(4) Any other thing of value.

(h) Facility means all or any portion of buildings, structures, equipment, roads, walks, parking lots, or other real or personal property or interest in such property.

(i) Handicapped person means any person who has a physical or mental impairment which substantially limits one or more major life activities, has a record of such an impairment, or is regarded as having such an impairment.

(j) Physical or mental impairment means (1) any physiological disorder or condition, cosmetic disfigurement, or anatomical loss affecting one or more of the following body systems: Neurological; musculoskeletal; special sense organs; respiratory, including speech organs; cardiovascular; reproductive; digestive; genitourinary; hemic and lymphatic; skin; and endocrine; or (2) any mental or psychologi. cal disorder, such as mental retardation, organic brain syndrome, emotional or mental illness, and specific learn. ing disabilities. The term physical or mental impairment includes, but is not limited to, such diseases and conditions as orthopedic, visual, speech, and hearing impairments; cerebral palsy; epilepsy; muscular dystrophy; multiple sclerosis, cancer; heart disease; diabetes; mental retardation; emotional illness; and drug addiction and alcohol. ism.

(k) Major life activities means functions such as caring for one's self, performing manual tasks, walking, seeing, hearing, speaking, breathing, learning and working.

(1) Has a record of such an impairment means has a history of, or has been misclassified as having, a mental or physical impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities.

(m) Is regarded as having an impairment means (1) has a physical or mental impairment that does not substantially limit major life activities but that is treated by a recipient as constituting such a limitation; (2) has a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits major life activities only as a result of the attitudes of others towards such impairments, or (3) has none of the impairments defined in paragraph (j) of this section but is treated by a recipient as having such an impairment.

(n) Qualified handicapped person (used synonymously with otherwise qualified handicapped individual) means:

(1) With respect to employment, a handicapped person who, with reasonable accommodation, can perform the essential functions of the job in question, but the term does not include any individual who is an alcoholic or drug abuser whose current use of alcohol or drugs prevents such individual from performing the duties of the job in question or whose employment, by reason of such current alcohol or drug abuse, would constitute a direct threat to property or the safety of others;

(2) With respect to public preschool, elementary, secondary, or adult educational services, a handicapped person, (i) of an age during which non-handicapped persons are provided such services, (ii) of an age during which it is mandatory under State law to provide such services to handicapped persons, or (iii) to whom a State is required to provide a free appropriate public education under section 612 of the Education of the Handicapped Act; and

(3) With respect to postsecondary and vocational education services, a handicapped person who meets all academic and technical standards requisite to admission or participation in the recipient's education program or activity;

(4) With respect to other services, a handicapped person who meets the essential eligibility requirements for the receipt of such services.

(0) Handicap means any condition or characteristic that renders a person a handicapped person as defined in paragraph (i) of this section.

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