Organizational Ecology

Portada
Harvard University Press, 1989 - 366 páginas
Michael T. Hannan and John Freeman examine the ecology of organizations by exploring the competition for resources and by trying to account for rates of entry and exit and for the diversity of organizational forms. They show that the destinies of organizations are determined more by impersonal forces than by the intervention of individuals.
 

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Reseña de usuario  - jorgearanda - LibraryThing

Very interesting theoretical discussion on adaptation and selection mechanisms of organizational evolution. The empirical sections of the book are less convincing - the emphasis on abstracted models ... Leer reseña completa

Índice

Organizations and Social Structure
3
Organizational Diversity
7
Perspectives on Organizational Change
10
The Demography and Ecology of Organizations
13
Population Thinking
15
Evolution of Organizational Forms
17
Dynamic and Comparative Analysis
24
Theoretical Background
28
Semiconductor Merchant Producers
164
Newspaper Publishers in San Francisco
175
Comparison of Data Sets
176
Models and Methods of Analysis
178
Describing Organizational Histories
179
Models for Transition Rates
184
Counting Process Models
192
Estimation and Testing
194

Comparison of Contemporary Approaches
33
Controversies and Misunderstandings
35
Managerial Implications and Applications
40
Boundaries of Forms and Populations
45
Approaches to Defining Forms
48
A Focus on Boundaries
53
Boundary Dynamics and Diversity
60
Implications for Research
62
Structural Inertia and Organizational Change
66
Structural Inertia
70
A Hierarchy of Inertial Forces
77
Variations in Strength of Inertia
80
Competition and the Niche
91
The Principle of Isomorphism
93
The Niche
95
Classical Competition Theory
97
Niche Overlap and Competition
103
Modeling the Dynamics of Organizational Populations
117
Effects of Environments on Carrying Capacities
123
Conceptualizing the Size of Populations
129
Carrying Capacities and Density Dependence
131
Rate Dependence and Diversity Dependence
141
Dynamics of Selection
143
Methods
145
Designs of Empirical Studies
147
National Labor Unions
153
Empirical Findings
199
The Population Ecology of Founding and Entry
201
Founding Rates of Labor Unions
207
Entry Rates of Semiconductor Manufacturing Firms
224
Founding Rates of Newspaper Firms
238
Comparisons and Contrasts
243
Age Dependence in Failure Rates
244
The Liability of Newness
245
National Labor Unions
247
Exits of Semiconductor Manufacturing Firms
267
The Population Ecology of Organizational Mortality
271
Disbanding Rates of Labor Unions
273
Exit Rates of Semiconductor Firms
293
Failure Rates of Newspaper Firms
305
Comparisons and Contrasts
308
Dynamics of Niche Width and Mortality
310
Niche Width and Mortality of Restaurants
314
Niche Width and Exit Rates of Semiconductor Firms
323
Comparisons and Contrasts
329
Conclusions
331
Implications of the Research
332
Problems for Analysis
336
References
343
Name Index
359
Subject Index
363
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Sobre el autor (1989)

Michael T. Hannan is Professor of Sociology, Stanford University.

John Freeman is Professor, Graduate School of Management, Cornell University.

Información bibliográfica