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In APPENDIX II. I have printed, in full, a most valuable contemporaneous Copy of that portion of the General Taxation of Pope Nicholas IV. which relates to this Diocese. It is bound up with the two Registers. This Taxation was printed, many years ago, by the Record Commissioners, from a fifteenth Century Copy, of inferior merit, preserved in the Publick Record Office; and the Exeter portion was reprinted by Dr. Oliver at the end of his Monasticon. He collated the old Edition with our Exeter MS., but failed to correct many of the mistakes. Both Books are, now, rare and difficult of access. The present publication will therefore, be hailed by all who know the great value of this Document to the Student of the early History of the Church in the Diocese of Exeter.

At the end of Bronescombe's Register are copies of the early Charters granted to our Cathedral. They will be found in Appendix III.

APPENDIX IV. consists of a miscellaneous Collection of Extracts from contemporaneous MSS., illustrative of the contents of these Registers, which came to my hand after the bulk of my Book was printed; together with a series of Extracts from the Patent and other Rolls, which carry back the Parochial History of our Diocese, in many instances, to a date some sixty years earlier than the commencement of Episcopal Registers.

The Plan of these Indexes I have already fully described in my Preface to Bishop Stafford's Register (p. xiv), and it is not necessary to repeat the explanation here. There remains only the pleasing duty of tendering again my sincere thanks to the many kind Friends who have helped me, and some of them not only by Subscriptions towards the cost of my Books, but by their readiness to work with me, and for me, whenever I have had occasion to consult them on points of difficulty. Especially are thanks due to Mr. B. W. Greenfield,1 of Southampton, and the Rev. J. Ingle Dredge, Vicar of Buckland-Brewer, who have not shrunk from the labour of revising all the sheets as they passed through the Press; to Mr. Burch, the courteous Registrar of both the Dioceses comprehended in the antient Diocese of Exeter, and to my Friends in his Office, to whom I am indebted for ready and cheerful attention to my, I fear, often troublesome requirements, and for every facility in the prosecution of my labours that it was in their power to accord to me; to Sir John Maclean, Knt., the Rev. C. W. Boase, Fellow of Exeter College, Oxford; the late Mr. E. A. Bond (formerly keeper of the MSS.), and Mr. Edward Scott (the present keeper of the MSS.), of

and Diocese, on every Sunday and Festival, with lighted candles and clanging bells, by the Chaplain of each Place, during Mass, when most people come together. But Quivil had been told that some of the criminals belonged to other Dioceses, and he was anxious that the like means should be taken in the Diocese of Salisbury and elsewhere, as the crime might be repeated if it were supposed that so great sacrilege could be committed with impunity, and great injury and wrong would be done to the Clergy and to the Universal Church. He reminded Burthone that like outrages might be committed in the Diocese committed to his care, and entreated him to denounce the murderers in the Cathedral-Church of Salisbury, and in every Conventual and ParishChurch. The Original Letter is printed, at length, on p. 445.

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1 It will be observed that an immense number of footnotes has been rendered necessary by the fact that, in these early Registers, all the Entries, with a solitary exception (see p. 301, note 11), are dated either by "Nones" and "Ides" and Kalends," or by the Festivals, etc., on, or before, or after which the event recorded took place. My predecessors in work of this sort have, for the most part been content with convenient generalities (e.g, "in the summer of such a year, or in such a month), avoiding the labour, and the risk of error, which, of course, attend working out, in such a multitude of instances, the precise days. By giving, in footnotes, the exact words of the MS., I have both saved the Student much trouble and enable him to test the accuracy of my figures throughout. But I have to thank Mr. Greenfield for voluntarily undertaking the really great labour of working them all out, after me; and, barring one or two slips, which, however, are corrected in the List of Errata, the whole series may be relied on as accurate. It is no small comfort to know that our modern method of dating, by the day of the month simply, was, almost as a rule adopted by the Registrars of Bp. Stapeldon and his Successors.

xxvii the British Museum; the Rev. W. D. Macray, of the Bodleian; Mr. Winslow Jones, the Rev. W. K. Hampshire, Mr. Brooking-Rowe, the late Mr. Robert Dymond, of Exeter (a shrewd and sound Antiquarian, whose loss will be long felt in this Western Land, the History of which he did so much to illustrate), and Mr. Edmund Bishop, of St. Gregory's Monastery, Downside, to whom I am, especially, indebted for the very useful notes to pp. 261 and 265 which appear on p. 304. To my learned Friend, Mr. Francis Joseph Baigent, of Winchester, I find it difficult to express the thanks which are his due in terms commensurate with the value of his voluntary work. He has thought nothing of going up to London, on my behalf, for days, and even weeks, together, and working for me, all day long, in the Publick Record Office and the British Museum, and at Lambeth; enriching my book with illustrations and facts of the greatest importance, and sharing my labour rather as a colleague than as a contributor. It is scarcely too much to say that, apart from Mr. Baigent's diligent and disinterested work, the important Notes on the Pycot and Lecchelade cases, which have grown with his help into almost the dignity of an "Excursus," would never have been written.

RINGMORE RECTORY,

25 February, 1889.

F. C. H. R.

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I. The Case of John Pycot and the Murder of Walter de

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THE

EPISCOPAL REGISTERS

OF THE

DIOCESE OF EXETER.

The Register of Bishop Walter Bronescombe is the earliest of the long Series which (with few gaps, happily), extends from his Consecration in 1257-8 to our own time.

We are told by Dr. Oliver (who, however, gives no authority for the statement), that to this Prelate belongs the merit of commencing a regular Register of the Acts of the Bishops, and, at any rate, it seems to be certain that no earlier Register of his Predecessors, if any ever existed, is extant now. It is probable that their Acts were not recorded in a Book, but on separate sheets of vellum or paper, most of which have, long ago, been dispersed or lost; the few which survived being bound up, with a view to their preservation, in the First Volume of the Series. These stray documents were stitched in, here and there (a few being copied on blank spaces in the Register itself), with no attempt at arrangement, and without the slightest reference to the contents of the folios to which they were attached; there are, also, some which belong to a period subsequent to Bishop Bronescombe's death. All are of considerable interest, and will be found arranged in chronological order,-the latter in an Appendix; the former in their proper place in order of time. A few of these documents belong to the Episcopates of Bronescombe and Quivil, and are, of course, dealt with in the General Index.

B

I.

ROBERT CHICHESTER.

(A.D. 1138-1155).

Confirmation of the Appropriation to Tywardreath Priory of the Church of St. Austell :

Robertus, Dei gracia Exsoniensis (sic) Episcopus, omnibus Sancte Matris Ecclesie filiis in Domino salutem.-Donacionem illam quam Robertus filius Willelmi fecit Ecclesie Sancti Andree de Tywardrait, videlicet Ecclesiam de Austol, nos concedimus et Episcopali auctoritate confirmamus; et, ut firma et inconcussa permaneat, Carte nostre attestacione et sigilli nostri impressione communimus.Hiis Testibus,-Magistro Bartholomeo, Archidiacono; Willelmo, Thesaurario; Johanne, Capellano; Baldewino et Ranulpho, Clericis Episcopi; Baldewino, Medico; Radulpho, Decano Cornubie; Rogero, Poeta; Bartholomeo, Decano; Pagano de Putford, Andrea de Pidrewin. [Copied on a blank page (folio 35b)].—

II.

HENRY MARSHALL.

(A.D. 1194-1206).

Appropriation to Tywardreath of the Church of Lanlivery :Omnibus Sancte Matris Ecclesie filiis ad quos presens Scriptum pervenerit Henricus, Dei gracia Exsoniensis (sic) Episcopus, salutem in Domino.-Ad Universitatis vestre volumus pervenire noticiam quod nos, caritatis intuitu, concessimus et confirmavimus Ecclesie Sancti Andree de Tywardrait, et Monachis ibidem Deo famulantibus, Ecclesiam de Lanliviri, cum Capella de Loshuliel que pertinet ad eandem Ecclesiam, et cum terris et decimis et rebus aliis omnibus ad eam pertinentibus, in usus eorum proprios inperpetuum, habendam et possidendam, salvo nobis et successoribus nostris jure et consuetudine Episcopali in omnibus. Et ut hec Concessio et Confirmacio nostra rata et inconcussa inperpetuum permaneat, eam presenti Scripto et sigilli nostri testimonio corroboravimus.-Datum Poltonie, ij Kalendas Julii, Pontificatus nostri anno octavo [30 June, 1202]. Hiis Testibus, -Magistro H. de Wiltone, Canonico Exsoniensi; Serlone et Mauricio, Capellanis ; Gileberto et Willelmo2 Humunt, clericis ; Ivone, Capellano; et multis aliis. [Written on a blank space in the Register (fol. 35b.)].

III.

SIMON DE APULIA.

(A.D. 1214-1223).

St. Nicholas' Priory, Exeter,

Composicio inter Capitulum Sancti Petri et Priorem Sancti Nicholai super decimis duorum molendinorum :

Hec est amicabilis Composicio facta inter Capitulum Beati Petri Exoniensis, ex una parte, et Priorem et Monachos Sancti Nicholai Exoniensis, ex altera parte, et3 questio verteretur inter eos super decimis suis; videlicet quod Capitulum Beati

1 Bartholomew (who became Bishop of the Diocese in 1161), was Archdeacon of Exeter in the Episcopates of two successive Roberts, Robert Chichester (1138-1155) and Robert Warelwast (1155-1161). But William,

the Treasurer, died 14 Feb., 1154. It is, therefore, certain that the "Robertus Episcopus" of this Deed was Robert Chichester.

2 Willelmus, MS.

3

cum, Cotton MS. [See note (7).

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