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Elizabeth his queen, Edmund earl of Richmond, John duke of Somerset and Margaret his wife, Henry VI and Margaret his queen, William Byngham priest and John Brooklee1.

5 A particular mass was appropriated to each day in the week, viz. on Sunday the mass of the Holy Trinity; on Monday the mass of the angels; on Tuesday the mass of the martyrs; on Wednesday the mass of the apostles; on Thursday the mass of the virgins; on Friday the mass 10 of the confessors; and on Saturday the mass of all saints. In addition to the foregoing the masses of the Blessed Virgin and of requiem were directed to be said every day. The countess reserved to herself certain chambers over those of the master, of which during her absence bishop 15 Fisher was to have the use for his life, and on his death they were to belong to the master.

Bishop Fisher was appointed visitor during his life; and after his death the visitatorial power was vested in the chancellor or vice-chancellor of the university; who, 20 with the assent of the two senior doctors in divinity, had power to interpret doubts and ambiguities in the statutes?.

The bond of Sycling the master of the college, for the observance of the statutes, is dated September 5th 1506; and the bishop of Ely's letters, exempting the college from 25 episcopal visitation and permitting the performance of divine offices in the chapel, are dated on the 12th December in the same year*.

The abbey of St Mary de pratis at Creyke in Norfolk having been without a superior since the death of Giles 30 Sheryngton the last abbot, escheated with all its possessions to the king, who by letters patent dated the 14th July in the 22nd year of his reign (1507) granted the abbey and its revenues to the countess of Richmond, giving her licence to assign them to Christ's college, which 35 she (having obtained the sanction of the pope) accordingly

1 It is somewhat singular that no notice is here taken of her third husband the earl of Derby, nor of her second husband Sir Henry 40 Stafford.

2 MS. Baker (Harl. 7044 f. 61

90).

3 Baker's preface to his edition of Bishop Fisher's Mornynge Remembrance xi.

4 Wright's Memorials of Cambridge (Christ's College) 5.

did'; and about the same time the college became possessed of the advowson of Manobre in Pembrokeshire by the donation of the countess, under a licence from the king of concurrent date with that relating to Creyke abbey2. 5

In addition to Malton and Manobre the churches of Fendrayton in Cambridgeshire and Helpestone and Naumby in Lincolnshire were at the countess's instance appropriated to the college. The patronage of one at least of these benefices (Fendrayton) had belonged to 10 God's house3.

The manors of Malton, Meldreth and Beach with lands in those places and in Whaddon, Kneesworth, Oakington, Orwell and Barrington in Cambridgeshire; the manor of Ditesworth, with lands there and in Kegworth, Hathern 15 and Watton, with the advowsons of Kegworth and Sutton Bonnington in Leicestershire and the manor of Roydon in Essex' were also granted by the countess to the college.

That the countess of Richmond took great personal interest in the welfare of the college is evident from the 20 fact of her reserving chambers there for her use; and Fuller says she once came to the college "to behold it "when partly built, and looking out of a window, saw the "deane call a faulty scholar to correction; to whom she "said lente, lente 'gently', 'gently', as accounting it better 25 "to mitigate his punishment than procure his pardon®.'

1 Rot. Pat. 22 Hen. VII p. 3 m. 7. Rymer's Collections (Addit. MS. in Mus. Brit. 4618). MS. Baker (Harl. 7044 f. 231 and 236). Nichols's Royal Wills 378. Blomefield's Norfolk, 8vo edit. VII

77.

2 Rot. Pat. 22 Henry VII p. 3 m. 7. Rymer's Collections (Addit. MS. in Mus. Brit. 4618 f. 517).

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CHAPTER XI.

1506-1509.

Founds two additional cantarists at Westminster. Extracts from the accounts of the proctors of Cambridge. Visits Cambridge with the king. James Stanley bishop of Ely. "Mirroure of Golde" published. Contemplated foundation of St John's college. Extracts from the accounts of the vice-chancellor of Cambridge. Wynkyn de Worde. Death of Henry VII. His funeral sermon. Death of the countess. Her sufferings and behaviour in her last illness. Her character.

ON the second of March 21st Henry VII. (1505—6) the countess of Richmond executed an indenture between herself and the abbot, prior and convent of Westminster, for the foundation in that church of two additional chan5 try monks and a converse, and the observation of a perpetual solemn anniversary for her soul.

The countess, in addition to her former donations (which are specified in detail), granted to the convent lands in Great Chesterford in the county of Essex, of the 10 yearly value of £6, and the convent had permission to purchase other lands under the licence she had obtained.

She also gave many books, chalices, vestments and ornaments for the altars where her masses were to be performed, and avowed her intention of giving more; and 15 she obtained papal bulls of indulgence, that all persons saying and hearing her chantry masses should have as full remission from sin, as in the place called Scala Caeli beside Rome; "to the great comfort and relief of the "said monasterie and all Christen people resorting 20 "therto1."

1 As to bulls of indulgence de Scala Caeli see Rymer's Foedera XII 565, 592, 672. xIII 102. Blome

field's Norfolk, 8vo. edit. IV 90. Test. Vetusta 609.

In bishop Bale's singular play of

The two additional chantry monks were required to be priests and of good and honest conversation, well and sufficiently learned and of good and virtuous disposition.

They were to say mass daily, whilst the world should endure (except on Shere Thursday, Good Friday, the vigils 5 of Easter, and the coronation days of the sovereigns of England), at the altar in the chapel of our Lady on the north side of the church called "the olde Lady of Pewe1," until Henry the seventh's chapel were finished, and then at an altar to be erected in that chapel about her tomb 10 in honour of the holy name of Jesus and the annunciation of the Virgin.

The cantarists were in their masses to pray for the souls of the countess, the king and his issue, Edmund earl of Richmond her husband, John Duke of Somerset and Mar- 15 garet his wife, her father and mother and all her progenitors and ancestors, Thomas earl of Derby and Henry lord Stafford late her husbands, and Elizabeth late queen of England.

One monk was to begin service soon after seven in the 20 morning, and the other soon after eight, and the masses to be said throughout each week were thus specified on Sunday the service of the day by one, and the mass of the birth of our Lord by the other; in like manner on Monday the masses of St Margaret and the angels; on Tues- 25 day the masses of St Anne and salus populi; on Wednesday the masses of the nativity of St John the Baptist and requiem; on Thursday the masses of St Mary Magdalene and the apostles; on Friday the masses of the name of Jesus and requiem; and on Saturday the masses 30

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of the annunciation of our Lady and the compassion of the Virgin Mary.

The chantry monks were to be sworn to the due observance of the countess's ordinances, and were to have 5 twenty pence a week each in addition to the reward due to them from the foundation of the monastery.

The converse was to be a monk selected specially to help the countess's cantarists at their masses and to attend the lights and perform other services usually performed 10 by converses, of which there were then eight in the monastery, including two on the foundation of Henry the seventh1.

The countess's anniversary was directed to be celebrated with 70 tapers of wax burning about the hearse 15 and other great solemnities, by the abbot and the whole convent, on the last day of May during her life, and after her death on the day of her sepulture. At this anniversary certain payments were to be made to the abbot, prior and monks, and £10 was directed to be distributed 20 to the poor.

The collects, secrets, postcomyns, psalms and orations to be used at the masses and anniversary, are minutely specified.

The deed just abstracted is beautifully written on 25 vellum, and with an accompanying abstract of its contents forms a folio volume, every leaf of which is indented. The first page is finely illuminated, and in the initial letter, surmounted with a crown, are the arms of the earldom of Richmond (viz. checky azure and or within a 30 bordure of England; a canton ermine2).

The accounts of the proctors of Cambridge for 1505—6 contain the subsequent charges: "For expenses of Mr "Patenson sent by the university to the king's mother "about the controversy with Morhows etc. 8s. 6d. In 35" expenses of Mr Wodruff sent on the same business with "him by the university 6s. 4d. For a present to the

1 Converses were "6 persons who "had not been regularly trained up "from their youth in a religious 40 "order, but who had embraced it

"at a later period of life." Raine's Charters, Inventories and Account Rolls of Finchale Priory 18, ccccxxiv. 2 MS. Lansd. 444.

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