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Margaret duchess of Somerset'. She was interred with her husband in the church of Wimborne minster in Dorsetshire, where the countess afterwards erected to their memory a very elegant altar tomb of grey marble, on which are their effigies; but this tomb has long since 5 been deprived of the inscription and escocheons with which it was once embellished 2.

A very short period seems to have elapsed after the death of lord Henry Stafford, before the countess formed a matrimonial engagement with Thomas the second lord 10 Stanley, steward of the king's household. He was a widower with a numerous family', and it has been said (but upon what authority does not appear), that the marriage was under an implied condition that it was never to be consummated 5.

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Lord Stanley, who was a warm supporter of the house of York and greatly distinguished by the favour and confidence of Edward IV, was third cousin to the countess of Richmond, as will appear by the subjoined genealogical table; and the pope's authority for the marriage was 20 therefore necessary.

From a saving clause in the act of resumption of 14736 it would seem that the countess of Richmond had

1 Calend. Inquis. post mortem IV 408.

2 Hutchins's Dorset 11 545. Sandford's Genealogical History, by Stebbing 327, 328. Gough's Sepulchral Monuments 11 132 plates 45 and 46. Blore's Monumental Remains.

3 Rot. Pat. 22 and 23 Edw. IV p.1 m. 30.

Many writers style the countess's husband the first lord Stanley. See however Nicolas's Synopsis of the Peerage 607 and add. 25. Collect. Topog.et Geneal. 1316. Baines's Lancashire Iv 12, 13.

4 The children of lord Stanley by Eleanor his wife, daughter of Richard Neville earl of Salisbury 1 and 2 John and George lord Strange twins, 3 Richard, 4 Edward lord Monteagle, 5 Anne, 6

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James bishop of Ely, 7 Thomas,
8 Alice, 9 Catharine, 10 Agnes, 11
William (Collect. Topog. et Geneal.
1 407). In the pedigree of the Stan-
leys in Baines's Lancashire (Iv 11)
the issue of this marriage are stated
to have been, 1 Thomas, 2 Richard 30
(both of whom died young), 3 George
lord Strange, 4 William (who died
young), 5 Edward lord Monteagle,
6 James bishop of Ely, Jane, Ca-
tharine and Anne who died young, 35
Margaret wife of Sir John Osbald-
iston knt. See also Seacome's
Genealogical and Historical Ac-
count of the Ancient and Honour-
able House of Stanley 36, 37, 38 10
5 Coleridge's Biographia Bor

352.

6 Rot. Parl. VI 77.

Richard Fitzalan earl of Arundel = Eleanor Plantagenet daughter of

Henry earl of Lancaster and widow of John lord Beaumont

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been married to lord Stanley at that period. There can however be little doubt that the clause in question was added many years after the act itself first received the sanction of the legislature.

The provisions of the settlement made on the countess's 5 marriage with lord Stanley (and subsequently confirmed by parliamentary enactment1) were as follow:

Lord Stanley conveyed to John Morton bishop of Ely, John lord Dinham, Reginald Bray and others, his lordships and manors of Hawarden, Bydston, Neston, 10 Dunham, Hale, Ryngehey, Boseley and Dorfold in Cheshire; Molesdale in the marches of Wales; and Hoveryngham and Flyntham in Nottinghamshire, of the yearly value of 500 marks, in trust for the countess during her life2.

The countess, on the other hand, assigned to the 15 earl for life the manors of Bedehampton in Hampshire; Woking and Sutton in Surrey; Tydhurst in Hertfordshire; Wrestlingworth in Bedfordshire; Orwell in Cambridgeshire; Billyng or Mycull Billynge in Northamptonshire; Enderby in Leicestershire; Cottyngham and Scotton 20 in Yorkshire; Iscoite and Guynyanneth in South Wales; Keullet Owen in North Wales; the hundreds of Lyghtfeld and Wathelingston in Kent; and fee farm rents in Norfolk, Staffordshire and Worcestershire; the value of the whole property thus assigned being 800 marks per 25

annum.

1 Rot. Parl. vI 311.

2 The countess of Richmond died seised of the manor of Dartford with Chislehurst in Kent, which

had been lord Stanley's (Hasted's Kent 1 98, 216. Lysons's Environs of London Iv 345).

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CHAPTER III.

1483-1485.

Lord Stanley sent to the Tower. Released and made lord high constable etc. Coronation of Richard III. The countess of Richmond joins the duke of Buckingham and others in a plan for placing her son on the throne. Buckingham betrayed and beheaded. The countess attainted, but her life spared. Lord Strange detained as hostage for his father lord Stanley. The Stanleys desert from Richard. Battle of Bosworth field. Marvellous preservation of lord Strange.

In the short reign of Edward V lord Stanley, not coming into the measures of Richard duke of Gloucester, was, with the lord Hastings, archbishop Rotheram, bishop Morton and others of the late king's council, put under 5 arrest. One of the soldiers, we are told, "let flee at the "lorde Stanley which shronke at the stroke and fel under "the table, or els his hed had been clefte to the tethe, "for as shortely as he shranke, yet ranne the blood about "hys eares1." He did not long remain in custody, and IO soon found means to make his peace with Richard, on whose accession to the throne he was restored to the office of steward of the household and appointed lord high constable of England and knight of the garter2.

Lord Stanley, as high constable, of course took a 15 part in Richard's coronation, as did also the countess of Richmond, to whom there was delivered from the royal wardrobe 10 yards of scarlet for her livery on that occasion, and a long gown, made of six yards of crimson velvet, purfled, with the same quantity of white cloth of

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1 Sir Thos. More's Historie of Kyng Richard the thirde, edit. Singer 73. Hall's Chronicle Edw.

V xiv b.

2 Dugdale's Baronage 111 248.

gold, and another long gown, made of six yards and a half of blue velvet, purfled, with an equal quantity of crimson cloth of gold'. The countess immediately followed the queen and bare up her train, taking precedence not only of all other countesses, but even of the duchesses 5 of Suffolk and Norfolk2.

The countess of Richmond took so prominent a part in the transactions which resulted in the dethronement of Richard III, the accession of her son as Henry the Seventh and the cessation of the devastating wars of the 10 Roses by the union of the houses of Lancaster and York, that a succinct narrative of the circumstances seems indispensably necessary in any account of her life.

Henry Stafford duke of Buckingham had been the main instrument in placing the crown on the head of 15 Richard, but from causes, which appear never to have been accurately ascertained, he soon became dissatisfied with the part he had taken, and retired from court with feelings of disgust, which the subsequent course of events by no means tended to alleviate. It was not long before 20 he put himself at the head of an extensive confederacy, which had been formed for the purpose of restoring Edward V. When however the death of that young prince and his brother became known, the duke seems to have contemplated claiming the crown in his own 25 person, as lineally descended from Edmund Beaufort duke of Somerset, grandson of John of Gaunt duke of Lancaster fourth son of Edward III.

Although the countess of Richmond had been married to Buckingham's uncle and his own mother was her 30 aunt, yet it is said (though the assertion seems quite incredible) that her superior pretensions, as daughter of John duke of Somerset the elder brother of duke Edmund, had entirely escaped his attention, until he casually met her on the road betwixt Worcester and Bridgenorth, 35 he being on his way to Shrewsbury, and the countess proceeding on a visit of devotion to our Lady of Worcester.

1 Antiquarian Repertory, edit. 1807 1 55, 57.

2 MS. Harl. 1386 f. 16 b. Hall's Chronicle Ric. III 1 b. Excerpta

Historica 380, 381.

3 Lingard's Hist. of England, fourth edition v 254-257.

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