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1. 12 the coast of Brittany, where he found a safe asylum during the whole reign of Edward IV, notwithstanding the most extraordinary and unintermitted efforts of that monarch to get him into his power. Bernard Andreas p. 23 says of Edward IV 'qui 5 dum viveret et successorem hunc regem nostrum Henricum septimum fore saepius formidaret propheticis quibusdam testimoniis exterritus, apud Franciscum Britanniae ducem pretio precibusque saepius contendit magnis pollicitationibus ut Richemundiae comitem in patriam revocaret. Sed mater illius, mulier prudentissima, dolum IO prospiciens, secretis nuntiorum ac litterarum alloquiis ne rediret assidue prohibebat. Postremo Eduardus irritis cunctis laboribus illum furtim habere temptavit.' Lobineau Histoire de Bretagne I 751. Comines vI c. 9 speaks of Henry as a prisoner in Brittany. n. 3 1. 27 Bernard Andreas expressly states that she remained 15 behind, and takes occasion to praise her constancy and courage. p. 14 'cum iam divino oraculo rege sancto iubente decretum esset ut comes ipse, quamvis puer adhuc, in longinquas secederet oras, tunc maternus in illum animus, supra quam muliebris fragilitas posceret firmus et constans, praesentibus aliquot suis probatissimis 20 consultoribus apparuit; et quamquam non sine maerore discessum illius se laturam intelligeret, post multa hinc inde diu secum animo contemplata, illustrissimi domini olim mariti sui, domini Edmundi Richemundiae, fratrem natu maiorem clarissimum dominum comitem de Pembrouc talibus seorsum alloquitur.'

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P. 17 1. 19 son-in-law. Rather stepson. Mr Cooper might however cite numerous authorities in his favour. Thus Wolsey and Suffolk (in Green's Princesses v 103) call Francis I son-in-law of Mary queen of France, who had married his father. Baker also (pref. to Fisher's Funeral Sermon xviii) calls bp. Stanley son-in-law 30 to lady Margaret.

1. 12 a book of French called Lucun. Apparently the following: Lucan, Suetoine et Saluste en françois. (colophon) Imprime a paris Le XXii iour de Decembre mil iiiice iiixx et dix par Pierre le Rouge...pour Anth. Verard. fol. (Greswell Annals of 35 Parisian typogr. 203 seq.).

P. 18 1. 13 upon what authority does not appear. See below pp. 97, 98. Probably Hartley Coleridge spoke from a confused recollection of Fisher's words, Mornyng Remembraunce, edit. Baker 10 As for chastite, though she alway contynued not in her 40 vergynyte, yet in her husband's dayes, long time before that he deyede, she opteyned of him lycence, and promysed to lyve chaste, in the hands of the reverend fader, my lorde of London; which promise she renewed, after her husband's dethe, into my hands agayne.' P. 20 1. 17 Tydhurst. Read Tydburst as below 65 l. 26. cf. Brewer's

45 Cal. of State Papers, Hen. VIII. ind. s. v.

P. 22 1. 37 a visit of devotion to our Lady of Worcester. Grafton II 128. cf. ibid. 65. Polyd. Virg. 697. Latimer's Works P. S. II 395, 402 n.

P. 23 1. 11 Morton bishop of Ely. See Hist. Croyl. cont. 568. Grafton II 121 seq. More's Utopia. Index to James Gairdner's Letters and papers illustrative of the reigns of Richard III and Henry VII, in the Rolls series of chronicles. Excerpta historica 13, 15, 17, 119. Coker's Dorsetshire 84. His speech at the open- 5 ing of parliament 9 Nov. 1485 in Rot. Parl. VI 385, see ind. His arms are in a window of the hall of St John's college, where four scholarships were of his foundation Early Statutes of St John's, 1859 397-8. App. B. to 5th educ. report (1818) 491, 492. MS. Lansd. 978. art. 5 f. 5. Warton hist. Engl. poetry ed. Hazlitt III 198. Cole in IO Bentham's Ely. Hook's Archbishops of Canterbury. Foss' Judges. Campbell's Lord Chancellors. Biogr. universelle. Tyndal's Works P.S. II 305. Wood-Bliss A. O. ind. under Moreton. Foxe-Cattley Acts and Monuments. Notes and Qu. (3) XI 235, 307, 427. There is a Latin life of him by Jo. Budden Lond. 1607.

1.25 Reginald Bray. See ind. to Gairdner's Letters, etc., to Wm. Campbell's Materials for a history of the reign of Henry VII, Rolls series, to Calendar of state papers, Hen. VIII vol. I. Cooper's Ath. Cant. I 6, 522. Wood's Letters of royal......ladies II 155.

n. 3 Grafton II 128-132.

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P. 24 1. 13 received material assistance from the duke of Brittany. 24 Sept. 1483 messengers were sent to Brittany Rot. Parl. VI 245. Bernard Andreas 24 ascribes to the duke the design of betraying Henry to king Richard. cf. Rymer XII 226, 229. Argentré XIII 26. Green's Princesses III 414 'Harry of Richmond came for- 25 ward and pledged himself, by a solemn oath taken on Christmas day 1483 at the church of Rennes, to marry the princess Elizabeth, or, in case of her death or previous union with another, her sister Cecilia, and to vindicate the joint claim of himself and his wife to the throne of England (Birch MS. 4225 f. 3).'

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1. 14 the duke of Brittany, whom Richard endeavoured in vain to withdraw from the confederacy that was formed against him. Gairdner Letters and Papers...Ric. II and Hen. VII 1 39-42: the duke of Brittany instructs his ambassador (Nantes 26 Aug. 1483) to require succour from Richard against the king of 35 France, who demands the surrender of Richmond. John Fisher bp. of Rochester and chancellor of Cambridge university (see below, n. on p. 96 l. 22) in his speech at Cambridge before king Henry, lady Margaret and prince Arthur ibid. 422-3 ‘quaesitus ad necem, patriam deserens, ubi ad cognatum tuum regem Francorum ire destina- 40 veras, in Minoris Britanniae ducem utilius incidisti, quamquam ab eo rursum tanquam captivus detinebare. sed pace cum eo facta, quum in patriam redire statuisti, tanto ventorum impetu classis tua iactabatur ut vi compulsus retro rettulisti pedem, Deo rem ita disponente, ne forte in manus inimicorum tuorum venisses, qui tunc insidias 45 pararant tibi. post haec Britanni te venalem offerebant capitalibus inimicis tuis, nihil magis quam tuum sanguinem sitientibus. quid

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multis?' ibid. 53-54 the duke of Brittany's warrant, Nantes 22 Nov. 1483, to advance 10,000 gold crowns to Richmond. See the instructions given in 1484 by archd. Maximilian to his ambassador in England ibid. II 4, 48-9.

P. 26 1. 26 so that she might not communicate with her son. Grafton II 137.

P. 29 1. 3 of which Henry the Seventh was probably not himself aware. So Gairdner Letters of the reigns of Richard III and Henry VII II xxx 'But Henry perhaps did not know the strength IO of his own title.'

P. 30 1.6 that against the countess of Richmond. Campbell's Materials for a history of Henry VIII 118 'Margaret countess of Richmond, the king's mother, petitions the king that all her estates may be restored to her, whereof she was deprived by Parliament in 15 the first of Richard III. Her petition was thus answered, “Le roy le voet." ibid. 134-5 'a petition was exhibited to the king in parliament by his "faithfull moder Margarette countesse of Richemond and his true servant her husband Thomas erle of Derby, praying that certain possessions, all of which are set forth, may be settled 20 upon her in lieu of jointure and dower. The petitioners were answered, "Soit fait come il est désiré." ibid. 233 'to the countess of Richmond and Derby, for restitution of divers cups of silver and gilt taken by Robert Brackenbury' (amount left blank). These three dated 1485.

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P. 31 1. 26 lord Stanley created earl of Derby. Campbell's Materials I 241.

n. 7 on the coronation of Henry VII see Rutland Papers, Camd. Soc. 1842 1-14.

P. 32 1. 7 in the first year of Henry VII. Campbell Materials 30 for hist. of H. VII 1 406, among writs P. S. Easter term 1 H. vòi : 'To the countess of Richmonde as a reward one goblet with a cover of gold.' ibid. 410 'to Christ. Sandes, servant to the king's most dear mother (in consideration of good and true service)' grant for life of the offices of porter of all the gates of Carlisle town and of the inner 35 gate of the castle.

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1. 17 1485-6. Campbell Materials for hist. of Hen. VII I 296-7: 17 Febr. 1486 'To the king our soverain lord. Please it your highnesse of your moost noble and habondant grace to graunte your lettres of prive seal in fourme folowaing :-Henry, by the grace of God etc. To the tresourer and chambrelains of our eschequier, greting, Where as we undrestande that our rebel and traitour Sir Robert Brakenbury knyght had in his keping oon cope standing gilt, weyeng XXXV. unces; also an othre cope standing, with a cover gilt, weyeng xix. unces et di.; also an othre cope, with a cover gilt, weying xxv. unces et di.; also an othre cope, with a cover gilt, weyeng xxvi. unces et di.; and an othre cope, with a cover gilt, weyeng xxiix unces, the propricte wherof rightfully belongith to oure most dere and bestbe

loved lady and moder, the countesse of Richemond and Derby, the which copes and covers were late delivered unto your handes to our use and behove. We late you wite that, havyng respect to the premisses, we be content and pleased that the said copes and covers shalbe fully restored to our said lady and moder, as right requireth. 5 Wherfore we wol and charge you to deliver the same copes and covers to our ful trusti clerk and counseillour Master William Smyth, clerk of our hanaper in oure chauncerie, to the use and behove of oure said moder, without any prest or othre charge setting upon hir in that behalve. And these our lettres shalbe your suffisant warrant IO and discharge in that behalve. Yeven undre etc. Data apud West. xvii die Februarii anno regni regis Henrici septimi primo. S. B. no. 154.

n. 4 Dr Ursuyke. Rymer XII 336-8 and often. Polydore Virg. 732. Bacon in Kennett 589, 590. Index to Gairdner's Letters.. of 15 Richard III and Henry VII and to his Historia regis Henrici septimi; to Campbell's Materials; to Bergenroth's Calendar of State Papers; to Newcourt's Repertorium; to Wood-Bliss A. O. and F. O.; to Rymer and to Le Neve's Fasti. He was master of King's hall 1483-7 Luard's Graduati Cantabr. 1873 505. Cooper's Ath. Cant. 20 I 24, 526. Lodge's Illustrations (1838) 1 21, 23, 32. Notes and Queries (1) XII 105, 273. He was probably related to Thos. Urswyke ch. baron of the exchequer, who died early in 1479 (Foss' Judges). P. 33 n. 1 Mr Cooper overlooked a grant to Bray in the same MS. 44 a. 25

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1. 11 She seems always to have evinced the most affectionate regard for the queen. Bergenroth's Calendar of State Papers 1 164 the sub-prior of Santa Cruz to Ferdinand and Isabella 18 July 1498: 'the queen is a very noble woman" and much beloved. She is kept in subjection by the mother of the king. It would be a good 30 thing to write often to her and to shew her a little love.' ibid. 178 the prothonotary don Pedro de Ayala to the same 25 July 1498 'His [Henry's] crown is. . undisputed and his government is strong in all respects. He is disliked, but the queen beloved, because she is powerless..... The king is much influenced by his mother and 35 his followers in affairs of personal interest and in others. The queen, as is generally the case, does not like it.'

P. 34 1. 1 Norbrigge and Kyngeston's chantry. See Campbell Materials for hist. of Hen. VII 1 278–280.

1.21 Suffolk. In Campbell ibid. 532 Stafford. The complete 40 reference to the patent roll is 1 H. vII p. 4 m. 20 (5). 1485-6. See Campbell Materials 1 386-7 12 Mar. 1485-6 'grant in frank-almoign (at the request of the king's dearest mother Margaret countess of Richmond and Derby) to William abbot and the convent of SS. Peter and Paul of Brunne co. Linc. of the priory or manor of Willesford co. 45 Linc. (a cell and parcel of the possessions of the abbey of Bekehellewyn in Normandy) and of all other possessions of the same abbey

in England, quit and discharged from all claims whatsoever. 8 March p. s. n. 812. Pat. p. 3 m. 9 (19).'

ibid. 389 15 Mar. 1485-6 'grant to the king's most dear mother Margaret countess of Richmond and Robert Morton clerk, keeper 5 of the rolls of the chancery, of the right of presentation to the next canonry and prebend which shall become void in the free chapel or collegiate church of the Blessed Virgin Mary and saints George the martyr and Edward the confessor within the castle of Wyndesore. s. b. no. 204. Pat. p. 3 m. 17 (11).'

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ibid. 406 writs under the privy seal Easter term 1 Hen. VII 1486: 'to the countess of Richmond as a reward one goblet with a cover of gold'.

ibid. 429, 430 Worcester 11 May 1486 the king to the treasurer and chamberlains of the exchequer: one goblet with a covering of 15 gold and three salt 'salers' with a covering of silver and gilt, late in the hands of Sir Robert Brakenbury, to be delivered to the countess of Richmond.

n. 4 p. 4 m. 20 (5) ibid. 532.

P. 35 1. 17 letters patent dated the 22nd March 1486-7. See 20 39 1. 24, 222 1. 36.

P. 36 1. 22 letter. Also printed by M. A. E. Wood Letters of royal and illustrious ladies 1 116, 117.

1. 23 her bailiff of the manor of Ware cf. Campbell's Materials etc. 181 11 Oct. 1485: 'Grant for life to the king's "most derrest 25 moder Margaret countesse of Richemond," of the nomination, deputation and constitution of the steward, receiver, bailiff, parker and all other officers within the lordship of Ware, and that the same officers by her made and deputed have the wages fees profits commodities and "avayles" to the said offices and every of them due 30 and belonging. P. S. 22 Sept. no. 309. Pat. p. 4 m. 4 (21).'

P. 37 1. 1 the countess lived at Hatfield Episcopi, see above 129 1. 28.

1. 7 poor men and women. See pp. 188 1. 16, 209 1. 18.

1. 8 poor folkes to the nombre of twelve. See the charges in her 35 executors' accounts, above 188 1. 16.

P. 42 1. 22 sword and cap of maintenance, which had been sent him by the pope. Pope Julius sent a sword and cap to James IV of Scotland in 1507 Tytler, ed. 1864 II 277 a. Green's Princesses IV 126 the sword is still shewn in the crown room in Edinburgh castle. 40 See in Lewis Life of Fisher 11 297-8 a letter from the council to bp. Fisher, directing him, the master of the rolls and Sir Thomas Boleyn, to meet the pope's ambassador, the bearer of the sword and cap of maintenance for Henry VIII. Reg. Poli Epist. v 36-41.

n. 2 Camden ibid. says of Colyweston 'the neighbour inhabitants 45 use to digge great plenty of slate stones for their buildings.' With this slate stone the new chapel is roofed.

P. 44 1.8 statutes, which by her officers she commanded to be rede four tymes a yere. In St John's code of 1516 (Early Statutes

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