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388 1. 24) it was ordered that true copies of the statutes should be chained to a stall in the chapel, that every one might have access to them cf. ibid. 332 l. 35. In 1524 c. 18 (ibid. 294 1. 5) 'horum [decanorum] officium erit singulis annis infra quatriduum a festo Michaelis intra sacellum singula collegii statuta quae discipulos quovis pacto 5 concernunt in praesentia tam sociorum quam discipulorum, quos omnes pariter adesse volumus, distincte legere, praemissa quadam exhortatiuncula de vitando horrendo periurii crimine. verum ea statuta quae de electionibus traduntur nihil opus fuerit tunc recensere. rursum autem infra hebdomadam Paschae reliqua quae ma- 10 gistrum spectant et socios pari modo praesentibus magistro et sociis omnibus legi volumus per eosdem.' In the codes of 1530 c. 51 and 1545 c. 52 (ibid. 218 seq.) it was provided that statutes should be publicly read in hall or chapel 4 times a year, so that in the course of the year at least the statutes from c. 19 (of 1530 = 17 of 1545) should 15 be read through every year. This provision was continued in the Elizabethan code c. 49 and even in the revision of that code (28 April 12 Vict.) c. 49 it was required that nine of the statutes should be read in the chapel yearly by portions, at each of the three commemorations. By the new English statutes those which relate to 20 elections are read at the time of election. Similar rules are found in the codes of Pet. Clar. Pembr. Cai. C.C.C. Trin. Qu. Jes. Magd. at Cambridge, and in those of St John's and other colleges at Oxford. Edw. VI. injunctions of 1547 n. 17: Also, that the said parsons, vicars and clerks, shall once every quarter of the year read these 25 injunctions given unto them, openly and deliberately, before all their parishioners, to the intent that both they may be the better admonished of their duty, and their said parishioners the more moved to follow the same for their part.'

P. 46 1. 32 cowmfetts. Searle's Hist. of Qu. coll. I 144: 1. M. J. 1507-8 fo. 202 b. Item pro vino soketis et comfetis expensis in primo adventu magistri nostri ij3. xa. ob.'

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Gabriel Harvey (1593) in Brydges' Archaica II 8 139: That weeneth Sidney's dainties, Ascham's comfits, nothing comparable to his pap.'

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1. 35 ipocras. Searle Hist. Qu. Coll. 1 142: '1. M. J. 1515-16 fo. 286 b. Item pro quodam munusculo dato episcopo Roffensi, vino vocati ypocrace, et aliis speciebus, viz. sugarplate et sukkettes, quum visitavit collegium sancti Johannis. . . iiij". ij. ibid. 168: '11. M. J. 1523-24 fo. 60 b. Item pro uno pottell de ypocras pro doct. Shirton 40 et Capon xxd' Gutch Collectan. cur. II 2. Dyce's Skelton II 285, 356. Leland's Collectan Collectan. IV 278.

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P. 47 n. 3. cf. 187 1. 50. The Account of the Christmas prince was published by G. Higgs in Miscell. antiq. Anglicana 1. Add 45 Baker's Hist. of St. John's 121 l. 13, 573 1. 21. See the Elizabethan statutes of Trin. coll. c. 24 de comoediis ludisque in Natali Christi

exhibendis. cf. c. 20. Green's Princesses Iv 110, 117. Notes and Queries ind. s. v. Christmas.

P. 48 1. 6 in 1490. Mr Cooper adds on a separate slip: 'Angier's Hist. of Syon coll. 74-530. 21 Apr. 1490 5 H. VII. Composition at 5 mediation of princess Margaret of Richmond between the convents of Syon and Spalding.'

n. 1 a voyde. See p. 73 1. 19. Ric. III and Hen. VII 1 390

Gairdner Letters and Papers.. 'they were revested in theyre

heremites wede and soo departed to the chappell, where they had Notes and Queries (2) x1 508. See p. 56 l. 3.

IO spices and their voidie.' P. 49 1. 25 minstrels. Ind, to Nicolas Privy purse expenses of Hen. VIII, to Madden Privy purse expenses of Princess Mary and to Warton-Hazlitt Hist. Engl. Poetry s. vv. bards, minstrels.

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1. 29 for her read the.

P. 50 1. 18 Sir Thomas Lovell. See Wordsworth Eccl. Biogr. 11 470, 472. His will, proved 26 Sept. 1528, is in Testam. vetusta 640—2, cf. ind. p. 818; ind. to Campbell Materials and to Brewer's Calendar; Notes and Queries (1) VII 332.

P. 52 n. 1. Most of this note is taken from Wordsworth Eccl. Biogr. 1 487, where is more on the subject.

P. 53 l. 15 a barb. Lady Margaret, in her picture in St John's college hall, is 'barbyd lyke a nonne' (Skelton's Magnyfycence ver. 1000, cf. Dyce's n. II 252).

1. 18 throat goyll. Dyce ibid. II 274 cites Palsgrave 'Throte gole or throte bole, neu de la gorge, gosier?

P. 54 1. 27 at the command of the countess. Dyce's Skelton I XXV The mother of Henry the Seventh, the countess of Richmond and Derby, is well known to have used her utmost exertions 30 for the advancement of literature: she herself translated some pieces from the French; and, under her patronage, several works (chiefly works of piety) were rendered into English by the most competent scholars of the time. It is to her, I apprehend, that Skelton alludes in the following passage of the Garlande of Laurell, 35 where he mentions one of his lost performances;

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'Of my lady's grace at the contemplacyoun,
Owt of Frenshe into Englysshe prose,

Of Mannes Lyfe the Peregrynacioun,

He did translate, enterprete, and disclose.'

P. 56 1. 3 minstrels. See p. 49 1. 25.

1. 5 our lady of the pewe. See p. 106 n. 8.

P. 56 1.9 creation of prince Henry as duke of York. The full account is printed in Gairdner Letters and Papers.. Ric. III and Hen. VII 1 388-404.

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1. 17 St Wenefrede's Well. Campbell's Materials 1 21 Grant to (Sir) Howel ap Day [of the chapel] of Saint Wenefride in Holywell co. Flint, and appointment as chaplain to do Divine service within the same; also grant of £10 a year out of the issues of the

county of Flint, for his salary and the repairs of the said chapel. S. B. no. 32,'

P. 58 l. 21 A.D. 1496. Gairdner Letters and Papers ... Ric. III and Hen. VII II 318-323 prints the deposition, 14 Mar. 1496, of Bernard de Vignolles touching a conspiracy against Henry by Kendal 5 prior of St John's and others: 'les dessudis troys personnes estans en Romme firent cherche de trouver moien et faczon de entreprendre faire mourir de roy dAngleterre, ses enffans, sa merre et ceulx qui pensoient qui etoient pres de sa personne et de son conseil.'

See a 10

P. 59 1. 2 on each of the seven days a particular mass. still more elaborate direction in the will of Henry Lord Marney, one of lady Margaret's exors. (Testam. vetusta 611, proved 15 June 1525): 'also I will that my executors shall find two good and honest priests to say mass daily in the chapel aforesaid, and in their masses every day to say De profundis for my soul and the other souls 15 before rehearsed, also every Sunday to say mass of the Nativity of our Lord and of the Annunciation of our Lady; on Monday of the Holy Ghost and of the Nativity of our Lord; on Tuesday of the Trinity and of the Conception of our Lady; on Wednesday of the Resurrection and Purification; on Thursday de Corpore Christi and 20 the Assumption of our Lady; on Saturday de Omnibus Sanctis et de Requie.'

1. 17 such priest to teach grammar freely. So Sir John Mordaunt high-steward of Camb. university, by will proved 6 Dec. 1504, established a perpetual chantry in the church of Turvey for two 25 secular chaplains, one of whom was to teach grammar freely (Cooper Ath. Cant. 19).

P. 60 1. 2 Dec. 1497. On 21 Dec. 1497 lady Margaret was with the court at Shene, when great part of the palace was burnt down (Green's Princesses IV 54 from MS. Cotton Vitell. A. XVI f. 171 b). 30

1. 32 A. D. 1498. Gairdner Letters and Papers ... Ric. III and Hen. VII II 79 in a paper headed 'extortions of officers' and dated' 1498 or later': 'Also that wrakkys hath fallyn oftymes by fortune of tempestys within the isle of Purbyke syn Harry Uvedale was ther officer; whereas the custom is that at the tyme of such wrackys 35 that the jentylmen and other men of substance shuld be called and enpaneld to make a trw inquere and presentment of such wrackys, he hath ever empaneld his own servauntes and thois that be longyng unto hym, by reson of the which my lady the kyng is moder is disseyved, rezervyng the most parte to his owne use, as apperyth 40 by his sone goten riches.'

Bergenroth Calendar of State Papers 1 163 Londoño and the sub-prior of Santa Cruz to Ferdinand and Isabella 18 July 1498 'The persons who have the greatest influence in England are the mother of the kyng, the chancellor, Master Bray, the bishop of Durham [Ri. 45 Fox], Master Ludel [Thomas Lovel] who is treasurer, the bishop of London [Tho. Savage], and the lord chamberlain.' ibid. 176 Don Pedro de Ayala to Ferdinand and Isabella 25 July 1498; Henry is

Thus it would be
Besides my own

speaking of his daughter Margaret: 'She has not yet completed the ninth year of her age, and is so delicate and weak that she must be married much later than other young ladies. necessary to wait at least another nine years. 5 doubts, the queen and my mother are very much against the marriage. They say if the marriage were concluded we should be obliged to send the princess directly to Scotland, in which case they fear the king of Scots would not wait, but injure her and endanger her health.'

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P. 61 1. 13 query 1498-9. Bergenroth Calendar of State Papers, Spanish,1 205 Don Pedro de Ayala to Ferdinand and Isabella London 26 Mar. 1499: 'The queen of England was delivered on Friday of a son, whose christening took place on the following Sunday. There had been much fear that the life of the queen would be in danger, 15 but the delivery has been easy. The christening was very splendid and the festivities such as though an heir to the crown had been born.'

1. 22 the young prince died at a very early age. ibid. 225 De Puebla to the same Calais 16 June 1500: 'the third son of the king 20 had died.'

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P. 63 1. 30 Skelton describes himself as curate of Trumpington. So Cole inferred, but Dyce Skelton I xxix, xxx, shews that the curate of Trumpington was only the transcriber of Skelton's poems. P. 64 1. 13 my mater. See pp. 66 l. 16, 219 l. 30.

1. 17 dele. after e.

1. 22 read shalbe.

P. 65 1. 3 war against the Turks. Bergenroth Calendar of State Papers, Spanish, 1 266 Ferdinand and Isabella to De Puebla Talavera 29 Apr. 1502: 'Are of opinion that the army and fleet 30 which the Christian princes intend to send against the Turks ought to be commanded by one captain or general. Think that the cardinal and master of Rhodes would be the best commander of the Christians; have therefore entrusted to him all the forces which they have sent against the Turks. The money collected in England 35 would be best employed in equipping ships in England, which could be sent to Sicily or Naples and there be provided with all things necessary. If it should be found impossible to equip ships in England, the money should in their opinion be sent to Genoa or to the master of Rhodes, but not to the pope. For should the pope 40 get it into his hands, it would be employed for other purposes. Are ready to send this year again a fleet against the Turks.'

ibid. 414-5 Henry VII to pope Julius II Greenwich 15 May 1507: 'has been always inclined to shed the blood of the enemies of the catholic faith, the Turks and other infidels, in order to avenge 45 all the injuries and cruelties committed by them on Christians and to reconquer the holy sepulchre. Begs the pope to employ all his great authority in restoring peace to Christendom... As soon as that shall be effected, the united power of all Christian princes might

be directed against the infidels. Hopes he will invite all Christian princes to send ambassadors to Rome, where the necessary preparations of the holy expedition would have to be concerted, the chief commander or commanders elected, the number of soldiers and ships, of engines of war, of horses etc., the place and time of meet- 5 ing, the country of the infidels which would have first to be invaded, the time how long the war ought to last etc., would have to be fixed. Is ready to take part in the war and to exhort other Christian princes to do the same. There never has been so good an opportunity of making war upon the infidels as at present, as the pope is 10 wise and strong in body and mind, and the kings and princes are disposed to obey him. The holy father will win eternal glory if he avenge the humiliations of centuries on the detestable infidels.' ibid. 418-9 (the pope to Henry 8 July 1507: his letter has been so agreeable to him that he has not only perused it at least ten times, 15 but has also judged it appropriate to have it read in a secret consistory. All the cardinals have praised his virtue and piety'). ibid. 422. 432 (Henry to Ferdinand Langley manor house 15 Sept. 1507: 'is ready to make war upon the infidels. No prince in Christendom can be more ready to serve in so holy a cause'). 437-8. See index 20 8. v. Turks; also to Gairdner's Letters and Papers... Ric. III and Hen. VII s. vv. Crusade, Turks. Gairdner Memorials 54, 269, 410-4. Individual Englishmen enlisted for these holy wars: thus (Gairdner II 111*—112*) qu. Elizabeth writes 1 Aug. 1499 to Ferdinand II, recommending Henry Still, who desired to fight against 25 the infidel. Searle's Hist. of Queens' Coll. Cambr. I 128-130: 'Among the documents preserved in the college, by its date [1499] belonging to this presidentship, is the following licence, not filled up, to the holder to enjoy special privileges as to absolution, at the moderate charge of one gold florin, to go towards the crusade 30 against the Turks, which the popes, alarmed for the safety of Italy and even Europe, urged, with small success, all Christendom to undertake.' Green's Princesses IV 138.

P. 66 1. 16 my greet mater. See pp. 64 l. 13, 219 1. 30.

P. 67 1. 30 Seynt Annes. See p. 10 n. 1.

P. 68 1. 30 on several occasions. See pp. 50 1. 26, 65 1. 21.

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P. 71 1. 16 pageants exhibited in the city of London. Bergenroth Calendar of State Papers, Spanish, 1 264 Hen. VII to Ferdinand and Isabella: 'On the 12th of November the princess made her entry into the capital, accompanied by such a multitude of prelates, 40 high dignitaries, nobles and knights, and with the acclamations of such masses of people, as never before had been seen in England.' Cf. Gairdner Letters and Papers...Ric. III and Hen. VII 11 404—

417.

P. 73 1. 7 justs, banquets and disguisings, which took place in 45 and near Westminster Hall in honour of the prince's marriage. Bergenroth Calendar of State Papers, Spanish, 1 233 June 1500 earl of Suffolk, earl of Essex and others 'beg of Henry VII permis

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