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granting an indulgence from fasting to Hen. VII and his mother and to six persons named by each, and also power to appoint for themselves a confessor with enlarged powers of absolution. There is also a bull of confirmation of a sanction obtained by lady Margaret from the abps., bps. and clergy of England to hold on the Ides (13) Aug. yearly 5 6 a feast of our most sweet Saviour Jesus' (Hist. MSS. Commission, app. to first rep. 77).

1. 20 the earl of Derby died on the 29th July 1504. Bergenroth's Calendar of State Papers, Spanish, 1 346 De Puebla to Ferdinand and Isabella London 5 Dec. 1504: 'Some few days ago IO the king's step-father, who was constable of the realm and earl of Derby, died.'

P. 96 1. 10 I have in my days promoted mony a man unavisedly. Henry promised his confessor in the last Lent of his life (Hymers Fisher's Fun. Sermon etc. 139): 'that the promocyons of the 15 chyrche that were of his dysposycyon, sholde from hens forth be dysposed to able men suche as were virtuous and well lerned.'

1. 18 Fox bishop of Winchester. See ind. to Baker's History (where read Fox, Ric. bp. Exeter, Bath and Wells, Durham, Winchester), to Wood-Bliss A. O. and F. O. and to Wood-Gutch Colleges 20 and Halls and Hist. Univ. Ox., Surtees' Durham, Cassan's bishops of Bath and Wells, Oliver's bishops of Exeter, Campbell's Materials, Gairdner's Memorials and Letters and Papers, Brewer's Calendars; a letter to Wolsey in Fiddes' Collect. 105 seq. Erasmi Epist. 281, 369 and ind., Green's Princesses IV 58, 60, Strype, Parker 25 Society, Ath. Cant. He arranged the pageants in 1501 at the entry of Catharine of Arragon into London (Bacon in Compl. Hist. 1 628). To him Fisher dedicated his De veritate corporis etc. In the convocation book (II 181,9 H. VII) of Wells co. Som. is an account of a dispute between him and the corporation, in which sir Reg. Bray acted 30 as mediator (Hist. MSS. Commission 1 107). He was a main agent in Wolsey's rise (Wordsworth Eccl. Biogr. 1a1 469—472, 483).

1. 22 Henry took the merit of Fisher's promotion to himself. Baker's History of St John's 102 1. 34, 344 l. 40, 463 l. 13, 571 l. 3. Early Statutes of St John's, Cambr. 1857, 242 1. 20 Bp. Fisher's 35 statutes A.D. 1530 c. 54 de quatuor sociis et duobus discipulis per Johannem Roffensem episcopum fundatis (p. 242 1. 20 cl. p. 238 l. 35; the same c. 47 in the statutes of 1524 ibid. 343): 'in missis autem eos precari volo peculiariter et satisfactorie pro anima mea, sic tamen ut animam clarissimae principis dominae Margaretae Richmondiae, 40 cui non secus atque propriae genetrici fuerim obnoxius, singulariter habeant commendatam; insuper et animam illustrissimi regis Henrici septimi, filii eiusdem principis, qui citra cuiusquam preces aut intercessionem aut obsequium aliquod, id quod ipse palam ac saepius testatus fuit, episcopatum Roffensem mihi contulit.' One is tempted 45 to suspect that Mr Gairdner is mistaken in ascribing to Blyth the speech described below, in which we read: 'me ipsum, inquam, quem incredibile cunctis fuit ad episcopatum tam repente promoveri;

quippe qui paucos annos habuerim, qui nunquam in curia obsequium praestiterim, qui nullis ante dotatus beneficiis. et quamobrem ego ad episcopatum assumerer? quid tuam ad hoc admirabilem sapientiam movebat? nihil profecto aliud nisi ut studiosis omnibus liquido 5 constaret illorum causa id factum esse.' In 1506 the king came to Cambridge with his mother (above p. 108; he gave to the university £66. 13s. 4d. and £40 for St Mary's MS. Baker XLII. f. 165 vo).

Since writing the above I turned to Cooper's Annals of Cambridge 1 281 where Ashmole's account of the king's visit is given : 10 'the Byshopp of Rochester, . . . then beyng chaunceller of the unyversytye, accompanied with odir doctors sensyd etc. the kyng and after made a litle proposition and welcomed hym.' Mr Cooper notes 'A Latin oration, delivered to Henry VII on this or some similar occasion by bishop Fisher, was printed by Hearne with the second 15 volume of Leland's Itinerary,' i. e. pp. 122–130. Hearne was told by Hilkiah Bedford, who in his turn learnt from Baker, that Fisher was the author. Baker must also have communicated it to Lewis, in whose Life of Fisher it is printed (11 263 seq.) under the date 1506. I leave the remainder of this note as originally written.


In Gairdner's Letters and Papers. . . Ric. II and Hen. VII is part of an oration said to be delivered at Cambridge by John Blyth (consecr. bp. of Salisbury 23 Febr. 1494) before Hen. VII, his mother and prince Arthur. Blyth was chancellor of Cambridge from 1493-5, and must have been already bishop when he spoke. Con25 sequently the royal visit must have been in 1494 or 1495, and Cambridge had been visited by the king the year before: 'anno superiori cum ad nos venisti, dignatus es disceptationibus interesse atque id per omnium facultatum scholas. . . postridie cum haec audieris, ingentem auri summam cum magno ferarum numero in publicam 30 compotationem universis scholasticis maxima tua liberalitate contulisti.' The whole speech (MS. Bodl. 13 olim 2,357) well deserves to be printed. The authorship, assigned by conjecture, might then have been determined with certainty.

On the visits of the king see Searle's Hist. of Queens' Coll.

35 I 136-7.

P. 97 1. 5 about this time. Searle's Hist, of Queens' coll. Cambr. I 125 'I M[agnum] J[ournale] 1504-05 fo. 178 b. Item pro expensis [mri Jenyns vicepresidentis et mri Powell] dum equitabant Colywestoniam ad loquendum cum matre regia propter resignationem 40 officii magistratus collegii et pro expensis Thome Barbour versus Harow of hyll et domi, ut patet per billam vij. iija.ob.

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'Pro expensis factis super Addirton servum matris regie quum attulit litteras collegio iija ibid. 125—6 letter from Queens' college to their president Wil45 kynson: Ryght reverent and worschypfull and to us att all tymys most syngular and specyall good mast', Wee yo' scholars and dayly beedmen humblie recomend us unto yo' mast'schyp And for as mysch as wee underston be y' lett's of the moste excellent p'nces my

lady the kyngs mother and allso by y' lett's that ye be at this tyme myndyt to resigne the p'sidentship of this our colage called the qwenys colage, so that ye myght knowe our mynds in this thing, wherefor we write unto yower maist'ship at this tyme signifyyng unto you y we ar fully det'minate and doth promyse you to elect such 5 a man as is thought unto you necessary and profitable unto this our colage the lorde bisshop of Rochest'.'


ibid. 133-4: After the death of queen Elizabeth of York in 1503, the lady Margaret, countess of Richmond and Derby, mother of Henry VII, seems to have fulfilled the functions of queen consort IO towards the college, interesting herself in its behalf and in its management.

'By indenture of 15 June 20 Henry VII, 1505, Edward duke of Buckingham (Cooper Ath. 1 24, Dugdale Bar. I 170) bestowed on the college (for his safe state while living, and for the good of the 15 souls of his ancestors and of his own soul after his death) at the instance of the most excellent princess Margaret countess of Richmond and Derby, the king's mother, 31 acres of meadow land in Essex, near Bumpstead Helyon (Misc. A fo. 22 b).

"The Lady Margaret's second husband, sir Henry Stafford, was 20 great uncle to the duke.

'I. M. J. 1504-05 fo. 179. Pro expensis M. vicepresidentis et Ricardi Staynbank thesaurarii. . . dum equitabant ad dominum Buckyngamie cum literis matris regie propter certas parcellas terre jacentes in Haverhill et Horsham Hall, ut patet 25 per billam xlviij. va.

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'In 1505 the countess of Richmond visited Cambridge, when she appears to have been received with much honour and great marks of respect, the university proceeding as far as Caxton to meet her (Cooper Annals 1 275). At the same time she paid Queens' college 30 a visit, as appears from the following entries in the accounts of the college :

'I. M. J. 1504–05 fo. 178 b. Carpentario laboranti per diem in cameris collegii erga adventum matris regie .

Pro sirpis pro camera ejusdem domine

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ijd. 35

fo. 179 b. Willelmo Bradford [bibliotiste] pro expensis ejus tempore quo equitabat ad inquirendum de adventu matris regie, jussu vicepresidentis

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Lotrici pro lotione trium mapparum de diaper, unius toallie de diaper et sedecim manitergiorum, que erant occupata cum 40 mater regis intererat collegio nostro vja, P. 98 1. 1 ghostly father, i.e. confessor. See Wood-Bliss A. O. I 134, Wood's Letters of royal . . . ladies 11 266, Wordsworth Eccl. Biogr. 14 561, 647, 659, 666.

1. 3 Fitz-James. See p. 75 1. 4. Cooper Ath. Cant. 1 25, 526. 45 n. 1. On 2 May 1853 Mr Cooper read before the Cambridge Antiquarian Society (Communications to C. A. S. 1 71-79) a paper entitled 'The vow of widowhood of Margaret countess of Richmond;

with notices of similar vows in the 14th, 15th and 16th centuries.' On the vow of Katherine Courtenay, 6th daughter of Edw. IV, see Green's Princesses IV 30—1.

P. 100 1. 1 William Bingham. Bingham's petition and the royal 5 licences and charters for God's House are printed in Documents relating to the Univ. and Colleges of Cambridge, 1852, III 153—174. P. 101 1. 3 a licence. Printed ibid. 127-153.


1. 23 statutis. Printed ibid. 175-212. Nearly the same statutes were given by bp. Fisher to St John's college in 1516.

1. 24 strange comparison. The head of this comparison which is specially offensive to our taste was retained in the statutes of St John's in 1530 c. 21: in 1545 it is modified (c. 19 p. 105 1. 7 of Early Statutes): 'adhuc deesse huic corpori membra quaedam pernecessaria advertimus, quibus quasi sensibus ad omnem honestam discipli15 nam persequendam et illiberalem cognitionem refugiendam omnes studiosi uti poterunt.' The analogy occurs in other statutes; most at large in the Balliol code of 1507.

P. 102 1. 26 purchased at Sturbridge fair. So at St John's (Early Statutes of St John's Cambr. 1859 pp. 172—3, 321, 380). 20 On the fair itself see Life of Ambrose Bonwicke, Cambr. 1870,


1. 27 twelve pence a week for commons. In December 1586 John Copcot complains (MS. Lansd. 50 62 printed in Strype Annals III app. p. 163) that the commons at Christ's had been raised 25 to 3s. At St John's also from 1516 (Early Statutes Cambr. 1857 p. 378 l. 30) to 1545 (c. 29) and the Elizabethan statutes c. 29, the weekly commons remained at a shilling.

P. 103 1. 13 reserved to herself certain chambers. So bp. Fisher in 1524 at St John's (Early Statutes p. 273 1. 10): 'porro cubicula 30 quae pro magistro constructa sunt meis usibus reservo, quoties ad dictum collegium mihi continget accedere, quemadmodum et fundatrix de sua benignitate fieri concessit in collegio Christi, quod suis impendiis pariter extrui curavit; post decessum vero meum magister ipsa cubicula superiora possideat in usum suum.' cf. ibid. 35 280 1.33. The same provision remained in the code of 1530 ibid. 166 1.11.


1. 28 Creyke. See p. 197 1. 32.

P. 105 1. 17 Scala Caeli. The volumes of the Parker society contain many allusions to these masses; see the ind. s. v.

P. 108 n. 2 aqua damasce. See Green's Princesses v 132.

1. 21 Dr Bekynshaw. See Searle's Hist. of Queens' Coll. I 138-141, 144–160. append. p. iii.

P. 109 On 9 Aug. 1508 the king visited his mother. Bern. Andr. in Gairdner Memorials of Hen. VII 127-8. 'Rex vigilia Divi 45 Laurentii e praedicto loco [Eltham] ad suam genetricem apud Hatfield commigravit et illinc apud Wansted.'

P. 110 1. 5 at the solicitation of bishop Fisher. From the "Thin red book' in St John's treasury f. 62a seq. printed by

Lewis, Life of Fisher II 292 seq., Hymers's Fisher's Fun. Sermon 199 seq. 'nempe Christi collegio consummato Oxonienses doctores aliquot, qui in principis famulitio id temporis agebant, et inter hos praecipue quidam vir magnae autoritatis neque minoris famae, principem in sua vota pellicere student; hortantur ut tale 5 quidpiam Oxonii ageret, quale iam fecerat Cantabrigiae; ostendunt monasterium Divae Frideswidae, impensius orant, ut illud in studiosorum collegium mutare dignaretur; id illi facillimum esse, quae nihil non et opibus ct potentia potuit ; quo beneficio affirmant nomen illius in utraque academia perpetuo celebratum iri. neque vero hoc IO negotium vel segniter vel oscitanter egerunt Oxonienses illi; sed magnis et continuis precibus nunquam non inculcabant, ut parum abfuerit, quod non eorum votis assentiretur princeps inclitissima, si non mature intervenisset praesul Roffensis. is importunas eorum conspicatus preces, simulque hospitalis Divi Ioannis Evangelistae in 15 Cantabrigia ruinam dolens, quod iam ad summam miseriam et inopiam incolarum luxu et intemperantia devenerat: Christo benignissimo gratius futurum credens, hoc in loco pietatis opera exhibere, quam illic, ubi aut parum aut nihil erat opus (noverat enim quos fautores iam tum habebat Oxonia), munificentissimam principem ocius 20 compellat. exponit miserae domus miseram ruinam; ostendit (ut re vera erat) praedia divendita, terras luxu gulaque absumptas, ornamenta exposita, supellectilem prorsus corrosam, et ne sacris quidem parcitum, Divina officia intermissa, hospitalitatem celebrari nullam, praepositum domus creditoris metu latitare, confratres paucos, plus 25 minus quatuor, modo per urbem, modo per rura divagari, in maximam suae religionis infamiam atque scandalum; hospitale ipsum prope desertum, sed ita alieno aere oppressum, ut ne omnia quidem praedia, si integra mansissent, debiti illius magnitudinem vendita persolvissent; breviter adeo dilapsa et deploranda omnia, ut nulla 30 esset salutis vel tenuissima spes, nisi numen aliquod praesentius aspiraret. haec ut audivit benignissima princeps ab eo cui semper fidebat maxime, deploratae domus sortem miserata, etsi habuit in diversa instigantes plurimos, ab episcopo tamen Roffensi id persuasa, quod ipsa per se probe intelligebat, nullum beneficium vel melius 35 vel utilius collocatum iri posse, quam tam pestiferas et steriles herbas e fertili solo ocius extirpare et quasi iacto novo semine uberrimam messem Christo parare, unde nova subinde et fertilissima repullularet seges in maximum Christianae fidei incrementum evasura; convertit se totam ad praeclarius sed difficilius et magis 40 arduum pietatis opus; huic omnibus nervis incumbit, ut ex paupere (si liceat dicere) tugurio insigne (quale nunc est) collegium erigatur. obtinuit ad hoc negotium capessendum a pontifice maximo autoritatem, pariter et a filio suo Henrico septimo; neque vero dissimilem ab Eliensi tunc temporis episcopo et antiquae domus fundatore im- 45 petrarat facultatem, idque decimo idus Martii, rege Henrico septimo annum jam agente imperii sui vicesimum quartum. sed heu praema

MS. debita.

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