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Cambridge in behalf of Thomas Maunfeld a bachelor of arts, who was desirous of a fellowship in that house, but her application in this instance does not appear to have been attended with success1.

The proctors of the university of Cambridge for the year 1498—9 charge in their accounts two several sums of twenty pence and eighteenpence as paid to the vicar of Trumpington for letters written by him to the king's mother2.

Great variances having long subsisted between the inhabitants of Kesteven and those of Holland in the county of Lincoln on the subject of the boundaries of those provinces, the countess (who, as previously stated, became possessed of the manor of Deeping on the death of her 15 mother) in the 16th Henry VII procured a commission to be issued for the determination of the controversy. Amongst the commissioners were Robert lord Willoughby, Sir Edward Stanley her stepson, and Sir Reginald Bray. The inquisition taken on the occasion is dated 20 the 8th September, and was sealed by the countess of Richmond as well as the commissioners and jurors*.


1 Masters's History of Corpus Christi College Cambridge app. no.


2 MS. Baker XXIV 15, 16.

It is highly probable that the vicar of Trumpington, who was employed on these and similar occasions, was the celebrated John 30 Skelton the poet laureat, who in 1507 describes himself as curate of Trumpington (Skelton's Works, edit. 1736 p. 272). The word curate was at the period in question fre35 quently applied to vicars. In 1493

the following grace in favour of Skelton was passed by the university of Cambridge: "Conceditur "Johanni Skelton Poete in parti40 "bus transmarinis atque Oxon.

"Laurea ornato ut aput nos eadem "decoraretur" (MS. Baker xxiv 6). In the privy purse expenses of Henry VII the following occurs un

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If "the Cardynall" mentioned in the following affectionate letter from the countess of Richmond to her son were Archbishop Morton, it was probably written in or before 1500, in the month of September in which year that prelate died. 5

"My oune suet and most deere kynge and all my "worldly joy, yn as humble maner as y can thynke y "recommand me to your grace, and most hertely beseche "our lorde to blesse you; and my good herte, wher that "you sa that the Frenshe kynge hathe at thys tyme 10 gevyn me courtyse answer and wretyn...lettyre of "favour to hys corte of parlyment for the treve expedicyon "of my mater whyche soo long hathe hangyd, the whyche "y well knowe he dothe especially for your sake, for the "whyche my...... ly beseeche your grace yt ly beseeche your grace yt ......... to gyve 15 "hym your favourabyll ...... thanks and to desyr hym to "continew his... yn ... e. me. And, yeve yt soo myght "leke your grace to do the same to the cardynall, whyche "as I understond ys your feythfull trew and lovyng "servant. Y wysse my very joy, as y efte have shewed, 20 "and y fortune to gete thys or eny parte therof, ther "shall nedyr be that or any good y have but yt shalle "yours, and at your comaundement as seurly and with "as good a wyll as eny ye have yn your cofyrs, as wuld "God ye cowd know yt as veryly as y thynke yt. But, 25 "my der herte, y wull no more encombyr your grace "with ferder wrytyng yn thys matter, for y ame seure

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your chapeleyn and servante Doctour Whytston hathe "shewed your hyghnes the cyrcomstance of the same. And "yeve yt soo may plese your grace, y humbly beseche 30 "the same to yeve ferdyr credense also to thys berer. And "Our Lord gyve you as longe good lyfe, helthe and joy, "as your most nobyll herte can dessyre, with as herty "blessyngs as our Lord hath gevyn me power to gyve 'you. At Colynweston the xiiij day of January, by your 35 feythfull trewe bedwoman and humble modyr,

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tann. II p. 172). Sir Reginald Bray is here called "Raign Bury," to which is added in a note, "alias

"Margaret R.""


1 Sir Henry Ellis's Letters, first series I 46. 40

In the year 1500 the pope contemplated the formation of a confederacy amongst the princes of Christendom for the purpose of carrying on a general war against the Turks. The pope offered to adventure his own person, 5 Henry the Seventh promised assistance in the enterprise1, and the clergy of the province of Canterbury granted £12,000 in aid of the design. The countess of Richmond appears to have entered most warmly into the project, for bishop Fisher says he had frequently heard her declare, IO "that yf the Cristen princes wolde have warred upon the "enemyes of his fayth, she wolde be glad yet to go folowe "the hoost and help to washe theyre clothes for the love of "Jhesus." Fuller, who cites this remark from Camden's version of it, subjoins the following quaint yet pertinent 15 observation3: "I beleeve she performed a work more ac

ceptable in the eyes of God in founding a professours "place in either universitie and in building Christs and St "Johns colledges in Cambridge (the seminaries of so many great scholars and grave divines) then if she had visited 20"either Christs sepulchre or St Johns church at Jeru"salem."

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In May 1501 an end was put to a dispute which appears to have been long pending between the countess of Richmond and the abbot and convent of St Alban's 25 respecting certain rents (amounting to £3. 2s. 5d. per annum) claimed by them out of her manor of Tidburst with Kendale in Hertfordshire. These rents had not been paid for 28 years, but the abbot and convent having made good their claims to the satisfaction of Sir Reginald Bray 30 and others of the countess's council at Westminster, they issued an order for the payment of the sum in arrear and directed these rents to be duly paid thereafter.


On a vacancy in the situation of superior bedel of arts in the university of Oxford the countess interested herself 1 See Rymer's Foedera XII 747 4 Remaines concerning Britain, and XIII 9: the king's letter to the ed. 1674 p. 357. pope in Sir Henry Ellis's Letters, first series 1 50. Collier's Eccle-. siast. Hist. 1 700, 702, 703, and

40 Excerpta Historica 128.

2 Wilkins's Concilia III 646.
3 Mornynge Remembrance 34.

5 Fuller's Historie of the Holy Warre 275.


6 MS. Harl. 602 f. 1. is an extract from "the account "of Henry Whelar bailiff of the "most excellent princess Margaret

in favour of Thomas Pantry, as did also the queen and the prince of Wales. Pantry was accordingly elected October 12th 1500, and held the office for many years'.

From the allusion to the bishop of Ely elect in the following letter from the countess to the king it may be 5 placed under the date of 1501, in which year Dr Richard Redman was elected to that see, and at which period it would appear the countess was at Calais on business connected with the debts due to her from the French king: "To the king's grace.

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"My derest and only desyred joy yn thys world, With my moste herty lovynge blessyngs and humble comenda" tions: y pray oure Lord to rewarde and thancke your "grace for thatt yt hathe plesyd your hyghnes soo kyndly "and lovyngly to be content to wryte your lettyrs of 15 "thancks to the Frenshe kying for my greet mater, that "soo longe hathe been yn sewte, as Mastyr Welby hath "shewed me your bounteous goodness is plesed. I wysh, "my der hert, and my fortune be to recover yt, y trust ye "shall well perseyve y shall delle towardes you as a kind 20 "loving modyr; and if y shuld nevyr have yt, yet your "kynd delyng ys to me a thousand tymes more then all "that good y can recover, and all the Frenshe kyng's "mygt be myn wythall. My der hert, and yt may plese "your hyghnes to lycense Master Whytstongs for thys 25 "time to present your honorabyll lettyrs and begyn the "process of my cause; for that he so well knoweth the "matter and also brought me the wrytyngs from the sayd Frenshe king, with hys odyr lettyrs to hys parlyement at 'Paryse; it shold be gretlye to my helpe, as y thynke; but 30 "all wyll y remyte to your plesyr; and if y be too bold "in this or eny of my desires, y humbly beseche your grace " of pardon and that your highnes take no dysplesyr.

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"My good kynge, y have now sent a servant of myn "into Kendall, to resseyve syche anewietys as be yet hang- 35 "ynge opon the accounte of Sir Wyllyam Wall my lord's


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chapeleyn, whom I have clerly dyscharged; and if it wull plese your mayestys oune herte at your loyser to send "me a lettyr, and command me, that y suffyr none of my "tenantes be reteyned with no man, but that they be 5 "kepte for my lord of Yorke, your faire swete son, for "whom they be most mete, it shall be a good excuse for


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me to my lord and hosbond; and then y may well and "wythowte dysplesyr cause them all to be sworne, the wyche "shall not aftyr be long undon. And wher your grace 10 "shewed your plesyr for [Arthur?] the bastard of kyng 'Edwards, syr, there is neither that or any other thing I "may do by your commandment but y shall be glad to "fullfyll to my lytyll power, with Gods grace. And, my “swete king, Feldying, this berer, hath prayed me to be15 "seche you to be his good lord yn a matter he seweth for "to the bishop of Ely now, as we here, electe, for a lytyll "offyse nyghe to Lond. Verily, my kynge, he ys a gued "and a wyse well rewled gentylman, and full trewly hathe "served yow well accompanyed as well at your fyrst as 20 "all odyr occasions; and that cawsethe us to be the more "bold and gladder also to speke for hyme; how be yt my "lord marquis hath ben very low to hym yn times past, by cause he wuld not be reteyned with him; and truly, my "good kyng, he helpythe me ryght well yn seche matters 25 "as y have besynes wythyn thys partyes: and, my der "hert, y now beseche you of pardon of my long and tedyous wrytyng, and pray almighty God to gyve you as long, "good and prosperous lyfe as evyr had prince, and as "herty blessyngs as y can axe of God. At Calais town. 30"thys day of Seynt Annes, that y dyd bryng ynto thys "world my good and gracyous prynce kynge and only "beloved son.




"Your humble servant bede-woman and modyer, Margaret R.""

The contrariety of comment on the foregoing letter by two modern authors is singular enough. Mr Hartley

1 Leonard Howard's Letters 155. Masters's Memoirs of Baker xv. 40 Retrospective Review N. S. 1 6.

Lodge's Memoir of Margaret of
Lancaster 5. Walpole's Royal and
Noble Authors, edit. Park 1 232.

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