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"misses (allbeyt far unhable to geve your grace thanks "after the dignity and worthinesse of your merits and "deservings of us, as unto whom ryght greatt plente "of words cannot be sufficient for dew thankful remem5 "brance to be made of your great and large bounteous"nesse), couthe not at thys tyme conteyne but to use ower "tonge and pens, hough beyt insufficiently, to signifie the vehemency of ower joye and entire herty plesyng, not "causeles in us conceyvd of your generousnes, and that IO" when we have don what we can do for your noble grace "by meaneys of our powers or otherwyse, yett shall we unfaynedly do muche lesse then we be bound to do, as knoweth the blyssyd seints, whom we most humbly "beseche graciously to preserve you and everlastingly 15"wyth the crown of most glory and joy to reward your "goodnes unto us ministred. Amen1."

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In the privy purse expenses of the queen under the date of 13th October 1502 we find 6s. 8d. charged as having been paid in reward to a servant of the countess 20 of Richmond, and there is subsequently the following entry: "Item to Bygot servaunt to my lady the kinges moder for bringing a newe yeres gift to the quene lxvj3. viijd 2"

The accounts of the proctors of the university of Cam25 bridge for 1501-2 contain several items relating to the countess of Richmond: there are payments to the vicar of Trumpington for letters written to her: 12s. 9d. is charged for expenses at the time the countess's counsellors were at Cambridge, 2s. 4d. for a messenger to her 30 respecting letters to the bishop of Winchester, and the master of Clare Hall received 6s. 8d. for letters sent to her at Colyweston3.

The particular year does not appear, but it was probably about this time that there was published a book of 35 prayers printed by command of the queen and the countess of Richmond*.

1 MS. Cole XII 115. MS. Baker (Harl. 7039 f. 35).

2 Nicolas's Privy Purse Expenses 40 of Elizabeth of York 52, 91.

3 MS. Baker XXIV 23, 24.

4 Fuller's Church History cent. 16 lib. 7 p. 375 [=383]. The following remarks (extracted from Ames's

The admission of the countess of Richmond and her mother to fraternity with the monks of Croyland has been already mentioned. The countess was admitted in like manner into a participation of the prayers of other religious houses, of which Westminster, Durham, the 5 Charter house in London, Winborn, Deeping and Thorney are particularly specified'. The litterae sororitatis addressed to her by the prior and convent of Durham follow:

"Omni nobilitate et gratia praeditissimae dominae 10 "dominae Margaretae, Dei gratia nostri regis serenissimi "Henrici septimi matri praedignissimae, sui humiles et

speciales oratores devoti, Thomas permissione divina "prior ecclesiae cathedralis Dunelm. et eiusdem loci con"ventualis coetus omnino dant reverentiales honores, et 15 "per orationum suffragia gaudia consequi feliciter aeterna.

Typographical Antiquities, edit. Herbert 1 235) may be appositely introduced here: "Fuller mentions "a book of prayers, which he sup

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'poses to have been printed in the "time of king Henry VII 'by the "commandements of the moost "hye and vertuous princesse our "lyege lady Elizabeth by the "grace of God quene of Eng"land and of France, and also of "the right hye and moost noble "princesse Margarett mother to "'our soveraign lord the king, etc., "without the year when printed.' "Of this I cannot find any other "account, therefore am inclined to "believe that author took this "article upon trust; nor have I "met with any instance of Eliza"beth queen of Henry VII, appa"rently the person here intended, "ever concerning herself with the "printing of any book whatever. "As to princess Margaret, there

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'gether. By princess Margaret

'being here called mother to the 20 'king, one of them at least must be


supposed to have been printed before 1509 and very probably by "W. de Worde her printer; notwithstanding she sometimes laid 25 "her commands upon Pynson. "Thomas Berthelet printed a book "of prayers and meditations col"lected by queen Catherine Parr, "who is styled 'queene of England 30 "and of France' 8vo. 1545. "that is the book intended, as "seems not altogether improbable, "the author shot wide of his mark "indeed." Few besides the writer 35 of the preceding observations will perhaps agree in thinking his supposition "not altogether improba"ble." From the particularity with which Fuller refers to the book 40 there seems no good reason to doubt that he had himself seen it. 1 Baker's preface to Bishop Fisher's Mornynge Remembrance xix. Masters's Memoirs of Baker 45 152 n.

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gratiosissimae affectuosissimaeque vestrae devotionis "integritas praeexcelsa erga gloriosum confessorem S. "Cuthbertum nostrum patronum eiusdemque Dunelmense "monasterium hactenus per longa temporum curricula 5" evidentissime praeexperta nec, ut pie credimus, huc usque intercisa, sed potius studiis continuata benevolis 'per votiva et felicia meritorum incrementa, nos merito "excitat et inducit ut iuxta piissimum vestrae devotionis "affectum gratissimam quam possumus spiritualis vicissi10" tudinis recompensationem rependere studeamus. Quo"circa vestram insignissimam et honorabilissimam, si pla"ceat, personam in spiritualem sororem nostri Dunelmensis capituli admittimus per praesentes; ac quantum in "nobis est et divinis credimus convenire beneplacitis, 15" omnium missarum, ieiuniorum, orationum, praedicatio"num et divinorum officiorum ceterorumque pietatis operum, quae per nos et successores nostros tam in prae"fato monasterio nostro, quam in cunctis cellis ad idem spectantibus impraesentiarum similiter aut in futurum 20"fient, realem et integram concedimus participationem in "perpetuum. Et ex superabundante et singulari cari"tatis affectu, quem ad vos non immerito nunc gerimus, promittimus et pollicemur, quod cum ab hoc solo nequam per inevitabilis mortis debitum divina vos vocaverit 25 " providentia, et hoc certitudinaliter nobis fuerit intimatum, pro vobis in quotidiana capitulari missa ad maximum altare celebranda vestram specialem et nominatam memoriam faciemus ac pro vobis, sicut pro nostri ordinis "fratribus defunctis, consueta orationum suffragia perpe30" "tuis temporibus persolvemus. In cuius rei testimonium sigillum nostrum commune praesentibus est appensum. "Datae in domo nostra capitulari-die mensis-anno "15021."

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1 Masters's Memoir of Baker 153. 35 MS. Randall in Bibl. Eccles. Dunelm. 4. See as to admissions into confraternity Raine's Saint Cuthbert 151 n. 160 n. Weever's Funeral Monuments 157. Gutch's Collec40 tanea Curiosa 11 267-272. Yates's

Bury St Edmund's 152-157. Dods

worth's Salisbury Cathedral 158, 159. Milner's Winchester, 2nd edit. 1 251. Hunter's Ecclesiastical Documents 72, 78. Surtees's Durham 1 27. Anstis's Register of the Garter 1 214. Madox Firma Burgi 27 d. Archaeologia x1 85. Cullum's Hawsted 136.


It would seem that the countess of Richmond was a benefactor to the monasteries of Thorney, Peterborough, Spalding and Croyland. It is probable however that her benefaction to Thorney abbey was merely the grant before mentioned in favour of the priory of Deeping St James'. 5 Leland says he had heard that an estate at Ancaster in Lincolnshire had been granted to Bourn priory by means of the countess2.

Towards the close of the year 1502 the Countess of Richmond was admitted a member of the gild of St Ka- 10 therine held "in the chapell over the parish churche durre of Seynt Poule's in Staunford," as was also a servant of hers named Richard Cotmont3. In the same year the countess

1 Rot. Parl. vi clxx, clxxi.

2 Leland Itin. 1 f. 31.

3 MS. in Bibl. Coll. Gonv. et Caii Cantab. no. 266, f. 49 b. The manuscript above mentioned is an original register of the gild, which like other institutions of the same kind embraced both convivial and devotional objects. The ordinances or "constitutions" of this gild were revised in 1494. They direct that after evensong on the eve of Saint Katherine "The alderman "and his bredern shall assemble in "their halle and dryncke and there "haue a curteys communycacion "for the weele of the seid gilde. "And then shalbe called forth all "thoo that shalbe admytted bre"dern or sustern off the gilde, and "the alderman shall examyn theym "in this wise. Sir or syrs, be ye "willyng to be bredern among vs "in this gilde and will desire and

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come to hym and to his bredern 25 "whan I have warnyng and not "absente myselffe without cause "resonable. I shalbe redy at "scott and lotte and all my duties "truly pay and doo. The ordy- 30 "naunces, constitucions and rules "with the councell off the same "gilde kepe, obeye and performe "and to my power maynteyn to my "lyvys ende. So helpe me God 35 "and holydome and by this boke. "And then kys the boke and be "lovyngly receyved with all the "bredern and then drynke aboute, "and affter that departe for that 40 "nyght," etc. The general feast of the gild was to take place on the Sunday after St Katherine, when masses were to be said for the souls of all deceased brethren and 45 sisters and there was to be a special

was admitted a member of a similar society, the gild of Corpus Christi at Boston'.

William Atkynson, D.D. at the especial commandment of the countess of Richmond made a translation into 5 English of the celebrated treatise on the imitation of Jesus Christ usually ascribed to Thomas a Kempis, but which he treats as the work of Dr John Gerson chancellor of Paris. This translation was made in 1502 and printed under the auspices of the countess by Richard 10 Pynson on the 27th June 15032. It was reprinted by him in 1517. It was also printed with the countess's sanction by Wynkyn de Worde. Mr Herbert mentions an edition by him as early as 1502 (the year specified as that in which the translation was made), and another 15 without date. It is probable however that he refers but to one and the same edition.


Pynson also printed a revised and corrected edition of the breviary "secundum usum Sarum" at the expense of the countess, but at what precise time does not appearR.

On the 5th July 1503 the king accompanied by his eldest daughter the princess Margaret, the affianced bride of James king of Scots, came with a great number of lords and ladies to the countess of Richmond's house at

obiit within 30 days after the death 25 of any of the fraternity (Ibid. f. 1, 2). Various particulars concerning gilds may (amongst other works) be found in Blomefield's Norfolk, 8vo edit. 1 32 to 34, 534; II 80 to 30 82; III 134, 151, 152, 206, 207; IV

347 to 353; v 277, 278; vI 195; VIII 502 to 505, 509, 510, 514 to 518. Grimaldi's Origines Genealogica 232, 233, 234. Masters's 35 Hist. of Corpus Christi Coll. Camb. 1 to 25. Ansell On Friendly Societies 5 to 10, Swinden's Yarmouth 52 to 54, 809 to 813. Dugdale's Warwickshire 119 to 125, 368, 598, 40 616, 660, 702, 776. Peck's Antiquarian Annals of Stanford lib. XII 8. xiii.

Collect. Topog. et Geneal. III 81; vi 174-179. Atkyns's Glostershire 415. Gent. Mag. Feb. 1835.

Drake's Eboracum 246, etc. Wood's History and Antiq. of Oxford, edit. Gutch 1 443. 'Madox Firma Burgi 23, etc. Lysons's Berkshire 226, 227, 228. Weever's Funeral Monuments 732. MS. Baker xxv 361, 367. MS. Cole XLV 1. MS. in Bibl. Coll. SS. Trin. Cantab. O 7 15. MS. Hunter in Bibl. Eccles. Dunelm. 3.

1 MS. Harl. 4795.

2 Ames's Typog. Antiq. edit. Herbert 1 249; edit. Dibdin 11 421. 3 Ibid. edit. Herbert 1 264; edit. Dibdin II 423.

4 Ibid. edit. Herbert 1 138; edit. Dibdin II 112.

5 Ibid. edit. Herbert 1 231; edit. Dibdin II 113.

6 Ibid. edit. Herbert 1 287; edit. Dibdin 11 543.

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