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many houses, and killed at least thirty of the enemy, as appears by the confession of two of Poyer's men who have come over the walls to us.”

And finally, on the 11th of July, he writes to the Speaker : "The Town and Castle of Pembroke were surrendered to me this day, being the 11th of July, upon the propositions I send you here enclosed. What arms, ammunition, victuals, ordnance, or other necessaries of war, are in town, I have not to tell you, the Commissioners I sent in to receive the same not being yet returned, nor like suddenly to be; and I was unwilling to defer giving you an account of this mercy for a day. The persons excepted are such as have formerly served you in a very good cause, but being now apostatised, I did rather make election of them than of those that had always been for the King, judging their iniquity double, because they have sinned against so much light, and against so many evidences of divine Providence going along with and prospering a good cause, in the management of which they themselves had a share. I rest your humble servant.'

ARTICLES FOR THE SURRENDER OF PEMBROKE. 1. That Major-General Laugharne, Colonel Poyer, Colonel Humphrey Matthews, Captain William Bowen, and David Poyer, do surrender themselves to the mercy of Parliament.

“2. That others named do within six weeks next following depart the kingdom, and not return within two years from the time of their departure.

3. That all officers and gentlemen not before named shall have free liberty to go to their respective habitations, and there live quietly, submitting to the authority of Parliament.

“4. That all private soldiers shall have passes to go to their several homes, without being stripped or having any violence done to them. All sick and wounded men to be carefully provided for till able to go home, &c.

“5. That the townsmen shall be free from plunder and violence, and enjoy their liberties as heretofore.

“6. That the town and Castle of Pembroke, with all the arms, ammunition, and ordnance, together with all victuals and provisions for the garrison, be forthwith delivered to Lieutenant-General Cromwell, or such as he shall appoint, for the use of the Parliament.

(Signed) OLIVER CROMWELL. David POYER. In the petition of John Poyer, presented to Parliament April 16, 1649, he says he “ was one of the first that appeared in armes in South Wales against the Common Enemy, for the defence of his own and the people's best liberties; and he being Mayor of the Town of Pembroke, and Captain of the Trained Band, did freely and of his own accord fortifie the Castle of Pembroke, which was then his own habitation, and kept the same against the King's forces, and did for the space of five years several other good services; but that being wrongly proclaimed Traitor, he did, for his own security and the security of those that were with him, and for no other end, keepe the said Castle, which was surrendered to Lieut.-General Cromwell upon articles of mercy, which, he conceived, could not be mercy in taking away his life.”

On the 21st lots were drawn, and he was shot in the Piazza, Covent Garden.

On the 14th of July 1648, Haverford was dismantled, and we have some little account of the operation, but none whatever in the case of Pembroke.?

J. R. COBB. 1 The above are taken from W. Rowland Phillips' valuable Civil War in Wales.

2 I notice that Mr. Donovan, writing ander date 1805, says in a note to vol. ii, p. 306, that from an old etching, supposed to be by Hollar, it appears that the base of the great tower is represented as in a great measure buried beneath the surface of the ground, with a prodigious shelving or pyramidal base nearly equal to one-fifth of its height. The summit has three tiers of pierced battlements, the lowermost projecting slightly, the second rising within the first, and the third still more diminished. He also says Poyer's garrison was supplied with water conveyed from the Monastery at Monkton by means of lead pipes carried through the bridge. The secret was betrayed, and the pipes found and destroyed; but this did not reduce them.





(Continued from p. 236.)

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The Prior of Lunda having made default in payment for one year, to the monks of Brecon, of 30s., from the church of Patingham, is ordered to pay same in future at Bodenham :

Compositio facta inter Monachos Breconie et Priorem de Landa.—Omnibus sancte matris ecclesie filijs presentes literas inspecturis Prior Archidiaconus et Cancellarius Herefordie salutem in Domino. Noverit universitas vestra quod cum causa verteretur coram nobis auctoritate domini Pape Honorij tercij inter monachos de Brekenia ex una parte et Priorem et Canonicos de Landa ex altera super annua solucione triginta solidorum de ecclesia de Patingham in qua solutione dicti Prior et Canonici per unum annum cessaverunt, tandem dicti Canonici de cessacione solucionis Monachis de Brekenia per certum procuratorem satisfecerunt, et se per eundem procuratorem in futuro dictos triginta solidos ad terminos in autenticis judicum quondam a domino Papa delegatorum scilicet A. de sancto Oswaldo et A. de Wirkesope Priorum et bone memorie G. quondam Coventriensis Episcopi necnon et prioris et canonicorum de Landa statutos se soluturos obligaverunt firmiter permittentes sine omni calumpnia quod in solucione dictorum triginta solidorum annuatim solvendorum non cessabunt et per eundem procuratorem consenserunt supponentes se jurisdictioni nostre renunciando privilegio fori et appellacioni, quod nos retinemus potestatem cohercendi dictos Priorem et canonicos si forte cessaverint in solucione ad dictam solucionem faciendam cum indempnitate Monachorum de Brechonia, sunt autem termini in predictis autenticis statuti scilicet quod medietas prefate pecunie solvi debet ad Pascham et medietas ad festum Sancti Michaelis apud Bodeham servienti Monachorum ibidem ministrato. Ut autem ista composicio futuris temporibus rata et inconcussa permaneat eam presentis scripti munimine et sigillorum nostrorum apposicione munire curavimus. Valeat in domino." Date, 1216-1227.

1 Geoffrey de Muschamp.

The Prior of Landa acknowledges the liability of his Convent to pay 30s. yearly at Bodenham to the monks of Brecon :

Composicio inter eos de Ecclesia de Patingham.—Omnibus Christi fidelibus A. prior de Landa et ejusdem loci conventus salutem in domino. Quoniam ea que ad perpetuam provisa sunt pacem perpetua debent stabilitate roborari, ideo ad omnium volumus noticiam pervenire controversiam inter nos et priorem et monachos de Braghinnio super ecclesia de Patingam olim ortam coram Prioribus Sancti Oswaldi et de Wirkeshope judicibus a bone memorie Lucio Papa delegatis hoc modo fuisse sopitam, scilicet quod nos prefatis monachis annuos triginta solidos solvere tenemur de predicta ecclesia apud Bodeham, scilicet quindecim solidos ad Pascham et quindecim ad festum sancti Michaelis de quibus vivente Hugone Peche ejusdem ecclesie quondam persona viginti tantum solvimus solidos sicut in autentico eorundem judicum instrumento continetur predicti vero Prior et monachi nichil amplius de cetero in predicta ecclesia petere poterunt. Hec composicio in Sinodo Staffordie recitata ad petitionem Prioris et conventus de Braghinnio et nostram a Galfrido2 Coventrensi episcopo est confirmata et sigillo nostro roborata. Valeat in domino."

Canons of Landa, of the Church of Patingham, to pay 20s. yearly to Hugh, who holds the Church of Patingham of the monks of Battle ; and after his death, 30s. yearly to the monks of Brecon:

“Composicio facta inter monachos de Bello et Canonicos de Landa de ecclesia de Patingham. Omnibus filijs sancte matris ecclesie A. de Sancto Oswaldo et A. de Wirkesope priores salutem in domnino. Noverit universitas vestra causam que vertebatur inter Canonicos de Landa et monachos de Bello super ecclesia de Patingham nobis a summo Pontifice delegatam in presentia nostra amicabili composicione hoc modo esse sopitam Hugo clericus qui prefatam ecclesiam nomine Monachorum de Bello possidebat reddendo annuatim viginti solidos ad duos terminos videlicet ad Pascham et ad festum sancti Michaelis, eosdem solvet prefatis canonicis, et prefati Canonici eosdem solvent procuratori Monachorum de Brekenia apud Bodeham eisdem terminis ; post decessum vero prefati Hugonis prescripti Canonici sive prefatam Ecclesiam in proprios usus converterint

i Lucius III. Sept. 1181 to Nov. 1185.
2 Geoffrey de Muschamp, consecrated 1198, ob. 1238.

sive eam alij contulerint, triginta solidos nomine pensionis annuatim solvent prefato procuratori Monachorum apud Bodeham duobus terminis, videlicet quindecim solidos ad Pascham et quindecim ad festum sancti Michaelis. Hec autem composicio utriusque fidei interposicione coram nobis confirmata est, et nos eam sigillorum nostrorum munimine corroboramus. Hijs testibus Radulfo priore de Broc, Magistro Ricardo de Harffordbi, Magistro Waltero, Magistro Gerardo, Magistro Roberto.”

Iorwerth, Bishop of St. David's, notifies that the monks of Brecon had leased three parts of the tithes of the land of Bernard Bochan, and other land at Ystradwy; that when the lease ended, Hothelen, rector of the parish, deprived the Convent of the tithes ; and in an action brought for their recovery, the Chapter of Brecon decided in the monks' favour. Hothelen acquiesced in decision, and agreed to farm the tithes for his life at a yearly rent:

"Omnibus Christi fidelibus presentes literas inspecturis Gervasius Dei gratia Menevensis Episcopus salutem et Dei benedictionem, Cum constaret nobis per autenticum Petri2 bone memorie quondam Menevensis Episcopi quod due partes decimarum de tota terra Bernardi Bochan et tota terra Lowil apud Stradewi adjucate essent Priori et conventui de Brekenia, et cum constaret nobis per capitulum de Brekenia quod tempore Galfridi bone memorie quondam Menevensis Episcopi Monachi de Brekenia dimiserint quartam partem dictarum decimarum ad firmam Davidi capellano de Stradewi, que quarta pars post decessum dicti D. transibit ad magistrum Willelmum qui ipsam ad totam vitam suam plene et pacifice possidebit et post decessum dicti W. redibit illa quarta plene et integre ad monachos de Brekenia et quod tres alias partes dictarum decimarum ad instanciam et peticionem E. (Egidii)4 bone memorie quondam Herefordensis Episcopi et ad peticionem Johannis Pichard militis concesserunt dicti monachi J. Pichard clerico ad firmam ad vitam suam reddendo pro illis dictis monachis singulis annis unam marcam argenti Dicto autem J. clerico viam universe carnis ingresso cum dicti monachi possessione dictarum decimarum suarum uti libere vellent et de illis sicut de rebus suis ad voluntatem suam disponere, Hothelen rector ecclesie de Stradewi et Hothelen filius Keneun procurator dicti rectoris dictas decimas invaserunt et eisdem dictos monachos spoliaverunt contra

1 Iorwerth, consecrated 1215, ob. 1229.
2 Peter de Leia, consecrated 1176, ob, 1198.
3 Geoffrey, 1203, ob. 1214.

Giles de Braose, 1200-1216,

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