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which he largely quotes from “ an old writing in his possession written at the time.

4th. From a letter written at the time by John Parry, and published in the Haverfordwest and Milford Haven Telegraph, July 7th, 1875 ; and, finally

A pamphlet printed for J. Wright, 169, Piccadilly, in 1798 ; and Chambers' Journal of January 14, 1860, both of which are quoted in Bye-gones of July 1883.


OF FISHGUARD. In the Archæologia Cambrensis for 1856 (p. 72), the late Rev. H. L. Jones, alluding to the rebuilding of the church of Fishguard, which was then taking place, took occasion to mention that there were one or two windowheads in the old church which were worth preserving as well as the font. The latter is now placed within the new church, on the north side of the east end of the nave,-a position where the ceremony of baptism can be perceived from the western gallery, much frequented, and close to the large bath for immersion, at the entrance to the short chancel. He thus proceeds :

“ The incised slab now standing in the churchyard, which will be illustrated in our pages on a future occasion, should be surrounded with a fence or removed to the interior of the new church.” (Op. cit., p. 364.) In the Report of the Haverfordwest Meeting of the Cambrian Archäological Association, in August 1864, it is stated that rubbings and a drawing of this stone were exhibited by the Rev. W. Rowlands. No further notice of the stone has hitherto appeared, and the stone itself still stands erect in the churchyard, not far from the north-west angle of the church, amongst the other numerous memorials of the dead in that cemetery. Rubbings of the stone were also forwarded to me by the Rev. H. L. Jones ; but they remained in my portfolio until I had an opportunity of examining the monument itself, as the inscriptions presented considerable difficulty in their interpretation. This was afforded by the Meeting of the Cambrian Archeological Association at Fishguard last August, and I now forward a drawing of the stone and its inscriptions.

The stone stands 5 feet out of the earth, and is 18 inches wide, and nearly 6 inches thick. The top is obliquely truncated, and the lower half of one edge has been cut away for the depth of nearly 2 inches; this gives an irregular shape to the otherwise oblong surface of the monument, the western face of which is ornamented in a remarkable manner, which, with the inscriptions, give an apparent contradiction to the

supposed dates of the different parts. The centre of the stone is occupied with a Latin cross, 45 inches high, formed of two incised outlines, the bottom resting on a basement of four steps. The top and each of the two arms of the cross terminate in three rounded lobes. In the upper angle of the stone is a square ornament formed of double incised lines, which are continued at the angles in rounded lobes, so as to give the idea of a continuous pattern. In the lower part of the stone, on the left side, is a pretty, knotted pattern formed of two interlaced cords with free ends; whilst on the right side is a very unusual ornament formed of three hearts conjoined, so as to form a triquetrous design, the outlines of which are single.

Below the arms of the cross are the two lines of the inscription, in capital letters of the thirteenth or fourteenth century, of a peculiar shape, the ends of the top and bottom cross-strokes being elongated and knobbed, the two lines reading


MEDD' All the D's and the other letters in the top line have the top and bottom strokes elongated and curved. The A has the first stroke very oblique, and the top angle tipped with a cross-stroke. The m at the beginning of the second line is of the rounded form, with a central


upright stroke and a curved bottom stroke ; and the E is of the rounded, uncial shape. The I in the upper line has the top and bottom strokes so much elongated as to be easily mistaken for x. Above the end of the second line there is a curved stroke such as is usually employed in mediæval manuscripts for “us”, which would possibly be intended for the name “Meddus” or “ Meadows”. Such is, at all events, the only explanation I can suggest of this very clear mark.

The long, straight edge of the stone is inscribed throughout its whole length, commencing at the top with a six-rayed star within a circle formed of single incised lines, and followed by the words “dñe miserere” in tall, minuscule, Gothic letters, 4 inches high. Then follows a plain space of 8 inches, succeeded by a curiously shaped letter like an o with two curved lines arising from the top of it. Then two minuscule Gothic dd's conjoined ; the second downstroke of the first forming the first stroke of the second ; and terminating with the word “me”. The curious, o-shaped letter has much perplexed most archæologists; but I am inclined to adopt the suggestion made to me by the Rev. W. Macray of the Bodleian Library, that it is really intended for the ordinary contraction of “ou” in Greek manuscripts of the middle ages ; just as the two conjoined dd's represent the ordinary Greek mode of contraction of the word “David”. So that we thus obtain the exclamation given in St. Matthew's Gospel, xv, 22: “ Miserere me, Kúple, ủiè Aaßid.” It will be noticed in support of this suggestion that the Christian name of the deceased was also David.

The southern edge of the stone commences with the contracted form of the name of the Saviour, as usual in mediæval manuscripts, “ ihc xpe”, followed by “. Ano d' Modol”; and the single letter h, as a Gothic capital, in the curved part of the edge formed by the narrowing of the side. This would apparently give “Anno Domini MoDoI...” as the date of the inscription : a date too

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recent, by two hundred years, for the form of the letters of the inscription on the face of the monument, whilst the interlaced ornaments on the west face of the stone would indicate a still earlier Norman period.

It must in conclusion be observed that the east face of the stone is entirely plain.



(Continued from p. 248.) 1641, Feb. 1. Copy [signed by H. Elsynge) of the order by the House of Commons that Sir W. Brereton should write to the Mayor of Chester to send the examinations of suspected persons staid at Chester.

1641, Feb. 2. Receipt hy Capt. John Boys for £132 6s. from the Mayor and two alderinen of Chester.

1641, Feb. 8, Covent Garden. Tho. Smithe to the Mayor of Chester. As the citizens feel aggrieved by the intention of their apprentices to go for Ireland as soldiers, he puts the Mayor in inind, that by statute four justices may compel an apprentice to serve his time. He and Franc. Gamull attended the LordLieutenant yesterday, who promised them that it should not be so (i.e., that apprentices should not be taken).

1641, Feby. 21, Covent Garden. Tho. Smithe to the Mayor of Chester. Encloses copy of order of House of Commons, so that now, having an order of either House, the Mayor and the Sheriff may (notwithstanding any Habeas Corpus) convey prisoners who may be stayed at Chester from Sheriff to Sheriff. Will obtain an order that no soldiers shall have arms delivered until they are ready to be shipped. “Those members of our

. House that have the protestation are not put to take it again.” Thinks the Mayor may, like his predecessors, use his discretion in conniving at slaughtering and eating of flesh when fish and white meat are scarce, especially at this time, considering the great confluence of soldiers and others to Chester.

1641, Feb. 4 and I, and 10, and 16, and 18, Puddington; Feb. 18, no place ; Feb. 20, New Key. Seven letters of these dates, by Sir Richard Grenville to the Mayor of Chester, about supplies to men and ships being transported to Ireland ; and an account (signed by Grenville) of £100 received by him from the

Mayor to pay for provisions for four horse troops to be transported from Chester to Dublin.

1641, Feb. 22, York House. A (Earl of) Northumberland, Lord High Admiral, to the Mayor of Chester. The Mayor haying given a pass to one Connell, servant to the Recorder of Dublin, notwithstanding the Mayor knew he was a Papist, the Earl warns him to be cautious how he gives passes to Papists, as an ill construction may be made thereof.

1641, Feb. 26. Copy of letter by Thomas Cowper, Mayor of Chester, to the Earl of Northumberland, explaining the circumstances under which he granted the pass to the servant of Mr. John Bysse, the Recorder of Dublin.

1641, March 2. Receipt signed by Edward Dymocke, Lieutenant to Capt. Biddulph (by order of Parliament, and direction of Sir W. Brereton, M.P.), for £60:4:8 paid by the Mayor and Aldermen of Chester for pay due to Dymocke and others. Attached is a copy of the order of the House of Commons, dated 16 Feb. 1641.

1641, March 7. Receipt for £12 paid by the Mayor and Aldermen of Chester for transportation from Liverpool to Dublin of twenty horse, part of Capt. Vaughan's troop.

1641, March 8. Similar receipt for £14 8s. for twenty-four horses of Capt. Vaughan's troop.

1641, March 17. Similar receipt for £21 12s. for thirty-six horses of Capt. Vaughan's troop.

1641, March 8. Indorsed copy of a letter sent to my Lord Lieutenant, 12 March, 1641. The writer (the Mayor) defends himself from the charge of inhospitality to the soldiers at Chester.

1642, March 26. Copy of a letter by Thomas Cowper, Mayor of Chester, to Sir Thomas Smithe and Mr. Francis Gamul. Refers to an order of the House of Commons, made 9 Sept. 1641, for removing scandalous pictures from churches. He says that he believes the order has been observed in all the churches in Chester, except the Cathedral, where he is informed there are several scandalous pictures. Mr. Bispham, the Sub-Dean, to whom he sent a message on the subject, said that he could not move without the Dean and the rest of his brethren. Encloses the Sub-Dean's letter, and asks that it, and if necessary the writer's letter, may be laid before the House.

1641, Feb. 19. Copy of a letter by the Mayor of Chester to Sir Thomas Smythe and Mr. Thomas Gane, requesting them to get the House of Commons to say whether they mean the Protestation to be tendered to such as had already taken it; and to move the House that inasmuch as they had no provision of herrings or other fish to furnish the city for that Lent season, the

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