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Office of the United States Courts or his paid in advance to the Superintend-
The FEDERAL REGISTER shall be fur- copies may be obtained from the
writing, to the Director by the person in
16.2 Letters of transmittal.
To meet requirements for special
16.7 Form of certification.
agency directly to the Government Print-
16.16 Geographic names.
16.17 Descriptions of tracts of land.
ILLUSTRATIONS, TABULAR MATERIAL, AND FORMS.
16.20 Illustrations and tabular material.
Whenever copies in substantial quan- AUTHORITY: The provisions of this Part 16
CROSS REFERENCE: For preparation of
Presidential proclamations and Executive
orders, see Subchapter B of this chapter.
Requests for limited quantities of ex- duplicate originals or certified copies of
shall be submitted to the Office.
duplicate originals or certified copies.
(c) In the case of documents issued
outside the District of Columbia, certified
The daily issues of the FEDERAL REGIS- inal (see $ 12.8 of this chapter). The
$ 16.2 Letters of transmittal.
Letters of transmittal are not required,
The Code of Federal Regulations
In general, documents shall be type-
Printed or processed documents may
The certified copies or duplicate orig-
Form of certification.
All original and duplicate original doc-
and impressed signatures shall not be ac-
Affixation of a seal to original docu-
The spelling of geographic names shall
Descriptions of tracts of land shall
(a) Illustrations. The original draw-
(b) Tabular material. Tabular ma.
All documents subject to codification
17.37 Parallel citation of FEDERAL REGISTER
may be discontinued by order of the Ad-
ministrative Committee for failure of
$ 17.3 Orderly development.
For the purpose of assuring orderly development along practical lines, the Director is authorized to establish new tities in the Code and to rearrange existing titles and subordinate assignments. Before taking such actions, the Director shall consult with all agencies directly affected by a proposed change.
CODE STRUCTURE $ 17.4 Titles.
The major divisions of the Code are titles, which bring together broadly related governmental functions. $ 17.5 Chapters.
The normal divisions of titles are chapters, which are assigned to the various agencies within titles descriptive of the subject matter covered by the agencies' rules and regulations. § 17.6 Parts.
The normal divisions of chapters are parts. A part should consist of a unified body of rules or regulations applying to a specific function of the issuing agency or devoted to specific subject matter under control of the issuing agency. Parts are normally assigned to chapters as follows: Chapter I, Parts 1 to 199; Chapter II, Parts 200 to 299; Chapter III, Parts 300 to 399; etc. $ 17.7 Sections.
The normal divisions of parts are sections. The section is the basic unit of the Code. It should consist of a short, simple presentation of one principal proposition. 8 17.8 Subtitles.
Subtitles may be used to distinguish between material emanating from an overail office or agency and the material issued by its various components. Subtitles may also be used to otherwise group chapters within a title. § 17.9 Subchapters.
Subchapters may be used to group related parts within a chapter. § 17.10 Subparts and undesignated cen
ter heads. Subparts or undesignated center heads may be used to group related sections within a part. Undesignated center heads may also be used to group sections within a subpart.
NORMAL NUMBERING & 17.12 Titles.
Titles are numbered consecutively in Arabic throughout the Code. $ 17.13 Chapters.
Chapters are numbered consecutively in Roman capitals throughout each title. § 17.14 Parts.
Parts are numbered in Arabic throughout each title. § 17.15 Sections.
Sections are numbered in Arabic throughout each part. A section number shall include the number of the part set off by a decimal point. Thus, the section number for section 15 within Part 17 is $ 17.15. § 17.16 Internal divisions of sections.
Whenever internal divisions are necessary, sections shall be subdivided into paragraphs, paragraphs into subparagraphs, and subparagraphs into subdivisions, designated as follows:
(1) § 17.17 Subtitles, subchapters, and sub
parts. Subtitles and subchapters are lettered consecutively in capitals throughout the title and the chapter respectively. Subparts may be lettered in capitals or may be undesignated. § 17.18 Reservation of numbers.
Where related parts or related sections are grouped under a heading as provided for in $s 17.9 and 17.10, numbers should be reserved at the end of each group to allow for expansion.
SPECIAL NUMBERING PROBLEMS 8 17.20 Addition of new units between
existing units. (a) If it becomes necessary to introduce a new part or section between existing parts or sections the new part or section shall be designated by the addition of a lowercase letter to the preceding part or section number. Thus, & part introduced between Parts 31 and 32 would be numbered Part 31a, and a section introduced between $ 31.1 and $ 31.2 would be numbered § 31.1a.
(b) If it should become necessary to introduce a paragraph between existing paragraphs, and revision of the entire section is not desirable, the new paragraph shall be designated by the addition of a hyphen and Arabic number to the letter designating the preceding paragraph. Thus, a paragraph introduced between paragraphs (a) and (b) would be numbered as paragraph (8-1).
(c) Should it become necessary to introduce a unit smaller than a paragraph between existing units, the entire paragraph should be revised. § 17.21 Vacated numbers.
Whenever a number is vacated by a revocation, the remaining elements in the overall unit shall retain their old numbers until the overall unit is completely revised. Prior to revision, the vacated number may
be marked: [Reserved). 8 17.22 Keying to agency numbering
systems. The keying of section numbers to make them correspond to particular numbering systems in use by the agency shall be permitted only when, in the opinion of the Director, the keying will be of benefit both to the agency and to the public. In all cases prior approval for the use of keying systems shall be obtained from the Director. § 17.23 Statements of general policy;
interpretations. Whenever a statement of general policy or interpretation, submitted pursuant to section 3(a) (3) of the Administrative Procedure Act, applies to an entire part, it should be included in, or appended to, that part. Similarly, whenever a statement of policy or interpretation applies to a specific section it should be appended to that section Statements of policy and interpretations of broader scope should be assigned to a part or group of parts within the chapter affected.
HEADINGS § 17.26 Required Code headings.
(a) The title, chapter, and part heading, in that order, shall be set forth in full on separate lines at the beginning of each document. Subtitle, subchapter, and subpart headings shall also be set forth if applicable.
(b) Each section shall be given a brief descriptive heading. The section head
ing shall precede the text on a separate line, $ 17.27 Additional captions.
(a) For the purpose of publication in the daily FEDERAL REGISTER, a brief caption more specifically describing the scope of a document constituting a partial amendment of the material within a part shall be provided immediately below the part heading.
(b) Agencies using regulation numbers or other identifying symbols shall place them in brackets centered immediately above the part heading. 17.28 Tables of contents.
Tables of contents shall be used whenever a new part is introduced or an existing part is completely revised and whenever a group of sections is revised or added and set forth as a subpart or otherwise separately grouped under a centerhead. These tables shall precede the text of the rules or regulations and shall list the headings for the sections to which they are applicable. $ 17.29 Composition of part headings.
A part heading should indicate briefly the general subject matter of the material appearing in the part. The use of phrases such as "Regulations under the act of July 26, 1955" or other expressions which are not descriptive of the subject matter should be avoided. Introductory expressions such as "Regulations governing" or "Rules applicable to" should not be used.
AMENDMENTS $ 17.32 General requirements.
(a) When necessary for clarity, each amendatory document should include a brief statement of the nature and extent of the changes made.
(b) The number and heading of each section amended shall be set forth in full on a separate line.
(c) The text of each typographical unit amended shall be set forth in full as amended.
(d) Asterisks shall be used to indicate ellipsis of text retained without change. A separate line of five asterisks shall be used to indicate the ellipsis of one or more complete typographical units. A run-in line of three asterisks shall be used to indicate ellipsis of anything less than a complete typographical unit (see $ 40.15 of this chapter).