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Another cross at the same place, also elaborately ornamented and with figures, has among the latter two ecclesiastics with peculiar dress and the Roman tonsure; and dates therefore after A.D. 710 × 718.

A third cross uninscribed, and several fragments, are also at the same place (Stuart, Sculpt. Stones of Scotl., I. 69-71, II. 126-128).

2. North of the Mounth.

ii. At Newton House, in the Garioch up the Don, Aberdeenshire, parish of Culsalmond, but removed from its original site: an upright pillar 5 or 6 feet high, with six lines of inscription, not yet read: also Oghams on its edge, which occur elsewhere in Scotland only at Logie in the same neighbourhood, at Scoonie in Fifeshire, at Golspie in Sutherland, and at Bressay in Shetland (Stuart, ib., I. 1).

iii. At Knockando, up the Spey, Elginshire, three slabs with patterns, and on one of them, in Runes of the 9th or 10th century,


a name which occurs also in Runes on a monument at Sanda Södermanland in Sweden (Stuart, ib., II. 105).

iv. At Papa Stronsay, north-east part of the Orkneys, a plain upright stone with a cross incised, and one word above the cross, unintelligible (Stuart, ib., I. 42).

v. At Bressay, eastern part of the Shetlands, a stone with cross and elaborate ornamentation, and on the edges of it Oghams, interpreted by Dr. Graves thus

(Benrhe or the son of the Druid lies here).

(Cross of Nordred's daughter is here placed).

(Stuart, ib., I. 94, 95.)

II. Monuments without inscriptions abound in the localities above mentioneda.

a A few uninscribed monuments exist, which may be so far of earlier than (characteristically) Pictish Christian date, as to belong to a semi-Roman time, i, e. to S. Ninian's southern Christian Picts of A.D. 400 to (say) A.D. 600 e. g.

I. A cross near Alloa.

2. Stob's Cross (so called) near Markinch.

To which may be added

3. At High Auchinlary, a cross, both in 4. At Kirkelaugh, do. Galloway. See Stuart, Sculpt. Stones, &c., II. App. III. P. xlviii.

There is an incised cross in S. Ninian's Cave in Galloway (like those in the Fife caves), which Mr. Stuart has recently discovered.


1. South of the Mounth.

(a) Forfarshire: stones with crosses, and mostly also figures, and interlaced ornament, at


Inchbrayock, at mouth of the South Esk (Stuart, 1.
68, II. 13).

Farnell, close to Inchbrayock (ib., I. 86).

iii. Brechin, a fragment, but seemingly of late date
(ib., I. 138).

iv. Aberlemno, between Brechin and Forfar, five stones;
one destroyed, one removed to Abbotsford, an-
other with only the spectacle ornament, the other
two elaborately ornamented (ib., I. 71, 78–81, 98,


Aldbar, close to Aberlemno (ib., I. 82).

vi. Kirriemuir, a little further west, three, elaborately
ornamented, and fragments of others (ib., I.43-46,
II. 13).

vii. Kingoldrum, N.W. of Kirriemuir; a bell also found
there (ib., I. 49, 89, 93).

viii. Menmuir, between North and South Esk (ib., I. 92).
ix. Glammis, W. of Forfar and S. of Kirriemuir, three
elaborately ornamented, the third called the Stone
of St. Erland or Orland (ib., I. 83-85).

x. Eassie, N.W. of Glammis, one stone with cross and
ornament (ib., I. 90, 91).

xi. Camuston, near Panmure, S. W. of St. Vigean's (ib.,

I. 87).
xii. Monifieth, on the coast just inside the Firth of
Tay (ib., I. 92, II. 80, 81, 123); a crucifixion is
on one of the stones, of which there are several.
xiii. Strathmartin, N.W. of Monifieth, fragments (ib.,
I. 77, 132, II. 101).

xiv. Invergowrie, N. coast of Firth of Tay (ib., I. 88, 89).
xv. Benvie, close to Invergowrie (ib., I. 126).

xvi. Dundee, a beautiful crossed stone of late date (ib.,

II. 125).

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To which are to be added, xvii. the crosses at St. Vigean's already mentioned.


(b) Perthshireb: stones of a like character, at—


Meigle, on the edge of Forfarshire, fragments of]
certainly two, probably more, very elaborately
carved stones, with crosses; also of four others
(ib., I. 72–77, 93, 127, 132, II. 3−7).

ii. Kettins, close to Cupar Angus (ib., II. 8).
iii. St. Madoe's, Carse of Gowrie (ib., I. 55).


iv. Rossie Priory, Inchture, Carse of Gowrie (ib., II. 99).
Dunkeld, an elaborately ornamented pillar of gray
sandstone, with many figures and heads; and a
red sandstone pillar with a plain cross on it, of
seemingly later date; both used as gateposts to
the churchyard (ib., I. 50, 51); also a fragment
(ib., II. 68); and another fragment of a different
style from the Pictish (ib., 16).

vi. Dunfallandy, close to Killiecrankie, of black slate,
with cross and symbols, and figure in relief (ib.,
I. 47, 48).

vii. Dull, close to Taymouth Castle, fragments, and
three crosses with limbs (ib., II. 16, 17).

viii. Abernethy, a fragment only (ib., I. 49).

ix. Forteviot, at Bankhead, near Dupplin Castle, a
beautiful cross with limbs; there were once two
others, respectively half a mile north and half a
mile south of it (ib., I. 57, 58).


Gask, the "Boar Stone" (ib., I. 103, 104).

xi. Fowlis Wester, 2 miles E. of Crieff (ib., I. 60).
xii. Crieff (ib., I. 65). See also Bishop Forbes's
account of the bell of St. Fillan (Soc. Antiq.
Scotl., vol. VIII. Edinb. 1870).

xiii. Balquhidder, several stones, with crosses incised, on
one an ecclesiastic with chalice; on another a
Greek cross, with a human figure and a two-
handed sword (Stuart, II. 67, 68).

There is a part of a stone also at Goodlieburn near Perth, which once had upon it in relief a figure of our Lord, with the head surrounded by a glory. It is too fragmentary


Eastern part of the county,N.E. of Perth.

Up the Tay or its tributaries.

Along the Earn.

to have an exact date assigned to it, but it looks late. See Stuart, Sculpt. Stones, II. App. III. p. xlviii.



(c) Fifeshire: stones of a like character, at



Mugdrum, near Newburgh, south shore of Firth of Tay, apparently
once a cross with limbs (ib., I. 52).

S. Andrew's, fragments elaborately carved, which
have been forced into the shape of a cist, but
appear to have been originally crosses; also a
great number of fragments of crosses, &c. of an
apparently later date, but none with symbols (ib.,
I. 61-65, II. 9-11, 18).

iii. Crail (ib., I. 64).

iv. Between Crail and Sauchope, the "Standing Stone of Sauchope," a pillar with cross incised (ib., I. 59).


Near Kilrenny, close to Anstruther, the "Skeith Stone," resembling that at Bressay (ib., II. 124). vi. Abercrombie, on the Firth of Forth, two crosses, and fragments built into the church wall (ib., I. 124, 125).

vii. Largo House, half way between Crail and Kircaldy, N.W. of Abercrombie (ib., I. 66).

viii. Scoonie, at the mouth of the Orr, near Leven, animals, symbols, and Oghams (ib., II. 12).

ix. Docton, in Kinglassie, four miles north of Kircaldy (ib., I. 53, 54).

There are also, to the south, in

Along or near the coast from S. Andrew's along the Firth

of Forth to the mouth of the


(d) Linlithgowshire, at (i.) Abercorn, a fragment of a similar character to the Saxon monuments at Hexham (ib., I. 128). (ii.) Aberlady, in East Lothian, a like fragment (ib., II. Pref. p. 46, note).

And, to the north, in

(e) Kincardineshire, at (i.) Fordoun (S. Palladius' reputed place of burial), a stone with figures and symbols (ib., I. 67).

A fragment of a character not Saxon, at Liberton, near Edinburgh (ib., II. 77), may also be mentioned.


2. North of the Mounth.

(ƒ) Aberdeenshire: stones of a like character, at—


Dunecht, a few miles from Banchory, a stone with a
cross incised within a circle (ib., II. 124).

ii. Aboyne, two stones with crosses (ib., I. 13).

iii. Migvie, near Aboyne, a primitive rough stone with a cross interlaced, and symbols, and a man on horseback (ib., II. 78).

iv. Dyce, on the Don (ib., I. 9).


Monymusk, on the Don (ib., I. 8).

vi. Kildrummie Castle, beautifully carved, but of late date
(ib., II. 125).

vii. Chapel of Garioch, the “Maiden Stone" (ib., I. 2).
Also many stones with the Spectacle ornament
&c. are in the valley of the Don or its tributaries,
e. g. at Inverury, Kintore, &c., and one at Logie
near Newton with Oghams (ib. I. 3), and at New-
ton itself as above mentioned; all in the Garioch. J
viii. Old Deer, the monastery of SS. Columba and
Drostan, near Peterhead (ib., I. 11).

(g) Banffshire, at


Up the Dee.

Up the Don or its tributaries.

N. E. of the county.

Mortlach, on the Dullan, a tributary of the Spey (ib., I. 14), which may be said to belong geographically to the Elgin group.

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(h) Ilginshire, stones of a like character in two localities, ati. Elgin, now in the cathedral, a granite (broken) cross elaborately ornamented (ib., I. 16).

ii. Duffus, between Elgin and the sea (ib., I. 114).

iii. Drainie, near Duffus, on the coast, fragments (ib., I. 129, 130).

iv. Rafford, near Forres, known as "The Forres 1 Stone" (ib., I. 18-21).

v. Brodie, above Forres, an elephant among the animals, which is not unfrequent (ib., I. 22, 23).

vi. Glenferness, above Brodie, with elephants and interlaced ornamentation (ib., I. 24).

Near Elgin.

On the Findhorn.

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