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[CAUSE OF YORK AGAINST SCOTTISH BISHOPS AT THE COURT OF ROME.]

A.D. 1125, Dec. 9. Lateran. Pope Honorius II. to S[igurd]
King of Norwaya.

Restore Ralph, HONORIUS EPISCOPUS SERVUS SERVORUM DEI, dilecto in consecrated Bi- Christo filio S[igurdo] illustri Norwegiæ Regi, salutem et

shop of Orkney

truded Bishop.

trusus.

by the Arch- Apostolicam benedictionem. Auribus nostris intimatum bishop of York, to his see, and est, quod venerabilis frater noster Thomas Ebor. Archieject the in- episcopus Radulphum Orcheneia Episcopum consecravit. Postmodum vero, sicut accepimus, alius est ibidem inCæterum Episcopalem cathedram aut unus optinebit aut nullus. Ideoque per præsentia scripta nobilitati tuæ mandamus, quatinus prænominato Radulpho sedem Episcopalem, Orcheneiam videlicet, cum parochia et cæteris pertinentiis suis, tanquam proprio illius loci Episcopo et pastore, restituas; et de cætero sollicitudo custodiat, ne ob hoc Dei iram incurrat. Datum Laterani Vo, idus Decembris. [Reg. Ebor., P. I. fol. 49, and in Dugd., Mon. VI. iii. p. 1186, no. xliv.]

a William, a Northman Bishop, became Bishop of the Orkneys A.D. 1102, if the date is trustworthy, and died A.D. 1168. He was succeeded by a second William, also a Northman, who died A.D. 1188. See above, pp. 167, 190. Sigurd, Eistein, and Olaf, three sons of Magnus Barefoot, appear by Johnstone's list (Antiq. Celto-Scand.) to have succeeded their father on the throne of Norway A.D. 1103-1126. Honorius became

Pope Dec. 21, A.D. 1124.-" Radulphus, quoniam nec principis terræ nec cleri nec plebis electione vel assensu fuerat ordinatus, ab omnibus refutatus, et in loco pontificis a nemine susceptus est. Hic, quia nullius Episcopus urbis erat, modo Eboracensi modo Dunhelmensi adhærens, ab eis sustentabatur, et vicarius utriusque in Episcopalibus ministeriis habebatur" (Contin. Flor. Wig. II. 89).

A.D. 1125, Christmas. Thurstin Archbishop of York prosecutes his claim over the Scottish Bishops at the Papal Courta. [See the quotation from Stubbs, above on p. 23.]

a The assertion of the York Chronicler, that the Church of S. Andrew was even at that period seeking to be made a metropolitan see, and to obtain a pall,- -a measure unpalatable to the other Scottish Bishops themselves, staved off for two centuries and a half by the device of a Conservator Bishop in A.D. 1225, and not finally accomplished until A.D. 1472, -is proved to be correct by the Leg. S. Andr., assigned to A.D. 1165 (in Ussher, Antiq. Brit. Eccl. Op. VI. 189, and Skene, 140), affirming

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[CHARTER OF ROBERT OF S. ANDREW'S TO COLDINGHAM.]

A.D. 1126, Christmas. Thurstin's cause again renewed, and deferred, at Rome.

STUBBS, Actt. Pontiff. Ebor.-Adveniente natali Domini Thurstinus Archiepiscopus venit ad curiam Regis, inde ad diem inter ipsum et Johannem statutum Romam profecturus; sed ibi in tanta solempnitate propter Cantuariensem Archiepiscopum nec crucem sibi præferre nec ad Regem coronandum manum mittere permissus est. Unde in crastinum natalis Domini recedens a Windesour Lundonium venit, ibi Regem expectans et ad iter se præparans. Quo quinto die Rex cum Rege Scotorum adveniens, quadam concordiæ provisione inter ipsum Archiepiscopum et Episcopos Scotiæ, consensu quoque Regis David, persuasit ei quatinus iter suum ad præsens differens ipse legatos Romam mitteret, petentes ex parte Regis et sua super hac causa dare sibi inducias usque ad alteram quadragesimam, et interim inter eos concordandi licentiam. Quibus ita concessis Archiepiscopus Romam misit et has inducias impetravit. [Twysd. 1719, 1720. See also above, p. 26.]

A.D. 1127, July 17. Roxburgh. Charter of Robert Biskop of S. Andrew's (elect), granting freedom from aids, cain, or convetha, payable to the Bishops of S. Andrew's, to the Priory of Coldingham, then a cell of Durham.

Omnibus sancte matris Ecclesie fidelibus clericis et laicis tam presentibus quam futuris, RODBERTUS DEI GRATIA SANCTI ANDREE EPISCOPUS, salutem. Notum sit uobis omnibus, quod nos coram domino nostro Rege Dauid et Turstino Archiepiscopo Eboracensi et Rannulfo Dunelmensi Episcopo, Johanne Episcopo Glascuensi, et Gaufrido Abbate Sancti Albani, et aliis multis personis, conuocauimus Algarum Priorem Sancti Cvthberti de Dunelmo ante hostium ecclesie Sancti Johannis Ewangeliste in Rokesburc, ibique quantum ad Episcopalem auctoritatem pertinet, presentis carte attestatione et munimine clamauimus, concessimus, et confirmauimus, Ecclesiam de Coldingham liberam et quietam in perpetuum, tam a nobis quam a successoribus nostris, ab omni calumpnia, consuetudine, cana, uel cuneuethe, atque ab omni seruitio quod ad nos pertinet uel ad successores nostros. Quare uolumus et Episcopali auctoritate confirmamus, quatinus Ecclesia de Collingham et omnes ecclesie uel capelle que amodo canonice ad

[CONSECRATION OF ROBERT OF S. ANDREW'S AT YORK.]

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Ecclesiam Sancti Cvthberti pertinuerint, libere et quiete sint in perpetuum ab omni Episcopali auxilio, cana, et coneuethe, ita ut liberiores et quietiores sint quam alique alie ecclesie abbatiarum que fuerint in Lothoneio. Et prohibemus, ne aliquis amodo Episcopus, Archidiaconus, uel Decanus, aliquam omnino ulterius consuetudinem uel auxilium ab eis exigat, nisi forte gratis dare uoluerint. omnia fecimus prece et consilio domini Regis Dauid, et predictorum Episcoporum fratrum nostrorum, pro amore Sancti Cvthberti et fraternitate Dunelmensium monachorum, XVI. kalendas Augusti in festo Sancti Kenelmi martyris, anno ab Incarnatione Domini McCXXVIJ°: Testibus presentibus, Rodberto fratre meo, Blahano presbitero de Litun, Aldulfo presbitero de Aldehāstoc, Henrico presbitero de Leinhale, Orm presbitero de Edenham, et Johanne presbitero de Ledgardeswde, Godwino dapifero, Godwino camerario meo, et Balsan, cum multis aliis personis religiosis tam clericorum quam laicorum. [Raine's North Durham, Append. p. 81; Nation. MSS. of Scotland, P. I. no. 27.]

a Conveth, seems to be synonymous with the right of refection, or the Irish coigny; i. e. the right of being hospitably entertained at

the cost of his dependents, enjoyed by the lord when he pleased to visit them. See Stuart, Pref. to Book of Deer, p. lxxxviii. note.

A.D. 1128. York. Consecration of Robert Bishop of S. Andrew's by Thurstin Archbishop of York, but with rights on both sides reserved.

I. CONTIN. FLOR. WIG., ad an. 1128.-Thurstanus Eboracensis Archiepiscopus Rotbertum, quem Alexander Rex Scottiæ Ecclesiæ Sancti Andreæ intruserat, petente David fratre ac successore Alexandri, in Episcopum Eboraci consecravit; in quo officio Rannulfum Dunholmensem Episcopum et quendam Radulfum ad Orcadas insulas jam olim in Episcopum ordinatum sibi adjutores asciverat. . . . . Ab his itaque Rotbertus consecratus, nullam ut dicitur professionem de quavis subjectione vel obedientia Ecclesiæ Eboracensi aut ejus pontifici facere permissus a Scottis est, licet Eboracensis canonicus erat. [ed. Thorpe, II. 89.]

[CONSECRATION OF ROBERT OF S. ANDREW'S AT YORK.]

II. David King of the Scots respecting the consecration of Robert of S. Andrew's at York.

Robert is con

Archbishop of

reserving

hereafter.

the

DAVID DEI GRATIA REX SCOTTORUM, universis sanctæ secrated by the Ecclesiæ filiis, salutem. Notum sit tam præsentibus quam York to the see futuris, T[hurstinum] Ebor. Archiepiscopum consecrasse of S. Andrew's, sine professione et obedientia, pro amore Dei et mei, claim of York Robertum Sancti Andreæ Episcopum, salva querela Ebor. and the rights of S. Andrew's Ecclesiæ, et salva justicia Sancti Andreæ. Et si quando to be decided Archiepiscopus Ebor. de querela sua loqui voluerit, plenariam rectitudinem remota malivolentia ei exequar, ubi juste debebo. Testibus Rann'. Dunelm. Episcopo, Johanne Glasc'., Radulpho Orcad'., Gaufrido Ebor. monasterii abbate, Herebert Rochesburg', Wold'. de Croyland, Adelof Priore Sconensi, Gaultero de Gaunt, Eustachio filio Johannis, Hugone Decano et toto Sancti Petri capitulo; Gaufrido Murdac, Anketino de Bulemer, Roberto de Wanevilla, Rogero de Eummers; et de Scotia, Aymaro milite, Aldano filio Alsimald, Ulkil filio Morvyn, Ulkil filio Maldred, Gilcolyn Slugepah. [Reg. Alb. Ebor., P. III. fol. 57; and in Dugd. Mon., VI. iii. p. 1187, no. liii.]

III. Charter of Thurstin, Archbishop of York, on the same subject.

THURSTINUS ARCHIEPISCOPUS DEI GRATIA EBORACENSIS, universis sanctæ Ecclesiæ filiis, salutem. Notum sit omnibus tam præsentibus quam futuris absolute me consecrasse sine professione et obedientia, pro Dei amore, et Regis Scotia venerabilis David, Robertum Sancti Andreæ Episcopum, salva querela Eboracensis Ecclesiæ et justitia Ecclesiæ Sancti Andreæ. Et si Archiepiscopus Eboracensis de querela sua loqui voluerit, Rex plenariam rectitudinem remota malevolentia ei exequetur, ubi juste debebit.

Testibus Ranulfo Dunelmensi Episcopo, Johanne Glascuensi Episcopo, Radulfo Orcadensi, Galfrido Eboracensis monasterii Abbate, Herberto Rocosberiensi, Waldevo de Creilant, Adulfo priore, Nicholao Sconensi, Waltero de Gant, Eustachio filio Johannis, Hugone de Cano [sic] et toto Sancti Petri capitulo, Galfrido Murdac, Aschetin de Bulmere ; et de Scotia, Almaro milite, Alden filio Adhelwold, Ulchil filio Mernin, Ulchil filio Maldred, Gille Colman, Slugedt, Roberto de Watervile, Rogero Coyneres. [Wharton, A. S., II. 237, from MS. Cotton. Titus A. xix.]

[FOUNDATION OF THE SEE OF BRECHIN.]

IV. LEG. S. ANDR.-Impetravit autem (Rex David) consecrari antistitem Ecclesiæ Sancti Andreæ jam dictum dominum Robertum a piæ memoriæ Thurstino Eboracensi Archiepiscopo, sine professione vel qualibet exactione, salva duntaxat utriusque Ecclesiæ dignitate et sanctæ atque Apostolicæ sedis auctoritate. [Skene, 191.]

V. FORDUN, Supplem. VI. 24.-Sine professione, salvis utriusque Ecclesiæ dignitate et Apostolicæ sedis auctoritate.

A.D. 1128.-CHRON. DE MAILROS.-Cepit fundari ecclesia Sancte Crucis de Edeneburg.

a See David's charter in Munim. Eccl. S. Crucis, pp. 3-6, and Chron. S. Crucis, in an. The foundation was of Augustinian Canons.

A.D. 1128 × 1153 (prob. c. 1128 or 1130). Foundation of the See of Brechina.

a The attestation of Samson Bishop of Brechin to the charter printed below from the Book of Deer is the earliest evidence of the existence of this see. A charter of William I., A.D. 1165-1171, confirms a gift of King David, "Episcopis et Keledeis Ecclesie de Brechin

(Reg. Episc. Brechin., I. 3): proving thereby both the date of the see in David's reign, and the fact that the Keledei there were not expelled but continued to form the Episcopal Chapter, at any rate for a time.

A.D. 1129 × 1153. Charter of David King of the Scots to the Abbey of Deer, securing it against lay exactions.

BOOK OF DEER, p. 95.-DAVID REX SCOTTORUM, omnibus probis hominibus suis, salutes. Sciatis quod clerici de Dér sunt quieti et immunes ab omni laicorum officio et exactione indebita. Sic in libro eorum scribtum est, et dirationauerunt apud Banb [Banff], et iuraverunt apud Abberdeon. Quapropter firmiter precipio, ut nullus eis aut eorum catellis aliquam iniuriam inferre presumat. Teste Gregorio Episcopo de Duncalldena, teste Andrea Episcopo de Cat[anesia], teste Samsone Episcopo de Bre[chin]; teste Doncado Comite de Fib [Fife], et Malmori d'Athotla [Athol], et ggillebrite Comite d'Eng: [Angus], et ghgillcomded: mac Æd:, et Brocin, et Cormac de Turbrüd [Turriff], et Adam mac Ferdomnac, et Gillendrias mac Mātni; apud Abberdeon.

а

Gregory succeeded Cormac as Bishop of Dunkeld A.D. 1128 × 1130. And Andrew of Caithness dates from about the same years.

Duncan was Earl of Fife from certainly AD. 1139, and possibly A.D. 1129, to 1154. above, p. 210, note ".

See

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