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[SUPPRESSION OF THE KELEDEI OF LOCHLEVEN.]

A.D. 1187, by Pope Clement III. A.D. 1187, by Pope Innocent III. A.D. 1206, by Pope Honorius III. A.D. 1216 (ib. pp. 51-81); and by Innocent IV. A.D. 1248 (ib. p. 101), with

the addition of a list of the endowments of S. Andrew's. The Keledei were not wholly extinct there until after A.D. 1332 (Reeves, Culdees, p. 117).

A.D. 1144 x 1150. Conversion of the Keledei of Lochleven into
Augustinian Canons dependent upon S. Andrew's.

I. A.D. 1144 X 1150. Suppression of the Keledei of Lochleven by
King David.

REG. PRIOR. S. ANDR.-DAVID REX SCOTTORUM, Episcopis, Abbatibus, Comitibus, Vicecomitibus, et omnibus probis hominibus tocius terre sue, salutem. Sciatis me concessisse et dedisse Canonicis Sancti Andree insulam de Lochleuene, ut ipsi ibi instituant Ordinem Canonicalem. Et Keldei qui ibidem inventi fuerint, si regulariter vivere voluerint, in pace cum eis et sub eis maneant. Et si quis illorum ad hoc resistere. voluerit, volo et præcipio ut ab insula eiciatur. Testibus, Roberto Episcopo Sancti Andree, Andrea Episcopo de Cathenes, Waltero Cancellario, Nicholao clerico, Hugone de Moreuille, Waltero filio Alani: apud Berwic. [p. 188.]

A See an account of this charter in Reeves, Culdees, p. 131. It was confirmed by Pope

Adrian IV. A.D. 1156 (Reg. Pr. S. Andr.
P. 51).

II. A.D. 1144 × 1150. Gift of the Keledean Monastery of Lochleven by Robert Bishop of S. Andrew's to the Prior and Canons of S. Andrew's. And suppression of the Keledei of Lochleven.

Donacio Mona

sterii de Loch

Andree, per

scopum.

REG. PRIOR. S. ANDR.-Omnibus sancte matris Ecclesie lewyn Roberto filiis, ROBERTUS DEI GRATIA MINISTER HUMILIS ECCLESIE Priori Sancti SANCTI ANDREE, salutem et Episcopalem benedictionem. Robertum Epi- Sciant omnes tam presentes quam absentes, nos dedisse et concessisse Ecclesie Sancti Andree et Roberto Priori abbaciam de insula Lochleuene cum omnibus ad eam pertinentibus, ad Canonicos Regulares constituendum in ea: hoc est, cum Findahin et omnibus suis apendiciis, et cum Portemuoch et suis apendiciis, et cum molendinis ad pontem, et cum uno molendino in terra Findachin, et Chircnes cum suis apendiciis omnibus, et cum dimidia villa de Urechehem cum suis apendiciis, et villa ecclesiastica de Sconin et suis apendiciis, et cum viginti melis

[BISHOPS OF MAN AND THE ISLES.]

casei et uno porco de Marchinche, et cum viginti melis casei et quatuor melis de breis et uno porco de Ecmor, et cum viginti melis ordei de Balechristin, et cum viginti melis casei et uno porco de Bolgin filii Thorfini, et cum decimis de domo nostra de Insula, et cum decimis tocius redditus quem recepturi sumus ad eandem domum, et cum vestimentis ecclesiasticis quæ ipsi Chelede habuerunt; et cum hiis libris, id est, cum Pastorali, Graduali, Missalia, Origine, Sentenciis Abbatis Clareuallensis, tribus quaternionibus de Sacramentis, cum parte Bibliotece, cum Leccionario, cum Actibus Apostolorum, textu Evangeliorum, Prospero, tribus libris Salomonis, glosis de Canticis Canticorum, Interpretacionibus Dictionum, Collectione Sentenciarum, Exposicione super Genesim, Excepcionibus Ecclesiasticarum Regularum. Hiis testibus, Gregorio Episcopo de Duncheldin, et Guillelmo Abbate de Sancta Cruce, et Thoraldo Archidiacono, et Matheo Archidiacono, Aiulfo Decano, magistro Thoma, magistro Herberto, Ricardo capellano Episcopi. [p. 43.]

a It has been rightly inferred from the mention here of the Keledean Pastoral, Gradual, and Missal, as transferred from Keledei to Augustinian Canons, that the "barbari ritus,"

and "mos suus," of the former (see above on pp. 157, 180), were merely matters of circumstance and of indifferent externals, and certainly did not touch doctrine.

A.D. 1150. Cistercian Abbey of Kinloss founded by King Davida.

a Chron. de Mailr.

A.D. 1151, 1154. Consecration at York successively of John and
of Gamaliel Bishops of Man and the Islesa.

POET. HIST. OF YORK.

Ast Eboracensem matrem devota tenebat
Paruit et semper Candida Casa sibi.

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Nam Gamalielum Rogerus pater, atque Johannem
Henricus, sacrant ordine canonico.

John, a Cistercian of Savigny, succeeded Wimund, according to M. Paris (p. 84); but was consecrated (as above said) by Henry Murdac Archbishop of York A.D. 1147-1154 ("Candida Casa" being plainly a mistake). If the Nicholas of Olaf's letters (above, A.D. 1131 × 1134) was never consecrated, and if the see therefore was not filled until Wimund's death in A.D. 1151, the statements of M. Paris and of the "Poetical History" are reconcileable with the other evidence. The Bull of Anastasius IV. (given further on) of A.D. 1154

[MS. Cott. Cleopat. C. IV.]

seems to limit the consecration of Gamaliel to the first year of Roger's archiepiscopate, A.D. 1154. The Chron. Mann. (p. 29) ignores John altogether, and places next to Wimund "Gamaliel Anglicus genere qui jacet apud Petarborch in Anglia." See also for this last statement, Dugd. Mon. Ang. II. 362. Probably Gamaliel retired when the Norwegian Bishop Ragnald (for whom see below, p. 230) came, and lived, like many Welsh and Irish Bishops in this and the following centuries, in an English monastery for the rest of his life.

[SEES OF THE ORKNEYS, AND OF MAN AND THE ISLES, SUBJECT TO NORWAY.]

Before A.D. 1153. Abernethy. David King of the Scots to Ronald Earl of Orkney, etc. a

Protect

noch.

the REG. DE DUMFerml.-David REX SCOTTORUM, Reinmonks of Dor- waldo Comiti de Orchadia et Comiti et omnibus probis hominibus Cateneis et Orchadie, salutem. Mando vobis et præcipio, quod, sicut me diligitis, monachos et homines eorum et res, habitantes ad Durnach in Cateneis, diligatis; et ubicunque inter vos venerint, manuteneatis; non permittendo, quod aliquis eis injuriam vel contumeliam faciat, nec fieri permittat: testibus Cancellario et Herberto camerario: apud Abernithi. [p. 14.]

Given here as being in some sort evidence that Dornoch was from the beginning the see

of Caithness. See also Grub, vol. I. p. 267,

note.

A.D. 1153 × 1165. Grant by King Malcolm to Kelso, of the Church of Innerlethan.

Malcolmus Rex super ecclesia de Ynirlethan.

CART. DE KALCHOU.-[After the usual grant-] Precipio etiam, ut predicta de Innerlethan ecclesia, in qua prima nocte corpus filii mei a post obitum suum quievit, ut tantum refugium habeat in omni territorio suo, quantum habet Wedale aut Tyningham. [II. 22.]

a "Malcolm the Maiden," therefore, had a son.

A.D. 1154. Sees of the Orkneys, and of Man and the Isles, subject to Norway.

I. A.D. 1154, Nov. 28. Bull of Pope Anastasius IV. confirming the establishment (by Eugenius III. A.D. 1148) of the Metropolitan See of Nidaros (or Trondhjem) in Norway, having the Bishops of the Nordreys and Sudreys (among others) as Suffragans. (Extracts.)

ANASTASIUS EPISCOPUS SERVUS SERVORUM DEI, venerabili fratri Johanni Trudensi Archiepiscopo ejusque successoribus canonice substituendis in perpetuum. * * * Quorum (sc. Apostolicorum) quoque vestigia subsecutus, felicis memoriæ papa Eugenius, antecessor noster, de corrigendis hiis quæ in regno Norvegiæ correctionem videbantur exposcere, et verbo ibi fidei seminando, juxta sui officii debitum sollicitus extitit. Et quod per se ipsum universalis Ecclesiæ cura obsistente non potuit, per legatum suum venerabilem scilicet fratrem

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[SEES OF THE ORKNEYS, AND OF MAN AND THE ISLES, SUBJECT TO NORWAY.] nostrum Nicolaum Albanensem Episcopum exsecutioni mandavit. Qui ad partes illas accedens, sicut a suo patre familias acceperat in mandatis, talentum sibi creditum largitus est ad usuram, et tanquam fidelis servus et prudens multiplicatum inde fructum studuit reportare. Inter cætera vero quæ illic ad laudem nominis Dei et ministerii sui commendationem implevit, juxta quod prædictus antecessor noster ei præceperat, pallium fraternitati tuæ indulsit; et ne de cætero provinciæ Norvegiæ metropolitani possit cura deesse, commissam gubernationi tuæ urbem Thrudensem ejusdem provinciæ perpetuam metropolim ordinavit, et ei Asloensem, Hammarcopiensem, Bergenensem, Stawangriensem, insulas Orcades, insulas Suthraic, insulas Islandensium, et Grenelandiæ Episcopatus, tanquam suæ metropoli perpetuis temporibus constituit subjacere, et earum Episcopatus [sic] sicut metropolitanis suis tibi tuisque successoribus obedire. Ne igitur ad violationem constitutionis illius ulli unquam liceat aspirare, nos eam auctoritate Apostolica et præsenti privilegio communimus, statuentes ut Trudensis civitas perpetuis temporibus supradictarum urbium metropolis habeatur, et earum Episcopi tam tibi quam tuis successoribus sicut metropolitanis obediant et de manu vestra consecrationis gratiam sortiantur. *** Datum Lat. per manum Rolandi sanctæ Romanæ Ecclesiæ presbyteri Cardinalis et Cancellarii, ... Decembris, indictione III., Incarnationis Dominicæ anno MCLIIII., Pontificatus vero domini Anastasii papæ IIII. anno II. [Norges Gamle Love, ed. Keyser and Munch, vol. I. pp. 439–441.]

a Nicolas Breakspear, afterwards Pope Adrian IV., legate A.D. 1148, in which year he held the "Concilium Lincopiense."

II. LIB. CENSUUM ROM. ECCL. (15th cent.), under the title Norwegia. -In Archiepiscopatu Nidrosiensi-in Episcopatu Bergensi, &c.—in Episcopatu Horchadensi,-in Episcopatu Sudereiensi alias Manensi, -&c. [Munch, Notes to Chron. Mann. p. 150, from Vatican Archivesb.]

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a To this is added, Ecclesia Sancti Columbi de hinsula Hy .ii. bisancios annuatim" (Munch): a payment made in consequence of a Bull of Pope Innocent III. Dec. 9, A.D. 1203, taking into Papal protection the Abbat and (now) Benedictine community of Hy (Munch, Chron. Mann., App. pp. 152, 153). This memorandum also in the Lib. Cens. implies that Hy was at the time reckoned to the see of Man, according at least to Norwegian views of the case (see also Reeves, ad

Adamn., Add. Notes, p. 412); although Irish churchmen still claimed it (Id. ib.; and below, P. 235). According to Matt. Paris (in an. 1165), the Bishop of Man was "Episcopus Insularum Man et aliarum XXXI., quæ sunt inter Scotiam et Hiberniam et Angliam :" held, as he adds, by the King of the Isles of the King of Norway.

b Composed by Cencius Camerarius A.D. 1192, but with subsequent additions (Munch).

[SEE OF DUNBLANE FOUNDED.]

III. PROVINCIALE OMNIUM MUNDI ECCLESIARUM PATRIARCHALIUM, METROPOLITANARUM, ET EPISCOPALIUM (c. A.D. 1400).-Sodorensis in Noruegia et prouincia Nidrosiensi,―[and further on,] Archiepiscopus Nidrosiensis hos habet suffraganeos. . . . Olorchadensem uel Orkadensem, Scorensem [leg. Sodorensem] uel Insulanum, prope Scociam est. [Munch, ib. p. 151, from the Vatican Archives.]

IV. CHRON. MANN.-Post hunc (Gamaliel) Ragnaldus Norwegiensis genere Mannensem Ecclesiam gubernandam suscepit. Huic primo tertiæ Ecclesiarum Manniæ a personis concessæ fuerunt, ut deinceps liberi et omni Episcopali exactione fore potuissent. [p. 29, ed. Munch.]

Before A.D. 1155. Bishopric of Dunblane founded a.

If

a Laurentius of Dunblane is named in the Bull of Adrian IV. of Feb. 27, A.D. 1155 (given below). He also signs a charter of Malcolm IV. which is witnessed by Ernald Bishop of S. Andrew's Nov. A.D. 1160-Sept. A.D. 1162 (Reg. de Dumferml. p. 24). David I. founded the see, it was before A.D. 1153. In A.D. 1238 Bishop Clement of Dunblane complains, that advantage had been taken of a vacancy in the church of upwards of 100 years, to alienate the Church property, and that several Bishops appointed since that long vacancy had failed to recover it (Reg. de Aberbrotbok, p. 176, and Inchaf

fray, p. xxx.). But this rather tends against
than for the supposition that diocesan Bi-
shops had existed there before the 100 years,
which is obviously a round number, and pro-
bably much exaggerated. Gilbert Earl of
Stratherne endowed the see before A.D. 1210
(Fordun, VIII. 73, vol. I. p. 529), and proba-
bly founded it. The ordinary title of the
Bishop at first was "Episcopus Stradernensis
(Reg. de Aberbrothok, p. 155, &c.), the see
being probably conterminous with the earldom.
See also Grub, vol. i. p. 268, note.
Chapter was Keledean (see above, p. 177).

The

A.D. 1154 or 1155, 1156. Cistercian Nunneries of Eccles (co. Berwick), and Manuel (near Linlithgow), founded respectively by Earl Cospatrick and by Malcolm IV.a

a Hoved., I. 215; Chr. de Mailros, in an. 1156: and see Spottiswood, pp. 461, 462. The

same Earl about the same period founded also a like nunnery at Coldstream (Spottisw. p. 461).

A.D. 1155, Feb. 27. Rome. Pope Adrian IV. to all the Bishops of Scotland" in specie et nominatim a "

Submit to Roger

metropolitan.

ADRIANUS EPISCOPUS SERVUS SERVORUM DEI, venerabiof York, your libus fratribus H[erberto] Glescuensi, Cristiano Witternensi, R[oberto] Sancti Andree, La[urentio] de Dubblan., G[regorio] Dunlcheldensi, T. b Brechinensi, G[alfrido] Apperdunensi, W[illelmo]

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