Imágenes de páginas
PDF
EPUB

[GRANT OF KING DAVID TO THE SEE OF GLASGOW.]

nostræ memor existas, ut semper Apostolicæ benignitatis gratia dignior semper habearis. Data Laterani XVIJ. kalend. Junii. [Reg. Magn. Alb. Ebor., P. I. fol. 51 b.]

A.D. 1122. Aug. 26. Lateran. Calixtus II. to John Bishop of Glasgow. CALIXTUS EPISCOPUS SERVUS SERVORUM DEI, Johanni

Obey Thurstin
within
days.

thirty Glesguensi Episcopo, salutem et Apostolicam benedictionem. Multis dilecti filii nostri Alexandri Regis Scotorum precibus inclinati, tibi aliquanti temporis inducias dedimus, quatinus infra prefixi diei terminum ad obedientiam venerabilis fratris nostri T. Ebor. Archiepiscopi debita humilitate redires. Sicut autem directa litterarum suarum notatione percepimus, te ab ejus obedientia et subjectione subtrahere presumpsisti. Unde tibi mandamus, quatinus infra triginta dies post harum acceptionem litterarum ad prefati Archiepiscopi subiectionem et obedientiam redeas. Alioquin sententiam que ab eo in te promulgata est, confirmamus. Data Laterani VII. calend. Septembris. [Cott. MSS. Claud. B. III. fol. 131 a; Reg. Alb. Ebor., P. I. fol. 51, and P. III. fol. 57 and in Dugd., VI. 1187 (bis), nos. 48 and 51.]

After A.D. 1124. Grant of the tithe of his chana by King David to

Glasgow Bishopric.

REG. GLASG. no. 9.-De decima domini Regis de suo chan, Episcopo Glasg. pertinente.-DAVID DEI GRATIA REX SCOTTORUM, Baronibus, ministris, et omnibus fidelibus suis totius regni tam Gawensibus quam Anglicis et Scotis b, salutem. Sciatis me dedisse et concessisse Domino et Ecclesie Sancti Kentegerni de Glasgu in perpetuam eleemosynam totam decimam meam de meo chan in animalibus et porcis, de Stratgriua, et Cunegan, et de Chul, et de Karric, unoquoque anno; nisi tunc quando ego ipse illuc uenero perendinens et ibidem meum chan comedens. Testibus Willelmo Cumin Cancellario, Hugone de Moreuilla, Fergus de Galweia, Hugone Britone, Waltero filio Alani, Alwino Mac Archil, Radulfo filio Dunegal, Duuenald fratre suo: apud Cadihou d.

aDuties paid in cattle and swine, etc. to the lord on his progress" kain" (Innes; and Bk. of Deer, p. lxxxvii. ed. Stuart; and Charter of Priory of Isle of May, pp. 7, 11, ed. Stuart, etc. etc.).

No. 10 of the Glasg. Register is a grant by

the same King, and with nearly the same witnesses, of the 8th penny de omnibus placitis meis per totam Cumbriam," directed "baronibus et omnibus ministris suis totius Cumberlandie:" both nos. 9 and 10 being subsequently confirmed by King Malcolm (ib. 14). And the

[COUNCIL OF ROXBURGH.]

latter King also confirms tithes to the see of Glasgow (ib. 13), addressing the grant, “Francis, et Anglicis, Scottis, Walensibus, Gauelensibus, et omnibus Ecclesie Sancti Kentegerni de Glasgu et eiusdem Episcopi parrochianis." Pope Alexander III. confirms the grant twice

(ib. 17, 18), and that also of the tithe of the chan, adding also Largs to the list of places (ib. 24).

e sc. Strathgryfe, Cuningham, Kyle, and Carrick.

d sc. Cadyow Hamilton.

=

A.D. 1125. May × August. Council of Roxburgh under the Legate John of Cremaa.

a To determine the question between cision, which took no effect, is unrecorded. Thurstin and the Scottish Bishops. The de- See below, under the Scottish Church.

A.D. 1125. December (?). Thurstin's claim against John Bishop of
Glasgow renewed at Rome before Pope Honorius.

STUBBS, Act. Pontif. Ebor.a-Quia vero Johannes Glesguensis Episcopus ibi in curia præsens erat, Thurstinus Archiepiscopus clamavit se de eo coram Apostolico, eo quod ipse Johannes in Eboracensi Ecclesia sicut suffraganeus ejus electus, et per literas suas a Papa Paschali consecratus, postea nec propter literas ejusdem Papæ Paschalis, neque Kalixti, quas ibi recitari fecit, quicquid obedientiæ vel reverentiæ ei voluit exhibere: similiter et de Episcopis Scotia conquestus est. Persuasum fuerat Papa Scotiam non esse de regno Angliæ, quia volebant pallium requirere Episcopo Sancti Andreæ et ita Archiepiscopum ibi creari. Sed Archiepiscopus Turstinus et secreto et palam in curia ostendit Scotiam de regno Angliæ esse, et Regem Scotorum ligium hominem Regis Angliæ esse. Glesguensis autem Episcopus querelæ Archiepiscopi ita respondit, se non venisse vocatum, et in legatione domini sui Regis Scotiæ ibi esse. Decretumque est diem illi statuere, et Episcopos Scotiæ et absentes per literas domini Papæ summonere. Statuitque Papa Turstino Archiepiscopo et Johanni diem a proxima Quadragesima in alteram, sic dicens Johanni Episcopo: Frater, in quibus bonæ memoriæ Papa Gelasius te ligavit, nos te absolvimus. Episcopos Scotia ad diem designatum per literas vocare disposuit. [Twysd. 1719.]

The original authority for this story appears to be Hugh the Chanter (see Raine, Fasti Ebor. 197 n.). The dates are not quite certain. The Archbishops, with Alexander Bishop of Lincoln (Stubbs 1718), accompanied the legate John on his return to Rome after the London Council (Sim. Dun.) of Sept. 9, A.D. 1125 (placed by Sim. Dun. in A.D. 1126, but wrongly: see above, in vol. I. p. 318). And the Anglo-Sax. Chron.

tells us, in harmony with this, that "shortly after Michaelmas," in A.D. 1125," J. the Bishop of Lothene" (i. e. evidently John of Glasgow), with "G. Abbat of S. Alban's," accompanied the above-named three prelates to Rome. The same year, 1125, is given also by the Cont. Flor. Wig., by the Ann. Waverl., and by Stubbs. They returned to England the next year, 126, William being now legate; but this is put one year later (1127) by Sim.

[SEE OF CANDIDA CASA.]

Dun. in consequence of his original error. And the date of William of Canterbury's legatine appointment must be Jan. A.D. 1126, not Jan. A.D. 1127. The Chron. de Mailros, however, makes the date of their journey to Rome to be A.D. 1126, in accordance with what certainly seems to be Simeon's error in the matter. If the letter of Honorius about

Gilla-Aldan, given below, is rightly dated on Dec. 9, it marks the probable month of the parallel Glasgow dispute in the text. But in any case the Archbishops were in Rome all the winter.

b For "nos," it looks as if we ought to read "non." See Raine, ib.

A.D. 1125 or 1126 a. Dec. 9. Lateran. Pope Honorius II. to Gilla-Aldan Bishop Elect of Candida Casa (i. e. Gallovidiæ b).

Go to Thurstin HONORIUS EPISCOPUS SERVUS SERVORUM DEI, dilecto filio for consecration. electo de Candida Casa, salutem et Apostolicam benedictionem. Cui alii a Domino preesse conceditur, nulla suis digne subesse prelatis superbia convincatur. Ideoque per presentia scripta tibi mandamus, ut ad karissimum fratrem nostrum T[urstinum] Ebor. Archiepiscopum tanquam ad proprium metropolitanum tuum consecrandus accedas; et ab ipsius manu presente Sancti Spiritus gratia cum humilitatis devotione consecrationem accipias. Data Laterani quinto idus Decembris. [Cott. MSS. Claud. B. III., fol. 131 b; Reg. Alb. Ebor., P. I. fol. 52, and P. III. fol. 57 b: and in Dugd., VI. 1187, no. 49.]

Honorius was enthroned Dec. 21, A.D.1124, and John of Glasgow was in England acting with Thurstin, in July A.D.1127. This letter therefore is determined by that which follows it, to either A.D. 1125 or A.D. 1126. Thurstin was himself at Rome in the winter of A.D. 1125-1126 (see above, p. 23, last note a), and sent messengers there in that of A.D. 1126-1127 (see below, p 26, first note "); in both cases, in relation to his parallel Glasgow controversy. Either A D. 1125 therefore, or more probably A.D. 1126, must be the date of these letters.

b Nothing is recorded of the see of Galloway from the alleged visit to Whithern of

Kenneth II., until this appointment of Bishop Gilla-Aldan; except Boethius' assertion (IX.) that Malcolm III. re-established it, c. A.D. 1070. It possibly merged in that of Glasgow when Anglian prelates of Lindisfarne or Chester-le-Street became excluded from it. Possibly British Bishops still existed in the district (see above, p. 13). Gilla-Aldan was obviously a native, and his case so far differed from that of Carlisle. But whether David, or Fergus of Galloway, revived the see in his person, does not appear.

C 44 Thomam" in Dugdale, by mistake. It is only "T." in the Register.

A.D. 1125 or 1126a. Dec. 9. Lateran. Pope Honorius II. to John Biskop of Glasgow.

Obey Thurstin HONORIUS EPISCOPUS, SERVUS SERVORUM DEI, venerabili of York. fratri J. Glesguensi episcopo, salutem et Apostolicam benedictionem. Sæpe per Apostolica scripta fraternitati tuæ mandatum est ut venerabili fratri nostro Turstini Ebor. Archiepiscopo obedientiam tanquam proprio metropolitano deferres: verum tu nondum mandatis Apostolicis obedisti. Ea propter per præsentia tibi scripta præcipientes mandamus quatenus eidem fratri nostro T.

SEE OF CANDIDA Casa.]

Ebor. Archiepiscopo, sicut metropolitano tuo, obedientiam et reverentiam deferas. Data Laterani V. idus Decembris.

Alb. Ebor., P. I. fol. 51 b.]

a For the date, see the preceding letter.

[Reg. Mag.

A.D. 1125 (or earlier) x 1160. Premonstratensian abbeys of Soulseat Holywood or Dercongal, Whitherne, and Tungland, and the Augustinians of S. Mary's Isle, near Kirkcudbright,—" Prioratus Sancta Maria de Trayll"-founded by Fergus of Galloway".

See Pref. to Chartul. of Dryburgh, pp. vi. vii.; Spottiswood's Relig. Houses, c. V., etc. Fergus became a monk of Holyrood in A.D. 1160. Soulseat, which was the mother of the Premonstratensian abbeys here men

tioned, must therefore have been founded earlier than the new Whitherne; which itself again must have been refounded not later than the refoundation of the see of Whitherne, i. e. probably not later than A.D. 1125.

A.D. 1126 x 11408. Revival of the See of Candida Casa as a Suffragan See to York.

STUBBS, Act. Pont. Ebor.-Ordinavit [Thurstinus] tres Episcopos diversis temporibus, scil. Gaufridum Lindefarnensi, Adelwoldum Karreliolensi, Gilaldanum Candidæ Casæ, hoc est, Herwicernensis Ecclesiæ. [Twysd. 1720.]

Profession of Gilla-Aldan, Bishop of Candida Casa elect, to Thurstin

Archbishop of York [" subiectio Episcopi Candida Casa.”]

Domino et patri suo reverendo Thurstino Dei gratia Eboracensis provincie metropolitano, GILLA-ALDAN HUMILIS ELECTUS CANDIDE CASE, salutem et obedientiam. Cognovi, tam scriptis patrum autenticis quam veredicis antiquorum virorum testimoniis, quod Episcopus Candide Case ab antiquo debeat ad matrem suam Eboracensem metropolim respicere, et ei in hiis que ad Deum pertinent obtemperare. Quapropter ego Gilla-Aldan Candide Case electus sancte Eborac. Ecclesie, et tibi, Turstine, et successoribus tuis canonice instituendis, debitam subiectionem a sanctis patribus institutam et canonicam obedientiam me amodo servaturum promitto. [Cott. MSS. Claud. B. III. fol. 22 a; Reg. Alb. Ebor., P. III. fol. 17: and in Dugd., VI. iii. 1188, 1189, no. 64.]

This is usually dated A.D. 1133. But the only chronicler who mentions it, specifies the three consecrations of which he speaks to have happened “diversis temporibus ;" and the other two certainly did take place in A.D. 1133. Possibly Stubbs may only mean in

different months. Of course it must have followed Honorius's letter, and have preceded Thurstin's death. Its most probable date would be A.D. 1126 or 1127, according to the date to be assigned to that letter, which probably it followed at no long interval.

[SEE OF GLASGOW STILL NOT SUBJECT TO YORK.]

A.D. 1126. Christmas. London a. Cause between the Scottish Bishops and Thurstin deferred until yet another Lent.

Thurstin, by agreement with King David and the Scottish Bishops, obtained this concession from the Pope by messengers, instead of going to Rome in person, as he was preparing to do, in conformity with the Pope's order given to himself and Bishop John of Glasgow in the previous winter (Twysd. 1719, 1720, and see below, under the Scottish

Church). The cause was evidently put off again, but no further record remains. John acted with Thurstin subsequently. He was at Roxburgh July 17, A.D. 1127, with Thurstin and King David and others (Lib. Vitæ Eccl. Dun. p. 67); and again at York in A.D. 1128, assisting Thurstin to consecrate Robert Bishop of S. Andrews.

A.D. 1131. Nov. 29. Auxerre. Pope Innocent II. to John Bishop of

Obey Thurstin.

Glasgow a

INNOCENTIUS EPISCOPUS SERVUS SERVORUM DEI, venerabili fratri Johanni Glesguensi Episcopo, salutem et Apostolicam benedictionem. Predecessor noster felicis memorie Papa Paschalis, salvo siquidem Eboracensis Ecclesie iure, tibi manum consecrationis imposuit. Postmodum vero successores eius sancte recordationis Calixtus et Honorius, Romani pontifices, tibi per scripta Apostolica mandaverunt, quatinus venerabili fratri nostro Turstino] Archiepiscopo Eborac. tanquam proprio metropolitano obedientiam et reverentiam exhiberes. Quamvis autem, prout ipse asserit, ei obedire promiseris, nondum tamen id effectu prosequente complesti. Quocirca per presentia tibi scripta precipimus, ut, omni dilatione seu tergeruisatione remota, predicto fratri nostro T. Archiepiscopo humiliter pareas. Alioquin ei in sua deesse iusticia non poterimus. Data Altissiodori tertio cal. Decembris. [Reg. Alb. Ebor., P. I. fol. 52 a: and in Dugd., VI. 1187, no. 50.]

a A letter to the same effect was sent the same day (Nov. 22 in Wilkins, I. 480, by

mistake) to the Scottish Bishops in general: see below, under the Scottish Church.

A.D. 1133. August 6. First Bishop of Carlisle, and in subjection

to York b

Jo. HAGUST. an. 1133.-Anno MCXXXIII., mense Augusto, ante Assumptionem Sanctæ Mariæ, apud Eboracum, a Turstino Archiepiscopo, consecrati sunt Episcopi Galfridus Cancellarius Regis Henrici ad Episcopatum Dunelmensem, Aldulfus Prior de Nostla ad urbem Karleol, quam Rex Henricus initiavit ad sedem Episcopalem, datis sibi Ecclesiis de Cumberland et Westmariland, quæ adjacue

« AnteriorContinuar »