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Chapter 1.–FEDERAL-AID HIGHWAYS—Continued

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Sec. 131. Control of outdoor advertising. ? 132. Payments on Federal-aid projects undertaken by a Federal Agency. 8 133. Repealed. ' 134. Transportation planning in certain urban areas. 135. Traffic operations improvement programs. 136. Control of junkyards. 12 137. Fringe and corridor parking facilities. 13 138. Preservation of parklands. 14 139. Additions to Interstate System. 15 140. Nondiscrimination. 16 141. Enforcement of requirements. 17 142. Public transportation. 143. Economic growth center development highways. 19 144. Highway bridge replacement and rehabilitation program. 145. Federal-State relationship. 21 146. Repealed. (sic) * 147. Priority primary routes. 148. Development of a national scenic and recreational highway. 24 149. Truck lanes. 25 150. Allocation of urban system funds. 26 151. Pavement marking demonstration program. 27 152. Hazard elimination program. 153. Repealed. 29

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? Revised by sec. 102, Public Law 89-285, Oct. 22, 1965 (79 Stat. 1030). 8 Added by sec. 4, Public Law 86-657, July 14, 1960 (74 Stat. 522).

9 Added by sec. 5, Public Law 87-866, Oct. 23, 1962 (76 Stat. 1145), and repealed by sec. 139(c), Public Law 94-280, May 5, 1976 (90 Stat. 443-444).

10 Added by sec. 9, Public Law 87-866, Oct. 23, 1962 (76 Stat. 1145). 11 Former section added by sec. 4, Public Law 89-139, Aug. 28, 1965 (79 Stat. 578), which was repealed by sec. 102(b)(1), Public Law 89-564, Sept. 9, 1966 (80 Stat. 731); new section added by sec. 10, Public Law 90-495, Aug. 23, 1968 (82 Stat. 815), and retitled by sec. 123(b), Public Law 94-280, May 5, 1976 (90 Stat. 439).

12 New section added by sec. 202, Public Law 89-285, Oct. 22, 1965 (79 Stat. 1028).

13 Added to replace former section by sec. 134 (a) and (b), Public Law 91-605, Dec. 31, 1970 (84 Stat. 1713).

14 Added by sec. 15, Public Law 89-574, Sept. 13, 1966 (80 Stat. 766). 15 Added by sec. 16, Public Law 90-495, Aug. 23, 1968 (82 Stat. 815).

16 Added by sec. 22, Public Law 90–495, Aug. 23, 1968 (82 Stat. 815); amended by sec. 118(c), Public Law 97-424, Jan. 6, 1983 (96 Stat. 2111).

17 Amended by sec. 107(a) of Public Law 93-643, Jan. 4, 1975 (88 Stat. 2284).

18 Added by sec. 111, Public Law 91-605, Dec. 31, 1970 (84 Stat. 1713); amended by sec. 121, Public Law 93-87, Aug. 13, 1973 (87 Stat. 259-261).

19 Added by sec. 127, Public Law 91-605, Dec. 31, 1970 (84 Stat. 1713).

20 Added by sec. 204, Public Law 91-605, Dec. 31, 1970 (84 Stat. 1713); retitled and amended by sec. 124, Public Law 95-599, Nov. 6, 1978 (92 Stat. 2702).

21 Added by sec. 123(a), Public Law 93-87, Aug. 13, 1973 (87 Stat. 262).

22 Added by sec. 125(b), Public Law 93-87, Aug. 13, 1973 (87 Stat. 263), and repealed by sec. 128(b), Public Law 94–280, May 5, 1976 (90 Stat. 440); new section added by sec. 126(a), Public Law 95-599, Nov. 6, 1978 (92 Stat. 2705).

* Should be “Carpool and vanpool projects".
23 Added by sec 126(b), Public Law 93-87, Aug. 13, 1973 (87 Stat. 264).
24 Added by sec. 129(c), Public Law 93-87, Aug. 13, 1973 (87 Stat. 266).
25 Added by sec. 142(a), Public Law 93-87, Aug. 13, 1973 (87 Stat. 272).
26 Added by sec. 157(b), Public Law 93-87, Aug. 13, 1973 (87 Stat. 278).
27 Added by sec. 205(b), Public Law 93-87, Aug. 13, 1973 (87 Stat. 285).

28 Added by sec. 209(b), Public Law 93-87, Aug. 13, 1973 (87 Stat. 287); amended and retitled by sec. 168(a), Public Law 95-599, Nov. 6, 1978 (92 Stat. 2722).

29 Repealed by sec. 168(c), Public Law 95-599, Nov. 6, 1978 (92 Stat. 2723).

Chapter 1.-FEDERAL-AID HIGHWAYS–Continued

Sec.
154. National maximum speed limit. 29a
155. Access highways to public recreation areas on certain lakes. 29b
156. Highways crossing other Federal projects. 29c
157. Minimum allocation. 29d

Chapter 2.-OTHER HIGHWAYS

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Sec.
201. Authorizations.
202. Allocations. 29e
203. Availability of funds.
204. Federal lands highways program.
205. Forest development roads and trails.
206. Repealed. 298
207. Repealed. 29h
208. Repealed. 29
209. Repealed. 29
210. Defense access roads.
211. Timber access road hearings.
212. Inter-American Highway.
213. Rama Road.
214. Public lands development roads and trails. 30
215. Territories highway development program. 31
216. Darien Gap Highway. 32
217. Bicycle transportation and pedestrian walkways. 33
218. Alaska Highway. 34
219. Safer off-system roads. 34a

Chapter 3.-GENERAL PROVISIONS

Sec.
301. Freedom from tolls.
302. State highway department.
303. Repealed. 346
304. Participation by small-business enterprises.
305. Archeological and paleontological salvage.
306. Mapping.
307. Research and planning.
308. Cooperation with Federal and State agencies and foreign countries.
309. Cooperation with other American Republics.

29a Added by sec. 114(a), Public Law 93-643, Jan. 4, 1975 (88 Stat. 2286). 296 Added by sec. 115(a), Public Law 93–643, Jan. 4, 1975 (88 Stat. 2287). 290 Added by sec. 132(b), Public Law 94–280, May 5, 1976 (90 Stat. 441). 290 Added by sec. 150, Public Law 97-424, Jan. 6, 1983 (96 Stat. 2131). 29e Amended by sec. 126(e), Public Law 97-424, Jan. 6, 1983 (96 Stat. 2115). 291 Amended by sec. 126(e), Public Law 97-424, Jan. 6, 1983 (96 Stat. 2115). 298, h, i, • ' Amended by sec. 126(e), Public Law 97-424, Jan. 6, 1983 (96 Stat. 2116). 30 Added by sec. 6, Public Law 87-866, Oct. 23, 1962 (72 Stat. 1145).

31 Added by sec. 112, Public Law 91-605, Dec. 31, 1970 (84 Stat. 1713), analysis does not conform to section catchline.

32 Added by sec. 113, Public Law 91-605, Dec. 31, 1970 (84 Stat. 1713).
33 Added by sec. 124(b), Public Law 93-87, Aug. 13, 1973 (87 Stat. 262).
34 Added by sec. 127(a)(2), Public Law 93-87, Aug 13, 1973 (87 Stat. 264).

341 Added by sec. 122(a), Public Law 93-643, Jan. 4, 1975 (88 Stat. 2289) and retitled by sec. 135(b), Public Law 94-280, May 5, 1976 (90 Stat. 442).

Repelaed by sec. 7(b), Public Law 97-449, Jan. 12, 1983 (96 Stat. 2445).

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Chapter 3.-GENERAL PROVISIONS—Continued

Sec. 310. Civil Defense. 311. Highway improvements strategically important to the national defense. 312. Detail of Army, Navy, and Air Force officers. 313. Repealed. 35 314. Relief of employees in hazardous work. 315. Rules, regulations, and recommendations. 316. Consent by United States to conveyance of property. 317. Appropriation for highway purposes of land or interests in lands, owned by

the United States. 318. Highway relocation due to airport. 319. Landscaping and scenic enhancement. 36 320. Bridges on Federal dams. 321. National Highway Institute. 37 322. Demonstration project-rail crossings. 38 323. Donations. 39 324. Prohibition of discrimination on the basis of sex. 40

[blocks in formation]

Sec. 101. Definitions and declaration of policy.

(a) As used in this title, unless the context requires otherwise

The term “apportionment” in accordance with section 104 of this title includes unexpended apportionments made under prior acts.

The term "construction” means the supervising, inspecting, actual building, and all expenses incidental to the construction or reconstruction of a highway, including locating, surveying, and mapping (including the establishment of temporary and permanent geodetic markers in accordance with specifications of the National Oceanic and Atmospher

35 Repealed by sec. 102(b), Public Law 89-564, Sept. 9, 1966 (80 Stat. 731).
36 Amended by sec. 301, Public Law 89-285, Oct. 22, 1965 (79 Stat. 1028).
37 Added by sec. 115, Public Law 91-605, Dec. 31, 1970 (84 Stat. 1713).
38 Added by sec. 205, Public Law 91-605, Dec. 31, 1970 (84 Stat. 1713).
39 Added by sec. 145(b), Public Law 93-87, Aug. 13, 1973 (87 Stat. 273).
40 Added by sec. 162(b), Public Law 93-87, Aug. 13, 1973 (87 Stat. 280).

41 New sec. added by sec. 230(b) of Public Law 93-87, Aug. 13, 1973 (87 Stat. 253); repealed by sec. 135(d), Public Law 94-280, May 5, 1976 (90 Stat. 442), and analysis amended by sec. 135(c) of Public Law 94–280, May 5, 1976 (90 Stat. 442).

414 Added by sec. 126(a) of Public Law 93-643, Jan. 4, 1975 (88 Stat. 2291). 416 Added by sec. 208(b), Public Law 95-599, Nov. 6, 1978 (92 Stat. 2732). 41€ Added by sec. 101(b), Public Law 97-364, Oct. 25, 1982 (96 Stat. 1740).

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ic Administration in the Department of Commerce), resurfacing, restoration, and rehabilitation, acquisition of rights-of-way, relocation assistance, elimination of hazards of railway grade crossings, acquisition of replacement housing sites, acquisition and rehabilitation, relocation and construction of replacement housing, and improvements which directly facilitate and control traffic flow, such as grade separation of intersections, widening of lanes, channelization of traffic, traffic control systems, and passenger loading and unloading areas. The term also includes capital improvements which directly facilitate an effective vehicle weight enforcement program, such as scales (fixed and portable), scale pits, scale installation, and scale houses and also includes costs incurred by the State in performing Federal-aid project related audits which directly benefit the Federal-aid highway program.

The term "county” includes corresponding units of government under any other name in States which do not have county organizations, and likewise in those States in which the county government does not have jurisdiction over highways it may be construed to mean any local government unit vested with jurisdiction over local highways.

The term “Federal lands highways" means forest highways, public lands highways, park roads, parkways, and Indian reservation roads which are public roads. 42 a

The term “forest or trail” means a road or trail wholly or partly within, or adjacent to, and serving the National Forest system and which is necessary for the protection, administration, and utilization of the National Forest system and the use and development of its resources.

The term “forest development roads and trails” means a forest road or trail under the jurisdiction of the Forest Service. 44

The term “forest highway" means a forest road under the jurisdiction of, and maintained by, a public authority and opened to public

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travel. 45

The term “highway” includes roads, streets, and parkways, and also includes rights-of-way, bridges, railroad-highway crossings, tunnels, drainage structures, signs, guardrails, and protective structures, in connection with highways. It further includes that portion of any interstate or international bridge or tunnel and the approaches thereto, the cost of which is assumed by a State highway department including such facilities as may be required by the United States Customs and Immigration Services in connection with the operation of an international bridge or tunnel

42 Amended by sec. 105(a)(1) of Public Law 93-87, Aug. 13, 1973 (87 Stat. 253); sec. 108(a)(1), Public Law 94-280, May 5, 1976 (90 Stat. 431), sec. 106(a), Public Law 95-599, Nov. 6, 1978 (92 Stat. 2693); and sec. 159, Public Law 97-424, Jan. 6, 1983 (96 Stat. 2135).

42a Added by sec. 126(c)(3), Public Law 97-424, Jan. 3, 1983 (96 Stat. 2115). 43 44 Amended by sec. 8 of Public Law 90–495, Aug. 23, 1968 (82 Stat. 815), and sec. 106(b)(1), (2), Public Law 95-599, Nov. 6, 1978 (92 Stat. 2693).

45 Amended by sec. 141(1) of Public Law 91-605, Dec. 31, 1970 (84 Stat. 1713), and sec. 106(b)(3), Public Law 95-599, Nov. 6, 1978 (92 Stat. 2693).

The term “Federal-aid highways" means highways located on one of the Federal-aid systems described in section 103 of this title.

The term "highway safety improvement project" means a project which corrects or improves high hazard locations, eliminates roadside obstacles, improves highway signing and pavement marking, or installs traffic control or warning devices

or warning devices at high accident potential locations. 45 a

The term “Indian reservation roads” means public roads, including roads on the Federal-aid systems, that are located within or provide access to an Indian reservation or Indian trust land or restricted Indian land which is not subject to fee title alienation without the approval of the Federal Government, or Indian and Alaska Native villages, groups, or communities in which Indians and Alaskan Natives reside, whom the Secretary of the Interior has determined are eligible for services generally available to Indians under Federal laws specifically applicable to Indians. 46

The term "maintenance" means the preservation of the entire highway, including surface, shoulders, roadsides, structures, and such traffic-control devices as are necessary for its safe and efficient utilization.

The term “park road” means a public road that is located within or provides access to an area in the national park system.

The term "parkway" as used in chapter 2 of this title, means a parkway authorized by an Act of Congress on lands to which title is vested in the United States.

The term "project" means an undertaking to construct a particular portion of a highway, or if the context so implies, the particular portion of a highway so constructed.

The term “project agreement” means the formal instrument to be executed by the State highway department and the Secretary as required by the provisions of subsection (a) of section 110 of this title.

The term “public lands development roads and trails" means those roads or trails which the Secretary of the Interior determines are of primary importance for the development, protection, administration, and utilization of public lands and resources under his control. 47

The term “public lands highways" means those main highways through unappropriated or unreserved public lands, nontaxable Indian lands or other Federal reservations, which are on the Federal-aid Sys

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tems. 48

458 Added by sec. 106(b)(4), Public Law 95-599, Nov. 6, 1978 (92 Stat. 2693-2694).

46 Amended by sec. 105(a) of Public Law 93-87, Aug. 13, 1973 (87 Stat. 253); amended by sec. 102(b) of Public Law 93-643, Jan. 4, 1975 (88 Stat. 2281); and sec. 126(c)(2), Public Law 97-424, Jan. 6, 1983 (96 Stat. 2115).

46a Amended by sec. 126(c)(1), Public Law 97-424, Jan. 6, 1983 (96 Stat. 2115). 47 Amended by sec. 6(a) of Public Law 87-866, Oct. 23, 1962 (76 Stat. 1145). 48 Amended by sec. 141(2) of Public Law 91-605, Dec. 31, 1970 (84 Stat. 1713).

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