The Platyrrhine Fossil Record
The Platyrrhine Fossil Record is a compendium of papers presented in a symposium of the 12th Congress of the International Congress of Primatology held in Brazil. One paper reviews evidence from fossil platyrrhines where the author concludes new dating and environmental data where these animals lived. Another paper describes the major changes pertaining to South American mammalian fauna during the Cenozoic Era, which he relates to global and regional geotectonic changes. Other papers review the paleontology and geology of the Miocene Pintura Formation and reassess the morphological transformations traditionally assumed as having been involved in platyrrhine phylogeny. One author also proposes that a prosimian-like ancestor is probably the predecessors of anthropoids; any similarities and primitive mammals can be evolutionary reversals associated with quadrupedal movements. The text also addresses the issue whether anthropoids, including platyrrhines, evolved from a prosimian ancestor or prosimians are just a group with mammalian postcranial skeletal structure. One author also reviews fossil remains found in the Caribbean, citing seven endemic taxa of platyrrhines in Cuba, Hispaniola, and Jamaica. Anthropologists, researchers involved in anatomical sciences, academicians, and administrators whose works are connected with museums of natural history or institutes of primate research will find this collection valuable.
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Chapter 3 New fossil platyrrhines from the Pinturas Formation southern Argentina
Chapter 4 Sedimentary paleoenvironments of fossil platyrrhine localities Miocene Pinturas Formation Santa Cruz Province Argentina
Chapter 5 Models for the origin of the anthropoid postcranium
Chapter 6 Locomotor adaptations of fossil platyrrhines
Chapter 7 The phyletic relationships of extant and fossil Pitheciinae Platyrrhini Anthropoidea
Chapter 8 The fossil record of callitrichine primates
Chapter 9 Platyrrhine evolution in the West Indies
Aegyptopithecus Alouatta ameghinorum ancestral anthropoids Aotus Apidium Argentina Ateles atelines Bown Branisella Cacajao Callicebus Callimico Callithrix callitrichines canine Carlocebus Cebuella Cebupithecia Cebus Cenozoic cingulum clade climatic Colhuehuapian correlation cranial Dagosto Delson dental deposits derived Deseadan dindensis distal Dolichocebus Estancia Ana Maria Estancia El Carmen euprimate eutherian Evol evolution extant platyrrhines extinct fauna Faunistic Cycle femur Figure Fleagle Ford fossil fossil platyrrhines fossil record Hershkovitz Hispaniola Homunculus hypocone incisors indicate Land-Mammal Age Leontopithecus lingual localities locomotor lower MACN-SC mammals mandible mandibular Marshall mature paleosol Miocene Mohanamico molars Monos morphology morphotype mudrocks occlusal Oligocene paleodune Paleont paleosols Pascual Patagonia phyletic Pinturas Formation Pithecia pitheciines platyrrhines Pleistocene Portezuelo Sumich Norte postcranial postcranium premolars primates prosimians pyroclastic relatively Rosenberger Saguinus Saimiri Salla Santa Cruz Province Santacrucian sediments sequence Setoguchi similar Soriacebus South America species specimens Stirton Subcycle suggest Szalay talonid taxa teeth traits trigonid ungulates upper Venta World monkeys Xenothrix