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UTILITARIANISM

BY

JOHN STUART MILL

REPRINTED FROM FRASER'S MAGAZINE'

FOURTH EDITION

LONDON

LONGMANS, GREEN, READER, AND DYER

1871

Phi 2138.50.5

HARVARD COLLEGE

NOV 30 1923

LIBRARY

Walker ofund

LONDON:

ކ

SAVILL, EDWARDS AND CO., PRINTERS, CHANDOS STREET,
COVENT GARDEN.

UTILITARIANISM.

CHAPTER I.

GENERAL REMARKS.

THE HERE are few circumstances among those which make up the present condition of human knowledge, more unlike what might have been expected, or more significant of the backward state in which speculation on the most important subjects still lingers, than the little progress which has been made in the decision of the controversy respecting the criterion of right and wrong. From the dawn of philosophy, the question concerning the summum bonum, or, what is the same thing, concerning the foundation of morality! has been accounted the main problem in speculative thought, has occupied the most gifted intellects, and divided them into sects and schools, carrying on a vigorous warfare against one another. And after more than two thousand years the same discussions continue, philosophers are still ranged under the same contending banners, and neither thinkers nor mankind at large seem nearer to being unanimous on the subject, than when the youth Socrates listened to the old Protagoras, and asserted (if Plato's dialogue be grounded on a real conversation) the theory of utilitarianism against the popular morality of the so-called sophist.

B

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