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a church in the midst of them. I have now baptized, since the conclusion of my last Journal, (or the First Part) thirty persons, fifteen adults and fifteen children. Which added to the number there mentioned, makes seventy-seven persons; where, of thirty-eight are adults, and thirty-nine children; and all within the space of eleven months past.---And it must be noted, that I have baptized no adults, but such as appeared to have a work of special grace wrought in their hearts; I mean such who have had the experience not only of the awakening and humbling, but, in a judgment of charity, of the renewing and comforting influences of the divine Spirit. There are many others under solemn concern for their souls, who (! apprehend, are persons of sufficient kuowledge, and visible seriousness, at present, to render them proper subjects of the ordinance of baptism. Yet, since they give no comfortable evidences of having as yet passed a saving change, but only appear under convictions of their sin and misery, and having no principle of spiritual life wrought in them, they are liable to lose the impressions of religion they are now under. Considering also, the great propensity there is in this people naturally to abuse themselves with strong drink, and fearing lesa some, who at present appear serious and concerned for their souls, might lose their concern, and return to this sin, and so, if baptized, prove a scandal to their profession, I have therefore thought proper hitherto to omit the baptisın of any but such who give some hopeful evidences of a saving change, al, though I do not pretend to determine positively respecting the states of any.
I likewise administered the Lord's supper to a number of persons, who I have abundant reason to think (as I elsewhere observed) were proper subjects, of that ordinance, within the space of ten months and ten days, after my first coming among these Indians in New Jersey. And from the time that I am informed, some of them were attending an idolatrous feast and sacrifice in honour to devils, to the time they sat down at the Lord's table, (I trust) to the honour of God, was not more than a full year.
Surely Christ's little flock here, so suddenly gathered from among Pagans, may justly say, in the language of the ehurch of old, “The Lord hath done great things for us, whereof we are glad.”
Much of the goodness of God has also appeared in relation to their acquirement of knowledge, both in religion and in the affairs of common life. There has been a wonderful thirst after Christian knowledge prevailing among them in general, and an eager desire of being instructed in Christian doctrines and manners. This has prompted them to ask many pertinent as well as important questions; the answers to which have tended much to enlighten their minds, and promote their knowledge in divine things. Many of the doctrines I have delivered, they have queried with me about, in order to gain further light and insight into them; particularly the doctrine of predestination: and have from time to time manifested a good understanding of them, by their answers to the questions proposed to them in my catechetical lectures.
They have likewise queried with me, respecting a proper method as well as proper matter of prayer, and expressions suitable to be used in that religious exercise; and have taken pains in order to the performance of this duty with understand
ing. They have likewise taken pains, and appeared remarka·bly apt in learning to sing Psalm-tunes, and are now able to sing with a good degree of decency in the worship of God.They have also acquired a considerable degree of useful knowledge in the affairs of common life: sa that they now appear like rational creatures, fit for human society, free of that savage roughness and brutish stupidity, which rendered then very disagreeable in their Pagan state.
They seem ambitious of a thorough acquaintance with the English language, and for that end frequently speak it among themselves; and many of them have made good proficiency in their acquirement of it, since my coming among them; so that most of them can understand a considerable part, and some the substance of iny discourses, without an interpreter, fbeing used to my low and vulgar methods of expression), though they could not well understand other ministers.
And as they are desirous of instruction, and surprisingly apt in the reception of it, so divine providence has smiled upon them in regard of proper means in order to it.---The attempts made for the procurement of a school among them have been succeeded, and a kind providence has sent them a schoolmaster of whom I may justly say, I know of “no man like minded, who will naturally care for their state." —He has generally thirty or thirty-five children in his school : and when he kept an evening school (as he did while the length of the evenings would admit of it) he had fifteen or twenty people, married and single.
The children learn with surprising readiness ; so that their master tells me, he never had an English school that learned,
in general, comparably so fast. There were not above two in thirty, although some of them were very small, but what learned to know all the letters in the alphabet distinctly, within three days after his entrance upon his business; and divers in that space of time learned to spell considerably: and some of them, since the beginning of February last * (al which time the school was set up) have learned so much, that they are able to read in a Psalter or Testainent, without spelling.
They are instructed twice a week in the Reverend. Assembly's Shorter Catechism, viz. on Wednesday and Saturday. Some of them, since the latter end of February, (at which time they began), have learned to say it pretty distinctly by heart considerably more than half through; and most of them have made some proficiency in it.
They are likewise instructed in the duty of secret prayer, and most of them constantly attend it night and morning, and are very careful to inform their master if they apprehend any of their little school-mates neglect that religious exercise.
But little Appearance of false Řeligion.
It is worthy to be noted, fourthly, to the praise of sovereign grace, that amidst so great a work of conviction---so inuch concern and religious affection---there has been no preralency, nor indeed any considerable appearance of false religion, if I may so term it, or heats of imagination, intemperate zeal, and spiritual pride; which corrupt mixtures too often attend the revival and powerful propagation of religion; and that there have been so very few instances of irregular and scandalous behaviour among those who have appeared serious. I may justly repeat what I observed in a remark at the conclusion of my last Journal f, viz. That there has here been no appearance of “ bodily agonies, convulsions, frightful screamings, swoonings," and the like: and may now further add, that there has been no prevalency of visions, trances, and imaginations of any kind; although there has been some appearance of something of that nature since the conclusion of
* In less than five months, viz. from Feb. 1, to June 19.
+ That is, the First Part of the Journal. VOL. III.
that Journal. An instance of which I have given an account of in my Journal of December 26.
But this work of grace has, in the main, been carried on with a surprising degree of purity, and freedom from trash and corrupt mixture. The religious concern that persons bave been under, bas generally been rational and just; arising from a sense of their sins, and exposedness to the divine displeasure on the account of them; as well as their utter inability to deliver themselves from the misery they felt and feared. And if there has been, in any instances, an appearance of irrational concern and perturbation of mind, when the subjects of it knew not why, yet there has been no prevalency of any such thing; and indeed I scarce know of any instance of that nature at all.---And it is very reinarkable, that although the concern of many persons under convictions of their perishing state has been very great and pressing, yet I have never seen any thing like desperation attending it in any one instance. They have had the most lively sense of their undoneness in themselves; have been brought to give up all hopes of deliverance from themselves; and their spiritual exercises leading hereto, have been attended with great distress and anguish of soul: and yet in the seasons of the greatest extremity, there has been no appearance of despair in any of them, --nothing that has discouraged, or in any wise hindered them from the most diligent use of all proper means for their conversion and salvation; whence it is apparent, there is not that danger of persons being driven into despair under spiritual trouble, funless in cases of deep and h-ibitual melancholy) that the world in general is ready to imagine.
The comfort that persons have obtained after their distresses, has likewise in general appeared solid, well grounded, and scriptural; arising from a spiritual and supernatural illumination of mind,-a view of divine things, in a measure, as they are,-a complacency of soul in the divine perfections,-and a peculiar satisfaction in the way of salvation by free sovereign grace in the great Redeemer.
Their joys have seemed to rise from a variety of views and considerations of divine things, although for substance the same. Some, who under conviction seemed to have the hardest struggles and beart-risings against divine sovereignty, have seemed, at the first dawn of their comfort, to rejoice in a peculiar manner in that divine perfection,-have been delighted to think that themselves, and all things else, were in the hand of God, and that he would dispose of them "just as he pleased."
Others, who just before their reception of comfort, have been remarkably oppressed with a sense of their undoneness and poverty, who have seen themselves, as it were, falling down into remediless perdition, have been at first more peculiarly delighted with a view of the freeness and riches of divine grace, and the offer of salvation made to perishing sinners “ without money, and without price.”
Some have at first appeared to rejoice especially in the wisdom of God, discovered in the way of salvation by Christ; it then appearing to them “a new and living way,” a way they had never thought, nor had any just conception of, until opened to them by the special influence of the divine Spirit. And some of them, upon a lively spiritual view of this way of salvation, have wondered at their past folly in seeking salvation other ways, and have admired that they never saw this way of salvation before, which now appeared so plain and easy, as well as ercellent to thein.
Others again have had a more general view of the beauty and excellency of Christ, and have had their souls delighted with an apprehension of his divine glory, as unspeakably exceeding all they had ever conceived of before; yet without singling out any one of the divine perfections in particular; so that although their comforts have seemed to arise from a variety of views and considerations of divine glories, still they were spiritual and supernatural views of them, and not groundless fancies, that were the spring of their joys and comforts.
Yet it must be acknowledged, that when this work became 80 universal and prevalent, and gained such general credit and esteem among the Indians, that Satan seemed to have little advantage of working against it in his own proper garb; he then transformed himself “ into an angel of light,” and made some vigorous attempts to introduce turbulent commotions of the passions in the room of genuine convictions of sin, imagi. nary and fanciful notions of Christ, as appearing to the mental eye in a human shape, and being in some particular postures, &c. in the room of spiritual and supernatural discoveries of his divine glory and excellency, as well as divers other delusions. And I have reason to think, that if these things had met with countenance and encouragement, there would have been a very considerable harvest of this kind of converts here.
Spiritual pride also discovered itself in various instances. Some persons who had been under great affections, seemed