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The Chairman of the Publicity Committee, Professor H. G. Doyle, reported by telegram that he believes conditions encouraging, urging a continuance of the committee with authority to enlist aid of members in various sections for the dissemination of items of interest. It was voted to continue the committee with the authority requested.

The nominations of the Standing Committee on Honorary Members, as printed in the December number of HISPANIA for 1926 were accepted; and a continuance of the committee voted.


Professor F. O. Reed introduced the question of foreign travel and study and moved that it be the sense of this meeting that the American Association of Teachers of Spanish respectfully suggest to the University Council of Madrid that recognition of residence study on the part of foreign students be made in the form of some appropriate degree (exclusive of Doctor) after one and two years study respectively and an adequate examination. The motion was seconded and carried.

In accord with the address by President Hendrix, a motion was carried that the president appoint a committee to propose by-laws and amendments to the constitution to give form to certain suggestions made therein.

Referring to the resignation of Professor A. M. Espinosa as editor of HISPANIA, Professor E. C. Hills offered the following resolution:

"INASMUCH as Professor A. M. Espinosa has been the editor of HISPANIA since it was founded nine years ago, and has given of his time and thought unsparingly, and has made HISPANIA one of the leading modern language reviews,

"Therefore, we, the members of the American Association of Teachers of Spanish, take this occasion to express to Professor Espinosa our gratitude for his distinguished services."

The resolution was accepted.


Officers of the Association were elected as follows: President, 1927, Lawrence A. Wilkins, New York City; First Vice-President, 1927-29, Arthur L. Owen, Lawrence, Kansas; Second Vice-President, 1927-28, Benicia Batione, Denver, Colorado; Third Vice-President, 1927, Michael S. Donlan, Boston, Massachusetts.

Members of the Executive Council:

1927-29 Isabel K. Fiñeau, El Paso, Texas; Rudolph Schevill, Berkeley, California.

1927-28 Wilfred A. Beardsley, Baltimore, Maryland; George W. A. Shield, Los Angeles, California.


Cony Sturgis, Oberlin, Ohio; Alice Bushee, Wellesley,


The amendment to the constitution proposed in the December number of HISPANIA was adopted. In consequence, the two sections affected now read as follows:


SECTION 1. The officers of the Association shall be a president, three vicepresidents, a secretary-treasurer, and an Executive Council consisting of these officers and six other members.

SEC. 2. The terms of these officers shall be as follows: for the president, one year; for the three vice-presidents, three years (one to be elected each year for three years, and the outgoing vice-president to be considered as first vicepresident, etc.); for the secretary-treasurer, three years; for the six other members of the Executive Council, three years each (two to be elected each year for three years).

This amendment carried with it the proviso of making certain changes in the ticket offered the Association by the Nominating Com

mittee; Professor Shield's term was extended to two years, and two members of the Executive Council for a term of one year were to be nominated from the floor.

The meeting concluded with a rising vote of thanks to the El Paso Chapter and to the citizens for the very cordial reception and hospitality extended to members of the Association.

A luncheon and sight-seeing trip in Juarez, Mexico, followed. Superintendent Solís of the Juarez schools welcomed the visitors and conducted them on a visit to a school where an exhibit of work was on view.


At a meeting of the Executive Council, the following appointments were made: As editor of HISPANIA, Alfred Coester (192729); as associate editors, Mrs. Phoebe M. Bogan, C. M. Montgomery, and A. L. Owen (1927-29), E. H. Hespelt (1927-28); as consulting editors, A. M. Espinosa and John D. FitzGerald (1927–29).

Professor FitzGerald was continued as the representative of the American Association of Teachers of Spanish with the Federation of Modern Language Associations.

The invitation of the New York Chapter to act as hosts to the eleventh annual meeting in December, 1927, was accepted.

Professor Coester, having been chosen Editor of HISPANIA, tendered his resignation as secretary-treasurer, which was accepted. To fill his unexpired term was elected Mr. William M. Barlow, Curtis High School, New York City..

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With this tenth annual meeting the American Association of Teachers of Spanish completes its ninth year. The organization was founded in December, 1917, in New York City. While the files of HISPANIA contain the printed record of the Association it is to be hoped that the various reasons which led to its formation will be written by someone who was intimately connected with the beginnings of the Association, and who knows more of its history than as yet appears in the numbers of HISPANIA.

While awaiting an authoritative history of the organization, from the beginning to the present, it may not be amiss to summarize the present situation in this country as concerns foreign modern language associations with a view of improving, if possible, the service which our Association renders.

There appears to be uncertainty on the part of some as to just what rôle the American Association of Teachers of Spanish plays in the modern language field. Some frankly admit they see no reason for its existence. Do we have a reason for being? Is there a definite and important place for the Association among the teachers of Spanish of this country? In answering these questions let us look for a moment at the service rendered teachers of Spanish by the other organizations in the field.

The membership of the Modern Language Association, the oldest and largest of the modern language organizations, is composed very largely of college and university teachers. The matter printed in its organ, The Publications of the Modern Language Association, deals for the most part with the literature of the modern languages, including English. Very little, if any, appeal is made by this organization to the high-school teachers. The annual meetings of the Modern Language Association are held, usually, east of the Mississippi and north of the Ohio. The National Federation of Modern Language Teachers does make a distinct appeal to the high-school teacher, and its organ, The Modern Language Journal, prints articles dealing with pedagogy and items of general interest to language teachers rather than literature. The annual meetings are held, I believe, in Chicago late in the spring.

Up to the present the Federation has not attracted large numbers of the membership of our Association into its fold. The holding of its annual meeting in one place may be a contributory factor in this con

nection; its appeal to all the modern foreign languages may be another. At any rate the fact remains that the Federation has by no means taken the place of our Association in the minds of the teachers of Spanish in this country.

The membership of the American Association of Teachers of Spanish is composed very largely of high-school teachers who are not members of the other two organizations. The Modern Language Association makes no appeal to them, and as yet the national Federation has not attracted them to its membership. Our publication, HISPANIA, furnishes hundreds of teachers with all their information about other teachers, new texts, new books, improvements in teaching, etc. Without HISPANIA our local chapters and our annual meetings, which are held in various parts of the country and are thereby available to larger numbers, they would have none of the helps which such an organization gives. They are not and would not become members of the other organizations. There may be a little tendency toward duplication of matter printed in The Modern Language Journal and HISPANIA, but it is very slight and unimportant, there is, however, no duplication of the service of our local chapters and our national organization in the work done by the National Federation. It would seem that the service rendered hundreds of high-school teachers is ample justification for our existence as an organization.

But may not this service be improved? We have in our system of local chapters a resource which has scarcely been touched. Before they can be of the greatest help to themselves and to the national organization they will have to be better organized. At the present time they are treated almost like orphans. Few, if any, of our members know how many chapters there are, where they are located, how many members they have, and other interesting data one could mention. These facts should be gathered and published periodically. May I suggest that the organization select someone whose duty will be to look after this work? Some such title as adviser of local chapters might be given this person. He should be a member of the Executive Council and should hold office over a period of several years, as it will take some time to become familiar with conditions in the present local chapters and secure information about the advisability of creating new ones. There is too much work connected with this proposed position for either the secretary or the editor to undertake it and the president does not hold office long enough to become informed of conditions and to formulate and carry out policies.

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