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illustrative of the development of Trusts and of the con

trol of Trusts. Taft, W. H. “The Anti-Trust Act and the Supreme Court"

(1914). TARBELL, IDA M. “The History of the Standard Oil

Company” (1904).
THORNTON, W. W. "A Treatise on the Sherman Anti-
Trust Act” (1913).

Covers history and interpretation of the Sherman Act.
Has table of nearly 1,200 case citations in State and Fed-

eral Courts.
VAN HISE, C. R. “Concentration and Control” (1912).
WYMAN, B. “The Control of the Market” (1911).

UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT PUBLICATIONS: “Federal Anti-Trust Decisions" (4 vols.) (1912).

Contains Circuit, District, and Supreme Court decisions in Federal Anti-Trust cases from 1890 to 1912. In some cases gives excerpts from briefs for the government or

the corporations. “The Federal Anti-Trust Laws with Amendments” (1916).

Contains full text of all Federal Anti-Trust Laws, together with a list of all cases instituted thereunder by the United States and citations of these cases. Last

edition, July 1, 1916. "Laws on Trusts and Monopolies Domestic and Foreign” (1914).

Compiled by Nathan B. Williams for the use of the Committee on the Judiciary, House of Representatives. Contains text of all Federal and of all State Anti-Trust laws, with selected case citations thereunder and texts of Anti-Trust laws of the following nations: Australia, Canada, Cape of Good Hope, Great Britain (with abstract and citation of selected British cases from 1415 to 1894), Japan and New Zealand.

“Trust Laws and Unfair Competition" (1915).

Compiled by the Bureau of Corporations of the Department of Commerce and gives in full laws regarding Trusts and unfair competition in force in the U. S., in various states, and in foreign countries. A complete source book.

REPORTS OF THE ATTORNEY-GENERAL OF THE UNITED STATES

AND GOVERNMENT BRIEFS OF LEADING TRUST CASES

“Reports of the Bureau of Corporations—1904 to present.”

Especially the special reports of investigations of particular industries—the Beef Industry (1905), the Petroleum Industry (1906, 1907), the Tobacco Industry (1909, 1911, and 1915), the Steel Industry (1911, 1912, and 1913), the Lumber Industry (1913 and 1914) and the

International Harvester Company (1913). “Reports of the Federal Trade Commission”—1915 to present.

This Commission has already published several special reports: Coöperation on American Trade (2 vols.), Trade and Tariffs in South America, Pipe Line Transportation of Petroleum, the Fertilizer Industry, Gasoline Prices, the Beet Sugar Industry, and Mexican Sisal Hemp. It is now making general investigations of the Petroleum Industry, the Anthracite Coal Industry, the

Bituminous Coal Industry, and the Paper Industry. “Reports of the Industrial Commission”—1900-1902.

Vols. I, II, XIII, XVIII, and XIX deal with Trusts. For current facts about industrial combinations consult the

Annual Volumes of either Moody's or Poor's Manuals

on Industrials. For an exhaustive bibliography on Trusts up to 1907, consult

the U. S. Library of Congress—A list of books relating to trusts (with references to periodicals) by A. P. C. Griffin-3d edition, 1907.

pany, 143

INDEX
Accounting,

Bradford Dyers' Association, 222, 231
Comparative, 48, 101; Bradford Dyers' British-American Tobacco Company,
Association, 222

Foreign markets, 55, 77
Adamson Act, 197

Buroau of Corporations, 262, 263, 268,
Addyston Pipe Company,

415-17
Price fixing, 105; Federal Court case, 290-92 “Bureau of Corporations, Reports of the,"
Advertising,

reviewed, 492
Combinations curtail cost of, 27; Magazine Bureau of Labor, 259
and newspaper, 36

“Business Organization and Combina-
American Federation of Labor,

tion," by Lewis H. Haney, 490
Power of, 15, 188-89

By-Products,
Amorican Spirits Manufacturing Com- Profit from, 49, 150; Oil refineries, 150, 152
American Steel and Wiro Company, Canada,
Salesmen dispensed_with, 33; Controls Combines Investigation Act, 469-78

barb wire, 61, 75; Formation of, 162-63; Capital,
Prices and margin, 163-75; Shutdown, Capitalistic monopoly, 5, 10; Proposed
165; Corporation takes over, 166; N. Y. Business Companies' Act, 9;
Monopoly in barb wire, 167

National wealth, 12, 13; Centralization
Amorican Steel Hoop Company,

and control of, 13, 15-21; Manufactures
Wastes avoided, 44; Management, 117

in U. S., 16-20; and cost of production,
American Sugar Refining Company,

21-22; In competition, 28-30; Monopol-
Early study of, 4; Large stocks an advan- istic power of, 63-78; Price control,
tage, 39; Combination profitable,

42-43; 68-73; Secures special favors, 74-75;
Competitors' prices, 66, 67, 70, 73; Trade extension through, 76-78; Promote
Havemeyer's ambition, 75; Prices, 127, ing an organization, 79 et seq.; And labor
128, 131, 134; Corrupt politics, 199-200; unions, 188, 189-90; Manufacturing
History outlined, 343-47

plants, growth of, 242
Amorican Tin Plato Company,

Capitalistic Monopoly,
Plan of organization, 87-89, 111, 160; Early use of term, 5, 10; Advantages and

Management, 117; Prices, 15759; Labor limitations, 61-78
costs, 158

Capitalization,
American Tobacco Company,

Basis of, 95-103; Issuance of stock, 95;
Prices unaffected by dissolution, 38; Massachusetts law, 95-96; Puerto Rico,

Markets secured by successor, 77; 95; Earning capacity determines value,
Federal Court decisions, 296, 300; 96, 97; Conditions affect profits, 96-98;
History outlined, 347-63

Bryan on, 96; Monopolistic franchises,
Anti-Monopoly Organization, 243

97-98; Advantage of large, 98-99;
Anti-Trust Laws, State,

Speculation, 99; Stock watering, 99;
Texas. 384-95; New Jersey, 396-407

Reproduction values, 100; Illegal divi-
See also State Anti-Trust Legislation

dends, 100-01; Remedying evils, 101-02;
“ Anti-Trust Act and the Suprome In Europe, 225-26
Court, Tho" by W. H. Taft, 491

Carnegie Company,
Australia,

Organization, 166, 168
Industrial legislation, 460-65; Australian Charts, Price,
Industries Preservation Act, 460-65

Sugar, 125, 137; Whiskey, 141; Petroleum,
Austria,

149; Tin plate, 157; Iron and steel, 160,
Coal and iron syndicates, 221; Sugar re-

174
fineries and prices, 221; Corporations, Clayton Act,
222; Capitalization, 226; Protective tariff Labor clause, 259; Passage of, 263, 265;
229; Iron prices, 230; Hostility toward Provisions, 271-75, 435-55
combinations, 232, 236-38; Recommen- Coal,
dations of Department of Trade and Regulations for, 105, 106; Selling bureau,
Industry, 236-37

221; German syndicate, 230, 232, 235;

Federal Commission reports, 492
Banking Syndicate,

Combination,
Monopolistic control, 55

Review of industrial, 3-11; Phases of, 12-13;
Barb Wire, See Iron and Steel

Cheapens cost of production, 21-22;
Bibliography, 492

Economics of, 23-30, 50; Sugar Trust,
Birmingham Alliances,

28, 42: Prevents waste, 31 et seq.;
Avoiding strikes, 195-96

Eliminating salesmen, 33-36; Freight
Bonds,

expenses, 41; Whiskey Trust, 41-42, 108;
Definition, 79; Replaced by stocks, 84-86; Leather, 45; Patents and monopoly, 45;
Bonded railway 83; Underwriting, 90 System of accounting, 48; Raw material,

Distillorios,
Competitive waste, 35-36, 39, 41-42;

Pools, 104-05, 107, 141-42; Profits and
prices, 141-49; Distilling and Cattle
Feeding Co., 141, 143, 147, American
Spirits Mfg. Co.143; Distillers' Se
curities Corporation, 143, 145, 147; Dis-

tilling Company of America, 143-44
Distillors' Securities Corporation,

Business conditions, 145; Reports of, 147
Distilling and Cattle Feeding Company,
Prices of material, 141; In receiver's hands,

143
Distilling Company of America,
Methods of securing trade, 39; Manage

ment, 91, 117, 143, 144
Duluth and Iron Range Railroad Com-

pany,
Stöck to Federal Steel Co., 115

Combination Continued

control of, 49-50; Favors to industrial,
51-60; International, with Germany,
53-54; And monopoly, 61-78; Price con-
trol, 63-74; Prices and economies,
122-80; Savings, and wages, 181-197;
Political and social effects of, 198-216;
European industries, 217-40; Beginning
of, in manufactures, 242; International

Harvester Co., 374
See also Concentration

See also Monopoly
Combinos Investigation Act, 469-78
Competition,
Retail trade, 23-26; Dealers' associations,

24-25; Price cutting, 25, 26, 27; Testing
goods, 26-27; Early combinations, 27;
Fixed capital, 28-30; Sugar Trust, 28, 42;
Wastes of, 31-50; Monopoly prices, 31-32;
Travelling Salesmen, 33-35; Competitive
advertising. 36-38; Losses through cred-
its, 38; Large stocks advantageous, 39;
Cross freights, 40-41; Restricting output,
41-43; Diversity of manufacture, 44-45;
Patents, 45; Skilful organization, 45-50;
Monopolistic control, 61-78; And prices,
122-80; Sugar refineries, 129-37;
Spreckels, 134; Arbuckle-Doscher, 134;
Distillers, 141-46; Oil refineries, 150-55;
Tin plate, 160; Wire nail pool, 162; Pro-
tection against monopoly, 178, 180;
Power developed by, 202; Weak com-
petitors, 202-04; Ruinous, 205; Nepo
tism, 206-07; International Harvester

Co., 375
See also Monopoly
Concentration,
Industrial inventions bring about, 12, 13-

21; How evidenced, 12-13; Census data
on manufactures, 15-21; Centralized
capital, 12, 13, 16-21; Populations, 12-13;

American Federation of Labor, 15
“Concentration and Control," by C. R.

Van Hise, 491
“Control of the Market, The," by B.

Wyman, 491
“Corporate Promotion and Reorganiza-

tion," by A. S. Dewing, 490
Corporation Laws,
Massachusetts, 95-96; Improvements

needed, 121; European, 233-39, 459;
Anti-trust legislation, 241-48; Statute
of Texas, 247, New Jersey corporation
acts, 249-52; Texas, 384-95; New Jersey

statutes, 396-407; Treatise on, 490
Corporations,
Influence of, 160; U. S. Steel, 166-76;

Unfavorable to trade unions, 184, 363;
Bureau of, 262, 415; Dill on, 313; Oil,

335-37
See also Combinations

See also Trusts
Credits,

Combination prevents losses, 38

England
Form of combination, and causes, 217-18;
Bradford Dyers' Association, 222, 231,
Brass bedstead combination, 223-25;
231; Stock corporation law, 233; Indus-
trial legislation in Great Britain, 459-60;

British industry, publication on, 490
European Industrial Combinations,
Extent of control, 217, 240; Single corpora

tions of England, 217; Prevent ruinous
competition, 218; Influences restrain
growth of, 219-20; Limiting output, 220;

orm of, 221; Coal and iron syndicates
221; Sugar combinations, 221; Bradford
Dyers' Association, 222;

231, Compara-
tive accounting. 222; Calico Printers
Association, Ltd., 222; Corporations,
222; Brass bedstead combination, 223-25;
Capitalization, 225-26; Prices and mar-
gin, 226-30, 232; Tarifi, 227-30; Opposi-
tion to labor unions, 230; Public attitude
toward, 231-32; German coal syndicate,
232-33, 235; Socialist movement, 233,
240; Legislation, 233-38; Potash Syndi-
cate, 235; German control of petroleum,
235; Austrian opposition, 236-38; De-
partment of Trade and Industry,
recommendations, 236-38; War's influ-

ence, 238-40; Kartells, 239
See also Foreign Legislation
European War,
Sugar market at outbreak of, 135-37;

Price variations in com, 147-48, Petro
leum prices, 155; Steel prices maintained,

168-69; Export problems, 229
Expediting Act, 413-15
Federal Anti-Trust Law, 408-11
“Federal Anti-Trust Decisions," reviewed,

491
“Federal Anti-Trust Laws with Amend.

ments," reviewed, 491
Federal Court Cases,
Northern Securities Co. decision, 113;

Suits filed since 1890, 280; Labor cases,
280-81; Shipping, 281; Anti-trust, 281-82;
Infrequent prosecutions, 282-83; Knight
case reviewed, 283-86; Trans-Missouri
Freight Association case, 286-89; Joint
Traffic Association Case, 289-90; Addys-
ton Pipe case, 290-92; Northern Securities
Company, 292-96; Oil and Tobacco
cases, 296; Standard Oil Company, 297.
300; Tobacco case decision, 300; Suits

Decisions,

Government publication on, 491

See also Federal Court Cases
Demolins, M.,

“Anglo-Saxon Superiority," 202
Department of Commerce and Labor,

Established in 1903, 262
Department of Trade and Industry,

Regulates combinations, 236-37

Havemeyer, Henry 0.-Continued

tariffs, 51; And sugar refining, 75, 127;

Congressional testimony by, 199
“History of the Standard Oil Company,

The," by Ida M. Tarbell, 491
History,
Standard Oil Co., 334-43; American Sugar

Refining Co., 343-47; American Tobacco
Co., 317-63; U. S. Steel Corporation,
363-71; International Harvester Co.

371-83; Tarbell on Standard Oil Co., 491
Holding Companies,
Trust form of, 109, 112; Northern Securi-

ties case, 113; Standard Oil Co., 338
Howe, William Wirt,

Trust problems, methods for solving, 305-06

Federal Court Cases-Continued

pending, 301; United Shoe Machinery
Company case, 301; Government reports

on, 491-92
Federal Steel Company,
A combination, 115; Stock purchased by,

115; Management, 116; Mines and ore,

116-17; Integrating plan, 117
Federal Trade Commission,
Absorbs Bureau of Corporations, 262; Act

passed, 263, 265; Summary of provisions,
266-70, 273; Object of, 279; Act to create,

422-35; Manuals and reports, 490, 492
"Federal Trade Commission, Manual of

the," by R. S. Harvey and E. W. Brad-

ford, 490
"Federal Trade Commission, Reports of

the," reviewed, 492
Federal Trust Legislation,
Sherman Anti-Trust Act, 254-58, 259-60;

Excerpts from Sherman address, 256-58;
Clayton Act, 258-59, 263, 265, 267, 271.
75; Wilson Tariff Act, 260; Harlan
recommendation, 261; Industrial Com-
mission, 261; Knox recommendation,
261; Department of Commerce and
Labor, 262; Bureau of Corporations,
262, 263, 268; Federal Trade Commission,
262, 263, 265, 266-70, 273, 279, 422-35;
Panama Canal Act, 263, 419-22; Plat-
forms, 264-65, 273; Economic survey of,
275-79; 'Fields of development, 276-78;
Federal Anti-Trust Law, 408-11; Wilson
Tariff Act, 411-13; Expediting Act, 413-
15; Bureau of Corporations, 415-16;
Immunity provisions, 417-18; Judicial
Code, 419; Federal Trade Commission
Act, 422-35; Clayton Act, 435-55; Sun-

dry Civil Act, 455-56; Webb Bill, 456-58
Financiers,
Identified with promoters, 89, 91, 92;

Evils of promotion, 92, 93-94
Foreign Legislation,
Great Britain, 459-60; Australia, 460-65;

New Zealand, 465-69; Canada, 469-78;
Russia, 478-79; Germany, 479-89; Com-

pilation of laws, by N. B. Williams, 491
See also European Industrial Combinations
France,
Coal and iron syndicates, 221, 230: Capital-

ization, 226; French Penal Code, and

combinations, 234
Freight Rates,
Saving in cross, 40; Standard Oil Co. and

discrimination, 40, 41, 43, 55, 58, 74;
Rebates, 55-56; Shippers render service,

57; Combinations, 68, 74
Germany,
Industrial combinations, 217; Coal and

iron syndicates, 221, 230, 235; Sugar
refineries, 221; Corporations, 222; Capi-
talization, 226; Index numbers, 226;
Iron combinations, 230; Coal prices,
232-33; Court decisions, 234-35; Potash
Syndicate, 235; Bill to control petroleum,
235; Favors combinations, 238, 240;
Kartells, 239-40; Law against unfair

competition, 480-89
Government Publications,

Reviews of, 491-92

Illinois Steel Company,
Stock sold to Federal Steel Co., 115; Ore

supplied for manufacture, 116
Immunity,
Provision of 1903, 417; Act defining right

of, 418
Index Numbers,
Prices shown by, 125, 137-38; Steel prices,

174-76; Accuracy of, 179; Prices in

Europe, 226
“Industrial Combinations and Trusta,"

by W. A. Stevens, 490
Industrial Commission,

Recommendations in final report of, 307-12
"Industrial Commission, Reports of the,'

492
“Industrial Competition and Combina-

tion," Publication on, 490
Industries,
Report of U.S. Industrial Commission, 7, 8;
Evolution of business, 12 et seq.; In-
ventions, 13, 14, 21; Census data, 15-20;
Leading lines of, 16-17; Manufacturing
plants of U. S., 16-21; Averages of re-
turns from, 17-18; Golden age of small,
18; Large scale production, 18-20;
Sugar refineries and competition, 28-30;
Combinations prevent waste. 31-50;
Skilful management, 46-49; Combina-
tions favored, 51-60; Protective tariff,
51-54; International combination, 53-54;
Freight discriminations, 55-60; Rebates,
55-56; Special rates by railways, 56-60;
Effects of combinations upon prices,
122-80; Sugar, 122-40; Whiskey, 141-49;
Petroleum, 149-57; Tin plate, 157-60;
Iron and steel, 160-77; Foreign legisla-

tion on combinations, 459-89
See also Manufactures
Industries Preservation Act, 460-65
International Harvester Company,
Investigation of, 4, 7; Prevents waste, 49;

Assists competitors, 72; Foreign markets,
77; Federal Court case, 371-72, 383;
Outline history of, 372-83; Firms ac-
quired, 374; Extension, 374; Competitive
methods, 375-76, 381-83; Resources, 376;
Growth, 377; Capitalization, 378-80;

Profits, 380-81
Interstate Commerce Commission, 259,

262, 272
Interstate Commerce Law, 242
Inventors,
Business evolution, 13-14; Cheapen cost of

production, 21; Prevent waste, 49
Iron and Steel,

Prices, 160-77; Charts, 160,174; Nails and

Havemeyer, Henry 0.,

Notes waste of competition, 42; On high

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