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14. Catholics believe, that the blessed saints in Prayer to heaven, replenished with charity, pray for us saints lawtheir fellow-members here on earth; that they rejoice at our conversion; that seeing God, they see and know in him all things suitable to their happy state but God may be inclinable to hear their requests made in our behalf, and for their sakes may grant us many favours; therefore we believe that it is good and profitable to desire their intercession. Can this manner of invocation be more injurious to Christ our mediator, than it is for one christian to beg the prayers of another here on earth? However, catholics are not taught Yet so as so to rely on the prayers of others, as to neglect not to negtheir own duty to God; in imploring his divine duties. mercy and goodness; in mortifying the deeds of the flesh; in despising the world; in loving and serving God and their neighbour; in following the footsteps of Christ our Lord, who is the way, the truth, and the life'; to whom be honour and glory for ever and ever. Amen.


lect our

b Rev. v. 8. c Luke, xv. 7.
e Exod. xxxii. 13.—2 Chron. vi. 42.
Jam. ii. 17, &c.
h Rom. xiii. 14.
k. Gal. v. 6.


1 Cor. xiii. 12.

f Rom. xv. 30.
Rom. xii. 2.

1 John, xiv. 6.

14. That God may be inclined-and that this manner of invocation is no more injurious—the prayers of another in this world. Notwithstanding which, catholics are not taught-in mortifying the flesh and its deeds. Dr. C.

NOTE II; referred to in page 192.

The Symbol of Pius the Fourth.

A SUCCINCT and explicit summary of the doctrine contained in the canons of the council of Trent, is expressed in the creed which was published by Pius the fourth in 1564, in the form of a bull, and usually bears his name. It is received throughout the whole romancatholic church: every roman-catholic who is admitted' into the catholic church, publicly reads and professes his assent to it.

The tenor of it is as follows: "I, N. believe and pro❝fess, with a firm faith, all and every one of the things "which are contained in the symbol of faith, which is "used in the holy roman church, viz.

"I believe in one God, the Father Almighty, maker "of heaven and earth, and of all things visible and "invisible; and in one Lord Jesus Christ, the only "begotten Son of God, light of light, true God of true "God, begotten, not made, consubstantial to the Father, "by whom all things were made; who, for us men, and "for our salvation, came down from heaven, and was "incarnate by the Holy Ghost, of the Virgin Mary, and "was made man; was crucified also for us under "Pontius Pilate, suffered, and was buried, and rose "again the third day, according to the scriptures, and "ascended into heaven, sits at the right hand of the "Father, and will come again with glory to judge the "living and the dead, of whose kingdom there will be no "end: and in the Holy Ghost, the Lord and Life-giver, "who proceeds from the Father and the Son; who, "together with the Father and the Son is adored and

"glorified; who spoke by the prophets. And one holy "catholic and apostolic church. I confess one bap"tism for the remission of sins, and I expect the resur"rection of the body, and the life of the world to "come. Amen.

"I most firmly admit and embrace apostolical and "ecclesiastical traditions, and all other constitutions " and observances of the same church.

"I also admit the sacred scriptures according to the "sense which the holy mother church has held, and "does hold, to whom it belongs to judge of the true "sense and interpretation of the holy scriptures; nor "will I ever take and interpret them otherwise than "according to the unanimous consent of the fathers.

"I profess also, that there are truly and properly "seven sacraments of the new law, instituted by Jesus "Christ our Lord, and for the salvation of mankind, "though all are not necessary for every one; viz. bap"tism, confirmation, eucharist, penance, extreme unc ❝tion, order, and matrimony; and that they confer grace; and of these, baptism, confirmation, and order, "cannot be reiterated without sacrilege.

"I also receive and admit the ceremonies of the "catholic church, received and approved in the solemn "administration of all the above said sacraments.

"I receive and embrace all and every one of the things which have been defined and declared in the "holy council of Trent, concerning original sin and "justification.

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"I profess, likewise, that in the mass is offered to God


a true, proper, and propitiatory sacrifice for the living " and the dead; and that in the most holy sacrament of "the eucharist, there is truly, really, and substantially "the body and blood, together with the soul and divinity "of our Lord Jesus Christ; and that there is made a "conversion of the whole substance of the bread into

"the body, and of the whole substance of the wine into "the blood; which conversion the catholic church calls "transubstantiation.

"I confess also, that under either kind alone, whole "and entire, Christ and a true sacrament is received.

"I constantly hold that there is a purgatory, and that "the souls detained therein, are helped by the suffrages "of the faithful.

"Likewise, that the saints reigning together with "Christ, are to be honoured and invocated, that they "offer prayers to God for us, and that their relics are "to be venerated.

"I most firmly assent, that the images of Christ, and "of the Mother of God ever virgin, and also of the "other saints, are to be had and retained; and that due "honour and veneration are to be given to them.

"I also affirm, that the power of indulgences was " left by Christ in the church; and that the use of them "is most wholesome to christian people.

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"I acknowledge the holy catholic and apostolic "roman church, the mother and mistress of all churches; "and I promise and swear true obedience to the "roman bishop, the successor of St. Peter, prince of "the apostles, and vicar of Jesus Christ.

"I also profess and undoubtingly receive all other "things delivered, defined, and declared by the sacred canons and general councils, and particularly by the "holy council of Trent; and likewise I also condemn, "reject, and anathematize all things contrary thereto, " and all heresies whatsoever, condemned and anathe"matized by the church.

"This true catholic faith, out of which none can be "saved, which I now freely profess, and truly hold, "I, N. promise, vow, and swear most constantly to "hold and profess the same whole and entire, with God's "assistance, to the end of my life. Amen."

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SINCE the preceding sheets were printed, the writer of them has seen the "Travels of Cosmo the third, "grand duke of Tuscany, through England, during the "reign of king Charles the second, (1669) translated "from the Italian manuscript in the Laurentian library at "Florence, 4to. London, 1821."-A manuscript relation of the travels of the grand duke through different parts of Europe, is contained in two large volumes deposited in the Laurentian library. That part of them, which relates to his travels in England, is contained in the present publication. A memoir of his life is prefixed, and the work is illustrated by a portrait of his highness, and by thirty-nine plates of different places in which he was received. La Lande, (Voyage en Italie, tom. ii. p. 286) mentions the original, and says, "Je ne vois aucun. exemple, si çe n'est celui du czar Pierre le grand) d'un prince, qui a voyagé avec tant de curiosité, de "gout, et d'utilité." We shall here insert the account given in this work, of the condition of the English catholics, at the time of the visit of his highness to this country. It accords with the citations in this volume from father Leander and signor Panzani :

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"The catholic religion still exists in England, though "without the power of showing itself openly. The semi-public exercise of it is tolerated in the queen's "chapel at St. James's, and in that of the queen mother "at Somerset-house, and in the oratories of the catho"lic princes. To these places there is free access,


except when, at the instigation of parliament, the "decrees of queen Elizabeth against catholics are re"newed. On those occasions people go to them with "greater caution, that they may not render themselves "liable to the severity of the above laws, and secretly "avail themselves in their own houses of the services



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