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for the present to say that it had been found in five stations altogether—two on the Co. Antrim shores of the lake, one in Derry, and two in Tyrone. In three of these stations the plant appears to be now extinct; in a fourth it is rapidly becoming so; and in the fifth it occurs extremely sparingly. It was therefore with feelings of much satisfaction that I found it growing in the greatest profusion in a damp meadow on the margin of Lough Neagh, in the extreme north-east corner of Co. Armagh. It abounded here over an area of perhaps a couple of acres, among Phragmites, Lythrum Salicaria, and Lysimachia vulgaris, growing from two to three feet high ; in a space of a few square yards I gathered two hundred stems; the greater portion of these specimens have since been distributed through the two Exchange Clubs.

Among the other more interesting additions to the flora of Armagh, and of district 10 of Cybele Hibernica, are Elatine hexandra, which grows with Isoetes lacustris in the lake where Carex rhynchophysa is found; Rubus Borreri, a great extension of its hitherto restricted range in the South of England; Crepis biennis, a colonist at Armagh, where it was first observed by Mr. A. G. More some years ago; Linaria repens, sparingly in S. Armagh, six miles N.W. of Killowen, in Co. Down, its only other station in Ulster; Statice bahusiensis, abundant in estuary of Newry River; Potamogeton angustifolius (Zizii) and P. filiformis, in Lough Neagh—the latter was in Ireland previously known only in lakes on the west coast; Scirpus Savii, estuary of Newry River; Festuca sylvatica, woods at Tanderagee; and Chara polyacantha, lake and pools at Loughgall, near Armagh. Other additions to the flora, which, though not uncommon plants in England, are very rare or local in Ireland, are Ranunculus circinatus, Fumaria densiflora, Diplotaxis muralis, Silene noctiflora, Lepigonum rubrum, Galium Mollugo, Cherophyllum temulum, and Typha angustifolia. I had the satisfaction of re-finding several rare plants already recorded from the county; of these, the best were Barbarea arcuata and B. intermedia, recorded from near Armagh by Mr. More nearly forty years ago, which still flourish in their old stations; and Lathyrus palustris, found some years ago by Rev. H. W. ett on islets at the mouth of the Closet River, in Lough Neagh, where I saw it in abundance, as well as on the banks of the same stream.


It was in 1865 or 1866 that I made the acquaintance of Robert Holland. I was then studying medicine at High Wycombe, and devoting my leisure to British botany. Being anxious to see as many British plants as possible in a living state, I asked a correspondent, Mr. Leo H. Grindon, if he could send me Geum rivale, which did not grow in our neighbourhood. He referred me to Mr. Robert Holland, of Mobberley, who promptly sent me

JOURNAL OF BOTANY.-Vol. 31. [Aug. 1893.]


specimens, with a friendly letter which was the foundation of our subsequent friendship.

Robert Holland, although born at Peckham (on the 2nd of Angust, 1829), belonged to a well-known Cheshire family—that, indeed, of which Lord Knutsford is a member. His ancestor, William Holland, bought the Dam Head estate in 1650, and from that time until quite recently it has been in the possession of the family: it was there that I first visited him in the autumn of 1868. He had studied agriculture at Cirencester, under Prof. Buckman, and, at his father's death, had settled down to farming. Natural history, and especially botany, was the subject in which he took most interest; but he was a useful man in the village in many ways, and a true friend to its inhabitants. Mr. Leo Grindon and Mr. Joseph Sidebotham were his chief botanical companions, and his help is acknowledged by the former in the Manchester Flora, published in 1859. His knowledge of British plants was Benthamian rather than Babingtonian, but for many years he paid considerable attention to teratology, with which subject his few communications to this Journal (1871, 244; 1872, 267; 1882, 282; 1884, 348) were connected.

One result of my visit to Mobberley in 1868 was the most important work with which Mr. Holland's name is associated—the Dictionary of English Plant-names. At that time both of us were frequent contributors to Science-Gossip, in wbich periodical one of us had published an article on plant-names, and this was followed by many lists. We thought it would be well to bring these together, and the first announcement of this will be found in this Journal for 1869, p. 32. Our collection grew beyond our expectations, and the work was accepted by the English Dialect Society; but it was not until 1878 that the first part made its appearance, while the third and concluding portion was not published until 1886. It is unnecessary to refer to the amount of labour which a coinpilation of this kind involves, and Mr. Holland took his full share of it. We have since been engaged upon a Supplement to the work, towards which Mr. Holland bad made an important contribution; and it is to be feared that his death will delay its completion.

Mr. Holland had a remarkable knowledge of Cheshire customs, dialect, and folk-lore. He contributed valuable notes to a volume of Old Country Words which I compiled for the English Dialect Society in 1880; and in 1885 the same Society published his Glossary of Words used in the County of Chester, a great advance on the previous county glossaries, and full of curious information on the customs, popular rhymes and proverbs, legends, and folk-lore of Cheshire. His literary style was remarkable for its simplicity : no one knew better the value of straightforward every-day English as a means of conveying ideas. He frequently lectured in Manchester and elsewhere on popular and scientific subjects connected with natural history, and always succeeded in interesting his audience. He was extremely fond of his garden, and had a good practical knowledge of agricultural matters, on which account he was appointed consulting botanist and examiner of seeds to the Cheshire Agricultural Society.

In 1875 the prevailing agricultural depression and the expense attendant on bringing up a numerous family compelled Mr. Holland to leave Mobberley. He became agent to Sir Richard Brooke at Norton Priory, near Halton,-one of the places, naturally beautiful, which have been ruined and devastated by the noxious vapours given off by the chemical works of Widnes, that most desolate and hopeless of all manufacturing towns. In 1882 he went to Frodsham, where he remained until his death. He had for some time been suffering from heart disease, and his altered physique had been matter of regret to his personal friends; but there seemed no reason to expect any serious result. But the end came very suddenly. On the 16th of July, Mr. Holland was talking to a signalman on the railway near Acton Grange, when he fell to the ground, and on being raised, life was found to be extinct. Many besides the writer of this notice have lost in Robert Holland a genial companion and a true friend.


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We trust that it may be very many years before it will become necessary to give in this Journal any estimate of the life-work of Mr. J. G. Baker, and that the record of such work may be far more lengthy than it is at present before it arrives at its close. But we think that many of our readers who have not the happiness of knowing Mr. Baker personally, will be glad to have a sketch of the portrait by Mr. Joseph W. Forster, exhibited in the Royal Academy Exhibition of this year; and we therefore, by Mr. Blackburn's permission, reproduce the block given in his Academy Notes. Mr. Baker was among the contributors to the first number of this Journal, and for thirty years our pages have been enriched by papers from his prolific pen.



G v.


(Continued from p. 152.) Peucedanum officinale L. Sp. Pl. 245 (1753). 1562.

“I found a root of it at saynt Vincentis rock a litle from Bristow.”. Turn. ii. 83, back.

P. palustre Moench, Method. 82 (1784). 1778. “In paludibus, prope Doncaster. D. Tofield.”—Huds. ii. 115.

P. sativum Benth. & Hook. f. Gen. Pl. i. 920 (1867). 1562. “Thys wild persnepe groweth pletuously besyde Cābrydge in a lane not far fro Newnā Milles.”—Turn. ii. 80, back.

Heracleum sphondylium L. Sp. Pl. 249 (1753). 1548. “ Groweth in watery middowes.”—Turn. Names,

Daucus Carota L. Sp. Pl. 242 (1753). 1562. “ Ye wild carot is foūd abrode in ye feldes.”—Turn. ii. 80. D. gummifer Lam. Dict. i. 634 (1783). 1796.

"I first gathered this plant on the western coast of Cornwall."— Withering in Bot. Arr. ed. 3, 290.

Caucalis daucoides L. Sp. Pl. 241 (1753). 1660. "In the corn about Kingston wood and elsewhere" (Cambs.).-R. C. C. 31.

C. arvensis Huds. i. 98 (1762). 1666. "Amongst wheat plentifully neer Petersfield (Hants).' Mr. Goodyer, who call'd it Caucalis pumila segetum.”—Merrett, 24.

C. Anthriscus Huds. i. 99 (1762). 1632. Johns. Kent, 17. (* Caucalis semine aspero flosculis subrubentibus.")

C. nodosa Scop. Fl. Carn. ed. 2, i. 192 (1772). 1629. Johns. Kent, 9. “Upon the bankes about S. James and Picadilla.' Ger. em. 1023 (1633).

Hedera Helix L. Sp. Pl. 202 (1753). 1538. “Hederam greci cisson vocant, angli Ivy.”—Turn. Lib.

Cornus suecica L. Sp. Pl. 118 (1753). 1670. “ On the Northwest-end of the highest of Cheviot-hills.”-Ray, Cat. 339.

C. sanguinea L. Sp. Pl. 117 (1753). 1548. "Plentuous in Englande.”—Turn. Names, C v. Adoxa Moschatellina L. Sp. Pl. 367 (1753). 1570.

" In sylvosis et umbrosis frigidiusculis Angliæ."-Lob. Adv. 300.

Sambucus nigra L. Sp. Pl. 269 (1753). 1538. “ Sambucus . , ab anglis an Elder tree , vocatur.”—Turn, Lib.

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S. Ebulus L. Sp. Pl. 269 (1753). 1548. Groweth abrode in Cambryge fieldes in great plentie." -Turn. Names, C viij.

Viburnum Opulus L. Sp. Pl. 268 (1753). 1570. "In ... Angliæ .... pratensibus udis convalliumque."-Lob. Ady. 444. V. Lantana L. Sp. Pl. 268 (1753). 1570. “ In Angliæ senticetis & sylvosis passim.”—Lob. Adv. 436.

“ In the chalkie groundes of Kent, about Cobham, Soutlıfleete and Gravesend, and al the tract to Canterburie.”—Ger. 1305.

Linnæa borealis L. Sp. Pl. 631 (1753). 1795. Found by Prof. James Beattie « for the first time in Britain in an old fir wood at Mearns, near Aberdeen,” and exhibited at the Linnean Society, 2 June, 1795.-See Linn. Trans. iii. 333.

Lonicera Periclymenum L. Sp. Pl. 173 (1753). 1548. Wodbyne is commune in every wodde.”—Turn. Names, F ij.

Rubia peregrina L. Sp. Pl. 109 (1753). 1562. “In the yle of Wyght" and "besyde Wynchester in the way to Soutlıampton."-Turn. ii. 118. " Mr. George Bowles found it growing wilde on Saint Vincents rock and out of the cliffes of the rocks of Aberdovie in Merionethshire."-Ger. em. 1120 (1633).

Galium boreale L. Sp. Pl. 157 (1753). 1670. "Prope Orton, Winandermere et alibi in Westmorelandia."-Ray, Cat. 268.

G. Cruciata Scop. Fl. Carn. ed. 2, i. 100 (1772). 1597. "I found the same growing in the Churchyarde of Hampsteed neere London .... also it groweth in the Lane or highway beyond Charleton, a small village by Greenwich."-Ger. 965.

G. verum L. Sp. Pl. 107 (1753). 1548. “Galion .... named .... in the North countrey Maydens heire.”—Turn. Names, Dij, back.

G. erectum Huds. i. 56 (1762). 1762. “In pascuis montosis humidiusculis."—Huds. I. c. Heydon Common, Norfolk. Mr. Bryant.”— With. Bot. Arr. ed. 2, 152 (1787).

G. Mollugo L. Sp. Pl. 107 (1753). 1576. “Mollugo vulgatior herbariorum .... Collibus incultis & cretaceis agrorum marginibus

Angliæ plurima."-Lob. Stirp. Hist. 465. G. saxatile L. Sp. Pl. 107 (1753). 1634. “ Galium album minus, Tab., in montosis.”—Merc. Bot. 37.

G. sylvestre Poll. Fl. Palat. i. 151 (1776). 1762. montibus prope Kendal, in comitatu Westmorelandico.”—Huds. i. 57 (pusillum).

G. palustre L. Sp. Pl. 105 (1753). 1632. Jolins. Kent, 24.

G. uliginosum L. Sp. Pl. 106 (1753). 1724. "On the Lower Bog at Chisselhurst. Mr. J. Sherard."—Ray, Syn. iii. 225.

" This I found on ye bogs at Hampstead."-Buddle in Sloane Herb. cxxi. fol. 2 and 10 (circ. 1700).

G. anglicum Huds. ed. 2, 69 (1778). 1690. “ Found at Hackney on a Wall," by William Sherard.--Ray, Syn, i. 237 (Aparine minima).

G. Vaillantii DC. Fl. Fr. iv. 263 (1815). 1844. Discovered in Sept. 1844 by G. S. Gibson near Saffron Walden.-Phytol. i. 1123.

G. Aparine L. Sp. Pl. 108 (1753). 1538. “Apparine .... vocatur ab anglis Goosgyrs aut Goosliareth.”—Turn. Lib.

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