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Distribution and Sale or Public Documents
(44 U.S.C. § 1714)
§ 1714. Publications for use of National Archives and Records Administration
The Public Printer shall print and deliver to the National Archives and Records Administration for use by the Archivist of the United States, including use by the Presidential Library established for the President during whose term the documents were issued, which shall be chargeable to Congress three copies each of the following publications:
House documents and public reports, bound;
National Archives and Records Administration
(44 U.S.C. Chapter 21)
2104. Administrative provisions.
2105. Personnel and services.
2106. Reports to Congress.
2107. Acceptance of Records for historical preservation. 2107 note. President John F. Kennedy Assassination Records Collection Act.
2108. Responsibility for custody, use, and withdrawal of records.
2109. Preservation, arrangement, duplication, exhibition of records.
2110. Servicing records.
2111. Material accepted for deposit.
2111 note. Presidential Recordings and Materials Preservation Act.
2112. Presidential archival depository.
2113. Depository for agreements between states.
United States Statutes at Large, bound;
all other documents bearing a congressional number, or printed upon order of a committee in either House of Congress, or of a department, independent agency or establishment, commission, or officer of the Government, except confidential matter, blank forms, and circular letters not of a public character; and public bills and resolutions in Congress in each parliamentary stage.
The Superintendent of Documents shall furnish, without cost, copies of publications available for free distribution.
2115. Reports; correction of violations.
2116. Legal status of reproductions; official seal; fees
for copies and reproductions.
2117. Limitation on liability. 2118. Records of Congress. 2119 Cooperative agreements.
$ 2101. Definitions
As used in this chapter
(1) "Presidential archival depository" means an institution operated by the United States to house and preserve the papers and books of a President or former President of the United States, together with other historical materials belonging to a President or former President of the United States, or related to his papers or to the events of his official or personal life, and may include research facilities and museum facilities in accordance with this chapter;
(2) "historical materials" including books, correspondence, documents. papers namphlets, works of
or materials having historical or commemorative value;
(3) "Archivist" means the Archivist of the United States appointed under section 2103 of this title; and (4) "Administration" means the National Archives and Records Administration established under section 2102 of this title.
§ 2102. Establishment
There shall be an independent establishment in the executive branch of the Government to be known as the National Archives and Records Administration. The Administration shall be administered under the supervision and direction of the Archivist.
Transfer of Functions, Personnel, Assets, Liabilities, Contracts, Property, Records, and Unexpended Balances, Etc.
44 U.S.C. § 2102 notes Transfer of Functions. Section 103 of Pub. L. 98-497 provides that:
(a) The National Archives and Records Service of the General Services Administration is transferred to the National Archives and Records Administration.
(b)(1) All functions which were assigned to the Administrator of General Services by section 6 of Executive Order No. 10530 of May 11, 1954 (19 Fed. Reg. 2709 [set out as a note under section 301 of Title 3, The President], relating to documents and the Administrative Committee of the Federal Register), and by Executive Order Numbered 11440 of December 11, 1968 (33 Fed. Reg. 18475 [set out as a note under section 2109 of this title]; relating to supplemental use of Federal exhibits and displays), shall be exercised by the Archivist of the United States.
(2) All functions pertaining to the maintenance, operation, and protection of a Presidential archival depository which were assigned to the Administrator of General Services by the Act of September 6, 1965 (Public Law 89-169, 79 Stat. 648) [set out as a note under section 2112 of this title], relating to the Lyndon
Library, shall be exercised by the Archivist of the United States.
(c) In the exercise of the functions transferred by this Act [Pub. L. 98-497, Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2280], and the amendments made by this Act [Pub. L. 98497, Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat.2280], the Archivist shall have the same authority as had the Administrator of General Services prior to the transfer of such functions, and the actions of the Archivist shall have the same force and effect as when exercised by such Administrator.
(d) Prior to the appointment and confirmation of an individual to serve as Archivist of the United States under section 2103 of title 44, United States Code, the individual holding the office of Archivist of the United States on the day before the effective date of this Act [Apr. 1, 1985] may serve as Archivist under such section, and while so serving shall be compensated at the rate provided under subsection (b) of such section.
Transfer of Personnel. Section 104 of Pub. L. 98-497 provides that:
(a) Except as otherwise provided in this Act [Pub. L. 98-497], the personnel employed in connection with, and the assets, liabilities, contracts, property, records, and unexpended balances of appropriations, authorizations, allocations, and other funds employed, held, used, arising from, available to or to be made available in connection with the functions and agencies transferred by this Act and the amendments made by this Act [Pub. L. 98-497], subject to section 1531 of title 31, United States Code, are transferred to the Archivist for appropriate allocation. Pursuant to the preceding sentence, there shall be transferred to the Archivist for appropriate allocation (1) for the remainder of fiscal year 1985, an amount equal to not less than $2,760,000 (adjusted to reflect actual salaries and benefits of transferred employees and other costs) from the unexpended balances of the fiscal year 1985 funds and appropriations available to the General Services Administration, and (2) 115.5 full-time equiv
(b) The transfer pursuant to this title [title I (sections 101-108) of Pub. L. 98-497] of full-time personnel (except special Government employees) and parttime personnel holding permanent positions shall not cause any such employees to be separated or reduced in grade or compensation for one year after such transfer or after the effective date of this Act [Apr. 1, 1985], whichever is later.
Savings Provisions. Section 105 of Pub. L. 98-497 provides that:
(a) All orders, determinations, rules, regulations, grants, contracts, agreements, permits, licenses, privileges, and other actions which have been issued, granted, made, undertaken, or entered into in the performance of any function transferred by this Act [Pub. L. 98-497] or the amendments made by this Act [Pub. L. 98-497] shall continue in effect according to their terms until modified, terminated, superseded, set aside, or revoked in accordance with law by any authorized official, a court of competent jurisdiction, or by operation of law.
(b)(1) The transfer of functions by this Act [Pub. L. 98-497] and by the amendments made by this Act [Pub. L. 98-497] shall not affect any proceedings, including notices of proposed rulemaking, or any application for any license, permit, certificate, or financial assistance pending on the effective date of this Act [Apr. 1, 1985] before the General Services Administration; but such proceedings and applications, to the extent that they relate to the functions so transferred, shall be continued. Orders shall be issued in such proceedings, appeals shall be taken therefrom, and payments shall be made pursuant to such orders, as if this Act had not been enacted; and orders issued in any such proceedings shall continue in effect until modified, terminated, superseded, or revoked by the Archivist, by a court of competent jurisdiction, or by operation of law. Nothing in this subsection shall be deemed to prohibit
ings continued under paragraph (1) from the General Services Administration to the Administration.
(c) Except as provided in subsection (e) [of this section]
(1) the provisions of this Act [Pub. L. 98-497] and
(d) No action or other proceeding lawfully commenced by or against any officer of the United States acting in the official capacity of such officer shall abate by reason of any transfer of functions by this Act [Pub. L. 98-497] or by an amendment made by this Act [Pub. L. 98-497]. No cause of action by or against the General Services Administration or by or against any officer thereof in the official capacity of such officer shall abate by reason of any such transfer of functions.
(e) If, before the date on which this Act takes effect [Apr. 1, 1985], the General Services Administration or any officer thereof in the official capacity of such officer, is a party to an action, and under this Act [Pub. L. 98497] or the amendments made by this Act [Pub. L. 98497] any function in connection with such action is transferred to the Archivist or any other official of the Administration, then such action shall be continued with the Archivist or other appropriate official of the Administration substituted or added as a party.
(f) Orders and actions of the Archivist in the exercise of functions transferred by this Act [Pub. L. 98497] or by amendments made by this Act [Pub. L. 98497] shall be subject to judicial review to the same extent and in the same manner as if such orders and actions had been by the individual holding the office of Archivist of the United States on the day before the effective date of this Act [Apr. 1, 1985] or the
Administrator of General Services in the evercice of
Reference. Section 106 of Pub. L. 98-497 provides that: With respect to any functions transferred by this Act [Pub. L. 98-497] or by an amendment made by this Act [Pub. L. 98-497] and exercised after the effective date of this Act [Apr. 1, 1985], reference in any other Federal law to the office of the Archivist of the United States as in existence on the date before the effective date of this Act [Apr. 1, 1985], or the National Archives and Records Service of the General Services Administration, or any office or officer thereof, shall be deemed to refer to the Archivist or the Administration.
Definitions. Section 108 of Pub. L. 98-497 provides that: For purposes of sections 103 through 106 [set out as notes under this section]—
(1) the term 'Archivist' means the Archivist of the United States appointed under section 2103 of title 44, United States Code, as added by section 102(a)(2) of this Act [sections 2103-2106 of this title];
(2) the term 'Administration' means the National Archives and Records Administration established under section 2102 of such title (as amended by section 101 of this Act [this section]); and
(3) the term 'function' includes any duty, obligation, power, authority, responsibility, right, privilege, activity, or program.
Establishment of Positions of Director of the Center for Legislative Archives and Specialist in Congressional History; Compensation of Director; Administrative Expenses of Advisory Committee on the Records of Congress; Authorization of Appropriations. Pub. L. 101509, Title IV, § 1(a)-(c), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1416, as amended Pub. L. 103-329, Title V, § 541, Sept. 30, 1994, 108 Stat. 2415, provides that:
(a)(1) The Director of the Center for Legislative Archives within the National Archives and Records Administration shall be established without regard to chapter 51 of title 5 and shall be paid at a rate deter
Legislative Archives within the National Archives and Records Administration the position of Specialist in Congressional History.
(b) There shall be made available from funds appropriated in each fiscal year to the National Archives and Records Administration, $20,000 for the administrative expenses of the Advisory Committee on the Records of Congress established under section 2701 of title 44, United States Code.
(c) There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary to carry out the subsections (a) and (b) of this section.
Spending Authority. Section 302 of Pub. L. 98-497 provides that:
Any new spending authority (within the meaning of section 401 of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 [section 651 of Title 2, The Congress]) which is provided under this Act [Pub. L. 98-497] shall be effective for any fiscal year only to the extent or in such amounts as provided in appropriations Acts.
(End of Note)
§ 2103. Officers
(a) The Archivist of the United States shall be appointed by the President by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. The Archivist shall be appointed without regard to political affiliations and solely on the basis of the professional qualifications required to perform the duties and responsibilities of the office of Archivist. The Archivist may be removed from office by the President. The President shall communicate the reasons for any such removal to each House of the Congress. (b) The Archivist shall be compensated at the rate provided for level III of the Executive Schedule under section 5314 of title 5.
(c) There shall be in the Administration a Deputy Archivist of the United States, who shall be appointed
of the Archivist, the Deputy Archivist shall act as Archivist until an Archivist is appointed under subsection (a).
§ 2104. Administrative provisions
(a) The Archivist shall prescribe such regulations as the Archivist deems necessary to effectuate the functions of the Archivist, and the head of each executive agency shall cause to be issued such orders and directives as such agency head deems necessary to carry out such regulations.
(b) Except as otherwise expressly provided by law, the Archivist may delegate any of the functions of the Archivist to such officers and employees of the Administration as the Archivist may designate, and may authorize such successive redelegations of such functions as the Archivist may deem to be necessary or appropriate. A delegation of functions by the Archivist shall not relieve the Archivist of responsibility for the administration of such functions.
(c) The Archivist may organize the Administration as the Archivist finds necessary or appropriate.
(d) The Archivist is authorized to establish, maintain, alter, or discontinue such regional, local, or other field offices as the Archivist finds necessary or appropriate to perform the functions of the Archivist or the Administration.
(e) The Archivist shall cause a seal of office to be made for the Administration of such design as the Archivist shall approve. Judicial notice shall be taken of such seal.
(f) The Archivist may establish advisory committees to provide advice with respect to any function of the Archivist or the Administration. Members of any such committee shall serve without compensation but shall be entitled to transportation expenses and per diem in lieu of subsistence in accordance with section 5703 of title 5.
(g) The Archivist shall advise and consult with interested Federal agencies with a view to obtaining their advice and assistance in carrying out the purposes of this chapter.
(h) If authorized by the Archivist, officers and employees of the Administration having investigatory functions are empowered, while engaged in the per
§ 2105. Personnel and services
(a) (1) The Archivist is authorized to select, appoint, employ, and fix the compensation of such officers and employees, pursuant to part III of title 5, as are necessary to perform the functions of the Archivist and the Administration.
(2) Notwithstanding paragraph (1), the Archivist is authorized to appoint, subject to consultation requirements set forth in paragraph (f)(2) of section 2203 of this title, a director at each Presidential archival depository established under section 2112 of this title. The Archivist may appoint a director without regard to subchapter I and subchapter VIII of chapter 33 of Title 5, governing appointments in the competitive service and the Senior Executive Service. A director so appointed shall be responsible for the care and preservation of the Presidential records and historical materials deposited in a Presidential archival depository, shall serve at the pleasure of the Archivist and shall perform such other functions as the Archivist may specify.
(b) The Archivist is authorized to obtain the services of experts and consultants under section 3109 of title 5.
(c) Notwithstanding the provisions of section 973 of title 10 or any other provision of law, the Archivist, in carrying out the functions of the Archivist or the Administration, is authorized to utilize in the Administration the services of officials, officers, and other personnel in other Federal agencies, including personnel of the armed services, with the consent of the head of the agency concerned.
(d) Notwithstanding section 1342 of title 31, United States Code, the Archivist is authorized to accept and utilize voluntary and uncompensated services.
§ 2106. Reports to Congress
The Archivist shall submit to the Congress, in January of each year and at such other times as the Archivist finds appropriate, a report concerning the administration of functions of the Archivist, the Administration, the National Historical Publications and Records Commission, and the National Archives Trust Fund. Such report shall describe
(1) program administration and expenditures of funds, both appropriated and nonappropriated, by the