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Organ of the National Division of Sons of Temperance of Great Britain and Ireland.


No. 1.




The Order of Soxś OF TEMPERANCE is a Teetotal Friendly Society, comprising men and women who have signed who

Teetotal Pledge, and who pay a weekly contribution for a sum of money payable to their nominees at death, and

the men for a sum of money payable weekly in sickness. The whole of the management is in the hands of the

members, by whom and from among whom the officers are elected. The payments are in proportion to age and

benefits. The meetings are held apart from liquor shops, and are made conducive to the social and mental

improvement of members, no inducement being offered to spend money " for the good of the house," or to risk the

loss of health and character. There are branches in most of the large towns of Great Britain. Every

information may be obtained of Mr. W. OLARKE, 29, Pitt-terrace, Miles Platting, Manchester, or at the

meeling-rooms advertised in this journal.


ment accordingly. The Committee considered the

The Son of TEMPERANCE may be obtained of any Book-

charge entrusted to them; after much enquiry and

seller, or at any Bookstall, price 1d. monthly. Free by post

deliberation, they arranged for the publication of the

1s. 6d. per annnm.

Son of Temperance, which, to-day, is introduced to the

Orders for the paper should be sent to the National Temper-

members and the public.

ance Publication Depot, 337, Strand, London, W.C. Postal

The mission of the Son of Temperance is threefold ;

Orders in payment should be made payable to the Manager,

It does not seek to supplant existing temperance papers;

W. TARVER, at Somerset House.

it will not exalt one district at the expense of another.

Advertisements and Correspondence should be sent direct to

Tho Son of Temperance will set forth, in their fullest

the Editor, Sox OF TEMPERANCE, 15, Lorrimore Square,

details, the principles of the Order. The Son of

Walworth, London, S.E.

Temperance will report the work of the Order, under

Items of news and reports of progress, should reach the

the jurisdiction of the National Division, with a glance,

Editor by the 18th of the month. Advertisements, etc., will as opportunity offers, at the work in other jurisdictions.

be received until the 21st of the month.

The Son of Temperance will supply an opportunity for

No attention will be paid to anonymous communications.

exchange of opinion on the methods of the Order, and,

incidentally, furnish its readers with a good supply of


teetotal facts and incidents, profitable to young and old.

Editor's Address


This is the programme before us. Not of very large

Order of the Sons of Temperance

1 dimensions, certainly, still it ought to be ample enough

Page for Cadets of Temperance

2 to secure the support of every Son of Temperance.

Drink, Sickness, and Death. By Dr. RIDGE

3 Already, the help promised, far exceeds our most san-

The Finance Minister of Canada on the Sons of

guine expectations. From almost every district come


4 words of approval, and evidences of tangible interest.

Sons in Council

5 So it only remains, for those who have not pledged

News of the Order

.6, 7, & 10 themselves, to put their influence into the work, and

List of Scribes

8 the Son of Temperance shall be a real aid to the Order,

Mems for the Month

8 and, it is hoped, a credit to the Temperance movement.

Facts for the Thoughtful

Fragments for Speech Makers



The M.W.P.'s Holiday Tour



A Rallying Song..


The institution is of American origin. It was the

The Story of a Banner


Division Directory

outcome, some thirty years since, of an earnest desire


to find a bond of union for those who had renounced the


use of intoxicating liquor. Then, as now, the difficulty

in the way of teetotal progress was not persuading

The appearance of this Journal is due to a long ex- people of the folly and danger of tippling. That was,

pressed desire, on the part of Sons of Temperance, to comparatively, an easy matter. The tug of war came

have a ready means of inter-communication. More than with the practice of teetotalism. Appetite, habit, and

once the subject has been earnestly discussed in the associates combined against it. When habit was put

National Division. There was no question as to the under foot, and appetite held in control by firm con-

need; the only difference arose as to the support the viction of the personal duty of abstinence, associates

members would give to such a venture. For a time turned up, with entreaties or sneers to menace the new

doubt prevailed ; the National Division declined to en- resolution. This was, and is, the ordeal. Man is a

tertain the idea, until the meeting, in June last, at social animal. He delights in companionships. Even

Rochdale; there the most numerous gathering of re- those of the drink-shop hare their influence, their pur-

presentatives yet held determined that a paper should pose. Merely signing the pledge does not involve their

be started, and instructed the Committee of Manage supercession. Leisure time comes round again. No

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bottles up
did not go



drink, no associates. Time hangs heavily. The ordi- “Well, you won't ask me to pass the bottle, papa p nary man cannot, at once, find will sufficient, God You are quite a fanatic, my child; but I promise not to

ask you to touch it." helping him, to substitute reading, study, home-staying,

Some weeks after that, two officers called in to spend the or any of the resources of the thoughtful man, for evening drinking associates. Want of occupation impels him to “What have you to drink?" said they.

“ Have you any his old companions, and they furnish the drink. This more of that prime Scotch ale?” was American experience. It is human experience, all

"No," he said, " I have not, but I shall get some."

“Here, Willy, run to the store and tell them to send some the world over. To meet this want the Order of Sons

The boy stood before his father respectfully, but of Temperance was started, that it might supply new associates, new influences, new occupations for leisure Come, Willy; why, what's the matter ? Come, run hours, in harmony with the new resolution. Right along: He went, but came back presently without any well did it fulfil the desires of its promotors. For

bottles.--" Where's the ale, Willy ?"

“I asked them for it at the store, and they put it upon the many a year it was one of the foremost teetotal institu

counter, but I could not touch it. O pa ! pa! don't be tions in the United States. Some of the chief citizens angry; I told them to send it up, but I could not touch it and most ardent temperance reformers found their way into the Division-room, and, through it, into the legis

The father was deeply moved, and turning to his brotherlative assemblies, and even into Congress itself. To-day,

officers, he said : “Gentlemen, you hear that? You can do

as you please. When the ale comes, you may drink it, but not in North America, the Order musters upwards of fifty another drop after that shall be drunk in my house, and not thousand members. Canada has opened her territories another drop shall pass my lips. Willy, have you your temto its influence. From the Dominion British subjects perance pledge ?" have fraternised with American citizens, at the meetings

“O pa! I have.”—“ Bring it, then!”

And the boy was back with it in a moment. The father of the National Division. The present Finance Minister

signed it, and the little fellow clung around his father's neck of the Dominion, the Hon. S. L. TILLEY, is still an with delight. The ale came, but no one drank, and the bottles active Son of Temperance, and gives the Order the stood on the table untouched. credit of conducting the anti-liquor education of the

Children, sign the pledge, and ask your parents to help you

keep it. Don't touch the bottle, and try to keep others from Canadians, which has borne fruit in excellent legislative

touching it. — The Youths' 7 emperance Banner. U.S. enactments against the traffic. In England, the Order saw the light some twenty

WHEN I'M A MAN. eight years ago, under a changed aspect. Instead of being, like the Good Templar organization, purely teetotal, a financial feature was added, and it became a

When I'm a man, I'll tell you, sir, teetotal benefit society. The fundamental principles

What I'll be proud to do ;

I'll follow in my father's steps, were retained, their operation was restricted. An

Be honest, just, and true. attempt was, indeed, made to obriate this by what was

I will not chew the filthy weed, called Honorary Membership-a membership which did

Or sport a meerschaum gay ; not involve pecuniary benefits. And it so far succeeded

No smoke shall issue from my mouth, that, to-day, most of the prominent temperance re

Throughout the live-long day. formers of the country are Honorary Members of the

I will not swing a dandy cane, Sons of Temperance. Still, as a rule, the operations of

Or pinch my feet so tight the society were restricted to those who sought pecu

That every onward step I take

Will seem on shells to light. niary benefits in sickness, &c. The result was, the ad

I will not taste the beer or wine missions were limited, but, by degrees, branches were

And boast of " moderation;" established in most parts of the country, as well as in

For well I know there's but a step Scotland and Wales, and, at the present time, there are

'Twixt that and degradation. upwards of seventeen thousand paying members.

I will not utter with my lips, The original idea is, however, thoroughly understood by

Or harbour in my mind, the membership. The Order is still a society for

A word or thought I could not tell keeping teetotalers. So well is this done that an aver

Unto my mother kind. age of five per cent. represents the total loss per year

I will not speak with disrespect

Of any of God's poor; through the violation of the pledge. If the Sons did

Or throw contempt on honest toil, no more there would be a substantial reason for the

By word or look, I'm sure. existence of the organization. But we shall be able to

I'll not defame an enemy, show, that, in addition to this, the Order fulfils other

Or falsely treat a friend ; functions, and is, truly, a pillar of temperance.

I'll love the good, and to the poor

I'll either give or lend.
Nor will I ever do a wrong

And then appear so wise
Trying to make it seem all right

self-blinded eyes.

I'll have no debts I cannot pay “PA, I have signed the pledge,” said a little boy to his

As soon as they fall due ; father, on coming home one evening; “will you help me keep

And foolish ventures I'll avoid, it?"

Lest I should smart and rue. * Certainly," said the father.

Nor will it be so very strange “ Well, I have brought a copy of the pledge; will you sign

To carry out this plan ;

I'll only follow father's steps “Nonsense, nonsense, my child! What could I do when

Until I am a man. my brother-otficers called "—the father had been in the army“if I was a teetotaler?"

"Joe, how many scruples are there in a drachm ?? “Don't * But do try, papa.

know, sur." "Well, remember, there's eight." Eight! poo ! Tut, tut; why, you are quite a little radical.”

dad always takes his without scruples.”

Page for Cadets of Temperance. .

it papa ?"

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1873-4 1874-5 1875-6 1877 1878 1879

1388 1501 1494 1533 1553 1731

24.63 28.00 30.33 25.25 27:50 33:50

3.70 5.25 5:10 4.25 5:03 6.07

1472 1632 1629 1631 1632 1776

10 10

6 19

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“Fact is stranger than fiction." Never was this more strikingly exemplified than by the law of averages. Thus, we find that, taking the average of fifty years, the temperature of the air at Greenwich falls in a very regular manner until it reaches its lowest point of 36 deg. during the first and second weeks of January; then it commences to rise as regularly, one degree at a time, till it reaches its highest point, 63 deg., in the middle of July; from this point it again decends. We might surely expect that some one day or other would prove an exception, and be distinguished by a variation, being either higher or lower than those near it. But no; throughout one year the rise and fall are, on the average, quite regular.

In the details of human life, complicated as these are, and often apparently capricious in the extreme, we might surely expect more variation. But even here we are confronted with the strange fact, that taking periods of sufficient length, events are repeated with great regularity. The number of suicides, for instance, in every ten years, is remarkably constant. In accordance with the ancient observation, “That which is, is that which shall be hereafter," we may confidently predict that in the course of the next ten years so many persons now living, without the slightest intention at present of committing suicide, will nevertheless destroy themselves.

Yet, it would be absurd to suppose that a certain percentage of suicides is inevitable. The present proportion represents one result of certain social conditions, and were any particular social condition of sufficient importance to be altered in any marked manner, there would necessarily be an alteration in the number of suicides. Supposing that all other conditions remained the same, this alteration would be an accurate test of the influence of the social condition in question, and would reveal its natural tendency, and the degree of its influence.

It is seldom possible to make such social experiments. But they are often made for us, and furnish the watchful statistician with clear evidence of the effect of the condition affected. In no case is this more palpable than in the matter of intoxicating liquor. There are, in every rank and calling, men, women, and children, who differ from their fellows in nothing save their abstinence from alcohol. If any particular person is considered, no true comparison can be drawn; because it is never possible to be sure that all other conditions are the same. But when a large number of persons are taken, then the individual peculiarities lose their disturbing influence in proportion to the number available; just as any crowd of working men would be distinguishable from any other crowd of a similar kind, although no two individuals in them might be precisely alike.

The Sons of Temperance Friendly Society is a case in point. It is framed on the same principle as the other great friendly societies. It contains exactly the same kind of men as they do, save that it does not admit any who are engaged in the liquor traffic. It embraces men in all handicrafts, and in both town and country. It is truly a microcosm of the adult working population of the United Kingdom, save as to the use alcohol. Hence its sickness and mortality ought to correspond with the average, unless the use of these “strengthening and life-giving" (!) alcoholic beverages affect them unfavourably. Let us see.

The figures here given are those of Mr. Neison, the eminent statistician, on the one hand, and those of the London Grand Division of the Sons of Temperance on the other. The latter has not been instituted more than twelve years, and does not admit members above fifty years of age : hence the age of the oldest is not much over sixty. The following table gives the sickness and mortality for six years :

Mr. Neison gives as the proportion of men between sixteen and sixty years of age constantly ill, 2-8304 per cent. ; in the Sons of Temperance it is 1•34311 per cent., being rather less than half.

The same authority gives as the average number of days of sickness of members of friendly societies in rural, town, and city districts combined, and between twenty and sixty years of age as 10.9151 days, and between twenty and fifty, as 7.8743 days. In the case of the Sons of Temperance, as shown above, it is 4.9 days. So that, although it contains many who are between fifty and sixty years old, yet the sickness is nearly three days less than that of the other societies between twenty and fifty ; and, again, less than half its due share.

The rate of mortality is equally remarkable. The mean mortality for ten years, of males, in England and Wales between fifteen and fifty-five years of age, is given as 12-63 per 1,000. In the Sons of Temperance it was 9:4 in 1533, or 6.77 per 1,000: again less than half. If the mortality between fifteen and sixty-four is taken, the result is more striking: for those ages the general mortality is 16.55 per 1,000, so that the Sons are only just over one-third.

These facts are not peculiar in one sense. Other temperance benefit societies show the same results, and so confirm their accuracy.

Hence the conclusion is irresistible, that, if the members of the Oddfellows, Foresters, and other friendly societies were all abstainers, the amount of their sickness and their death-rate would be reduced to one-half.

It is scarcely necessary to point out the important bearing this has on the financial stability of these societies. It is clear that if members pay the same amount for equal sick benefits in teetotal and non-teetotal societies, either the former pay too much and could safely have their subscriptions reduced onehalf, or the latter pay too little, and are financially unsafe, unless they double their subscriptions. The latter is more nearly correct, and hence overy abstainer who joins a drinking club is a splendid example of self-sacrifice for the benefit of his drinking companions.

The illness and premature death of the bread-winner of a family is a terrible matter to the household: hence what untold suffering do these figures suggest as the result of the wide-spread delusion that drink is beneficial to health and life! What other practical alteration would be attended with such striking and immediate results ? May the cause of Total Abstinence prosper.

HAVART'S TEMPERANCE ENTERTAINER & TEMPLAR RECITER, for Good Dialogues and Effective Recitations, has no rival. In 12 Penny numbers, or the whole complete, bound in cloth, 1s. 6d.-C. J. Havart, 61, Alleroft-road, London, N.W.; National Temperance Publication Depot, 337, Strand, W.C.; also of whom may be had “Merry Temperance Songster," 2d.-[Apvt.]

THE SILVER-CHIMB TEMPERANCE HANDBELL RINGERS are renowned for their Sweet-toned Bells and perfect Ringing. Their Melodious Ocarina Quintette. Their Vocal Solos, Duets, and Glees. Their Instrumental Selections. Their Amusing Interludes. Their Variety, Originality, and Novelty: The Healthy Tone of their Entertainments. They are the only performers of Carillon Music !-Terms of C. J. Havart, 61, Allcroft-road, Haverstock-hill, N.W.[ADVT.]

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