Formal Organizations: A Comparative Approach

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Stanford University Press, 2003 - 312 páginas
Upon its publication in 1962, this book became one of the founding texts of organizational sociology. Bringing together diverse approaches, it presented a new focus of interest: the formal organization. Blau and Scott raised the level of analysis from attention solely on individual participants and work groups to a broader understanding of organizations as collective actors.

In the book, the authors reviewed multiple types of studies including case studies, experimental research, and surveys and integrated them to define new central themes. They used their own empirical studies of two social welfare agencies to illustrate the ways in which varying organizational contexts shape work group and participant attitudes and activities. Formal Organizations served to integrate research on both formal and informal systems, authority and leadership, and stressed the importance of links to the wider environment. This reissue, which includes a new introduction by Scott, makes this seminal work accessible to a new generation of scholars and practitioners.

 

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Contenido

The Nature and Types of Formal Organizations
27
Typologies of Formal Organizations
40
Types of Formal Organizations
45
Concluding Remarks
58
The Organization and Its Publics
59
Professional and Bureaucratic Orientation
60
The Public
74
Conflicts with Clients
81
Hierarchical and Peer Relations
159
Concluding Remarks
163
Managerial Control
165
The Hierarchy
167
Impersonal Mechanisms of Control
176
Questioning Some Prevailing Assumptions
183
The Social Context of Organizational Life
194
The Social Environment of Organizations
195

Concluding Remarks
85
The Social Structure of Work Groups
87
Informal Organization
89
Effects of Group Structure
100
The Larger Organization and WorkGroup Structure
108
Concluding Remarks
115
Processes of Communication
116
Field Studies of Communication in Formal Organizations
128
Variations in Communication Patterns
134
Concluding Remarks
139
The Role of the Supervisor
140
Styles of Supervision
141
Supervision and Performance
150
Organizational Analysis
206
Interorganizational Processes
214
Concluding Remarks
221
Organizational Dynamics
222
Organizational Development
223
Emergent Patterns
234
Dilemmas of Formal Organization
242
Dialectical Processes of Change
250
Description and Comparison of the Two Welfare Agencies
254
Bibliography
258
Index of Names
303
Index of Topics
306
Derechos de autor

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Acerca del autor (2003)

Peter M. Blau was Professor of Sociology at the University of Chicago, Columbia University, and the University of North Carolina. W. Richard Scott is Professor Emeritus of Sociology at Stanford University.

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