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(b) Employees are specifically prohibited from:

(1) Engaging in criminal, infamous, dishonest or notoriously disgraceful conduct, or other conduct prejudicial to the Government;

(2) Betting or participating in any gambling activity, including the operation of a gambling device, conducting a lottery or pool, or selling or buying a number slip or ticket, while on Government-owned or leased property or while on duty for the Government;

(3) Using intoxicating beverages or narcotic drugs on Government-owned or leased property, or transporting such beverages or drugs in Government-owned leased vehicles, or using such beverages or drugs at any time or place to the extent that it adversely affects performance of official duties;

(4) Lending funds at usurious interest rates;

(5) Provoking or harassing other employees, or making unwarranted criticism or accusations against other employees;

(6) Except as authorized by the Inspector General with the consent of a party to the conversation when necessary in criminal investigations, monitoring or recording, or authorizing or permitting others under their administrative control to monitor or record, telephone conversations for the purpose of taking a verbatim transcript of all or part of the conversation unless such monitoring or recording is agreed to in advance by all participants in the conversation;

(7) Except as authorized by the Inspector General with the consent of a party to the conversation when necessary in criminal investigations, utilizing a mechanical or electronic device to monitor or record nontelephone conversations, unless such monitoring or recording is agreed to in advance by all participants in the conversation;

(8) Soliciting, making collections, canvassing for the sale of any article, or distributing or posting literature, advertising matter, or any other graphic matter, in any space occupied by the Department, except as authorized in writing by the Director of Personnel;

(9) Soliciting money from, or selling tickets to, persons outside the Government for the benefit of any organization of the Department;

(10) Taking any action which might prejudice the Government's interest in a criminal or civil case;

(11) Giving aid or assistance, other than in the discharge of official duties, to any claimant in prosecuting any claim against the United States; or

(12) Distributing through the Department's mail and messenger service, or otherwise distributing or posting, in any space occupied by the Department, any circulars, flyers, announcements, pictures,

other graphic matters, etc., that:

(i) Directly or indirectly attack or adversely reflect on the integrity of any official, officer or employee of any branch of the Government; or

(ii) Directly or indirectly condemn or criticize the policies of any Government department or agency.

(13) Discriminating against any person on the grounds of race, color, national origin, religion, sex, age, marital status, physical or mental handicap, or political affiliation;

(14) Engaging in sexual harassment by participating in coercive or repeated unsolicited and unwelcome verbal comments, gestures, or physical contacts of a sexual nature or by using implicit or explicit coercive sexual behavior in the process of conducting agency business, or to control, influence or affect the career, salary, or job of an employee. Supervisors and managers who fail to take appropriate action on complaints of sexual harassment will be subject to disciplinary action;

(15) Displaying discourtesy or disrespect to a member of the public when acting in an official capacity. [43 FR 43431, Sept. 26, 1978, as amended at 46 FR 22559, Apr. 20, 1981)

8 0.735-12 Gifts, gratuities, entertainment,

and favors. (a) Except as provided in paragraphs (c) and (f) of this section, employees shall not solicit or accept, for them. selves or another person, directly or indirectly, any gift, gratuity, favor, entertainment, loan, unusual discount,

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(3) Has interests that may be substantially affected by the performance or nonperformance of the official duty of the employee concerned.

(b) Gifts, gratuities, favors, entertainment, loans, unusual discounts, special considerations and any other thing of monetary value bestowed upon members of the employee's immediate family are considered to be the same as if bestowed upon the employee. Acceptance of items, no matter how innocently offered or accepted from "interested parties” may be a source of embarrassment to the Department and the employee involved, may affect the objective and impartial judgment of the employee, and may impair confidence of the public in the integrity of the employee and the Department.

(c) The restrictions in paragraph (a) of this section do not prohibit:

(1) Exchange of social gifts in an obvious family or personal relationship (such as those between the employee and parents, spouse, children, or close personal friends of the employee) when the circumstances make it clear that it is those relationships rather than the business of the "interested party" which are the motivating factors;

(2) Exchange of customary social courtesies which are wholly free of any embarrassing or improper implications, and which are of trivial value (e.g., soft drink or cup of coffee);

(3) Acceptance of loans from banks or other financial institutions on customary terms to finance proper and usual activities of employees, such as automobile and home mortgage loans;

(4) Acceptance of unsolicited advertising or promotional material of clearly trivial value, such as: pens, pencils, note pads, calendars, and other things of nominal or trifling value. Acceptance of gifts, such as meat products, alcoholic beverages, fruit baskets, boxes of candy, wallets, jewelry, and cuff links is, however, strictly prohibited; or

(5) Acceptance of food and refreshments of nominal value on infrequent occasions when the interest of the Government is served by participation of Department employees in industrysponsored activities at which luncheon or dinner may be served, and where the discussion of matters of mutual interest to the Government and industry will take place.

(d) An employee shall not solicit a contribution from another employee for a gift to an official superior, make a donation as a gift to an official superior, or accept a gift from an employee receiving less pay than himself or herself (5 U.S.C. 7351). However, this paragraph does not prohibit the voluntary giving or acceptance of a gift of nominal value or donation in a nominal amount made on a special occasion such as marriage, illness, or retirement.

(e) Pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 7342, the acceptance by an employee of a gift, present, decoration or other thing from a foreign government or agent thereof (including an international organization whose membership includes a unit of foreign government, or any agent of a foreign government) is subject to the following conditions:

(1) An employee may not request or otherwise encourage the tender of a decoration or gift (including travel and travel expenses);

(2) An employee may accept and retain a gift that is tendered and received as a souvenir or a mark of courtesy if the gift has a retail value in the United States of $140 or less at the time of acceptance;

(3) An employee may accept a gift of more than $140 when such gift is in the nature of an educational scholarship or medical treatment or when it appears that to refuse the gift would likely cause offense or embarrassment or otherwise adversely affect the for

eign relations of the United States. An employee may also accept gifts of travel or expenses for travel entirely outside the United States provided the employee obtains prior approval from the Head of the employing Agency or his or her designee;

(4) The acceptance of a tangible gift of more than $140 is deemed to have been accepted on behalf of the United States and becomes the property of the United States. It must be deposited by the employee within 60 calendar days with his or her employing Agency's Property Management Officer with a statement indicating:

(i) Name and position of the employee;

(ii) Brief description of the gift and the circumstances justifying acceptance;

(iii) Identity, if known, of the foreign government and name and position of the individual who presented the gift;

(iv) Date of acceptance of gift;

(v) Estimated value in the United States of the gift at time of acceptance; and

(vi) Disposition and current location of the gift. If the gift is for travel or travel expenses, the employee must file a statement with his or her employing Agency Head within 30 calendar days after acceptance indicating: Name and position of the employee, brief description of the gift and the circumstances justifying acceptance, and identity, if known, of the foreign government and name and position of the individual who presented the gift;

(5) An employee may accept, retain, and wear a foreign decoration, if tendered in recognition of active field service or unusually meritorious service and if supported by a statement from the donor, preferably in the form of a citation, which shows the basis for tender of the award. A request from the Head of the employing Agency for approval of the acceptance of the decoration will be forwarded to the Administrator of the Foreign Agricultural Service or his or her designee for concurrence or disapproval. The request from the employing Agency must contain a recommendation as to whether or not the acceptance, reten

tion, and wearing of the foreign decoration by the employee would be in the best interest of the United States. The Administrator of the Foreign Agricultural Service shall notify the employing Agency of his or her concurrence or disapproval of the retention of the foreign decoration. Disapprovals by the Foreign Agricultural Service shall constitute acceptance on behalf of the United States and the decoration shall be deposited by the employee with the Agency's Property Management Officer within 60 calendar days. The Property Management Officer shall report the decoration as required by the Agriculture Property Management Regulations;

(6) Violation of the provisions of the law including the failure by an employee to report such a gift may result in a civil penalty against the employee for the value of the gift plus $5,000; and

(7) The definition of “employee” includes all employees of the Department, experts, or consultants under contract with the United States, spouses of all such individuals, and blood and in-law relations who are residents of the employee's household.

(f) Neither this section nor $ 0.73513(a) precludes an employee from receipt of bona fide reimbursement, unless prohibited by law, for expenses of travel, and such other necessary subsistence as is compatible with this part for which no Government payment or reimbursement is made. However, this paragraph does not allow an employee to be reimbursed, or payment to be made on his or her behalf, for excessive personal living expenses, gifts, entertainment, or other personal benefits; nor does it allow an employee to be reimbursed for travel on official business under Agency orders when reimbursement is proscribed by decision B-128527 of the Comptroller General dated March 7, 1967 (46 Comp. Gen. 689).

(43 FR 43431, Sept. 26, 1978, as amended at 47 FR 12327, Mar. 23, 1982)

8 0.735-13 Outside employment and activi.

ties. (a) An employee shall not engage in outside employment or other outside

activity not compatible with the full and proper discharge of the duties and responsibilities of his or her Government employment whether on his or her behalf, or for private individuals, firms, companies, institutions, professional societies, or State or local governments. Incompatible activities include but are not limited to:

(1) Outside employment or activity (including the acceptance of a fee, compensation, gift, payment of expenses or any other thing of monetary value) which may result in, or create the appearance of a conflict-of-interest;

(2) Outside employment or activity which tends to impair the employee's mental or physical capacity to perform his or her Government duties and responsibilities in an acceptable manner;

(3) Outside employment or activity that takes the employee's time and attention during his or her official work hours;

(4) Outside employment or activity which may be construed by the public to be official acts of the Department, or of a nature closely paralleling the work of the Department;

(5) Outside employment or activity which involves participation in a commercially sponsored broadcast,

or which relates to a written discussion of policies or official work of the Department, unless authorized in advance by the Office of Governmental and Public Affairs;

(6) Outside employment or activity which involves permission, or the appearance of permission to use an employee's name in the advertising of organizations commercializing the results of research conducted by the Department, regardless of any merits which such enterprises may appear to possess;

(7) Outside employment or activity which may involve the use of information secured as the result of employment in the Department and to the detriment of the public service;

(8) Any outside employment or activity which may tend to bring criticism of, or cause embarrassment to, the Department;

(9) Outside employment or activity which would involve the use by the employee of official facilities, e.g.,

office space, office machines, supplies, telephones, or the services of other employees; and

(10) Outside employment or activity which would involve the violation of a Federal or State statute, a local ordinance, Executive order, or regulation to which the employee is subject.

(b) Outside employment or activity (including self-employment) is permitted to the extent that it does not conflict with other requirements of this part, or tend to create a conflict-of-interest, or appearance of conflict-of-interest, between the private interests of an employee and the employee's official responsibilities. The employee's outside employment or activity shall not reflect discredit on the Government or the Department.

(c) Except as provided in paragraphs (c) (1) through (4) of this section, employees shall obtain advance approval for outside employment or activity whether paid or unpaid. Each Agency shall establish the approval level and shall advise each employee. A record of each approval shall be filed in the employee's official personnel folder. The term outside employment or activity as used in this paragraph does not include:

(1) Memberships in, or volunteer work with, charitable, religious, social, fraternal, recreational, public service, civic, or similar nonbusiness and nonprofit organizations;

(2) Memberships in professional organizations;

(3) Performance of duties in the Armed Forces, Reserve, or National Guard; or

(4) Acting as an officer of a labor organization pursuant to section 18 of Executive Order 11491, as amended.

(d) In considering requests for approval of outside employment, the following criteria should be applied:

(1) The provisions of applicable laws;

(2) The policies incorporated in this part including the possibility of conflict-of-interest or appearance of conflict-of-interest;

(3) The general attendance record of the employee;

(4) The nature of the employee's official duties in relation to the nature of the duties which will comprise the outside employment or activity; and

formed as part of their official duties. This restriction on the acceptance of honorariums applies even if the Government official endorses the check to a charitable organization or asks that the check be sent to a charitable organization.

(j) No employees, except special Government employees, shall accept compensation for services as consultants or advisors to any organization, public or private, in any manner which draws upon the experience, competence, or professional standing acquired or enhanced by or through their position in this Department unless they have received permission from their agency head. Special Government employees shall not use their employment or activity with the Department for a purpose that is, or gives the appearance of being, motivated by the desire for private gain for themselves or another (41 FR 24108, June 15, 1976).

(5) The amount of time and hours of work required by the outside employment or activity.

(e) Employees are specifically prohibited from acting as the agent of a foreign principal registered under the Foreign Agent's Registration Act (18 U.S.C. 219).

(f) No employee, whether in a duty or nonduty status, shall accept outside employment or activity, with or without compensation, from any foreign government, corporation, partnership, or individual without written prior approval from a counselor designated under g 0.735-3.

(g) It is the policy of the Department to grant permission to an employee to teach, lecture, or write including teaching, lecti ring, or writing for the purpose of the special preparation of a person or class of persons for an examination of the Civil Service Commission or Board of Examiners for the Foreign Service, provided:

(1) Prior written authorization is obtained from the agency head, or a counselor designated under $ 0.735-3;

(2) Such teaching, lecturing, or writing is not performed at or for any educational institution or other organization that discriminates because of race, creed, color, sex, age, national origin, or physical or mental handicap in the admission or subsequent treatment of students;

(3) Such teaching, lecturing, or writing is not dependent on information obtained as a result of his or her employment or activity with the Department, except when that information has been made available to the general public or when the agency head or agency head's designee gives specific authorization for the use of nonpublic information in the public interest; and

(4) Such teaching, lecturing, or writing is not otherwise incompatible with the provisions of this part.

(h) Articles prepared officially are the property of the Government, and authors thereof may not accept payment for such articles published in outside journals, magazines, or newspapers.

(i) Employees may not accept honorariums for written articles, speaking engagements, or addresses on radio or television or other appearances per

8 0.735-14 Conflict of interest.

(a) The following prohibitions apply to both a regular employee and a special Government employee:

(1) He or she may not have a direct or indirect financial interest that conflicts substantially, or appears to conflict substantially, with his or her responsibilities and duties as a Federal employee;

(2) He or she may not engage, directly or indirectly, in a financial transaction relying upon information obtained through his or her employment for his or her personal benefit or disclose such information for the benefit of another;

(3) He or she may not participate directly or indirectly in any transaction concerning the purchase or sale of corporate stocks or bonds, commodities, or other property for speculative purposes if such action might tend to interfere with the proper and impartial performance of his or her duties or bring discredit upon the Department;

(4) If he or she is concerned in any way with the administration of programs for the purchase or sale of commodities, price support programs, commodity loan programs, or other pro

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