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COMMITTEE ON INTERSTATE AND
FOREIGN COMMERCE

U.S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

COMMITTEE PRINT No. 19

SUBCOMMITTEE ON

PUBLIC HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENT

29-925

MARCH 1974

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
WASHINGTON: 1974

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COMMITTEE ON INTERSTATE AND FOREIGN COMMERCE

HARLEY 0. STAGGERS, West Virginia, Chairman TORBERTH. MACDONALD, Massachusetts SAMUEL L. DEVINE, Ohio JOHN JARMAN, Oklahoma

ANCHER NELSEN, Minnesota JOHN E. MOSS, California

JAMES T. BROYHILL, North Carolina JOHN D, DINGELL, Michigan

TIM LEE CARTER, Kentucky PAUL G. ROGERS, Florida

CLARENCE J. BROWN, Ohio LIONEL VAN DEERLIN, California

DAN KUYKENDALL, Tennessee J. J. PICKLE, Texas

JOE SKUBITZ, Kansas FRED B, ROONEY, Pennsylvania

JAMES F. HASTINGS, New York JOHN M. MURPHY, New York

JAMES M. COLLINS, Texas
DAVID E. SATTERFIELD III, Virginia LOUIS FREY, JR., Florida
BROCK ADAMS, Washington

JOHN WARE, Pennsylvania
W. S. (BILL) STUCKEY, JR., Georgia JOHN Y. MCCOLLISTER, Nebraska
PETER N. KYROS, Maine

DICK SHOUP, Montana
BOB ECKHARDT, Texas

BARRY M. GOLDWATER, JR., California RICHARDSON PREYER, North Carolina NORMAN F. LENT, New York BERTRAM L. PODELL, New York

H, JOHN HEINZ III, Pennsylvania HENRY HELSTOSKI, New Jersey

WILLIAM H, HUDNUT III, Indiana JAMES W. SYMINGTON, Missouri

SAMUEL H. YOUNG, Illinois
CHARLES J. CARNEY, Ohio
RALPH H. METCALFE, Illinois
GOODLOE E, BYRON, Maryland
WILLIAM R. ROY, Kansas
JOHN BRECKINRIDGE, Kentucky
THOMAS A. LUKEN, Ohio

W. E. WILLIAMSON, Clerk
KENNETH J. PAINTER, Assistant Clerk

Professional Staff

WILLIAM J. Dixon
ROBERT F. GUTHRIE

CHARLES B. CURTIS
LEE S. HYDE

JOHN L. GAMBLE

ELIZABETH HARRISON
JEFFREY H. SCHWARTZ

SUBCOMMITTEE ON PUBLIC HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENT

PAUL G. ROGERS, Florida, Chairman
DAVID E. SATTERFIELD III, Virginia ANCHER NELSEN, Minnesota
PETER N. KYROS, Maine

TIM LEE CARTER, Kentucky
RICHARDSON PREYER, North Carolina JAMES F. HASTINGS, New York
JAMES W. SYMINGTON, Missouri

H. JOHN HEINZ III, Pennsylvania WILLIAM R. ROY, Kansas

WILLIAM H. HUDNUT III, Indiana (II)

CONTENTS

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1. Introduction...

2. The problem of solid waste management and resource recovery..

à. Collection and disposal.--

1. CEQ, First Annual Report (August 1970), pp. 109–113.

2. Solid Waste Management Task Force, National League

of Cities—U.S. Conference of Mayors, Cities and the

Nation's Disposal Crisis (March 1973), pp. 1-3-----

3. USEPA, Report to Congress on Resource Recovery

(February 1973), pp. 1-3.

4. USEPA, Closing Open Dumps (1971), pp. 1-5, 7..

5. U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare,

Control of Domestic Rats and Mice (1968), pp. 1,

11, 14..

6. Senate Report No. 91-1034, July 23, 1970, pp. 21-22--

7. Government Accounting Office Report to Congress,

Need for Federal Agencies To Improve Solid Waste

Management Practices (1972), pp. 2–4..

8. Richard D. Vaughan, National Solid Wastes Survey

Report, Summary, and Interpretation, 1968 National

Survey of Community Solid Waste Practices: An

Interim Report (1968), pp. 47–51.-

9. Maryland Nurse Killed on Turnpike, Washington Star-

News, October 25, 1973, p. A-17--

10. Selected reported instances of health problems resulting

from improper disposal practices-

11. Report of the Solid Waste Management Advisory

Group, National Commission on Productivity, Op-

portunities for Improving Productivity in Solid

Waste Collection (September 1973), pp. 1-6, 12–13,

31-32, 65--

b. Energy shortages and the waste of potential energy resources.

i. Midwest Research Institute, Resource Recovery (1973),

2. John Edgerton, Transforming Trash in Nashville, The

Progressive (February 1974), pp. 25–26.-

3. Garbage, the Cinderella Fuel, New York Times,

February 24, 1974.-.

4. Horner & Shifrin, Inc., Solid Waste as Fuel for Power

Plants (1973), pp. iii-v-

5. Municipal Solid Waste-A Source of Energy, NCRR

Bulletin (Summer 1973), pp. 2–4..

6. Stephen Philips, Current Practices and Federal Ac-

tivities in Municipal Solid Waste Management

(March 1973) -

7. Wheelabrator-Frye, Inc., Statement to the Subcom-

mittee on Environment, Committee on Commerce,

U.S. Senate, on the Resource Conservation and

Waste Management Act of 1973 (S. 2753), (1973),

pp. 1-11...

8. Fuel for Wastes: A Minor Energy Source, Science

(November 1972), pp. 599-602-

9. Energy Push Cosť Put at $255 Billion, Washington

Post, March 12, 1974.---

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2. The problem of solid waste management and resource recovery-Con.

10. National Association of Recycling Industries, Inc.,

statement before the Subcommittee on Transporta-

tion, House Interstate and Foreign Commerce Com-

mittee on H.R. 6637, March 12, 1974, pp. 21-25.---

11. Arsen Darnay, Jr., testimony before the Subcommittee

on Minerals, Materials, and Fuels, Committee on

Interior and Insular Affairs, U.S. Senate (October 30,

1973), p. 122-

c. Materials shortages and reliance on imports---

1. National Academy of Sciences-National Academy of

Engineers, Man, Materials, and Environment-Con-

clusions and Recommendations, a report to the Na-

tional Commission on Materials Policy (March 1973),

2. National Commission on Materials Policy, Towards a

National Materials Policy: an interim report (1972),

3. Raw Materials: United States Grows More Vulnerable

to Third World Cartels, Science, January 18, 1974,

pp. 185-186..

4. Bauxite Unit Sought by Guinea, Washington Post,

March 8, 1974, p. A-24..

5. USEPA, Report to Congress on Resource Recovery

(February 1973), pp. 5-6..

6. Recycled Material Incentive Program Scrapped by

OMB, Washington Star-News, February 4, 1973, p.

A-10.

7. Talbot Page, Economics of Recycling, Resource Con-

servation, Resource Recovery, and Solid Waste Dis-

posal, prepared for the Committee on Public Works,

U.S. Senate by the Congressional Research Service,

Library of Congress (November 1973), pp. 31-32...

8. J. Kenneth Klitz, testimony before the Subcommittee

on Minerals, Materials, and Fuels, Committee on

Interior and Insular Affairs, U.S. Senate (November

1, 1973), pp. 351-352..

9. Gordon J. F. MacDonald, testimony before the Sub-

committee on Minerals, Materials, and Fuels, Com-

mittee on Interior and Insular Affairs, U.S. Senate

(November 1, 1973), pp. 262–264.

10. Arsen Darnay, Jr., testimony before the Subcommittee

on Minerals, Materials, and Fuels, Committee on

Interior and Insular Affairs, U.S. Senate (October 30,

30, 1973) pp. 122–123..

11. National Association of Recycling Industries, Inc.,

statement before the Subcommittee on Transporta-

tion and Aeronautics, House Interstate and For-

eign Commerce Committee on H.R. 6637, March 12,

1974, pp. 13-14....

d. Management of hazardous wastes---

1. USEPA, Report to Congress on Hazardous Waste Dis-

posal (1973), pp. v-viii, 62–64.

2. UŠEPA, Environmental Impact Statement on Hazard-

ous Waste Management Act (H.R. 4873) (1973),

pp. 6-8, 11-14, 19–27..

Adequacy and equity of solid waste management services -

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