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the commencement of the last month in Lent Term, and the end of the

third week in Act Term.

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Also I direct and appoint, that the eight Divinity Lecture Sermons shall be preached upon either of the following Subjects to confirm and

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establish the Christian Faith, and to confute all heretics and schismatics

- upon the divine authority of the holy Scriptures — upon the authority of the writings of the primitive Fathers, as to the faith and practice of

the primitive Church

- upon the Divinity of our Lord and Saviour Jesus

Christ - upon the Divinity of the Holy Ghost

upon the Articles of the

Christian Faith, as comprehended in the Apostles' and Nicene Creeds.

“Also I direct, that thirty copies of the eight Divinity Lecture Sermons

shall be always printed, within two months after they are preached, and one copy shall be given to the Chancellor of the University, and one copy

to the Head of every College, and one copy to the Mayor of the city of Oxford, and one copy to be put into the Bodleian Library; and the expense of printing them shall be paid out of the revenue of the Land or

Estates given for establishing the Divinity Lecture Sermons; and the Preacher shall not be paid, nor be entitled to the revenue, beforc they are


“Also I direct and appoint, that no person shall be qualified to preach

the Divinity Lecture Sermons, unless he hath taken the degree of Master

of Arts at least, in one of the two Universities of Oxford or Cambridge;

and that the same person shall never preach the Divinity Lecture Ser

mons twice.”





The work, here offered to the American public, has been received with

the most marked attention in England, and has already reached a third

edition, though but few months have elapsed since the issue of the first.

It is believed that its great merits will command for it a like attention

wherever it is known; the rare learning and metaphysical ability with which it discusses problems, no less profound in their philosophical

nature than practical in their religious applications; the devout rever

ence for the authority of the Bible, and the truly Christian spirit with

which it is imbued, must gain for it a cherished place in the minds and

hearts of all who wish well to a sound philosophy, and a pure, and we

may add, a real, Christianity. In its more immediate aspect, it is emi. nently a work for the present times; so closely is it connected with the

higher thinking of the present generation, and so boldly and triumphantly

does it carry the Christian argument through the entire course of recent, and especially German, speculation. But rightly viewed, these Lectures of

Mr. Mansel have a far wider scope than this; for, in unfolding his great

theme, the author aims to lay the foundations of a sound religious philosophy in the laws of the human mind, and in the general conditions to

which it is thereby necessarily subject in the attainment of all truth and

knowledge; his work therefore belongs, in its principles and applications, to all periods of human inquiry, and is thus invested with a universal

interest and a permanent value.

But without enlarging upon the general merits of this work, the Pub

lishers have only to mention the single change of any importance, which

it has undergone in the present reprint. This change is the translation in

the author's learned NOTES - - a most valuable portion of his work - of

the numerous passages from foreign writers, Greek, Latin, French, and

German, which in the English edition appear in the original languages.

It has been thought best to translate these passages, in order to bring them within the reach of all general readers; and it is hoped that this proceeding will be regarded by scholars with indulgence at least, if not

with entire approval.

The translations have been made by PROF. JOHN L. LINCOLN, of

Brown University, whose reputation as a scholar is deemed by the Pub

lishers a sufficient guaranty for the execution of the work. It has been

the translator's endeavor to reproduce the original with as much fidelity

as possible; and to make only such departures, even in the form of the thought, as the English idiom seemed to require. The difficulties belong

ing to the task of translating isolated passages from so many and so

different writers, will doubtless be best understood by those who are

most familiar with the languages in which they are written, and with the

abstruse subjects which they discuss.

An INDEX of THE AUTHORS, quoted in the work, has been also prepared for the American edition, which will be of great service to readers, and will indicate the wide and various range of Mr. Mansel's studies,




THE various Criticisms to which these Lectures have been


subjected since the publication of the last Edition, seem to call for a few explanatory remarks on the positions principally controverted. Such remarks may, it is hoped, contribute to the clearer perception of the argument in places where it has been misunderstood, and are also required in order to justify the republication, with little more than a few verbal alterations, of the entire work in its original form.

On the whole, I have no reason to complain of my

Critics. With one or two exceptions, the tone of their observations has been candid, liberal, and intelligent, and in some instances more favorable than I could have ventured to expect. An argument so abstruse, and in some respects so controversial, must almost inevitably call forth a considerable amount of opposition; and such criticism is at least useful in stimulating further inquiry, and in pointing out to an author those among his statements which appear most to require explanation or defence. If it has not done more than this, it is because the original argument was not put forth without much previous consideration, nor without anticipation of many of the objections to which it was likely to be exposed.

At present, I must confine myself to those explanations which appear to be necessary to the right appreciation of the main purposes of the work, on the supposition that its fundamental principles may be admitted as tenable. To reärgue the whole question on first principles, or to reply minutely to the criticisms on subordinate details, would require a larger space than can be allotted to a preface, and would be at least premature at the present stage of the controversy, while the work has in all probability not yet completed the entire course of criticism which a new book is destined to undergo if it succeeds in attracting any amount of public attention.

In the first place, it may be desirable to obviate some misapprehensions concerning the design of the work as a whole. It should be remembered, that to answer the objections which have been urged against Christianity, or against any religion, is not to prove the religion to be true. It only clears the ground for the production of the proper evidences. It shows, so far as it is successful, that the religion may be true, notwithstanding the objections by which it has been assailed; but it

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