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Wad Close.—A dialectic form of woad, a acceptance of the derivation of "toys” from plant used for dying. This spot has perhaps "Fr. toisera fathom,” which is offered by been a place where woad has been grown. the authors of the useful book mentioned at It was à crop very exhausting to the land, the last reference. They give no historical and tenant farmers were often prohibited evidence pointing to a connexion between from growing it. In many old leases a • toys” and toise, and until some evidence of -covenant is found making the growth of the supposed connexion has been given, it "woad, otherwise called wad," penal. seems prudent to abstain from regarding this

EDWARD PEACOCK. derivation as satisfactory. Wickentree House, Kirton-in-Lindsey.

In view of PROF. SKEAT'S suggestion that THE WYKEHAMICAL WORD "Toys” (9th S.

the word may be only “a peculiar use of the xii. 345, 437, 492 ; 10th S. i. 13, 50).—I should common E. toy," I venture to quote the followlike to thank Prof. Skeat for the opinion ing passage from. Addison's 'Remarks on which my solicitation (at the third reference) Italy (Hurd's edition of Addison's ‘Works, induced him to express (at the fourth) upon

vol. ii., 1811, p. 167) :the various derivations assigned to this word. fusion of wealth laid out in coaches, trappings,

"One cannot but be amazed to see such a proThe question, When did the word come into tables, cabinets, and the like precious toys, in use at Winchester ? may perhaps be material which there are few princes in Europe who equal to the question, What is its true origin ? and them." for this reason I offer the following evidence

This passage is cited in the 'Century Dicthat the word was already current among the tionary, vol. vi., under“ toy," with a reference boys in 1771. I have a manuscript copy of a to Bohn's edition of Addison, i. 504. H. C. series of letters written during 1770 and 1771 by a

commoner to his brother who was SADLER'S WELLS PLAY ALLUDED absent from the school on account of ill- WORDSWORTH (10th S. i. 7, 70). — It may in. health, and the following passage occurs in terest H. W. B. to know that in an unpubone of these letters, which is dated Winton, lished letter from Mary Lamb to Dorothy 30 June, 1771 :

Wordsworth, postmarked 11 July, 1803, is “The mice have found means to get into the well this passage :of your under Toys; and to make a little havock with some of your Papers : your upper Toys I found and his sister to Sadlers Wells, the lowest and most

“We went last week with Southey and Rickman open, nothing is missing as I can find except the London-like of all (of] any London amusements sixth Volume of Pope's Works."

the entertainments were 'Goody Two Shoes,!' Jack I imagine that the writer meant by "upper the Giant Killer,' and 'Mary of Buttermere'! poor Toys” the cupboard which formed the upper Mary was very happily married at the end of the part of his brother's bureau, and that this piece, to a sailor her former sweetheart-we had a bureau was similar to the bureaux which are prodigious fine view of her father's house in the vale

of Buttermere-mountains very like large haycocks, sketched in the illustration at p. 20 of Words- and a lake like nothing at all-if you had been worth's 'The College of St. Mary Winton near with us, would you have laughed the whole time Winchester'(1848), and at p. 226 of Walcott's like Charles and Miss Rickman or gone to sleep as • William of Wykeham and his Colleges' Southey and Rickman did.” (1852). (See also the picture of 'Seventh

E. V. Lucas. Chamber'in Radclyffe's Memorials of Win- RICHARD Nash (9th S. xi. 445 ; xii. 15, 116, chester College.') Mr. R. B. Mansfield, no 135, 272, 335, 392, 493 ; 10th S. i. 32).--- The condoubt, had bureaux of this kind in his mind's fusion over the so-called Chesterfield epigram eye when he penned his definition of “ toys has arisen mainly from the fact that there which I cited at the third reference. These was always (at least for more than one hunsimple movable bureaux have now been dred and fifty years) a statue, as now, of superseded at Winchester generally, if not Beau Nash in the Bath Pump Room, but no entirely, by fixed furniture of a somewhat picture of him. It was natural that some more complex character. The word “toys" should conclude that the correct reading was has been transferred to this furniture, and the statue (not picture) placed the busts accordingly a boy's “toys” now mean, as a between." The lines were, however, written rule, certain fixed furniture which has been before the statue was carved. When a second allotted to him for his own use. Specimens assembly room was opened on the Terrace of the old bureaux, however, still exist, and Walk (called, after the lessee, “Wiltshire's") one of them is preserved in the college in 1729-30, it was adorned, it is believed, with museum.

a full-length portrait of Nash (then in the The mere fact that space is occupied by the height of his popularity), which was supfurniture allotted to each boy does not justify ported by the busts of Newton and Pope, the latter being at the time a frequent visitor. portrait at Eton of Rous in his robes as Jane Brereton, who died in 1740, struck by Speaker. His father Sir Anthony married, the incongruous combination, wrote the sub- as his second wife, the mother of John Pym, joined poem, which is entitled 'On Mr. the statesman.

A. R. BAYLEY. Nash's picture, full length, between the busts of Sir Isaac Newton and Mr. Pope,' and, as

“CONSTANTINE PEBBLE” (9th S. xii. 506; will be seen, it must have formed the basis of 10th S. i. 33).- A really excellent illustration the later epigram :

and description of the above are to be found The old Egyptians hid their wit

under the heading of 'On Cromlechs' on In hieroglyphic dress

p. 64, vol. vi. of the Saturday Magazine for To give men pains to search for it

14 February, 1835. It commences :And please themselves with guess.

“The accompanying engraving exhibits a view of Moderns to tread the selfsame path

an insulated rock, popularly termed a Cromlech, And exercise our parts

standing on a moor in the parish of Constantine, in Place figures in a room at Bath;

Cornwall, and called by the people of the country Forgive them, God of Arts !

• The Tolmen.'
Newton, if I may judge aright,

The article concludes :-
All wisdom doth express:

“The Tolmen points due north and south, is His knowledge gives mankind new light, 33 feet in length, 18 feet in width in the widest Adds to their happiness.

part, and 14 feet 6 inches in depth, 97 feet in cirPope is the emblem of true wit,

cumference, and is calculated by admeasurement

to contain 750 tons of stone."
The sunshine of the mind;
Read o'er his works for proof of it,

You 'll endless pleasure find.

Nash represents man in the mass,

Made up of wrong and right,
Sometimes a knave, sometimes an ass,

(10th S. i. 4).—The error which MR. ELIOT Now blunt and now polite.

HODGKIN has noticed in some copies of this The picture placed the busts between

work appears also in the Grenville copy in Adds to the thought much strength:

the British Museum (G. 10564), in which the Wisdom and Wit are little seen,

clumsy alteration obtrudes itself very unBut Folly's at full length.

pleasantly upon the eye. I do not know

W. T. whether MR. HODGKIN has seen this copy. Bath.


New Southgate. PENRITH (10th S. i. 29).-The editorial note says, “ Penrith is still pronounced Perith in CARDIGAN AS A SURNAME (10th S. i. 67). — the North.” As a North-Countryman, I Is it a surname? On the contrary, it seems should like to point out that those letters to exist only as a territorial title. If G. H. W. do not in these days, and especially in the refers to the earldom, the pedigree is, of South, sufficiently represent the pronun- course, in Burke. But it only goes back to ciation. Peerith would be better. By-the- the wedding, early in the eighteenth century, by, is Perth (pronounced very similarly in of a Bruce with a Lord Cardigan of another Scotland) a name of the same origin and family.

D. meaning?

In the same direction it might be noted SALEP OR SALOP (9th S. xii. 448). — The that “Peercy" is the spelling in many vending, of “saloop," as it was more geneancient Northern documents of the old sur- rally called, among the street-barrow men of name Percy (e.g., "the Peercy Fee,” &c.); London, is now, I think, quite an extinct and presumably “Peercy. would not be calling. Its use began to be superseded by pronounced as we usually now pronounce tea and coffee about the year 1831, up to Percy.

BALBUS. which time it had supplied the humble needs

of the early wayfarers in the same way that Rous OR ROWSE FAMILY (9th S. xii. 487; coffee does now. It was when coffee became 10th S. i. 55).–For Speaker Francis Rous see cheaper, with all its accessory adulterations, also 'D.N.B.' and the Rev. Douglas Macleane's that it began entirely to displace saloop. See * History of Pembroke College (Oxford His- Henry Mayhew's ‘London Labour and the torical Society, 1897, pp. 291-6), whereat he London Poor,' 1851, vol. i. p. 191 seq. The founded the existing Eton Scholarship. The beverage was originally made from salep, College possesses a half-length portrait of the roots of Orchis mascula, a common plant him, in which he is represented wearing a of our meadows, the tubers of which, being tall wide-brimmed hat." There is another cleaned and peeled, are lightly browned in

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It was much recommended in the us a good deal. Looking for men associated with

“ Demosthenes” Taylor, last century by Dr. Percival, partly as con- Johnson, we come across taining the largest portion of nutritious the most silent man that the Doctor ever saw, yet

one who could change, in the right company, from matter in the smallest space. John Timbs, the laborious student to the festive companion with F.S.A., the author of 'Something for Every- wonderful rapidity, left forty, volumes of commonbody'(7.v. p. 200), remembered many saloop- place books, played cards well, and was an elegant stalls in our streets. The date of that work carver. Soame Jenyns, a review of whose book on

The Nature and Origin of Evil' brought Johnson is 1861. J. HOLDEN MACMICHAEL.

repute, also wrote an Essay on Dancing,' famous MR. CLARK will find a good deal about this in its day, and was by no means such a fool as the concoction in the new edition of Yule's Doctor and Boswell made out. Johnson's most

exquisite critical essay" anywhere, as Boswell calls • Anglo-Indian Glossary,' s.v. 'Saleb;', where it, its victim and subject never forgave, writing a references are given to articles in N. & Q.' scurrilous epitaph on his reviewer many years later. on its modern use.

W. CROOKE. Johnians of this time also were Dr. Heberden, who

attended Johnson on his deathbed, and the satirist “LOST IN A CONVENT'S SOLITARY GLOOM Churchill, whom Boswell defended against the (10th S. i. 67) is to be found in Pope's 'Eloisa charge of being a blockhead. to Abelard,' l. 38.


Many singular characters appear in these pages,

and no one can fail to be struck with the cheerful [MR. YARDLEY also refers to Pope.] ness and hilarity which is so frequently noted as BIRCH-SAP WINE (9th S. xi. 467 ; xii. 50, our own columns is quoted a curious account

a characteristic of these university men. From 296; 10th S. i. 18). - William Simpson, of of the marriage of Robert Lamb, who wrote books Wakefield, in his Hydrologia Chymica,' on chess and the battle of Flodden, and selected a 1669, p. 328, writes :

carrier's daughter he had not seen for many years "If you wound a branch of the birch tree, or lop him by walking down the street with a tea-caddy

as his spouse. She was to make herself known to the bole thereof, in March, if it be done below, under her arm. She did so, but he was too absentnear the ground, the latex thence issuing is a mere minded to be there, though he met and married ipsipid water; but if a branch of about 3 fingers her in due course through the intervention of an thickness be wounded to the semidiameter thereof,

old Customs-House officer. and fill'd with wooll, it weeps forth a subacid liquor in great abundance, insomuch that in one the author of · Barbarossa,'a play for which Garrick

An odd forgotten worthy is Dr. John Brown, day such a wounded branch may give 8 or 10 pound wrote Prologue and Epilogue, and a book on the of that liquor: concerning the vertue whereof Helmont saith, Qui in ipso lithiasis tormento manners of the times which in 1757 went through solatur afflictos, tribus quatuorve cochlearibus cation was such that he was engaged to go to

seven editions. His reputation for organizing eduassumptis, viz. that it gives help, in the

torments Russia by the Empress, and given 1,000!. for the of the stone, being taken to the quantity of three journey, which his ill health prevented. There or four spoonfulls: which he saith is balsamus lithiasis merus.

were very serious people about in these days, too,

such as the Hulse of various theological benefacW. C. B.

tions to the University, who left a will of nearly

four hundred pages of closely written manuscript! Miscellaneous.

Next to Horne Tooke, on whom there are three

pages of excellent notes, comes Stephen Fovargue, NOTES ON BOOKS, &c.

who in 1770 horsewhipped and kicked a “Jip," as

Cole spells it. The Jip died, and Fovargue ab. Admissions to the College of St. John the Evangelist, sconded to France, and played the violin in the

Cambridge. Part III. 1715-67. Edited, with streets of Paris as a beggar. Finally, in 1774 he Notes, by Robert F. Scott. (Cambridge, Deighton, returned “to Cambridge in long dirty ruffles, his Bell & Co.)

hair tied up with a piece of pack-thread, and in a The Senior Bursar of St. John's has here continued sailor's jacket, and yellow trousers," and was acthe work which Prof. J. E. B. Mayor began in a quitted on the deposition of various doctors, as the manner worthy of his predecessor, and of a splendid college servant had been in ill-health for some time foundation. We cannot speak, in fact, too highly before being maltreated. What romance and of the great care and research which have gone to adventure such careers, illuminated by the adthe elucidation of details in the careers of Johnians. mirable collections of Cole, Nichols, and others, The Register is one of bare names, but by the aid and the exemplary research of the editor of this of various sources, including our own columns, Register, afford may be guessed from our quotations. parish registers, the Gentleman's Magazine, and We wish that other great foundations of Oxford other collections known to specialists, a large mass and Cambridge would imitate that of St. John the of illuminating detail has been secured. When we Evangelist in the zealous collection of materials add that the indexes are wonderfully complete, in- growing every day harder to find. cluding one of counties, another of schools, and two of trades, in English and Latin respectively, it will Songs of the Vine, with a Medley for Maltworms. be seen that the volume is a model of what such a Selected and edited by William G. Hutchinson. thing should be.

(Bullen.) This was an infructuous time in Cambridge his. The parentage of this volume constitutes a voucher tory, and these admissions include no names of for its merits. Selected by Mr. Hutchinson, and the highest mark; still they do not fail to interest published by Mr. Bullen, taste and judgment have presided over its birth, and it is the most enjoyable with the work an idea of its nature and methods. work of its class to which the enlightened and A basis is to be found in works such as Cowel's sympathetic student may turn. Ale and beer songs Interpreter' and the like, but the general mass we have in plenty; but we know not where else to of information is derived from decisions in the point to so stimulating a collection of bacchanalian various courts. A preliminary Table of Cases? lyrics. Not only Mr. Bullen, but the late W. E. occupies over one hundred and twenty closely Henley has assisted in the task of selection. The printed pages in double columns, to which a .Table opening poem consists of the immortal drinking of Statutes' adds some fifty pages more, other song assigned somewhat dubiously to Walter Mapes. lists of abbreviations bringing the preliminary From this, however, one or two stanzas, especially matter up to two hundred and twenty pages. that beginning

Sometimes the information given is purely legal, Magis quam ecclesiam diligo tabernam, as when, under Cheese,' we are told, with a crossbut for which we are sorry: Leigh Hunt's familiar from milk”; sometimes it seems arbitrary,

as when disappear, a matter of which we do not complain, reference to Margarine,' that what is known as

no fat derived otherwise than translation is given. Much of this is good. Would

“the crew does not not the following be a better rendering of the first we find, under Crew,' that

always mean the whole crew. .” Sometimes, again, stanza?

it is of widespread influence, as when we meet the In a tavern I propose to end my days a-drinking, many definitions of 'Crime.' Often it is technical, With the wine-stoup near my hand to seize when I as under headings such as 'Negative Pregnant'; am sinking;

sometimes, again, the information supplied is virThat celestial choirs may sing, sweet angel voices tually negative, as when we hear that “the word linking,

* indecently' has no definite legal meaning," or God be merciful to one who drank well without learn that “ negligence' is not an affirmative shrinking.

word,” but is "the absence of such care, skill, and The credit of writing the famous "Back and side diligence as it was the duty of the person to bring go bare” is withdrawn from Bishop Still; but the to the performance of the work which he is said Rev. John Home, of 'Douglas' fame, is responsible not to have performed.” Any work that facilitates. for the praise of claret, and the Rev. John Black. reference, and in so doing saves time, is of extreme lock, D.D., for that of punch, while Dean Aldrich inportance, and in this respect, as in others, the is credited with the five excellent ‘Reasons for present book should be found in every library of Drinking.' Those who supply the remaining lyrics reference, private as well as public. include Lyly, Shakespeare, Jonson, Herrick, Henry Vaughan, Congreve, Dr. Johnson, Sheridan, Gold. The Collected Poems of Lord de Tabley. (Chapman smith, Burns, Blake, Thackeray, and innumerable & Hall.) others, besides some few writers of later date. It THESE collected poems of John Byrne Leicester is a fine collection, truly, almost the only really Warren, third and last Lord de Tabley, are issued immortal lyric we fail to see being that concerning without any form of preface or introduction beyond “All our men were very merry," which probably an inserted slip to the effect that a single poem, does not come into the scheme. A poem assigned entitled Orpheus in Hades,' is reprinted from the to Thackeray, called 'Commanders of the Faithful,' Nineteenth Century by permission of Mr. [Sir]James we knew very many years ago in a different form. T. Knowles. They include, presumably, all that is Permission has been obtained to insert Sir Theo- found worthy of preservation in the volumes issued dore Martin's (or Aytoun's) ' Dirge of the Drinker.' respectively in 1859 and 1862 under the pseudonym We repeat that for those to whom bacchanalian of George F. Preston, and in 1863 and 1868 under chants appeal the volume will bring unending that of William Lancaster, the anonymously pubdelight.

lished tragedies of 'Philoctetes' and Orestes,' and The Judicial Dictionary of Words and Phrases writer's own name. Their reappearance has been

the verses subsequently given (1873, 1876) under the Judicially Interpreted. By F. Stroud. Second preceded by that of selections, which would, it might Edition. 3 vols. (Sweet & Maxwell.)

have been supposed, have sufficed for the requireSINCE the appearance in 1890, from the same pub, ments of the average reader. There is, however, a lishers, of the first edition, Stroud's Judicial class-with which we sympathize-which, if it is to Dictionary' has been enlarged to thrice its original have a poet at all, asks for him in his entirety, size. This is due in part to the amplification of and to this the present volume appeals. Lord de materials. The augmentation of size may, how: Tabley's poems are the products of a thoughtful, ever, be taken as a proof of the utility of a work highly cultivated, and richly endowed mind, which which is, in its way, unique, and has, as its author at its best rises near inspiration. They have been justly observes, neither predecessor nor rival. Its sadly overpraised by writers who should know first and most obvious appeal is to lawyers, to better, but who may be pardoned, perhaps, the the more intellectual and philosophical among desire to find in the dead level of mediocrity of whom it is indispensable. Its ainus extend, how- modern verse some promise of better things, and ever, far beyond this limited circle, since it is they owe something to unconscious imitation of the sought to make it the authoritative Interpreter best models. The subjects are largely classical, but of the English of Affairs for the British Empire.' are not treated in the conventional manner. It is Even here its utility does not end, and the curious, indeed, to encounter a tragedy with the philologist will do well to have it at his hand title of Orestes containing no mention of Pylades, and consult it as a work independent of, even if | Agamemnon, Clytæmnestra, or Electra, and yet supplementary to, accepted dictionaries. It is not dealing with the slaying of a mother's paramour. a law lexicon, but a dictionary of words and phrases In observation of nature Lord de Tabley is always which have received interpretation by the judges. at his best. Sometimes, as in The Nymph and Not easy is it to convey to those who are unfamiliar the Hunter,' the subject of which is quasi-classical, he shows a fervid imagination. His style is fre- Christ's Hospital Schools at Horsham, erected at quently too elaborate, but his book deserves, and a cost of 300,0001. The buildings contain "forty will receive, a welcome. "On a Portrait of Sir | miles of hot-water pipes and ninety-eight miles John Suckling' (p. 277) is an interesting poem. To of electric wires. Another place visited was it is appended a foot-note making a promise which Holmbury Camp, when Mr. T. H. Alexander read is nowhere fulfilled.

a paper. Mr. William Frederick Potter took the The Cathedral Church of St. Patrick. By J. H. ranıblers to Bexley Heath and Crayford. Crayford

Church is remarkable for its nave, which “has the Bernard, D.D. (Bell & Sons.)

very singular plan of a row of columns and arches To “Bell's Cathedral Series" has been added a

down the centre, abutting against the chancel arch.” volume on the cathedral church of St. Patrick, Mr. W. T. Vincent, the antiquary, of Woolwich, Dublin, compiled by the Dean. In addition to informed Mr. Potter that he believes the only the miscellaneous, documents contained in the other example of this kind in England is in the * Dignitas Decani' which were used by. Monck church at Grasmere, Westmoreland.” At Bexley Mason in his History of St. Patrick's Cathedral, the Red

House. erected by William Morris

in 1859, the Patent Rolls and Papal Registers published was visited. It was of this house that Rossetti under the direction of the Master of the Rolls have wrote in 1862, “ Above all, I wish you could see the been laid under contribution, so that the volume house Morris' has built for himself in Kent. It is is complete as regards historical information. In a most noble work in every way, and more a poem addition to illustrations from Monck Mason's than a house, such as anything else could lead you monumental work, from Ware's“, Antiquities, from to conceive, but an admirable place to live in, too." of Dublin,' the work is enriched by photographic last of his series of visits to Oxford. Mr. G. H. views, reissues of ancient prints, and reproductions Quartermain's excursion was to Roydon and Nether of brasses, &c. A list of the Deans of St. Patrick's, Hall. Selsdon Park, as well as Redbourne and from William FitzGaido in 1219 to the writer of Hemel Hempstead, by the editors, form interesting the present volume, is appended. These, of course, papers, as also does Horton and Wraysbury,' by comprise Philip Norris, 1457, excommunicated by Mr. Theophilus Pitt, who has been chosen as the Pope Eugenius IV., William King, subsequently future

editor of the annual transactions, to succeed Archbishop; and Jonathan Swift. The bust of Mr. J. Stanley and Mr. W. F. Harradence, who the last named in Carrara marble, presented in have ably edited the Record' during the past 1775 by a nephew of Alderman Faulkner, is also eleven years. We cordially wish the new editor given. Swift's remains are buried in the nave.

like success. Of Stella, who is buried near Swift, the Dean says, “Her sad and strange history has never been fully revealed to the world, and her relations with the

Notices to Correspondents. Dean (Swift) will, probably, always be a mystery." We must call special attention to the following

notices :How to Decipher and Study Old Documents. By E. E. Thoyts (Mrs. John Hautenville Cope).

On all communications must be written the name (Stock.)

and address of the sender, not necessarily for pub. TEN years have plapsed since the appearance of lication, but as a guarantee of good faith. Mrs. Cope's useful and well-arranged volume (see We cannot undertake to answer queries privately. gth S. iv. 160), and a second edition is now forth

To secure insertion of communications correconing. For the young student it is probably the spondents must observe the following rules. Let most serviceable work in existence. The old intro- each note, query, or reply be written on a separate duction of Mr. Trice Martin is reproduced. In slip of paper, with the signature of the writer and her preface the author answers the objection we such address as he wishes to appear. When answer. advanced in our previous notice against her second ing queries, or making notes with regard to previous ehapter on handwriting, and insists that a careful entries in the paper, contributors are requested to study of every line and letter is useful, a statement put in parentheses, immediately after the exact we are prepared to accept. We had, indeed, no heading, the series, volume, and page or pages to notion then, nor have we now, of censure, the book which they refer. Correspondents who repeat for its purpose being entitled to high praise. We queries are requested to head the second com hope Mrs. Cope will long continue her labours, and nunication “ Duplicate.” sometiines, as she has doue previously, favoúr us

STEER-HOPE (“ Nelson's Signal”).-See the authowith the results.

rities quoted at 8th S. xi. 405; xii. 9. THE Record of the Summer Excursions of the

H. CECIL BULL.-"Kismet” equals fate. For Upper Norwood. Athenæum for 1903 is full of

* Facing the music” see the articles in gth S. ix., X. interest. The places visited include Clandon and Merrow, when Mr. Charles Wheeler, the chairman CORRIGENDA.- Ante, p. 18, col. 2, 1. 15, for "voiz for the year, conducted. The manor of West read roix. P. 65, col. 1, 1.7 from foot, for “ Janes" Clandon dates back to Edward II. The house read James. was imparked in 1521, and in the days of Charles I. enlarged and improved by Sir Richard Editorial communications should be addressed Onslow. “The present mansion was built by to “The Editor of Notes and Queries '»-Adver: Thomas, the second Earl, in 1731, from designs by tisements and Business Letters to “The Pub Giacomo Leoni, a Venetian.” The next ramble lisher"--at the Office, Brean's Buildings, Chancery was to Warnham Court, Mr. Henry Virgoe being Lane, E.C. the leader. The manor was held by William de We beg leave to state that we decline to return Saye in 1272. Its present possessor is Mr. Charles communications which, for any reason, we do not T. Lucas. The party afterwards visited the new print; and to this rule we can make no exception.


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