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cuted their march, and the army of the Ayres, were forwarded to Gerona, to be
(Sigried) M. LAMARQUE.
DOCUMENTS The cavalry of the army of the South pro-wuch ACCOMPANIED THE AMERICAN PREceeded towards Alba de Tormes, and the
SIDENT'S MESSAGE TO CONGRESS. infantry advanced to Flores de Avilla and Penaranda.This day, the 10th, the King arrived at Penaranda, where his Ma- Mr. Russell to Lord Castlereagh. jesty established his head-quarters. Count My Lord, - It is only necessary, I trust, D'Érlon continued his movement to esta- to call the attention of your Lordship to a blish himself at Macotera and its environs; review of the conduct of the Government the army of Portugal is completing its of the United States, to prove incontrovertmovement upon Babila Fuente. The Duke ibly its unceasing anxiety 'to maintain the of Dalmatia has directed his inarch towards relations of peace and friendship with Great Alba de Tormes, with his cavalry and part Britain. Its patience in suffering the many of his infantry. Alba de Tormes appears wrongs which it has received, and its perto be strongly occupied. The Duke of Dal- severance in endeavouring, by amicable watia has fired 1,500 cannon on this post, means, to obtain redress, are known to the without being able to dislodge the enemy. world/ Despairing, at length, of receiv'
-Count Souham reports, that Lord Welding this redress from the justice of the Brilington occupies the position of San Chris- tish Government, to which it had so often toval, in advance of Salamanca. During applied in vain, and feeling that a further this march some hundreds of prisoners have forbearance would be a virtual surrender of been collected, together with some equi- the interests and rights essential to the prospages.
perity and independence of the nation couI pray, &c. (Signed) JOURDAN. fided to its protection, it has been compelled
to discharge its high duty by an appeal to Extract of a Lelter from General Lamarque, arms. While, however, it regards this
Commander in Upper Catalonia, to the course as the only one which remained for
it to pursue with a hope of preserving any Gerona, Nov. 29. portion of that kind of character, which Sir,-Areynes-del-Mare was the entrepot constitutes the vital strength of every naof the enemy's smuggling, and one of his tion, yet it is still willing to give another magazines. This criminal commerce was proof of the spirit which has uniformly, carried on under the protection of the Eng- distinguished its proceedings, by seeking to lish ships lying in the roads.--A move arrest, on terms consistent with justice and able battery was placed at the entrance of honour, the calamities of war. It has, the town; the first firing put the English therefore, authorized me to stipulate with to flight, all their vessels stood out to sea, His Britannic Majesty's Government, an and we have taken possession of Areyns- armistice, to commence at or before the exdel-Mare and of its magazines, the enemy piration of 60 days after the signature of making 70 endeavour to thwart our opera- the instrument providing for it, on condition. the Catalonians perceived, from tion that the Orders in Council be repealed, che conduct of the English in this instance, and no illegal blockades be substituted for how little they can rely on the promises of them, and that orders be immediately given such worthless auxiliaries.- -The English to discontinue the impressment of persons, merchandises seized at Areyns-del-Mare from American vessels, and to restore the were instantly either burnt or thrown into citizens of the United States already imthe sea; but the grain, flour, rice, are pressed; it being moreover well understood other provisions, were conducted to the ma- that
British Government will assent to gazines of Barcelona. The articles brought enter into demande arrangements,' as soon from the Spanish colonies, such as the sugar as may be, on these and every othe differ: and coffee of Havanna, the cottons of Vera ence, by a Treaty, to be coucluctd, either Cruz and Motril, and the leather of Buenos at London or Washington, as ja an impar
tial consideration of existing circumstances violating the rights of the United States, shall be deemed most expedient. As an and in return it will restore peace with the inducement to Great Britain to discontinue Power, from whom in a friendly commerthe practice of impressment from American cial intercourse so many advantages are to vessels, 'I am authorized to give assurance be derived. Your Lordship is undoubto that a law shall be passed (to be reciprocal) edly aware of the serious difficulties with to prohibit the employment of British sea- which the prosecution of the war', even for men in the public or commercial service of a short period, must necessarily embarrass the United States. It is sincerely be all future attempts at accommodation. Paslieved, that such an arrangement would sions exasperated by injuries-alliances or prove more efficacious, in securing to Great conquests on terms which forbid their abanBritain her seamen, than the practice of donment—will inevitably hereafter embitter impressment, su derogatory to the sovereign and protract a contest which might now be attributes of the United States, and so in- so easily and happily terminated.-Deepcompatible with the personal rights of their ly impressed with these truths, I cannot citizens. Your Lordship will not be but persuade myself that His Royal Highsurprised that I have presented the revoca- ness the Prince Regent will take into his tion of the Orders in Council as a prelimi- early consideration the propositions herein nary to the suspension of hostilities, when made on behalf of the United States, and it is considered that the act of the British decide on them in a spirit of conciliation Government of the 23d of June last, or- and justice.- I have the honour to be, daining ihat revocation, is predicated on with high consideration, my Lord, your conditions, the performance of which is Lordship's most obedient servant, rendered impracticable by the change
(Signed) JONA RUSSELL. which is since known to have occurred in To The Right Hon. Lord Viscount the relations between the two countries. Castlereagh, bc. It cannot now be expected that the Government of the United States will immediately, on due notice of that Act, revoke, or cause
Lord Castlereagh to Mr. Russell. to be revoked, its Acts, excluding from the
Foreign Office, Aug. 29. waters and harbours of the United States
tes) Sir,--Although the diplomatic relations all British armed vessels, and interdicting between the two Governments have been commercial intercourse with Great Britain. terminated, by a declaration of war on the Such a procedure would necessarily involve part of the United States, I have not hesi: consequences too unreasonable and extrava- tated, under the peculiar circumstances of gant to be for a moment presumed. The the case, and the authority under which Order in Council of the 23d of June last you act; to submit to the Prince Regent the will, therefore, according to its own terms, proposition contained in your letter of the be null, and of no effect, and a new act of 24th inst. for a suspension of hostilities. the British Government, adapted to exist- -From the period at which your in. ing circumstances, is obviously required for structions must have been issued, it is ob. che effectual repeal of the Orders in Coun- vious that this overture was determined cil of which the United States complain. upon by the Government of the United
The Government of the United States States in ignorance of the Order in Council considers indemnity for injuries received of the 23d of June last, and as you inform under the Orders in Council and other me that you are not at liberty to depart cdicts, violating the rights of the Ameri- from the conditions set forth in your letter, can nation, to be incident to their repeal, it only remains for me to acquaint you, that and it believes that satisfactory provision the Prince Regent feels himself under the will be made in the definitive treaty to be necessity of declining to accede to the prohereafter negociated for this purpose.
—positions therein contained, as being on vaThe conditions now offered to the British rious groonds absolutely inadmissible. Government for the termination of the war As soon as there was reason to apprehend by an armistice, as above stated, are so that Mr. Foster's functions might have moderate and just in themselves, and so en. ceased in America, and that he might have cirely consistent with its interest and ho- been obliged to withdraw himself, in connour, that a confident hope is indulged that sequence of war being declared, from the it will not hesitate to accept them. In so United States, before the above-mentioned
doing it will abandon no right; it will sa- Order of the 23d of June, and the instruccrifice no interest; it will abstain only from ţions consequent thereupon, could have
reached hiin, measures were taken for 29th ult. which I did not receive until this
(Signed) Jona RUSSELLA
Castlereagh. either to check abuse in exercise of the practice of impressment, or to accomplish, by means less liable to vexation, the object Lord Castlereagh to Mr. Russell. for which impressment has hitherto been
Foreign Office, Sepl. 2, 1812. found necessary; but they cannot consent to Sir, I have laid before His Royal Highsuspend the exercise of a right upon which ness the Prince Regent your letter of the 1st the naval strength of the empire mainly insta in which you announce your intention depends, until they are fully convinced to embark immediately at Plymouth, on that means can be devised, and will be board the ship Lark, for the United States. adopted, by which the object to be obtain------I have already the honour of forwarded by the exercise of that right can be ef- Jing to you an Admiralty Order, for the fectually secured. I have the honour to be, protection of that ship as a cartel on her Sir, your most obedient humble Servant,
voyage to America, and I herewith enclose Signed) CASTLEREAGH.
to you a passport for the free embarkation 3. Russell, Esq. &C.
of yourself and family, in conformity to
of His Majesty's Treasury will issue direcMr. Russell to Lord Castle reagh.
tions to the Commissioners of the Customs 18, Bentinck-streel, 1st Sept. 1812. to give every facility to the embarkation of My Lord, I have learnt with much re- your effects. If, previous to your degret, by your Lordship's notey dated the parture from England, you can point out
to me any particular manner in which I can United States, and that I shall transmit, facilitate your arrangements, I beg that you without delay, corresponding intelligence will command my services. His Royal to the several parts of the world where Highness has commanded me to signify to hostilities may have commenced; the Bri you, for the information of your Govern- tish Commanders in which will be requirei ment, that there will be no difficulty in al- to discontinue hostilities, from the receipt lowing Mr. R.G. Beasly, as stated in your of such notice. Should the American letter, to reside in this country, as the Government accede to the above proposal United States' agent for prisoners of war. for terminating hostilities, I am authorized I have the honour to subscribe myself, to arrange with you as to the revocation of with great truth and consideration, Sir, your the laws which interdict the commerce and most obedient humble servant,
ships of war of Great Britain from the har(Signed) CASTLERBACH.
bours and waters of the United States ; in
default of which revocation within such 7. Russell, Esq.
reasonable period as may be agreed upon, you will observe, by the Order of the
23d of June, the Orders in Council of JaCorrespondence between Sir J. B. Warren, nuary, 1807, and April, 1809, are to be and the Secretary of State, Mr. Monroe. revived.---The officer who conveys this
Halifax, Nova Scotia, Sept. 30. letter to the American coast has received Sir,- The departure of Mr. Foster froin my orders to put to sea immediately upon America has devolved upon me the charge the delivering of this dispatch to the comof making known to you, for the informa- petent Authority; and I earnestly recomtion of the Government of the United States, mend, that no time may be lost in comthe sentiments entertained by His Royal municating to me the decision of your GoHighness the Prince Regent, upon the ex-vernment, persuaded as I feel, that it canisting relations of the two countries.- not but be of a nature to lead to a speedy You will observe from the enclosed copy termination of the present differences.of an Order in Council, bearing date the The Hag of truce which you may charge 23d of June, 1812, that the Orders in with your reply, will find one of my cruizCouncil of the 7th of Jan. 1807, and the ers at Sandy Hook, ten days after the 26th of April, 1809, ceased to exist nearly landing of this dispatch, which I have diat the same time that the Government of rected to call there with a flag of truce for the United States declared war against His that purpose. I have the honour to be, Majesty. — Immediately on the receipt with the highest consideration, of this declaration in London, the Order in JOHN BORLASE WARREN, Council, of which a copy is herewith en
Admiral of the Blue, and Commander closed to you, was issued, on the 31st day
in Chief, &ic, of July, for the embargo and detention of all American ships. Under these circumstances, I am commanded to propose
Mr. Monroe to Sir J. B. Warren. 19 your Government the immediate,cessa- Department of State, Oct. 27, 1812. tion of hostilities between the two coun- Sir, I have had the honour to receive žries; and I shall be most happy to be the your letter of the 30th ult. and to submit instrument of bringing about a reconcilia- it to the consideration of the President.tion, so interesting and beneficial to Ame- It appears that you are authorized to prorica and Great Britain. I therefore pose a cessation of hostilities between the propose to you, that the Government of United States and Great Britain, on the the United States of America shall instantly ground of the repeal of the Orders in recall their letters of marque and reprisal Council; and, in case the proposition is against British ships, together with all acceded to, to take measures, in concert orders and instructions for any acts of hos- with this Government, to carry it into tility whatever against the territory of His complete effect on both sides. You Majesty, or the persons or property of his state, also, that you have it in charge in subjects: with the understanding, that the event, to enter into an arrangement immediately on my receiving from you an with the Government of the United States official assurance to that effect, I shall in- for the repeal of the laws which interdict struct all the officers under my command the ships of war and the commerce of Great to desist from. corresponding measures of Britain from the harbours and waters of war against the ships and property of the the United States ; and you intimate, that
if the proposition is not acceded to, the ( quence. It cannot be presumed, while Orders in Council (repealed conditionally the parties are engaged in a negociation to by that of the 23d of June last) will be re- adjust amicably this important difference, vived against the commerce of the United that the United States would admit the States. I am instructed to inform you, right or acquiesce in the practice of the opthat it will be very satisfactory to the Pre- posite party; or that Great Britain would sident to meet the British Government in be unwilling to restrain her cruizers from a such arrangements as may terminate with practice which would have the strongest out delay, the hostilities which now exist tendency to defeat the negociation. It is between the United States and Great Bri- presumable that both parties would enter tain, on conditions honourable to both na- into a negociation with a sincere desire to tions. At the moment of the declaration give it effect. For this purpose, it is neof war, the President gave a signal proof cessary that a clear and distinct understandof the attachment of the United States to ing be first obtained between them, of the peace. Instructions were given, at an accommodation which each is prepared to early period, to the late Chargé d'Affaires make. If the British Government is will of the United States at London, to propose ing to suspend the practice of impressment to the British Government an armistice, on from American vessels, on consideration conditions which, it was presumed, would that the United States will exclude British have been satisfactory. It has been seen seamen from their service, the regulation with regret, that the proposition made by by which this compromise should be carMr. Monroe, particularly in regard to the ried into effect would be solely the object important interest of impressment, was of this negociation. The armistice would rejected, and that none was offered through be of short duration. If the parties agree, that channel, as a basis on which hostili. peace would be the result. If the negociaties might cease. ----As your Government tion failed, each would be restored to its has authorized you to propose a cessation former state, and to all its pretensions, by of hostilities, and is doubtless aware of the recurring to war. -Lord Castlereagh, in important and salutary effect which a sa- his note to Mr. Russell, seems to have tisfactory adjustment of this difference can supposed, that, had the British Governnot fail to have on the future relations be- ment accepted the propositions made to it, iween the two countries, I indulge the Great Britain would have suspended immehope that it has, ere this, given you full diately the exercise of a right on the inere powers for the purpose. Experience has assurance of this Government, that a law, sufficiently evinced that no peace can be would be afterwards passed to prohibit the durable, unless this object is provided for employment of British seamen in the service it is presumed, therefore, that it is equally of the United States, and that Great Brithe interest of both countries to adjust it at tain would have no agency in the regulathis time. - -Without further discussing tion to give effect to that proposition. Such questions of right, the President is de- an idea was not in the contemplation of sirous to provide a remedy for the evils this Government, nor is to be reasonably complained of on both sides. The claim inferred from Mr. Russell's note: least, of the British Government is to take from however, by possibility such an inference the merchant vessels of other countries might be drawn from the instructions to British subjects. In the practice, the Mr. Russell, and anxious that there should Commanders of British ships of war often be no misunderstanding in the case, subsetake from the merchant vessels of the quent instructions were given to Mr. RusUnited States American citizens. If the sell, with a view to obyiate every objecUnited States prohibit the employment of tion of the kind alluded to. As they bear British subjects in their service, and en- date on the 27th of July, and were fora force the prohibition by suitable regula- warded by the British packet Alphea, it is tions and penalties, the motive for the more than probable that they may have practice is taken away. It is in this mode been received and acted on. I am hapthat the President is willing to accommo- py to explain to you thus fully the views date this important controversy with the of my Government on this important subBritish Government, and it cannot be con- ject. The President. desires ihat the war ceived on what ground the arrangement which exisis between our countries should can be refused. A suspension of the be terminated on such conditions as may. practice of impressment, pending the ar- secure a solid, and durable peace, To aca mistice, seems to be a necessary conse complish this great object, it is necessary