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They also plead a tremendous set off. 1. 20solution never to commit them again, The massacre at Paris, on St. Bartholomew's and by a willingness to satisfy God and day, was most horrid; but it had been pre-1" your Neighbour also, as far as justice receded by the atrocities, full as horrid, of "quires. Without those dispositions on the Anabaptist Protestants at Munster. To your part, the act of the Priest would not the burnings in the reign of Queen Mary "be ratified in Heaven ; you would be the Roman Catholics oppose the executions guilty of the profanation of the sacrament of Priests in the reigns of Queen Elizabeth, " of penance, and provoke the indignation and the four Princes of the House of Stuart: " of the Almighty instead of obtaining his they apprehend, that more cannot be said " mercy." against the revocation of the edict of Nantes

It is not a little remarkable, that a canon than against the deprivation of 2,000 Pres of the English church, in 1608, enjoining byterian Ministers of their livings, by the the Priest not to make known to any one Act of Uniformity. They also bring into what had been revealed to him, bears such account Oates's plot; the sentence of death a similitude to the Roman Catholic doctrine passed on Servitus for errors against the on this head, that when it was produced in Trinity, through the influence of Calvin, the House of Commons, Mr. Wilberforce his execution, and the justification of it by interrupted him by saying, that it was a (wo of the principal pillars of the reformed canon, not of the English but the Romish Church, Melancthon and Beza. Between church, and expressed his astonishment these enormities, it is not easy, in all events, when Sir John Hippisley shewed it to be to strike a balance; but the Roman Catho- one of the most recent canons which had lic may justly ask, by what principle of been formed for the government of the estajustice, or by what fair course of reasoning, blished church. the Protestant is authorized to ascribe the

XII. instances of persecution, which he proves

One of the objections most strongly urgon Roman Catholics, to a principle of the ed against the Roman Catholics, is the tenet Roman Catholic creed, unless he allows, at imputed to them, that none are saved out of the same time, that the instances of


their communion. aution which the Catholic proves in the I beg leave not to enter into a discussion Protestant Church are equally attributable of this objection, as it cannot be urged to to some principle of the Protestant creed. us by a Protestant of the established church “ Brother, Brother (say two known charac- of England, as the Athanasian Creed formas “ ters on the stage), we have both been in a part of her liturgy, and he swear's that ** the wrong." -Let us learn wisdom from our doctrine of transubstantiation is damnthem; let us no more upbraid one another able; or by a Protestant of the established with our common failings ; let us forget church of Scotland, as the Protestants of and forgive, bury all past animosities in that church, in their Profession of Faith of oblivion, shake hands, and be friends. 1568, say, that “out of the church there This is the only rational mode of closing " is neither life nor everlasting happiness;" this-by far the most disgusting and dis- or by a Protestant of the French Huguenot graceful part of all our controversies. church, as in their Catechism, on the 10th XI.

article of the Creed, they profess, that Another charge is brought against us by "out of the church there is nothing but our adversaries, in consequence of the Doc-l, death and damnation." trines imputed lo us respecting Sacerdotal

XIII. Absolution. We are said to believe that This leads us to observe, that passages the mere absolution of a Priest, without are often cited from the works of Roman any thing on our part, is a full remission of Catholic writers, which express, that the sin. In answer to this we shall only tran- Roman Catholic religion has always been scribe the following passage from the Book the same ; and that those who say, that the of Prayers for the use of Catholics serving modern Roman Catholics differ in onte iota in fleets and armies. "You know, from from their predecessors, either deceive them" the Catechism you have learnt, and the selves or twish to deceive others. These " Books of Catholic instruction you have passages have been cited to prove that, 6 read, that the absolution of a Priest can whatever doctrine any Pope or any ecclesio be of no benefit to you, unless you be astical body, or any writer of approved " duly disposed to a reconciliation with authority, maintained or sanctioned by “ your offended God by true faith, by a those practices in former times, is un " sincere sorrow for all your sins, by a firm sally approved of by the niodern Catho


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OFFICIAL PAPERS meaning of the writers from whose v ings the passages which we have cited, or

FRENCH PAPERS. passages of a similar import, are cited. Not one of them approves of any act of

Continued from page 192.) temporal power which the Pope or any tremity of the cold, had speaked into the body of churchmen have ever claimed in villages. With regard to the cannon, they right of their spiritual character. In the have not carried off a single piece, although cited

passages the writers mean to assert no it is true, that I was obliged, by the loss of more than that the faith and essential disci- my horses, which perished through the expline of Roman Catholics have always been cessive cold, to abandon the greater part of what they now are. But they admit, that my artillery, after having dismounted and the resort of the Popes, or of any other ec

broken it. I know that the Russian stateclesiastics to temporal power, for effecting ments are quite false; the extent of the the object of their spiritual commission, country, and the extreme ignorance of the was not only no part of the faith or essential greater part of its population, give the Rasdiscipline of the Church, but was diame sian Government great liberty in this retrically opposite to its faith and discipline. spect, and they take good care to profit by The passages, therefore, to which we alit, iu causing the most nonsensical reports lude, can never be brought to prove the to be spread about. We were at the gates position for which they are quoted. To of Moscow, when that people believed us urge them for such a purpose, is evidently to be beaten. a gross perversion of their meaning.

(Signed) EUGENE NAPOLEON, XIV. Such, then, being the charges brought Lelter from the Marshal Prince of Eckmuhl

to the Major-General. against the Roman Catholics by their adversaries, and such being the Defence made

Thorn, Fan. 8. by the Roman Catholics to them, will not

My Lord, I read with astonishment, in every candid Protestant admit, that the un- the St. Petersburgh papers, that on the day favourable opinion, which some still enter of the 16th November, the enemy took tain of the civil and religious principles of 12,000 prisoners from my corps d'armée, Roman Catholics, is owing, in a great mea- and that they had scattered the remains

of sure, to prejudice.

army in the neighbouring woods, in But we have the satisfaction to find, that such manner, that it was entirely destroyed, the prejudice against us decreases rapidly. It would be difficult to push impudence and With the mildness and good sense which falsehood farther, if all the Russian statedistinguishes his respectable character, the meats since the commencement of the camEarl of Liverpool thus expressed himself, paign, and in the preceding ones, were not in his speech in the debate of the House of already known. Did they not sing Te Lords, on the Petition presented by the Deum at Petersburgh; and were not riIrish Catholics in 1810.-" I have heard bands distributed there for the battle of " allusions made this night, to doctrines, Austerlitz ? Did they not say that they which I do hope no man now believes the

had taken 100 pieces of cannan from us at Catholics to entertain : nor is there

the battle of the Moskwa; and did they not

any ground for an opinion thal the question again, on that occasion, chant the Te is opposed under any such prelence. The Deum which filled England with joy? How

explanations which have been given on many difficulties did they not raise in ac* this head, so far as I know, are complelely knowledging the taking of Moscow? Did "satisfactory, and the question, as it now they not likewise proclaim themselves constands, is much moré narrowed than it querors at the battle of Maloyaroslavetz, " was on a former disc ion.(See his where we pursued them for the space of 40 Lordship's Speech, printed and published wersts ?

-The fact is, that his Majesty, by Keating and Booker.) How very little knowing that the Russian army from Volbeyond this declaration, and a Legislative hynia was marching towards the Beresina, enactment in consequence of it, do the Ro.

was obliged to set out from Smolensk, notman Catholics solicit!

withstanding the rigour of the season. By

a sudden change in the temperature, the CHARLES BUTLER. cold, which was but six degrees, advanced

to 20, and even for a moment to 25, acLincoln's Inn, February 5, 1813. cording to some of our engineer officers,

who had a thermometer. All our horses, same infantry, for they several times atand our train of artillery, perished. His tacked me, and notwithstanding their Majesty no longer wished to come to an en-" superiority of number, could make no imgagement with the enemy; he no longer pression. At 10 P. M. a Colonel, with a even wished to allow himself to be amused flag of truce, was sent to propose I should by petty affairs, desiring to gain with all surrender ; to this impertinence I replied, speed the Beresina. When His Majesty by making the officer prisoner, and carrypassed through Krasnoy, he had to drive ing him to the other side of the Dạieper, back the enemy, who placed himself be- to which I made my troops repass, and I tween the guard and my corps d'armée. the next day conducted him to the headAs soon as my corps had rejoined the army, quarters of his Majesty, at Orcha; when I his Majesty continued his inarch, and my arrived there with my corps, I scarcely corps was to follow, without employing its wanted 500 men, who were killed in the self in maintaining a contest in which the battle of the preceding day. All the enemy would have the advantage of a nu- Russian reports are romances. There is merous cavalry and artillery. But my nothing true in what they say, excepting corps never met the enemy that it did not the loss of my artillery; and your Highness beat him. It has suffered very heavy losses, knows that it was not in human power to from fatigues, cold, and that fatality which bring it away in the midst of frosts, and over caused all the cavalry and artillery horses the ice, all my horses having fallen under to perish. A great number of my men the fatal mortality occasioned by the rigour dispersed, to seek refuge against the rigour of the cold. During the whole course of of the cold, and many were taken. -Your the campaign the Russians have not taken, Excellency knows that I do not dissemble either from me or my comrades, a single my losses; they are undoubtedly consider- piece of cannon in the face of their enemy; able, and fill me with grief; but the glory although it is true, that when our draftof his Majesty's arms has not for a moment horses fell dead with the cold, we were been compromised.

obliged to break our artillery, and leave it (Signed) The Marshal Duke of AuerSTADT, behind us. To hear these reports from St. Prince of ECKMUHL. Petersburgh, it must appear that we were

all cowards, who could not choose but fly Letter from lhe Marshal Duke of Elchingen before the terrible Russian legions! It is to the Major-General.

true, that, according to their statement, Elbing, Jan. 10. we likewise fled at the batile of Moscow, Monseigneur, - I have read in the Peters- and that they pushed us to the distance of burgh Gazettes, that on the 17th of Nov. 16 wersts from the field of battle; conseat midnight, my corps, 12,000 strong, quently it must have been in our flight that sent a flag of truce and laid down their we occupied Moscow.- -The Spring will farms; that I saved myself. alone and do us justice for all these vain-glorious wounded, by passing the Borysthenes over boastings. The Russians will every where the ice. I cannot believe that the General find the men of Austerlitz, of Eylau, of of the Russian army could, in his reports, Friedland, of Witepsk, of Şmolensko, of have given place to such untruth; and al- the Moskwa, and of the Beresina. though I knew the little confidence which

(Signed) The Marshal Duke of in Europe is paid to these reports from Rusy

ELCHINGEN. sian Gazettes, constantly discredited by the absurdity of their tales, I nevertheless take the liberty of writing to your Excel

FRENCH DYNASTY. lency, and I entreat you to have my lester printed, to give a formal contradiction to

Conservalive Senate, Sitting of Feb. 2. the statement, that my corps laid down its The sitting was opened at two o'clock, arms, and that I alone passed beyond the P. M. under the Presidency of His: Serene Dnieper. Very far from that, on the 17th Highness the Prince Arch-Chancellor of of November, I alone sustained all the the Empire. Their Excellencies Counts

enemy's efforts. I had at that moment but Regnaud de St. Jeas d'Angely and Dise8,000 men under my orders, and in conse- mon, Ministers of State and Counsellors of quence of the unfortunate circumstances in State were introduced. His Serene which we were, I had no artillery: The Highness the Prince Archchancellor spoke enemy had a numerous one. I halted all as follows ; day. I then discovered that it was not the GINTLIMEN,His Imperial and Royal


Majesty las ordained that you should pre- matter so very serious, you will judge, seut him with a projet relative to the Re- Monsieur, that it will not be sufficient to gency. - This

part of our institution not weigh a few principles. The Legislature
having yet been able to obtain such a de- extends its views still further, and without
gree of perfection, as the laws received by aspiring to say every thing, it is a part of
time, it has appeared useful to add more its duty to banish at frst a number of
extended dispositions to those already ex- doubts, and to suffer but few questions to
isting, and at the same time the necessity subsist. Whatever, Gentlemen, may
has been felt of reviving the usages in onr be the utility of the dispositions on which
constitutional anuals, founded on the an- we call for your suffrages, yet it is pleasing
cient manners of the nation. Thus, the 10 hope, that according to the order of na-
plan which is submitted to you, will re- cure, their application will not occur until
establish in its full latitude the uncontested a period of time distant and uncertain.
right of the Sovereign to settle the Regency. Happy France, if all the Princes of this

SAt all events it wilt prevent an excess august Dynasty should not come to the
of precaution, by arbitrarily restraining, throne until matured by age, animated by
the powers of this said Regency from dena- glorious examples, and long nourished by
turalizing the issue of the Monarchial Go. the lessons of wisdom :
vernment.- If the Emperor had not After this discourse of his Serene High-
manifested his will, the Regency would, by ness Messieurs, the Counsellors of State,
course of right, appertain to the Express. presented a Projet of organized Senatus

-Whatever the heart and understanding Consultum, and M. Count Regnaud de
can suggest in such matter, with regard to Saint Jean d'Angely explained its mos
private farnilies, ought to apply to the tives.
great family of the state. None can have
å greater degree of zeal than the Empress Motives of the Senalus Consultum on the
Mother, for preserving the authority of her

Regency of the Empire, the Coronation charge free from all attempts. No one can, of the Empress, and the Coronation of like her, present to the imagination of the the Prince Imperial of Rome. people the imposing and proper remem- MONSEIGNEUR SENATORS,—To add new brances, so as to render obedience noble guarantees of stability to our institutions, and easy.

-A system of exclusion would to ensure in every case which experience constrain the choice of the Monarch. Pro- can indicate, or prudence conceive, the unhibitory laws, by the restraint which they interrupted action of government; to look impose, frequently contain the seeds of dis- forward with calm reflection on the absence cord. - In defect of the Empress, there of every interest, in the silence of all the is an order established, so that there can passions, in banishing all sorrows, to the be no uncertainty concerning the choice of difficulties which embarrass a minority; a Regent. In this matter the law, in re- this is the principal object of the important specting hereditary rights, has been ob- l'act which is prescribed to your deliberaliged to enter into all the details of foresight, tion. The motives which have dictated and to adopt every wise precaution. these dispositions, Gentlemen, are founded The least interruption in the exercise of the in the experience of nations, in the lessons Sovereign Power, would become a great of history, in the traditions of the French calamity to the people. This power, Monarchy, in the examples offered in its during the minority of the Emperor, is to annals. It will consequently suffice be exercised in his name, and in his sole rather to indicate than develope these mobehalf, by the Empress Regent, or by the tives, and in the hasty picture which I am Regent. After them the Council of Re- going to make, I shall follow the methodigency will concur in the decision of matters cal manner traced out by the Senatus conof great importance, and fortify their au- sultum. thority with all the weight of public opi

TITLE I. nion. The other articles of the Projet

of the Regency. are either drawn from those which I have A Regency of the State has never been just announced, or relate to them. In a

(To be continued.)

Published by R. BAGSHAW, Brydges-Street, Covent Garden.

LONDON: Printed by J. M'Creery, Black Horse-Court, Fleet-street.

VOL. XXIII. No.9.] LONDON, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 27, 1813. [Price 1s.



It is, therefore, in the full conviction DE BURSLEDON, in Lower Dublin Town that I shall communicate information to a

SHIP, IX PHILADELPHIA COUNTY, IN THE great portion of the people here as well as STATE OF PENNSYLVANIA; ON MATTERS to the eight millions of people who inhabit RELATING TO Her Royal HighneSS THE the United States, that I now renew my PRINCESS OF WALES.

correspondence with you, leaving my pro

mised communication, about the mode of Letter I.

keeping large quantities of sheep upon your My dear Friend,

farm, till the return of peace, lest, by fulThe excellent effect which attended my filling that promise at this time, I should letter to you, has made me resolve to dis- subject myself to the charge of conveying cuss the present subject in the form of let - comfort and giving assistance to the enemies ters to you; a form, which, for various of my Sovereign, than which, assuredly, reasons, I have a great liking to, and which nothing can be further from my heart. has always this strong recommendation, The subject, upon which I now address that it affords me an opportunity of proving you, is one of very great interest and of to you that your friendship and that of your very great importance. It is interesting, brother and children is always alive in my as involving the reputation of persons of recollection. At this time, however, an- high rank; and it is important, as being other motive has had some weight with capable of raising questions as to rights of me. I understand, that our Government most fearful magnitude. has issued orders for causing all letters for You will have seen, in your own riewsyour country to pass through its hands, or, papers, copious extracts from our English which is the same thing, the hands of its daily papers upon the subject of Her Royal agents; and, as I am resolved, that they Highness the Princess of Wales; but, these shall never have the fingering of a letter of extracts you will find so confused, so dark, mine to America, I will put what I have to so contradictory, so unintelligible upon the say into print, and then it can no more be whole, so topless and tail-less, that you will impeded in its progress than can the clouds, from them be able to draw no rational conor the rays of the sun.

clusion. You will see Her Royal Highness In the case above alluded to, my letter the Princess of Wales abused by these jourdid, I understand, settle all men's minds at nalists; you will see all sorts of charges by once, as far as it went; and, as it was re- them preferred against her; you will hear published in America, it gives me great sa- one insinuation following another, till, at tisfaction to reflect on the extent of its in- last, the ear sickens with the sound; but, fluence. Nor was it without its uses here, you will find no where any clear statement where the people, at a distance from Lon- of her case. Even her own Letter, which don, must, of course, know almost as little I shall, though for a second time, insert be. about the local circumstances of the case as low for your perusal, does not go far enough the people in Pennsylvania themselves. back to produce that view of her case which Indeed the publication of that letter soon ought to be exhibited, in order to a defence convinced me, that one ought not to take it of her against the base insinuations which for granted, that the mass of the people have, for a long while, been in circulation. know much about particulars as to any sort In short, all that will reach your country, of public matter; and that to suppose one's through the channel of these corrupt Lonreaders to be on the other side of the At- don Journalists, can only serve to mislead Jantic is no bad way of making any case you as to the real merits of the case; and, shat one discusses quite clear to the people even I, with a most earnest desire to lay of England; nay, even to nine-tenths of before the world the means of forming a those who walk, in decent clothes, about the correct judgment, should fail of my object, streets of London itself.

were I not to revert to the earliest period of


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