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to dress :


and spectators on foot, were nume- " the setting down from their carriages. rous beyond all precedent, and the

pro- " It being announced to the Princess that b6 cession was greeted, as it passed, with the " the whole were arrived, Her Royal most enthusiastic shouts and plaudits. “ Highness entered from a back anti-room

About eleven o'clock Her Royal" into the grand dining-room, and took her 66 Highness the Princess of Wales, attend- " station at the upper end of the room, shed by Lady Charlotte Lindsey and Char- " with her back to a small marble slab, be" lotte Campbell, left Montague House, 's fore a large looking-glass; Ladies Char" Blackheath, for Kensington Palace. Her “ lotte Lindsey, Charlotte Campbell, and - Royal Highness travelled the most pri-" Lady Ann Hamilton, Her Royal High

way across the country and over Bat- " ness's ladies in waiting, 'stood to her s tersea Bridge, and arrived at Kensington " right hand; and Mr. St. Leger, her 66 Palace at a quarter past 12 o'clock. •• Vice-Chamberlain, and Mr. H.S. Fox, « The populace had began to assemble on her lest. The Town Clerk, in the 66 round the Palace by eleven o'clock. " absence of the Recorder, approached the - Soon after one, Bacon, belonging to Bow-" Princess, and read the following Ad16 street office, who was intrusted with 6 the direction of the Police upon this oci casion, cleared all those assembled near " TO HER ROYAL HIGHNESS THE si the entrance of the Princess's apartments,

66 PRINCESS OF WALES. tos to the outside of the railing which en66 closes the grass-plat, to enforce which he The humble Address of the Lord Mayor, so called in a number of the military to his

Aldermen, and Livery of the City of bi assistance. The Lord Mayor's gentlebr men in waiting arrived about one o'clock, " London, in Common Hall assembled. s to be in readiness to receive his Lord “ May it please your Royal Highness, , ship.

At ten minutes past two, the 16 grand cavalcade arrived ; the crowd that

" We, His Majesty's loyal subjects, the accompanied it overpowered the police “ Lord Mayor, Aldermen, and Livery of st and the military, and burst open the

" the City of London, in Common Hall gates, at which it entered. The Lord

" assembled, bearing in mind those sentibi Mayor was received with inarks of dis

approbation by the incalculable crowd" meats of profound veneration and ardent 66 that surrounded the Palace and those in

66 affection, with which we hailed the ar16 the trees. The Aldermen were received bo with three huzzas; Alderman Wood ex

" rival of your Royal Highness in this "perienced unbounded applause, his car- country, humbly beseech your Royal frriage being drawn from Holborn to the “ Highness to receive our assurances, that 6. door of the Palace by men. The Com

66 in the hearts of the citizens of London, 66 mon Councilmen who attended on the bi occasion, did not appear in that character,

" those sentiments have never experienced sr but merely as Liverymen. Among them

o diminution or change. « Mr. Waithman was discovered, and he bó Deeply interested in every event con$t was received with loud huzzas. The " Lord Mayor, Aldermen, &c. were shown

nected with the stability of the Throne of into the small dining-room, between the

" this Kingdom, under the sway of the “ grand dining-room and the drawing- “ House of Brunswick; tenderly alive to

The Procession consisted of the " iwo City Marshals, in their state uni

every circumstance affecting the personal « forms, on horseback; the state carriage,

6 welfare of every branch of that illus. " and six bays, in which was the Lord “trious House, we have felt indignation si Mayor, the Mace-bearer, the Sword of " and abhorrence inexpressible, upon the « State, and his Lordship's Chaplain; Al" dermen Combe, Wood, Goodbehere, and

" disclosure of that foul and detestable con"! Heygate; Sheriff Blades and the City " spiracy which, by perjured and suborned

Remembrancer, Mr. Sheriff Hoy and his “traducers, has been carried on against « Chaplain; the Chamberlain, the Comp your Royal Highness's honour and life. “troller, the Solicitor, the Town Clerk, “ and about 150 of the Livery, in their

• The veneration for the laws, the mogowns. It occupied 'exactly half an hour " deration, the forbearance, the frankness,

66 room.

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" the magnanimity, which your Royal “ The consciousness of my innocence has “ Highness has so eminently displayed "supported me through my long, severe, "under circumstances so trying, and dur

" and unmerited trials; your approbation “ing a persecution of so long a duration ; " of my conduct under them is a reward " these, while they demand an expression" for all my sufferings. " of our unbounded applause, cannot fail

" I shall not lose any opportunity « to excite in us a confident hope, that un


may be permitted to enjoy, of en“ der the sway of your illustrious and be “couraging the talents and virtues of “ loved Daughter, our children will enjoy

my dear daughter, the Princess Char. “ all the benefits of so bright an example; “ lotte ; and I shall impress upon her " and we humbly beg permission most un

« mind my full sense of the obligation “ feignedly to assure your Royal Highness,“ conferred upon me by this spontaneous " that, as well for the sake of our country,

" act of your justice and generosity. " as from a sense of justice and of duty, we

“ She will therein clearly perceive the “ shall always feel, and be ready to give" value of that free Constitution, which, in

proof of the most anxious solicitude for " the natural course of events, it will be "your Royal Highness's health, prosperity,“ her high destiny to preside over, and her * and happiness.

" sacred duty to maintain, which allows

no one to sink under oppression ; and 66 The Address was then delivered to

" she will ever be bound to the City of " Her Royal Highness, who read the fol.

“ London in ties proportioned to the "lowing answer :

" strength of that filial attachment I have “ I thank you for your loyal and affec- " had the happiness uniformly to expe(* tionate Address. It is to me the greatest rience from her. " consolation to learn, that during so " Be assured, that the cordial and con• " many years of unmerited persecution, " vincing proof you have thus given "1 notwithstanding the active and perse" of your solicitude for my prosperity “ vering dissemination of the most deli- “ and happiness, will be cherislied in * berate calumnies against me, the kind “ grateful remembrance by me to the " and favourable sentiments with which

“ latest moment of my life; and the " they did me the honour to approach me " distinguished proceeding adopted by the on my arrival in this country, have un

“ first city of this great empire, will be “ dergone neither diminution nor change " considered by posterity as a proud me. " in the hearts of the Citizens of London,

" morial of my vindicated honour. “ The sense of indignation and ab

". Her Royal Highness read the answer « horrence you express against the foul “ with great propriety, feeling, and dig" and detestable conspiracy which by per- "nity, and some particular passages, " jured and suborned traducers has been


which any comment would be uu.

"necessary, were marked with peculiar “ carried on against my life and honour, is sentiment and emphasis.--Immedi“ worthy of you, and most gratifying to “ately after the Lord Mayor and Sheriffs “ me. It must be duly appreciated by had kissed Her Royal Highness's hand,

" and while the Livery were pressing forevery branch of that illustrious House

" ward to enjoy the same honour, she “with which I am so closely connected by" seemed slightly agitated; but she al. “ blood and marriage; the personal wel most instantaneously recovered herself,

" and exclaimed, 'I beg, Gentlemen, that *6 fare of every one of whom must have

you may not hurry : you will have as been affected by the success of such atro. plenty of time.' Mr. Aldermau Wood cious machinations,

« remained in conversation a considerable

46 conie.

“ time with Her Royal Highness ; noticing" groans and expressions of disapprobation " to the Princess the most prominent cha- were uttered, but no act of violence or “racters as they had the honour of kissing" impropriety was committed.

It next 6 her hand. The apartment in which “ proceeded to Charing-cross, through the “ Her Royal Highness received the depu: “ Strand, Fleet-street, Ludgate-hill, St. "station of the Livery 'was so very close " Paul's Church-yard, to Guildhall, where 46

to the Gardens, where thousands were “ the ceremony concluded, amidst loud

asseinbled, that many persons near the " and reiterated cheers.- Upon the “ windows could see Her Royal High- “ whole, considering the multitude assenis ness's person distinctly. After the 6 bled, we never witnessed a spectacle " departure of the Livery, 'Her Royal" conducted with more propriety, attend“ Highness condescendingly went to both “ed with less ill consequences, for we did " the doors, accompanied by her atten- not hear of a single accident or occur“ dants, and courtesied to the assembled "rence to lessen the heartfelt pleasure." "multitude. Her Royal Highness after- Thus, I think, my friend, this matter "wards presented herself from the balcony may be looked upon as settled. The Ad" on the first floor, where she was also dress of the City of London expressed the

received with great acclamations, and full and clear sense of the nation. In the s after remaining there a short time, she shouts of the people, upon this occasion, "retired to her private apartments, and the guilty, the base, the cowardly, the " had a select pariy to dine.--The car- unmanly, the detestable Conspirators might " riages of the Lord Mayor and Sheriffs read the sentence which honesty passed " were drawn round into the Duke of upon them. I wonder how the wretches " Kent's yard, where his Lordship and looked at each other, if any two of them ci his friends took their stats, and return- happened to be together when they heard sed to town in the same order they had those sliouts. Their feelings were to be

--Mr. Alderman Wood was, as envied by those only who, for some odious “ before, drawn by the populace, and was offence, are pelted in the pillory. "greeted by the exulting shouts of the The sentiments of the Address and of

spectators, who lined the roads and the Answer are worthy of the parties and 66 filled the windows as he passed.-- of the occasion; but, I am particularly “Upon the arrival of the carriage of the pleased with that passage in Her Royal " Lord Mayor at Park-laue, he ordered it Highness's Answer, wherein she so judi“ to turn up, in defance of the cries ! 10 ciously and so feelingly refers to the support Carlton House,' which burst from all that she has thus received from the people's “ quarters-he was followed by the two possessing rights under a free Constitution. “ Sheriffs ; and in his retreat encountered And, as I observed to you in my last 46 the strongest marks of indignation from Letter, her Daughter cannot fail here to " the crowd, who gre vaned, hissed, and receive a lesson, that may be most benefi

pelted his carriage, and that of the She-cial to herself as well as to the country.. “ riffs, with mud, as l'ong as they were in Had the people possessed no political “ view.---The remaining part of the rights; had they had no right to assem“ procession, at the head of which was ble and to express their opinions in this “ Mr. Alderman Woo l's carriage, pro- public way, the Princess could not have 6 ceeded down Piccadill ly, cheered as they received this mark of their good will, " went, and saluted by all who passed, “ this proud memorial of her vindicated “ with the most mark ed respect. The “honour.” " streets were lined with Gentlemen's car- Neither will it escape either Mother or “ riages, from the wio dows of which the Daughter, that those who have taken the

inmates waved their handkerchiefs, and most active part in the defence of the gave other demonstr

: ations of pleasure. former, are such as are called' Jacobins. “ As Alderman Wood 's carriage passed Mr. Wood, by the base hirelings of the " the house of Sir Fra ņcis Burdett, three press, has long been represented as a Jaco"cheers were given in honour of the wor- bin; as a man who wishes to destroy all "thy Baronet, for the


part he had taken government and all law. The Princess " in the vindication of Her Royal High- Charlotte will not fail to bear in mind,

ness. The Procession then pursued the that they were the friends of freedom and of " line of St. James's-street into Pall-mall, parliamentary reform, amongst whom her " where, on passing Carlle in House, which injured Mother found zealous and success

they did with unusua speed, some ful supporters, which all the horde, who live upon corruption, were either leagued Majesty to liis people will be read by every against, or were careful to keep aloof. Englishman with sentiments of delight. I am your faithful friend,

What should induce any Englishman to WM. COBBETT: feel delight at any thing which such a King

can say to a people? What has he to tell Bolley, Wednesday, 14th April, 1813.

them, except that, having lately been a province of France, his states are now be

come a province of Russia; and that they, SUMMARY OF POLITICS.

his subjects, who, a few months ago, were NORTHERN War. PEACE. -The fighting for France and the Continental Syssuccesses of the Russians have, at last, pro- tem, are now to fight against France and duced the effect of inducing the King of the Continental System ? -- That the Prussia openly to join them by a treaty of means of Napoleon have been very much alliance, and, at the same inoment, to de- crippled there can be no doubt, and it may clare war against France. -Thus are be impossible for him so far to recruit his these two powers once more pitted against means, as to be able to re-enter Russia in Buonaparté, who, on his side, appears to the course of a single campaign; but, on be making dreadful preparations for reco- the other hand, we see that he has been vering the influence he has lost, and for making enormous exertions to this end, and chastising these his late allies. In taking there is no doubt that he will return to the a view of the state of the war on the conti- combat with an immense army. -We nent, we will not notice the particulars of have, during the last twenty years, seen that mass of falsehoods which is contained enough to convince us, that the French are in the divers proclamations and state-papers a people not to give up easily any object of that have appeared within these four or five their ambition. - Napoleon is ambitious months. According to these, each party is enough; but he is not more ambitious than in the right; each has been ill used; each other Frenchmen. The enthusiasm of the has ground of complaint against its adver- Revolution ; that is to say," the enthusiasm sary. There is, indeed, hardly a word of of liberty, against which our Government truth in the whole of their stories, and they so long warred in vain, does certainly no are all unworthy of any particular, atten- longer exist; but, still it is the same peotion.-But, on the conduct of the several ple, increased in population, enriched by powers we may reinark; and may be able, new sources of industry, and accustomed perhaps, to form something like a correct to conquer. When I consider this, I think opinion as to what will be the result of the that this is the moment to offer Napoleon next campaign. The origin of this reasonable terms of peace, lest, by any acNorthern war was, the refusal of the Em-cident, he should recover liis lost ground peror of Russia to fulfil the Treaty of Til- in the North, in which case, we may be sil, in which he stipulated to adopt the quite sure, that the States of Prussia would Continental system ; that is to say, to shut pass for ever from the House of BrandenEnglish commerce out of all the ports under burgh.The same principle, however, his command. No matter what was the which produced this war of twenty years, cause of this refusal : the refusal was cer- appears still to animate our Government; tainly the cause of the war. -The terri- namely, a fear of France; a sear, that if ble measure of burning Moscow, and the she be left undestroyed; or, at least, unseverities of the Russian winter, turned the crippled, we cannot be safe. I was tide of that war against Napoleon; and, it this fear that was the avowed ground, upon is not to be at all wondered at, that Prussia which Mr. Burke called for the war in 1792, has swum with that tide. In fact, the King and justified its continuance afterwards. In of Prussia is a mere shuttle-cock between vain did the Republican government disthe two Emperors. He is, and he must avow conquest; iin vain did it beseech be, on the side of him who has possession England to look upon France as a friend of his dominions.- -The Duke of Bassano in the cause of freedom; in vain did gives a preliy good description and history it declare that it would make any comof the conduct of Prussia from the out-set mercial sacrifice rather than break with of the French Revolution to the present England. Nothing would do. France day; and, really, when one does, consider was becoming free, and was evidently what that conduct has been, one cannot about to possess all the vigour of a free help smiling to hear the Morning Chronicle state; and this was an object of dread. say, that the proclamation of his Prussian The example, too, of real freedom, was something formidable in the minds of some lishments ? _These are the arguments persons. That example, however, was, un- against peace so long as France remains fortunately, soon rendered of no avail.-- what she now is; and, hence it is concludBut, still there remained the power, the ed, that we ought to persevere in the war, increased power, of France, in the hands until the power of France. be so reduced as of new men; and that power still remains to make peace a measure of safety; for, if While war continues we feel but half the we never succeed in reducing the power of consequences of this power. Peace would | France, we shall be no wurse off than we shew it to us in all its alarming effects. should be in making a peace with her now, All the world would flock to France, which seeing that such a peace must end in our is now become the repository of all those subjugation. Supposing all this to be things, to have a sight of which people for- true, and some part of it is true, what merly had to travel thousands of miles.-- have those to answer for who began the France, owing to various causes, is now war, and who, by refusing repeatedly to comparatively lightly taxed; and, in a state make peace, have, at last, reduced us to of peace, she would scarcely feel the weight such a dilemma? They went to war on of taxation. This circumstance alone would the pretence of preventing the French from draw thousands and thousands of rich peo partaking with the Dutch in the navigation ple to her fine climate. The emigration of the river Scheldt ; and what has been froin this country would, in all probabi. the result ? ---However, the grand queslity, be very great. By changing countriestion is, what is to be done now ?. Ought an Englishman would, indeed, cease to hear we to offer to negotiate, or not, at this tospeeches and songs about liberty; but, he ment? Or, ought we to run the risk of an. would, at the same time, lose the pretty other campaign, and to take other chances little printed papers that are handed to him of reducing the power of France before we every now and then, with nice blank spaces negotiate? I think we ought to negotiate for him to write down how much he re- if we can; that we ought to see what we ceives, how much he earns, bow many are able to do by negotiation, since we have children he has to keep, how many horses, been able to do nothing by war.-I mules, wheels, dogs, footmen, and so forth, would, for my part, give up all our conhe employs, and whether his head be, or quests, I would leave Sicily, Spain, and be not, powdered. He would, in short, Portugal to defend themselves; for, after lose the liberty of having a case, at his own all, leave them we must; I would disband expense, drawn up for the Judges, without nine-tenths of the army; I would keep up, a Jury, to determine, whether his goods in good order, a moderate fleet; I would shall, or shall not, be seized, if he refuse give up the pretended right of impressing to pay the sum, which Commissioners, ap- people on board the ships of America ; i pointed by the Government, demand from would put arms into the hands of the peohim.Here, in my opinion, we may ple of Great Britain and Ireland; I would look for one of the chief causes of the con- reform the Parliament; I would reduce the tinuation of this war. The cause is a per- taxes ; and then I would set France at desuasion, in the mind of our Government, fiance. Those who are not prepared to do that, if France be left as she now is, there this; those who are not prepared for doing would be no safety for England in a state of all these things, must be content with a peace; that the former would, in a few continuation of the war; for, without reyears, grow over her; and, that to begin a form, and a reduction of taxes at home, it new war, at the end of four or five years of appears to me clear as day-light, that it peace, would be attended with difficulties would be impossible for this country to not to be overcome. Besides this, peace maintain itself in peace against the overwould do nothing for us, unless we could growing power of France. France must be lay down our fleet and our army; and how reduced by war, or we must make such recould we do either, France being in posses- forms as to enable us to exist in peace. One sion of all her present power and her pre- of these two must take place, or this nation sent means ? The time which we must em. must fall under the power of France.ploy in disbanding and dismantling, she This is my opinion, and I should be glad would be able to employ iu recruiting and to hear any one seriously maintain the building. A peace with the establishments contrary. I should be glad to hear what of war would answer us no purpose at all; those have to say, who cry out for peace, and yet, if France retain her present power, and who are silent upon the subject of rehow are we to dispense with these estab- form at home.--I have seen petitions for

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