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that His Majesty's late ship Macedonian
was captured on the 25th inst. by the Uni-
ted States' ship United States, Commodore
Decatur, Commander; the detail is as
follows:A short time after daylight,
steering N. W. by W. with the wind from
the southward, in latitude 29 deg. N. and
longitude 29 deg. 30 min. W. in the exe-
cution of their Lordships' orders, a sail
was seen on the lee beam, which I imme-
diately stood for, and made her out to be
a large frigate under American colours: at
nine o'clock I closed with her, and she
commenced the action, which we returned;
but from the enemy keeping two points off
the wind, I was not enabled to get as close
to her as I could have wished. After an
hour's action the enemy backed and came
to the wind, and I was then enabled to
bring her to close battle: in this situation
I soon found the enemy's force too supe-
rior to expect success, unless some very
fortunate chance occurred in our favour;
and with this hope I continued the battle
to two hours and ten minutes, when, hav-
ing the mizen-mast shot away by the board,
top-masts shot away by the caps, main-
yard shot in pieces, lower-masts badly
wounded, lower rigging all cut to pieces,
a small proportion only of the fore-sail left
to the fore-yard, all the guns on the
quarter-deck and forecastle disabled but
two, and filled with wreck, two also on the
main deck disabled, and several shot be-
Itween wind and water, a very great pro-
portion of the crew killed and wounded,
and the enemy comparatively in good
order, who had now shot a-head, and was
about to place himself in a raking position,
without our being enabled to return the
fire, being a perfect wreck, and unma-
nageable log; I deemed it prudent, though
a painful extremity, to surrender His Ma-
jesty's ship; nor was this dreadful alterna-
tive resorted to till every hope of success
was removed even beyond the reach of
chance, nor till, I trust, their Lordships
will be aware, every effort had been made
against the enemy by myself, my brave
officers, and men; nor should she have
been surrendered whilst a man lived on

LONDON GAZETTE, Tuesday, Dec. 29.
Copy of a Letter from Captain John Sur-board, had she been manageable. I am

man Garden, late Commander of His
Majesty's ship the Macedonian, to John
Wilson Croker, Esq. dated on board the
American ship United States, at Sea, the
28th Oct. 1812.

sorry to say, our loss is very severe: I find
by this day's muster, thirty-six killed,
three of whom lingered a short time after
the battle; thirty-six severely wounded,
nany of whom cannot recover; and thirty-
two slightly wounded, who may all do
well :-total, one hundred and four.-

The truly noble and animating conduct


well as in the mode of the object which
they embraced; as by the former, the dis-
continuance of the practice of impressment
was to be immediate, and to precede the
prohibitory law of the United States rela-
tive to the employment of British seamen;
when, by the latter, both these measures
are deferred, to take effect simultaneously
hereafter.Having made a precise ten-
der of such law, and exhibited the instruc-
tions which warranted it to your Lordship,
I have learnt with surprise that it does not
appear to your Lordship that I am autho-
rized to propose any specific plan on the
subject of impressment. I still hope that
the overtures made by me may again be
taken into consideration by His Majesty's
Government; and as I leave town this af-
ternoon for the United States, that it will
authorize some Agent to proceed thither,
and adopt them as a basis for reconciliation
between the two countries, an event so de-
voutly to be wished.—I have the honour
to be, my Lord, your most obedient humble

(Signed) JONA. RUSSELL. The Right Hon. Lord Castlereagh, &c.

Mr. Russell to Mr. Monroe.


On board the Lark, 7th Nov. 1812. Sir, I have the honour to inform you, that I am now passing the Narrows, and expect to land in New York this day. conceive it to be iny duty to repair to the seat of government, and shall set off as soon as I can obtain my baggage. In the mean time, I am sorry to inform you, that the second proposition for an armistice was rejected like the first, and a vigorous prosecution of the war appears to be the only honourable alternative left to us. I have the honour to be, with great consideration and respect, Sir, your very obedient serJONA. RUSSELL. vant, The Hon. James Monroe, &c.

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Sir, It is with the deepest regret I have to acquaint you for the information of my Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty,

William Miller, ditto; Hugh Hughes, ditto;
William Pillipan, ditto.

of my officers, and the steady bravery of my crew, to the last moment of the battle, must ever render them dear to their country. My first Lieutenant, David Hope, was severely wounded in the head towards the close of the battle, and taken below; but was soon again on deck, displaying that greatness mind and exertion, which, though it may be equalled, ean never be excelled; the third Lieutenant, John Bulford, was also wounded, but not obliged to quit his quarters: second Lieutenant, Samuel Mottley, and he, deserves my highest acknowledgments. The cool and steady conduct of Mr. Walker, the master, was very great during the battle, as also that of Lieutenants Wilson and Magill, of the Marines. On being taken on board the enemy's ship, I ceased to wonder at the result of the battle. The United States is built with the scantling of a seventy-four gun ship, mounting thirty long 24-pounders (English ship guns)

ly; Lieutenant John Bulford, slightly; Mr. WOUNDED.-Lieutenant David Hope, severeHenry Roebuck, master's mate, slightly; Mr. George Greenway, midshipman, severely; Mr. Francis Baker, volunteer, 1st class, slightly; Bulgin, armourer, ditto; James Nichols, quar. Samuel Latchford, sail-maker, ditto; James ter-master, dangerous; John Lane, captain foretop, severely; Thomas Homes, captain mast, ditto; Peter Johnson (1), captain after-guard severely; Elias Anderson, seaman, severely; slightly; Thomas Richards, sail-maker's mate, Richard Stone, ditto, ditto; Thomas Dowler, ditto, ditto; Jacob Logholm, ditto, amputated leg; George Griffin, ditto, severely; Andrew ditto; Thomas Ryan, ditto, severely; John Thorn, ditto, slightly; James Fenwick, ditto, Bates, ditto, slightly; Philip Reed, ditto, amputated leg; William Biggs, ditto, severely; John Gordon, ditto, slightly: Charles Hand, Richard Hiffern, ditto, ditto; Thomas Whitditto, severely; Giles Edmonds, ditto, slightly; aker, ditto, dangerously; James Duffy, ditto, slightly; James Smith, ditto, dangerously George Glass, ditto, slightly; Thomas Storkhill, ditto, severely; William Burnett, ditto, danditto, dangerously, since dead; Emanuel Isaacs,

two pounder carronades, with two long
twenty-four pounders on her quarter deck
and forecastle, howitzer guns in her tops,
and a travelling carronade on her upper
deck, with a complement of four hundred
and seventy-eight picked men.~
enemy has suffered much in masts, rigging
and hull above and below water; her loss
in killed and wounded, I am not aware of,
but I know a Lieutenant and six men have
been thrown overboard.Enclosed you
will be pleased to receive the names of the
killed and wounded on board the Macedo-
nian; and have the honour to be, &c.
To J. W. Croker, Esq. Admiralty.

on her main deck, and twenty-two forty-gerously; Daniel Eagle, ditto, severely; James M'Carthy, ditto, slightly; John Wilson (1), ditto, severely; John Active, ditto, slightly; ditto, ditto; Robert Nichols, ditto, dangerThomas Steward, ditto, ditto; Michael Beeby, ously, since dead; Andrew Smith, ditto, slightly; T. Turner, ditto, ditto; Mathew Davison, ditto, severely; David Conner, ditto, danger. Jenkins, ditto, sugutly, Richard Sundenwood, ously; John Lala, ditto, severely; Thomas ditto, severely; David Nolton, ditto, slightly; Lawrence Mulligan, ditto, ditto; Thomas Gray, ditto, severely; Daniel Nailand, ditto, slightly bons, ditto, ditto; Thomas Budd, ditto, seThomas Willicott, ditto, ditto; Charles M'Gib. verely; James Scratchley, boy, ditto; Robert Hatherly, ditto, ditto; John Jordan, ditto, amputated leg; Robert Sneddon, ditto, ditto; John Rutland, ditto, slightly; William Reynolds, Duckworth, private marine, severely; John ditto, ditto; Benjamin Harrison, ditto, ditto; Lancelot Mills, ditto, severely; Thomas Cox, ditto, ditto; Igdaliah Holding, ditto, slightly; Samuel Browning, ditto, severely; Johan Kells, ditto, ditto.

List of Officers and Men Killed and Wounded on board His Majesty's Ship Macedonian, in Action with the United States.

KILLED. Mr. James Holmes, boatswain; Mr. Thomas James Nankivell, master's mate; Mr. Dennis Colwell, schoolmaster; William Brown, boatswain's mate; John Storvey, captain forecastle; John Wells, captain foretop; Joseph Newell, captain mast; Alexander Johnson, seaman; John Pierson, ditto; John Smith (1), ditto; William Hodge, ditto; William Aldridge, ditto; John M Wiggan, ditto; John King, ditto; Thomas Curtis, ditto; George Watson, ditto; Thomas Hutchinson, ditto; John Card, ditto; Thomas Kayton, ditto; George Insliff, ditto; William Shingles, ditto; James Beat, ditto; John Hill, ditto; John Wallis, ditto; James Kelly, ditto; James Warren, ditto; Joaquin Joze, Joze de Compass,

boys; John Johnson, sergeant of marines; Philip Molloy, private; Edward Skinner, ditto; Matthew Jackson, ditto; William Firth, ditto;

Killed, 36; severely wounded, 36; slightly wounded, all likely to recover, 32.-Total 104.

(Signed) JOHN S. CARDEN, Captain.

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defended the passage in order to save their near the town of Batura, and within two baggage and heavy waggons. Notwith- days, one Lieutenant-Colonel, 36 officers, standing this I drove them from their first and 2,000 men were made prisoners. As position, and pursued them three wersts; I then perceived that the enemy was quietly the action continued the whole day. To-day retreating, I undertook making a flank I forced them to cross the river at Student- movement from Koloperitche, and marched zy, having done which they burned the towards the town of Barau, in order from bridge. Admiral Tschitchagow having sent this point to cut him off from the Lepelska me pontoons I am now re-establishing the road, and be enabled to act on Wesselowo bridge. I shall act in concert with him and and Studentzy, where he was forming Count Platow, on the opposite side. bridges. When I arrived at the town of Yesterday we took from the enemy one gum Kostrezy, I received information that Naand 1,500 prisoners; and this day at poleon would cross the Berisena river, and the passage we took 12 guns, many more that Victor's corps formed his rear-guard; having been thrown into the river.- -Se-I therefore put myself in march to attack him whilst crossing, and desired General Platow to hasten to Berisow, which he accordingly did. He proceeded on the Toletschin road, and after my arrival with the whole corps at Old Berisow, I cut off the enemy's rear-guard, consisting of half of Victor's corps, and attacked it on yesterday afternoon. After a heavy fire of musketry, which continued for four hours, and by the effect of our artillery, the enemy were thrown into disorder and put to flight; we took one piece of artillery, and 30 officers, with 1000 men, were made prisoners. He suffered a great loss besides in killed and wounded. Meanwhile I sent a flag of treat to inform the enemy of our superiority of force, and tell him that he was surrounded and must surrender. The courage and valour of the troops under my command, together with General Platow's arrival at Berisow, forced the enemy to sead me two flags of truce, with information that they surrendered. At midnight, the General of Division Partinoux, the Brigade General Lettre, two Colonels, 40 officers, and 800 men who had already submitted, were brought to me.--At seven o'clock this morning the remainder laid down their arms, viz. Generals Camusi and Blaimont, 3 Colonels, 15 Lieutenant-Colonels, 184 Officers, and 7000 meu, and delivered up three pieces of artillery, three standards, and a number of baggage-waggons. Among these troops are two regiments of cavalry, one of Saxony and one of Berg, with very good horses.On such a victory, a si milar to which has scarcely hitherto been gained over the French, I take the liberty of congratulating your Majesty, and of laying all these trophies at your Majesty's (To be continued.).

veral Staff and General Officers were taken prisoners, besides others of inferior rank, and more continue to be brought in, which I have not yet been able to take an account of.The number of waggons belonging to Government and private persons is so great, that a space of half a werst square is so covered with them, that it is impossible either to ride or walk through them; and 3 companies of the new-raised militia have been employed merely to clear a passage for the army. In these vehicles, which chiefly consisted of carriages of different descriptions, sent from Moscow, we found, besides a very great booty for the army, silver and other articles belonging to the churches, which were plundered by the enemy at Moscow. We are now collecting them, and I shall dispatch them to the Governor of Moscow.- Congratulating your Majesty on the above, I lay at the feet of your Imperial Majesty a stand of colours. The loss in killed and wounded in the course of these two days exceeds 3,000 men.

Report from General Count Wittgenstein to
His Imperial Majesty, dated Berisow,
Nov. 28...

I had the honour, on the 24th November, most submissively to report that Marshals Victor and Oudinot were retreating before me towards Berisow. I marched after them from the town of Tschetuga. General Platow followed the enemy's grand army. Admiral Tschitchagow was to receive the enemy at Berisow, and by this means it was intended to enclose him on three sides. In consequence of this arrangement, I caused my vanguard, under Major General Weastow, to pursue the enemy. This General defeated General Dentila's division,

Published by R. BAGSHAW, Brydges-Street, Covent-Garden.
LONDON: Printed by J. M'Creery, Black Horse-Court, Fleet-street.

Vol. XXIII. No. 3.] LONDON, SATURDAY, JANUARY 16, 1813. [Price 1s.



before our eyes; we know well what we SUMMARY OF POLITICS. are at war for: we know, and must bear in AMERICAN STATES.-My two last Num- mind, that we are at war for the purpose bers were devoted principally to the task of of enforcing our practice of slapping Ameendeavouring to convince the Prince Regent rican vessels upon the high seas, and laking and the public, that it was neither danger-out of them all such persons as our naval ous nor dishonourable to yield to the terms officers may deem to be British seamen. upon which we might have had, and may This is now become the clearly defined subyet have, peace with America; and, to my ject of the war with America. The great mortification, though, I must confess," DECLARATION," which will be found not much to my surprise, I now see, from below, inserted at full length, does not the contents of the last Gazette, wherein is contain any new matter: it is a summary His Royal Highness's "Declaration," that of what our ministers have before alleged all my endeavours have been of no avail, and asserted in their correspondence with and that war, long, expensive and sanguin- the American Government and its divers ary war, will now take place with an ene- agents. But, there are some few passages my, who, above all others, is capable of of it which require to be particularly noinflicting deep wounds upon this already- ticed.The question relating to the Orcrippled, or, at least, exhausted nation. ders in Council has been before so amply From the first publication of the Let- discussed, in my several Letters and artiters which passed between Lord Wellesleycles upon the subject, that I will not enand Mr. Pinckney, soon after the French cumber my present remarks with any thing had announced their intention to repeal the relating thereunto; but, will confine myself Berlin and Milan Decrees; from the very to what relates to the impressinent of perday of that publication, which took place sons out of American ships on the high seas. soon after I was imprisoned in Newgate for two years (with a fine to THE KING, which I have since paid, of a thousand pounds) for having written and published" upon the subject of flogging certain Englishing neutral merchant vessels in time of militia-men, at the town of Ely, in Eng- war, the impressment of British seamen, land, who had been first reduced to sub- when found therein, can be deemed any mission by German Troops; from the very "violation of a neutral flag. Neither can day of that publication I began to fear the" he admit, that the taking such seamen present sad result of the dispute which had" from on board such vessels, can be con→ then assumed a new and more serious cha-"sidered by any neutral State as a hostile racter than it had ever before worn. With "measure, or a justifiable cause of war.— that fear in my mind, I bent all my feeble" There is no right more clearly establishpowers towards preventing such result. I"ed, than the right which a Sovereign has have failed: opinions and counsels the di-" to the allegiance of his subjects, more rect opposite of mine have prevailed; and "especially in time of war. Their allegi time will show who was right and who" ance is no optional duty, which they can wrong.Upon former occasions the real" decline, and resume at pleasure. It is a grounds of war have, but too often, been" call which they are bound to obey: it lost sight of in the multitude and confusion" began with their birth, and can only terof subsequent events; the Government has "minate with their existence.If a simihad the address to inlist the passions of "larity of language and manners may men on its side, and the voice of reason has "make the exercise of this right more liabeen stifled. But, here, as I was from "ble to partial mistakes, and occasional the first resolved should be, there is a "abuse, when practised towards the vessels clear, a distinct, an undisguisable ground" of the United States, the same circumC.

Upon this point the "DECLARATION", says: "His Royal Highness can never ad"mit, that in the exercise of the undoubted and hitherto undisputed right of search


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is not even plausible, in my opinion; for, what right can we have to impress, if we have no right to stop for the purpose of impressing? I may enter another's house to search for a stolen coat, and, if I find there my hat, I may seize it as well as my coat, having due authority for the first; but, be it observed, that to steal the hat was as criminal as to steal the coat; and, if I had known, or suspected, that the hat was there, I might have had my search-warrant for the former as well as for the latter.The law of nations calls the high seas the common right of nations. A ship there is a parcel of the State to which she belongs, and the sovereign rights of that State travel with her. The sole exception is, as has been before stated, that belligerents have a right to search neutrals for goods of the... » enemy, and for warlike stores and troops, carrying for the enemy's use; because, as far as neutrals are engaged in such a service, they are deemed to be in the service of the enemy: -In all other respects a neutral ship carries with her, on the high seas, the rights of sovereignty appertaining to the State to which she belongs.Now, it is well known, that no nation has a right to enter the territory of another to exercise any authority whatever, much less that of seizing persons and carrying them away by force; and, indeed, is it not fresh in every one's memory, what complaints were made against the French for entering the territory of the Elector of Baden, and seizing the Duke of Enghein?If we have a right to enter American ships on the high seas, and take out of them, by force of arms, British seamen, what should hinder us from having the same right as to any of the sea-ports of America? Nay, why should we not go and seize our numerous manufacturers, who have been (contrary to our laws) carried to America, and who are filling America with cloths and cutlery? Their alleging, that they went thither to avoid the effect of prosecutions for libel, or for some other of our state crimes, would be no bar to our claim upon them; and, in short, they could never be safe to the last

"stances make it also a right, with the ex- | may judge to be British seamen.


"ercise of which, in regard to such vessels, "it is more difficult to dispense.' The doctrine of allegiance, as here laid down, I admit, with some exceptions; but, as to the right of impressing British seamen, on the high seas, out of neutral ships, I deny it to be founded on any principle or maxim, laid down by any writer on publie law. Indeed, the "DECLARATION" does not say that it is it says, that the right of SEARCHING neutral vessels in time of war is undoubted and has hitherto been "undisputed." This is not correct; for, not only has even this right been doubted, not only are there two opinions about it in the books on public law, but the writers on public law are, for the most part, against the said right as we practise it, and they contend, that we have no right to seize enemy's goods on board of merchant ships which are neutral. Nay, the contest has given rise to military resistance on the part of our now-ally, Russia, Denmark, and Sweden; and, what is still more, Great Britain ceased, upon their threats, to exercise this, even this, right of seizing enemy's goods on board of neutral ships of war. But, this right; this right of SEARCH ING neutral ships; what has it to do with the impressment of persons on board of such ships? That is what the Americans object to, and are at war against. They are not at war against our right of search, even in our own interpretation of that right. What they object to is, the stopping of their vessels on the high seas, and taking people out of them by force; a practice which, I repeat it, is sanctioned by no principle or maxim of any writer on public law, nor by any usage heretofore known in the world. -The "DECLARATION" does not assert, as Lord Castlereagh did, in his letter to Mr. Russell, that this practice is sanctioned by any former usage; but, it declares the right from the right of search. It says, that, in exercising "the right of search," that is to say, the right to search for articles contraband of war, and for enemy's goods, we have a right to impress British seamen, if we find them. So that, this is the new shape of the defence of the prac-moment of their lives.It is said, that tice: we do not now assert that we have a right to stop American vessels upon the high seas for the purpose of impressing our seamen; but, having stopped them for the purpose of exercising our old "right of "search," we have a right to avail our-deserters from the Austrian and Prussian selves of the opportunity to take out persons armies have, at all times, deserted into the whom our own officers, at their discretion, neighbouring States; and is it not equally


the seamen on board of American ships are deserters. Be it so. We may be sorry that they do desert; but it is no crime in the Americans that our sailors go into America. Is it not well known, that numerous

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