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P.S. If you

10s; To Alexr. Cuming as shipping officer £3; To my attendance 19 days wt my sort [?] and two horsess haveing carried £7 10s out and brought home but 10s . . being keept at findhorn 12 days by want of the affidavits from Sutherland, £7; To ane gaunie left wt Andrew ffrig to take caire of the rest of the fish . . 9s 6d (sum] £15 4s 8d. Here we have two lairds, with a practical man as managing partner, in a fishcuring venture at Findhorn, and the work fully set forth in the items. For a fishing venture of his son's, see

No. 457. On same subject :No. 460, 1718.-Holograph letter, dated] Dunrobin the 15th

of June 1518. Sir, yours of the 14th I receaved. I doubt not but you'l find Mr Fraser a very good payer if you Incline to let them goe that way, if not I am content to risque them notwithstanding Andrew Watts misfortune Mr Watt writes to me that ships are now a pennyworth att Gottenberg So if you Incline to be concerned let me know by Express. I'm informed yt Capt. Pilmar is arrived att Cromarty; if it be so, I desire you may Seller my Salt with your own and I shall pay my proportion of the Charges. I am, your most humble sert. Strathnaver. incline to venture your cod fish I'm satisfied you may have the half of my salmond. I'm willing to run equal hazard, if not you may sell our codfish to the best advantage-Yours Strathnaver. [Address on back] The Laird of Newmore to be left at Inverbreakie. [Thus, this partnership between the heir of Sutherland and the Laird of Newmore in fish

curing ventures lasted at least 4 years. No. 461, 1714.-Letter, likely to Newmore.] Pleas know

that they were only weighted of your cod of the best kind 24 Quintails consisting of thirty one hundred and fyve scoir . . There is also on board 3105 fish not weighted .. there lyes on the shoar fish that are scarce worth any money, the Čaptan would no ways let them go on board . Andrew Engge, Findhorn. [The two papers indicate a pretty large

industry at Findhorn at the period. Next as to HERRINGNo. 462, 1662.-) Power and ffactorie ffrom Wm. Duff and

Wm. Cuthbert, merchts. in Inverness, to Alexr. McDermit .. to be actit in Gerloch in the moneth off October 1662 yeires. Imprimis ye shall requyre the laird of Gerloch Kenneth Mackenzie] and his Lady and servants in his absence to delyver to you in our name .. twenty fyve last of fresh herreine conforme to contract and yt in respect that yr is herreine in severall loches to which Garloch is restricked be contract. Item ... to delyver twentie fyve last of sufficient herreine tries [barrels] weill tichted (tightened) and double graithed hooped conforme to contract. Item .. ffourteen last and ( 5 barrells herreine tries formerlie payit be us to Garloch as per accompt subscryvit be him under his hand. Item . . requyre . . what salmond he hes,


this year

thes being all wayes good suit [sweet] and reid and the tries sufficient knapwood and just gadge conforme to Act Parliament whither as to salmond or tries, and, iff other wayes, protest for cost skaith and dammage all ... tries to be put threw Alexr. ( ) hands that he may declare ym upon oath sufficient

protest that albeit ther be no herreins gottin this yeir within the loches yat Garloch is astricked to, ye ar not lyable to tak his cowes conforme to the back band .. Garloch hes no sufficient barrells to pack the cowes in .... Item . . protest against the insufficiencie of the storehouse and that the storhouse hes been brockin opin and salt, netts, hemp stolin .. which Garloch is to compt ffor .. [The “ Laird” was then Kenneth

Mackenzie, and his lady Janet Cuthbert of Castlehill. No. 463, 1718.-Contract on stamped paper; strip at foot

torn off.] Att Edinburgh the 24th Aprile . . It is agreed betwixt George Munro of Newmore and Patrick Stewart merchant in Edinburgh ... George Munro binds and oblidges . . . timeously to provide, fitt, and send out with men, nets and oyr necessars all his fish boats, being eight in number, and what oyr boats he can get hyred in the ffrith of Murray for cautching herrings in the ensueing season of

and whatsoever herrings shall be caught . George Munro sells and assigns to . . Patrick Stewart ane equall half therof to be Delivered on the shoar of Cromarty. And to the end ther may be no delay in curing and manufacturing the saids herrings the said George Munro obliges him during . . season to .. furnish to . . Patrick Stewart sufficient convenience and contiguous stoar houses for holding his salt fatt (vat] and cask . . P.S. paying therfor as oyr merchants use to do And to provide a plot of ground at Cromarty for manufacturing of the said fish and to give . . P.S. or any .. appointed by him for overseeing ... all the assistance he can for providing and conveening a sufficient number of gutters, packers, Coupers and other servants

.. and to cause them attend upon the said work ( ) ( ) to provide a proper person for attending of the said fishing, and to pay to the fishers . . the current prices herrings shall give from time to time at .. Cromerty, the same not exceeding the sum of twenty shillings Scots [ls 8d stg.] for each barrel of measure or mett of whatever herrings shall be so delivered and that at and upon delivrey therof As also to pay the one half of whatever premium . . G. M. shall give to .. boats . . hired more than the 8 boats . . and to .. get in readiness betwixt and . . 15th of September a good and sufficient vessel for receiving . . the .. fifty lasts royally cured herrings or what .. shall hapen to be fished . . and to pay to . . G.M. for each last . . cured and pyned . five pound fifteen sh. Sterline .. again the terme of Whitsunday 1719, and . . P. S. binds .. him . . betwixt the 1st . . Jully next to deliver to ..G. M. . . att.. Cromarty .. fifty lasts new herrings cask together with 800 bushells Lisbone or Spanish excysed salt, ffor which . . G. M. obliges himself to pay.

£1 15 sh. Sterline each last of .. casks and £1 15s 8d sterline for each boll of ... salt. And ... G. M. hereby obliges himself that the herrings to be caught by the foresaid boats and cured to his accompt shall be all cured and packed by the foresaids salt and cask ... and the said P. S. . . obleidges himself to allow the said ( ). [This two-century-old contract might serve to-day. In it, and in Nos. 459, 460, and 461, we can see the Laird of Newmore showing in this field of industry the same ability and energy his distinguished grandfather showed on the field of Lutzen and in the Civil War. A later herring

venture is proposed in No. 464.–Letter, N.D., apparently by General Alexander

Mackay, like 405, and about 1751.) My Dr. Sir, I congratulate you heartily on your change of state .

.. I am sorry for James Grant's conduct . . . . there is no possibility of doing any more business with him, and .. a precept of warning is sent North. I have writt in generall terms to Sir Lud. Grant in case Mr Grant should apply to him .... I am much obliged to you for remembering me when you was at Inverness. I should be glad to do something there for I long ambitiously to enter the world of business, that I may . . show by gratitude to those who assist me in the ebb.

The herring scheme is I think an excellent one for Inverness, they lye as advantageously for it as most places.

. . I thank you for the hint about the subscriptions, it shall be sett about, and I doubt not to be able to gett £1000 or thereby here besides what .. in the North .

At Glasgow they have subscribed £13,000 and acquainted the Chamber at London ... but they do not propose to raise any part of it or to fish till the Act is amended . . expect this session of Parlt. This resolution is owing to some mistake in the Act as to the depth of the netts and other articles of expence

unnecessary in the seas where they propose to fish.

Youll know if the Invs. people are aware Glasgow peoples objections to the Act as it now stands

if others occurs that regard your chamber . . transmit them to your members . It's said the Government are to purchase Seaforths Estates and that they are in terms with the Dukes of ( ) and Gordon to purchase the estates forfeited by their vassals without risking the determination of the House of Peers about the Clann Act. [As to the workers, there is in 1660 an indenture of Gaspard Cuthbert to Robt. Barbour, cooper in Inverness,] for 2 years to serve honestly and to be taught .. and entertained in meat, drink and abulziements [habiliments.] [About this time, in 1763, Hugh Falconer writes to Baillie-] Yesterday I engaged your two fishers at Nairn . . and was obliged to give each of them a shilling of dead earnest. [In a process of 1827 there is an agreement by John Couper, cooper, Portmahomack, to make 300 herring barrels for Hugh Mann, Wilkhaven, at




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5s per barrel, but, if Hugh Mann advanced cash to buy wood, at 4s 10d. See next No. 996.

From Fishing we easily pass to SHIPPING, already referred to in Nos. 320 and 435. For a freight in 1553,

see No. 673. Then we have B. No. 465, 1607.-Account, with letter, addressed] ffor my

much honoured and much respecked frind the Laird off Balnagowan thes in hand.

Sir, We Andro Cassie and James Byaine desirs . . deliver that bargan of tries and dails .. daited seventine day of May 1607 .. the skipper is Robert Stewart in Enderkaiding [Inverkeithing] · · vessel .. the Charles ... tries and daills may be verie good but

treuth .. could a bought timber at Leith chipper [cheaper) ... skaipperis is brought in soe much timber in the costs yt yey most be greit lossers .

your fyve locks is not come ... your honour shall be pleased to resave from him the King's armes, and caus lous them either with iron or timber


the wall. [List of cargo is on other side of the paper :

Cabanet wt Drawers 120 lib. . . four lofes of sudger (sugar) . . 13 lib. . . twa barall of tare (tar] 32 lib.

sex bolles of bay salte . . 52 lib. . . twa baralls of small salt .. 8 lib.

fifty ston weight of iron .. 90 lib. .. Carring . . from Edr. to Leith 1 lib. 16 sh. . . Carring to the bot at Leith 1 lib. 10 sh. . . Shoir dews 16 sh. .. bots freight to carrie to the shipe 4 lib. Item to the Laird himself ane peic [piece] of gold 14 lib. 14 sh. 8d. (We see that at Leith even small coasting craft used boats to load. Unfortunately it is not said above on whose wall or what wall the Laird was to house the King's arms, though it reads like his own wall, but it is not the practice to fix them on

any but a Royal Castle or building. No. 466, 1660.-Charter of ship; some particulars left blank

in paper.] . . . . It is agred and contractit betwixt ... John Alexander lait bailzie of Eister Enster (Anstruther] Master and awiner of the ship callit ( ).. and Robert Kyll merchant burges of Dundie .... The said J. A. . . be thir presentes, setis and for the fraught underwrn. latis [lets] his said haill ship with hir furnitor . . to the said R. K. from the shoar of Invernes qr she pntlie lyes to the port of Stronzie in Orknay and from thence to the harborie of ( ) in Noroway and from ( ) to . . Dundie, reserving only to the said master roome and priviledge to put .. under deck thrie dozon dealls from Norroway to Dundie. Lykas

J. A. . . binds . . him to cause his skipper and men-but (without] his personall presence—with all possible dilligence, wind and wather serving, God willing, to sail to . . Stronzie and to remayne

for intaking of such victuall as said merchand pleases not exceeding 200 bolls for the space of aught workly dayes And imediatly yrefter to cause sail his said ship and loadining to ..( ) for livering of .. victuall .. intaking of .. any sort of goods . . and incon.



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tinent yrafter .... with all convenient dilligence . . sail . . . . for . . Dundie and to remayne yr. . . for livering of her loadining for ( dayes allenarly [only], and farder . . J. A. binds .. him to uphold his said ship sufficiently water tight .. with skipper, pylot, mariners, anchors, cabells, saills, towes, fresh water, fyre, boat and other necessars not to suffer said loadinges . . to be wait (wet] or damnified ... during said voadges-saifling perells or men of war be sea . . R. K. binds .

to pay .. to J. A. . . fyve hundreth punds Scotes as fraught ... togither with towage, rowage, average pettipilotage and uther according to custome prymgilt only excepted . . siclyk R. K. binds . . to pay to J. A. the soume of ( ).. for ilk day .... longer then . above menoned . . . both pairties .. bind ... to perform under penaltie of ( ) money

registrat in the Court buikes . . . Hew Baillie wreitter in Inverness . .. [B. No. 467, 1673.--Letter addressed] ffor my much respectit

freind James Broune, His Majesties Carpentar . . I have not much to say at pnt. only Walter McKey skipper of the Thomas of Kirkcadie saflie heir and he won his hat from you for he wes heir as soon as David Boswall and hes sett sail befor him . . Pay to Walter McKey his fraught conforme to .. charter partie . . he hes aboard ... twantie scoir tries and twall hunderth dealls . . . . David Ross off Balnagown. [There are numerous other letters of the period relating to a large trade in trees for masts and sawn timber sent down the Carron and shipped about Bonar. We may note the custom of wagering a hat, as well known then as

now. See also No. 484. No. 468, 1611.Part of accounts of ship from Aberdeen to

Norway and back.] ... 6 barrels malt sold at Burgain in Norroway for 26 dollers . . fraught £4 7s Scots the barrel .. Sold in Aberdeen 60 deals at £25 Scots, and sex barrells tarre for £17 8s, fraught of ilk barrell ane rex doller. [In an account dated 1688 we have] .. 5 rex dollers or £14 10s

Scots (whence a rex-dollar was then valued at 4s 10d stg. No. 469, 1691.--Ship charter.] At Fortrose . . It is agreed

and finally endit twixt Alexr. Lawson, mercht. in Aberdeen, and Thomas Clunes laull. son to Alexr. Clunes of Dunskaith

.. the sd A. L. setts . to the sd T. C. his great boat qr she now lyes in ye port . of Aberdeen, and binds . . him wt ye first conveniente wind and weather that ye sd boat sufficiently furnished wt skiper and mariners . . shall saill from Aberdeen to ye port or ordinar harbor of Dunbeath in ye countrey of Caithnes and yr remain for . . ffour dayes for intaking ... ane hundreth bolls bear from the sd T. C. his factor and that betwixt and the last of Aprylle nextocome . . . and yrfra to transport the same . . to the port or harbor of Invernes and ther to lye two dayes for livering of the sd victual allenarly all sea hazard being allways on the

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