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LONDON:

Printed by JOHN NICHOLS, for DAVID HENRY, late of S. John's
Gate; and fold by ELIZ. NEWBERY, the Corner of St. P
Church-Yard. Ludgate-Street. 1787.

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TO THE DEITY, ON THE PROGRESSION OF HUMAN LIFE.

Father, 'tis to thee we owe

Each friendly bleffing granted us below: Of life's review if we the features trace, Each day will prove a miracle of grace. The helpless babe, unable to fupply Its infant wants, would ficken, droop, and die, Unless thou didst the feeble guest sustain, And guide fome hand to mitigate its pain. But with parental love thou doft inspire The tender mother, and th' enraptur'd fire; Each in their place nor pains nor trouble fpare, [care. But o'er their offspring watch with willing Upheld by thee, one added year affords Some little ftrength, and with but half-form'd words

The child lifps out its wants, and fain would talk, [walk; And, with flow tottering steps, attempts to The fondling parents, with regard fincere, Gladly behold, and drop the joyous tear.

With years increafing, ftrength increaseth too,

Reafon expands, and bloffems to the view:
Free'd from th' attention of the careful nurse,
To learning's fount directed is its courfe,
The tutor'd youth is taught to know his God,
His precepts practife, and obey the rod.
Each winning art is us'd, his mind to store
With folid judgement, and with virtuous lore..
Yet thus advanc'd, without a guardian-friend,
His fluttering life would quickly meet its end,
His playfulfports each day would him expofe
To dangers great, to unexpected woes.-
How oft the bail, or quoit, high-pois'd in air,
Would ftrike him dead! unless with hea-
venly care
[head
Thou didst avert the blow; and o'er his
Unafk'd, thy kind, thy faving shield didft
fpread!
[lave,
By fummer's heat opprefs'd, he haftes to
And headlong plunge beneath the rapid
[brake
Or loitering fleeps, where lurks within the
The fork-tongued adder, or the coiled fnake;
Dangers encountering in a thousand fhapes,
Aided by thee, thefe dangers he escapes.

wave;

Manhood comes next, when reafon is ma-
tur'd,

Yet then from danger is he not enfur'd,
Far, far from this-for oft, with bufy mind,
He plans thofe fchemes, which nought but
perils find.

M

ODE то ARIA, hail the gentle name, O'er which I oft have fmil'd! And oh! my tenderer forrow's claim, When loft the darling child!

Ev'a now through Memory's beam thefe eyes The little Infant trace!

Still in thy charms, thou ravifh'd prize, I view the Mother's face!

How oft upon the parent knee
Meck Innocency play'd!

My lot on the dimm'd cheek to fee
Health's fickening Rofes fade.!

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AFFECTION.

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PRE

FAC

E.

IT

T is no bad Custom for an Author that his Preface is the last Part of the

Book which a Printer calls for. This gives him Leifure to re-confider

his Plan, and to fit in Judgement on his own Performance; to display its
Excellencies, illuftrate its Obfcurities; and to apologize for its Defects.

To us it is Matter of Triumph, that while Competitors, under fimilar
Titles and various Difguifes, are continually starting up, we can boast
among the Supporters of our Work many of the brightest Ornaments in Li-
terature; and that, while our crowded Pages continue to be filled with ge-
nuine Communications in almost every Department of Science and the Belles
Lettres, we may reft fecure in the Patronage of the Publick, whatever may
be the Fate of new Competitors.

To thofe excellent Correfpondents to whom we owe that Superiority
which has never been denied us, our fincereft Thanks are refpectfully
offered; with an Affurance, that though the Infertion of their valuable Fa-
vours may fometimes be reluctantly delayed, they never intentionally escape
our Remembrance and Acknowledgement. Some Indulgence, we are confi-
dent, they will grant us; and it fall be our Study, by that perfe&t Impar
tiality which has gained us the public Esteem, to merit its Continuance.

INDEX INDICATORIU

A Correfpondent, in p. 1058, after fome obfervations on the Gregorian Calen-

mifapprehenfion, he conceives to be much more im-

perfect than it really is, complains, that he was under the neceffity of dating his

letter Nov. 30, although in fact it was written Dec. 1, 1787-For the benefit of

fuch of our readers as may not have the means of better information, and may be

very much alarmed at being obliged to misdate their letters all the year round;

we beg leave to ftate, that Julius Cæfar, when he reformed the calendar, fuppofed

the tropical year to confift of 365 days 6 hours, and ordained that, on account of

the 6 hours, an intercalary day thould be added every fourth year, by reckoning

the fixth kalends of March twice. Hence this year was called Biffextile.-Again,

to correct the error of this intercalation, one day ia four years being found to be

100 much, Pope Gregory XIII. in 1582 cut off ten days after the 4th of October,

reckoning the 5th of that month the 15th; and fuppofing the tropical year to con-

Sift of 365 days, 5 hours, 49 minutes, 12 feconds, he ordained that the 1600th

year of the Chriftian æra, and every fourth year thereafter, thould be a biffextile,

or leap year. By this method of intercalation, 97 days are inferted in the space

of four centuries. But recent obfervations have determined the quantity of the

tropical year to be 365 days, 5 hours, 45 feconds; this excefs above 365 days

amounts, in four centuries, to 96 days, 21 hours, 3 minutes, 20 feconds; hence

2 hours, 56 minutes, 40 feconds too much are inferted. The Gregorian Calendar

muft, therefore, be corrected after a certain period of years; but the error being

lefs than three hours in four centuries, far from amounting to one whole day fince

1582, as is fuppofed in the publication alluded to, will make only about a day

and a half in 5000 years. Our readers may, therefore, long continue to date their

Letters according to the almanack, without fear of committing any great mistake !

As our correfpondent OBSRVATOR LONDINENSIS proteffes, and we have rea-

fon to believe wishes, to ftate the first introduction of the principles of the Hu-
mane Society of Amfterdam into this country with accuracy and truth (fee p. 1077);
he will not, we flatter ourfelves, attribute it to improper motives, if we affume to
ourfelves the merit of giving the eariieft account of the institution of that Society,
and of laying before the publick at large the inftruations which the Society, from
experience, judged moft effectual for the recovery of perfons fuppofed to be
drowned by lying in the water till every fpark of life is apparently extinguished.-
This we were enabled to do fo early as the year 1771, by immediate advice from
the Society, accompanied with their three first publications, requesting at the fame
time our affiftance in promoting their undertaking, by making the means ufed for
the recovery of fuch unfortunate perfons generally known in Great Britain and
Leland as well as in Holland and the neighbouring itates. Thofe who have

markne

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