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COUNCIL OF THE CAMDEN SOCIETY
FOR THE YEAR 1873-74.
THE RIGHT HON. THE EARL OF VERULAM, F.R.G S.
THE RIGHT HON. LORD ACTON.
War was proclaimed by England and by France, acting in alliance, against Holland, in March 1672. This was England's second Dutch war of the reign of Charles the Second. It was preluded by long negotiations with France, and by three successive treaties, showing to us who know all the particulars, which at the time were mystified and concealed, the immorality and wickedness of English government at that period. A secret treaty had been concluded at Dover on June 1, 1670, signed by M. Colbert, the French Ambassador, on the part of France, and by Lord Arlington, Secretary of State, Sir Thomas Clifford, Comptroller of the Household and Commissioner of the Treasury, and Lord Arundel of Wardour and Sir Richard Bellings, two unofficial Roman Catholics, on the part of England. That secret treaty engaged Charles the Second to declare himself a Roman Catholic, for which Louis XIV. was to pay him two millions of francs, and, in the event of anticipated disturbances in England, to provide him with the aid of six thousand foot soldiers, raised and maintained at the expense of Louis. The two Kings agreed to make war together with all their forces against Holland, and neither was to make a treaty of peace, truce, or armistice without the other's consent. The time for declaring war was to be left to Louis. After Charles had publicly declared his change of religion Louis was to undertake the war by land; Charles sending and maintaining six thousand men, commanded by a general who should obey Louis or his Commander