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White moves slowly from a corner out over the next move in order to balance the board, and one side of the board the advantage gained by his adveris entirely filled with stones, while sary; this is something like castling the other is completely empty. This in Chess. is a sure sign of bad play. In the beginning the good players spread their stones over the board as much as possible, and avoid close conAlicts. 9. E 4.

9 10. C 10. If White did not oc

cupy this point, we might have the following continuation:

B. C 10 W. C7

B. C 13 W. E7 and Black has the advantage, because White's stones at C7-E 7 can only get one “Me” on the edge of the board, and later on must seek a connection with some other group. By constantly harassing such endangered groups territory is often

obtained. 11. R 13. In place of taking this 12. C 5. White sees that Black secure position on line R, Black plays too carefully, and therefore should have attacked the white challenges him with a bold but prestone on P 17 with L 17, and in this mature attack that gives the whole way Black would have obtained game its character. positions on both line 17 and on line R.

'14. C 6. 16. B 4.

V 16. D 6. 17. E 6.

18. E 7. 19. F 6.

20. H 3. As soon as Black answers this move, White will take territory on the right or left of H 3.

13. D 5.


WHITE 21. G 2. Is played very care- - 22. M 3. Two stones which mufully. K 3 would probably have tually support each other on the been better. In that case White margin of the board and form a would either have played H 5 in position cannot be separated by order to save H 3, whereupon more than two spaces; for instance,

B. F7 W. E 8 R 13-R 16. In that case the ad-
B. K 5

versary cannot cut one off from the would have followed, or White other. (Korschelt here inserts conwould have answered at K 4. tinuations similar to what we have

shown in a preceding chapter.) Therefore, White's twentieth and twenty-second moves are merely intended to fill territory that would otherwise fall to Black, and are not

intended to form a new group. 23. H 2. The only correct an- ^. 24. M 5. White seeks to form a swer would have been K 3, which connection with No. 6, which Black would have separated White's twen- frustrates by his twenty-fifth move. tieth and twenty-second stones. It is of the greatest importance to

prevent the union of groups which the adversary has formed on the margin, in order that they may remain weak, and require continuous defense.

The player who has the “Sente" most of the time will generally be

the victor. 25. 06.

26. Q 9. Is very necessary in order not to surrender the entire

right side to Black. 27. K 17. All good players agree 28. H 17. This move has the that 27 should not have been effect of abandoning stone No. 4 at played at K 17, but at L 17. This P 17. After Black's twenty-ninth is difficult to understand because move at N 17, No. 4 could still K 17 can be supported from both escape by means of P 15, but giving

BLACK sides at G 17 and N 17, but L 17 is better because Black should be occupied not merely with taking a position, but more particularly with killing White's fourth stone. In the sequel K 17 is actually taken by White.

29. N 17. 31. G 7.

WHITE it up brings more territory elsewhere than is there lost. It is a favorite device of strong players to apparently abandon a position to their adversary after first preparing it so that eventually it may live, or so that it may afterward aid in surrounding one of the adversary's groups. The abandoned position often reawakens to life if the weaker adversary allows his surrounding group to be itself surrounded and taken before the capture of the abandoned position has been completed.

30. F 7.

32. K 3. It might have been better to have played at G 8. Then if Black replied at H 7, White could play at C 10, and the white territory in the neighborhood of line D would be very large. Certainly in that case H 3 would have been abandoned, but not M 3-M 5. Since 32 K 3 is purely defensive, Black gets the attack, and appreciably reduces the white territory in the neighborhood of line D. - 34. D 7. ~ 36. Cu.

38. C 12. 40. C 13.

42. G 6. If this move had not divided the black groups, Black would have become too powerful.


10m ulove

33. D 8. 35. D11. 37. D 12. 39. D 13. 41. G 9.


43. H 7.

45. G 12. 47. R 14. 49. S 17. 51. R 15.

White 44. E 9. This connects the two parts of the White position, which connection was threatened by Black's thirty-third stone. Moreover, the “Sente” remains with White, because Black cannot allow his position to be broken into through F 10.

46. Q 14. 148. R 17

50. Q 16. * 52. R 11. The beginner will wonder that 52 Q 15 did not follow 51 R 15. This is because 53 R 1054 R 9 would result, and White would be at a disadvantage. The moves 46-52 are part of a deeply thought-out plan on the part of White. Black could afford to ignore No. 4 as long as it stood alone. Thereupon White increases it by Nos. 48 and 50, and Black must accept the sacrifice, because otherwise Nos. 27-29 are threatened. By this sacrifice White gets the territory around No. 27, and also has an opportunity of increasing his position on line Q by his fifty-second move.

54. M 16. On the fifty-third move Black proceeds with the capture of Nos. 4, 48, and 50, while White on his fifty-fourth move hems in No. 27.

56. M 17.

53. O 16.

55. H 16. This move is ignored by White because Black must reply


58. M 18. 60. J 17. 62. K 18. 64. D 16. 66. K 16. 68. K 15.

BLACK to his fifty-sixth and fifty-eighth moves in order to save Nos. 29 and 53.

57. N 18.
59. Q 15.
61. J 16.
63. E 16.
65. G 17.

67. P 16. This is necessary to avoid the following continuation:

W. P 16,0 15, N 16, O 14

B. P 15, N 15, O 17, P 18 and White has the advantage.

69. D 14.
71. R 5.

73. E 15. It is of the utmost importance to Black to occupy this point, for otherwise White would press far into his territory through this opening. He goes first, however, on his seventy-first move to R 5, because White must follow, and then to 73, because on this move he loses the “Sente.” Black could also have occupied S 5, to which White would have replied with S 6, because otherwise the following continuation would have occurred:

B. S 5, S6, S8, R 8, Q8

W. E 15, S 7, T7, R 7. and the White position is broken up. It is because Black played at E 15 too hastily and without first occupying S 5 that White can break up the Black position by the series of moves Nos. 74-82.

70. C 14.
72. R 6.

74. Q 5. Murase Shuho thought that 74 was a bad move and that S 5 would have been better. The game would then have continued as follows:

B. 73, E 15, R 4

W. S 5, S 4 He also thought that White's moves from 76-82 were bad, because nothing in particular was accomplished by separating O 4 from 06, since it was impossible to kill them.

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